Karin Kallmaker. | kamin Kalmale. Lambda and Golden Crown Award Winner WARMING TREND Karin Kallmaker o. Front Cover.
Author: Karin Kallmaker
Publisher: Bella Books
Anidyr Bycall is frozen in her past, regretting words never spoken to the woman she loves and the one impulsive act that cost her all her dreams. Running from the courts of public and academic opinion in Fairbanks, she has landed in Key West. The nights are hot but she is colder than the glaciers she once explored. Tending bar by night, she spends her days immersed in the research of her only remaining passion in life: the ice fields of Alaska. But trends may be improving when news from home hints that those she harmed may have moved on, and she can at least recover the papers and books she left behind. The respect and affection she once saw in Eve Cambra's eyes is gone beyond recall. When a few innocent questions raise Ani's doubts about what really happened three years ago, she realizes she may have a chance to clear her name and reclaim her career. But there's no data to suggest that Eve has thawed and that the fire they once shared can be rekindled. In this romantic story of the icy north, Karin Kallmaker explores the passion that can melt even a frozen heart.
Furthermore, the strong increase in climate variability predicted by Schar et al. (
2004) indicates that relatively cold winters, which may offset the warming trend,
could become more frequent. Unfortunately, no studies seem to exist that predict
Author: Charles R. Goldman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Effects of global warming on the physical, chemical, ecologicalstructure and function and biodiversity of freshwater ecosystemsare not well understood and there are many opinions on how to adaptaquatic environments to global warming in order to minimize thenegative effects of climate change. Climatic Change andGlobal Warming of Inland Waters presents a synthesis of the latestresearch on a whole range of inland water habitats – lakes,running water, wetlands – and offers novel and timelysuggestions for future research, monitoring and adaptationstrategies. A global approach, offered in this book, encompasses systemsfrom the arctic to the Antarctic, including warm-water systems inthe tropics and subtropics and presents a unique and useful sourcefor all those looking for contemporary case studies andpresentation of the latest research findings and discussion ofmitigation and adaptation throughout the world. Edited by three of the leading limnologists in the field thisbook represents the latest developments with a focus not only onthe impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems but alsooffers a framework and suggestions for future management strategiesand how these can be implemented in the future. Limnologists, Climate change biologists, fresh water ecologists,palaeoclimatologists and students taking relevant courses withinthe earth and environmental sciences will find this bookinvaluable. The book will also be of interest to planners,catchment managers and engineers looking for solutions to broaderenvironmental problems but who need to consider freshwater ecology.
Considering that the global warming phenomenon has already been taking place
for over 100 years since the Industrial Revolution, it is reasonable to firstly take a
brief look at the TPSW trend in the past century in observations, which could ...
Author: Jun Ying
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book discusses the sources of uncertainty in future model projections of the tropical Pacific SST warming pattern under global warming. It mainly focuses on cloud radiation feedback and ocean dynamical effect, which reveal to be the two greatest sources of uncertainty in the tropical Pacific SST warming pattern. Moreover, the book presents a correction for model projections of the tropical Pacific SST warming pattern based on the concept of “observational constraints”; the corrected projection exhibits a more El Niño-like warming pattern.
Loehle and Scafetta describe the linear warming trend in their model from 1850
to 1950: The linear trend would approximately extrapolate a natural warming trend due to solar and volcano effects that is known to have occurred since the
Author: Dana Nuccitelli
This book explains the science of climate change in plain language and shows that the 2 to 4 percent of climate scientists who are skeptical that humans are the main cause of global warming are a fringe minority—and have a well-established history of being wrong. • Provides a unique, scientifically backed, and easily understood evaluation of the global temperature predictions made by both climate change skeptics and mainstream climate scientists • Presents readers with a plethora of concrete, verifiable evidence for the author's claims—information that holds the skeptics and deniers accountable for their history of being wrong regarding their assertions • Discusses possible solutions to climate change, such as carbon emissions pricing—a concept that has gained bipartisan support among economists
The correlation coefficient is 0.984, with a root- mean-square error of 0.065 K.
The trend differences are only about 0.001 K per decade. The T4 time series can
therefore be used to remove nearly all of the contribution of the stratosphere to T2
Author: David Archer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Chosen for the 2011 ASLI Choice - Honorable Mention (History Category) for a compendium of the key scientific papers that undergird the global warming forecast. Global warming is arguably the defining scientific issue of modern times, but it is not widely appreciated that the foundations of our understanding were laid almost two centuries ago with the postulation of a greenhouse effect by Fourier in 1827. The sensitivity of climate to changes in atmospheric CO2 was first estimated about one century ago, and the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration was discovered half a century ago. The fundamentals of the science underlying the forecast for human-induced climate change were being published and debated long before the issue rose to public prominence in the last few decades. The Warming Papers is a compendium of the classic scientific papers that constitute the foundation of the global warming forecast. The paper trail ranges from Fourier and Arrhenius in the 19th Century to Manabe and Hansen in modern times. Archer and Pierrehumbert provide introductions and commentary which places the papers in their context and provide students with tools to develop and extend their understanding of the subject. The book captures the excitement and the uncertainty that always exist at the cutting edge of research, and is invaluable reading for students of climate science, scientists, historians of science, and others interested in climate change.
This warming effect is due to the presence of what is called an urban heat island .
Temperature records near cities , therefore , may show a warming trend through
the years as the city grows and the urban heat island expands . Some speculate
Author: Paul Stein
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Looks at global warming and what effect it will have on the world's weather.
First , the temperature trends in the lower troposphere are described . Most
stations show a warming trend in the lower troposphere over the period 1950 - 85
of 0 . 1 to 0 . 5°C per decade . This warming trend is significant at 11 stations .
Author: G. I. Pearman
Publisher: Brill Archive
Category: Climatic changes
It is important for the reader to understand clearly the objectives of these papers. They are not an attempt to provide accurate predictions of what is going to happen in Australia over the next few decades. Rather they represent sensitivity studies, designed to illustrate to what extent we as a nation are dependent on the climate and likely to be affected by climatic change, and attempts to develop the techniques for such sensitivity analyses. For this, the climate scenario (reproduced in the Appendix to this volume), was a key.
Other scientists say there is a great deal of evidence to support global warming:
Summers are getting hotter, and winters are getting milder. Glaciers are melting,
and sea levels are rising. But these signs are only the start. The warming trend is
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2014-05-29
Coincident with this warming has been a large downward trend in Arctic sea ice.
Several theories have been presented to explain this socalled Arctic
Amplification. Here, evidenced is presented that the TropicallyExcited Arctic warMing ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The Arctic has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. Average temperatures are rising twice as fast as they are elsewhere in the world. The extent and thickness of sea ice is rapidly declining. Such changes may have an impact on atmospheric conditions outside the region. Several hypotheses for how Arctic warming may be influencing mid-latitude weather patterns have been proposed recently. For example, Arctic warming could lead to a weakened jet stream resulting in more persistent weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. Or Arctic sea ice loss could lead to an increase of snow on high-latitude land, which in turn impacts the jet stream resulting in cold Eurasian and North American winters. These and other potential connections between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather are the subject of active research. Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the National Research Council to review our current understanding and to discuss research needed to better understand proposed linkages. A diverse array of experts examined linkages between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns. The workshop included presentations from leading researchers representing a range of views on this topic. The workshop was organized to allow participants to take a global perspective and consider the influence of the Arctic in the context of forcing from other components of the climate system, such as changes in the tropics, ocean circulation, and mid-latitude sea surface temperature. This report discusses our current understanding of the mechanisms that link declines in Arctic sea ice cover, loss of high-latitude snow cover, changes in Arctic-region energy fluxes, atmospheric circulation patterns, and the occurrence of extreme weather events; possible implications of more severe loss of summer Arctic sea ice upon weather patterns at lower latitudes; major gaps in our understanding, and observational and/or modeling efforts that are needed to fill those gaps; and current opportunities and limitations for using Arctic sea ice predictions to assess the risk of temperature/precipitation anomalies and extreme weather events over northern continents.
along with improved sea-surface temperatures, the warming between 1880 and
2012 measured about 0.85°C (about 1.5°F). Ths global warming trend
accelerated during the 1980s and al warming al warming 1990s. e trend
decreased in the ...
Author: C. Donald Ahrens
Publisher: Cengage Learning
METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition combines market-leading content in weather, climate, and earth science with the interactive learning experience you expect from Cengage Learning. Grounded in the scientific method, this student-friendly and highly visual text shows you how to observe, calculate, and synthesize information as a budding scientist, systematically analyzing meteorological concepts and issues. Specific discussions center on severe weather systems, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes, as well as everyday elements, such as wind, precipitation, condensation, masses and fronts, and the seasons. Events and issues dominating today's news cycles also receive thorough attention, and include analysis of Superstorm Sandy, the Oklahoma tornadoes, and recent findings from the US National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning tool packed with self-testing features such as end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, exercises and problems, live animations, web links, and more. Whether you choose a bound book or interactive eBook, METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition takes your learning to atmospheric heights! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Joe D'Aleo and other climate sceptics have also suggested that the nOAA and
GISS temperature records show a warming trend due to the reduction of the
number of weather stations used to calculate the average world temperature. He
Author: Ishita Haldar
Publisher: Mind Melodies
Global warming and climate change have become an issue of great concern. Now as the world is getting technologically and industrially more advanced, resulting in the setting up of huge factories, the environmental pollution is heading towards alarming levels. It is obvious that more factories mean more pollution and more carbon emissions, which highly aggravate global warming. Keeping this in view, the policy makers from all over the w¬orld have decided to unite and chalk out a plan to keep the adverse effects of global warming within safety limits. This book is also an effort in this direction. Defining in detail the major aspects of global warming, it discusses at length its causes and effects. Taking a close look at the global response to contain global warming, it also explains the important provisions of Copenhagen Summit, Kyoto Protocol and Post-Kyoto Protocol Negotiations on Green-house Gas Emissions.
'cooling' or no warming superimposed on a longerterm warming trend... [Yet]
claims that global warming is not occurring that are derived from a cooling
observed over short time periods ignore natural variability and are misleading. 11
So, it ...
Author: A. Done
Category: Business & Economics
Looks at the bigger picture, and the future trends that are going to affect the global business world over the next few years. The author analyses traditional themes such as technology and sustainability but also takes into consideration the effects of developments in other areas such as health, education and demographics
Measurements of the temperature of the Earth's surface show a general warming trend during the last 100 or so years, when measured local temperatures were
available at enough places that a reasonable estimate of globally averaged ...
Author: Robert G. Watts
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
The globally averaged surface temperature of the Earth has increased during the past century by about 0.7Â°C. Most of the increase can be attributed to the greenhouse effect, the increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide that is emitted when fossil fuels are burned to produce energy.The book begins with the important distinction between weather and climate, followed by data showing how carbon dioxide has increased and the incontrovertible evidence that it is caused by burning fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas). I also address the inevitable skepticism that global warming arouses and offer a number of responses to the global warming skeptics. After dealing with the skeptics, I analyze both the current and future effects of global warming. These future effects are based on scenarios or â€œstorylinesâ€ put forth by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. In closing, I address the controversial (and grim) suggestion that we have already passed the â€œtipping point,â€ which is the time after which, regardless of our future actions, global warming will cause considerable hardship on human society. I intend this book to be approachable for all concerned citizens, but especially students of the sciences and engineering who will soon be in a position to make a difference in the areas of energy and the environment. I have tried to frame the debate in terms of what the engineering community must do to help combat global warming. We have no choice but to think in terms of global environmental constraints as we design new power plants, factories, automobiles, buildings, and homes. The best thing for scientists to do is to present what we know, clearly separating what is known from what is suspected, in a non-apocalyptic manner. If matters are clearly and passionately presented to the public, we must be prepared to accept the will of the people. This presents the scientific community with an enormous responsibility, perhaps unlike any we have had in the past.Contents: Weather and Climate (and a Little History) / Are the Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Increasing? / The Greenhouse Effect and the Evidence of Global Warming / The Skeptics: Are Their Doubts Scientifically Valid / Impacts: The "So What" Question / The Bottom Line
Warming. Discussions about global 1scanning frequently appear to deteriorate to
an “all or none“ argument about natural ya. ... The "Greenhouse Effect" There is
little debate as na'wheti'rer the earth is in swarming trend, Global temperature ...
Box 1.4 Definitions In this book, we use, rather loosely, a number of closely
related concepts such as trends, trend breaks (shifts in trends), transitions,
innovations and transition management. Trend is defined asagradual change in
a particular ...
Author: Andre Faaij
Category: Political Science
Societies need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 80 per cent in order to counter the risks of climate change. This study envisions a climate neutral society - one where the output of polluting gases is minimised by social innovations set up in households, by local authorities, through developments in information and communications technologies and dematerialization, and through the shift towards product service systems and emissions trading. The work discusses the possibilities for steering and orchestrating this long-term transition towards a climate-friendly society, mapping paths through current dilemmas in climate policy and exploring the legal issues of making this transition.
warming trend in the United States accounted in part for the reluctance of the U.S.
govemment to support the 1992 intemational convention on climate change. "If
you're considering political action, you have to remember that you're asking a ...
Author: Lydia Dotto
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
There are many things we can choose to do about climate change, including doing nothing at all. All of them have consequences, many of which will be unforeseen. If we could foretell more accurately what would happen to the climate in the future, our choices might be clearer, if not necessarily easier to make. Unfortunately, predicting future climate change is fraught with uncertainty, and we will be forced to make choices in the face of that uncertainty. To what extent are we motivated in this difficult process by a desire to do the “right thing”? And how do we decide what is the right thing to do? The answer to these questions depends on whose ethical interests are considered. What is best for a Canadian living in the last decade of the twentieth century—even supposing we could discover what that is—might not be best for a Somali, or for our great-grandchildren, or for the rain forest of the Amazon or the kangaroos of Australia. Decisions about what to do about global warming will therefore be influenced by how much relative weight we give to the ethical interests of Canadians, Somalis, grandchildren, rain forests, kangaroos and a host of other variables. Weighing these competing interests is an exercise in applied ethics. This book examines the role that ethics can and should play in our decisions about how to deal with global warming.
This data set has now been extended to 2005 and reanalysed for temporal trends
in the WDW and WSDW. A general warming trend was present in the WDW from
the 1960s to the present. Two significant cooling episodes occurred during this ...
Author: Yuzhu You
Publisher: Sydney University Press
Climate change is particularly visible in Australia with globally recognised icons such as the Great Barrier Reef, the Murray-Darling River, Antarctica and the surrounding oceans, all deeply vulnerable and already under attack. As a nation with a rich environmental heritage our response to climate change as individuals and policymakers, relies on an accurate understanding of the current state and evidence of intervention efficacy.Climate alert presents scholarly research on climate change monitoring and strategy. It covers a diverse range of today's issues and seeks to promote climate change monitoring as an essential tool in both effective mitigation and urgent adaptation.
In summary, the estimated trends for the temperature indices indicate a shift in
the frequency distribution of temperature. Higher frequency and greater
amplitude of warm and hot extremes were detected for all the three periods. At
the same ...
Author: Deliang Chen
This Atlas presents records of climatic variability and change in Europe starting before 1901 and focuses especially on trends of extreme temperatures and precipitation. The authors have used software developed within EMULATE (European and North Atlantic daily to MULtidecadal climATE variability) to obtain the extremes indices and temporal trends. The trend atlas provides an easy way to identify spatial patterns for a given time period, region, season, and index. The Atlas clearly shows that climate in Europe has changed over the last 100 to 150 years, such that the occurrence and intensity of warm temperature extremes have increased. Precipitation extremes have also changed, but with a less clear pattern compared to the temperature extremes.