In addition to the Balkan wars, the European powers interfered in South Slav and
Balkan relations in 1878 (Berlin ... und die Sozialdemokratie (Moscow, 1906);
and numerous articles written by V.I. Lenin during the Balkan wars and World
Author: S. Frederick Starr
Category: Political Science
First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.
The Serbian Chetnik Movement (Srpski celnicki pokret – SCP), under Vojislav
Seselj, were active in Nevesinje, Kupres, ... (Srbobran, near Donji Vakuf);
Temporary General-major Dragan Milosevic) OPGs, 1–5 TGs; Doboj, Prijedor &
Vlasic 1 ...
Author: Nigel Thomas
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Following the death of the Yugoslavian President Tito in 1980, the semi-autonomous republics and provinces that he had welded into a multi-cultural nation in 1945 slid gradually towards separation. For ten years following 1991, the world watched in horror as a series of bloody wars ripped a modern European state apart, and the intolerable spectacle eventually forced international intervention. Illustrated with rare photos and colour uniform plates, this second of two volumes by experts on the Balkan region offers a concise breakdown of the indigenous forces involved in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia.
The volume incorporates the latest research, showing how the state of the field has evolved and guides students through the existing literature, topics and debates.
Author: Catherine Baker
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Catherine Baker offers an up-to-date, balanced and concise introductory account of the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and their aftermath. The volume incorporates the latest research, showing how the state of the field has evolved and guides students through the existing literature, topics and debates.
Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Russian and European Analysis, Balkan
Battlegrounds: A Military History ofthe Yugoslav Conflict, 1900–1995, 2 vols.,
Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, May 2002, Vol. 1, p. 130. Jan
Author: J. Morton
Category: Political Science
In this collection scholars, policymakers and military officials explore the conditions that gave rise to the Balkan wars in the 1990s, the application of international law to the wars the conduct of the wars, and post-war issues. The essays are based on presentations given at the International Conference on the Balkans held at Florida Atlantic University in February 2002. The contributors come from varied backgrounds, including international law, genocide studies, peacekeeping, European politics, communications, history and military studies.
... 673–4 and Palestine 466–7 and Peace Conference (1919) 117–26 and
Second World War 300–1, 308–9, 324, 325–8, 369–75, 380–5 Senate 612, 696
Strategic Defense Initiative 614 trade and tariffs 172 and Yugoslav wars 738, 740
, 741, ...
Author: Bernard Wasserstein
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. It was a century of barbarism and civilization, of cruelty and tenderness, of technological achievement and environmental spoliation, of imperial expansion and withdrawal, of authoritarian repression - and of individualism resurgent. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, Barbarism and Civilization is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.
Chronicles Merrill's ten war-time journeys to the Balkans from the years 1992 through 1996.
Author: Christopher Merrill
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Chronicles Merrill's ten war-time journeys to the Balkans from the years 1992 through 1996. At once a travelogue, a book of war reportage, and a biography of the imagination under siege, this personal narrative takes the reader along on the author's journeys to all the provinces and republics of the former Yugoslavia--Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, and Vojvodina--as well as to Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, and Turkey. Merrill's journeys provide the narrative structure for an exploration of the roles and responsibility of intellectuals caught up in a decisive historical moment, many of whom either helped to incite the war or else bore eloquent witness to its carnage. He offers a literary meditation on war, a portrait of the poetry, politics and the people of the Balkans that will provide insight into the past, present, and future of those war-torn lands. --Adapted from publisher description.
This book takes a transnational approach to literatures of the former Yugoslavia that have been, since the 1990s, studied separately, in line with geopolitical divisions.
Author: Dragana Obradovi?
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
In Writing the Yugoslav Wars, Dragana Obradović analyses how the Yugoslav wars of secession helped shape the region's literary culture. Obradović argues that the crisis of the country's disintegration posed an ethical challenge to self-identified postmodernists. This book takes a transnational approach to literatures of the former Yugoslavia that have been, since the 1990s, studied separately, in line with geopolitical divisions. This post-socialist conflict was one of the moments that reshaped postmodernism for both local and international thinkers, much in the same way modernism was shaped by World War I and the advent of mechanized warfare.
China - - - History - - Civil War , 1945 - 1949 . ... Contents : v . 1 , pt . 1 . The
present state of Russia : in a letter to a friend at London / Samuel Collins . Pt . 2 .
... 703 Homeland calling : exile patriotism and the Balkan wars / Paul Hockenos .
18 Thousand- Year-Old Dream The victors in the Yugoslav wars of 1 992-5 have
been the Croats and President Tudjman. The losers have been the Croatian
Serbs and their useless leader, Martic. Lord Owen, 19951 In January 1992 I took
Author: Marcus Tanner
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publisher Fact Sheet In this book an eyewitness to the breakup of Yugoslavia provides the first full & impartial account of the rise, fall, & rebirth of Croatia from its medieval origins to today's tentative peace. Marcus Tanner describes the turbulence & drama of Croatia's past and--drawing on his own experience & interviews with many of the leading figures in Croatia's conflict--explains its violent history since Tito's death in 1980. This second edition updates the account & follows Croatia's progress to democracy since the death of President Franjo Tudjman.
INTRODUCTION 1 Sarah A.Kent, 'Writing the Yugoslav Wars', American
Historical Review, October 1997. ... 5 Also applicable in this context are Articles 6
and 39 of the Republic Srpska's Peoples Defence Act, and Article 33 of the
Author: Brendan O'Shea
In this book, the author has tried bridge the gap between the common perception of the Yugoslav conflict as portrayed in the media and the actual grim reality with which he was dealing as an EU monitor on the ground. Drawing on original material from both UN and ECMM sources, he has identified the true origin of Former Yugoslavia's wars of dissolution, and critically examines the programme of violence which erupted in 1991 and eventually culminated in 1995 in the vicious dismemberment of a sovereign federal republic with seat at the United Nations. In doing so, he highlights the duplicitous behaviour of all parties to the conflict; the double standards employed throughout by the United States in its foreign policy; the lengths to which the Sarajevo government manipulated the international media to promote a 'victim' status; the contempt in which UN peace-keepers were ultimately held by all sides; and the manner in which Radovan Karadzic was sacrificed at the altar of political expediency, when the real culprits were Slobodan Milosevic and his acolyte, General Ratko Mladic. This book, the first by an EU Monitor with actual experience of the conflict, tells the real story of the modern Yugoslav conflict, 1991-1995.
Public perception has associated the Yugoslav wars of succession with all forms
of ethnically inspired violence, from murder, rape, and ... 1 The violent breakup of
the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia resulted in the largest refugee crisis
in Europe since World War II. ... all of the crucial, controversial issues that have
been debated since the breakup of Yugoslavia, such as the causes of the war
Author: Charles W. Ingrao
Publisher: Purdue University Press
This book presents the findings of an international research initiative of over 160 leading historians, social scientists, and jurists that brings together in one volume key evidence presented by all sides in the recent Yugoslav conflicts. It represents a direct assault on the proprietary interpretations that nationalist politicians and media have impressed on mass culture in each of the entities of the former Yugoslavia. Given gaps in the historical record and the existence of sometimes-contradictory evidence, the volume does not pretend to resolve all of the outstanding issues that divide the peoples of the former Yugoslavia. Yet, a combination of original research, the validation of existing evidence, and the exposure of widely held, bogus myths that anchor public perceptions should narrow considerably the parameters within which opposing sides can still engage in reasoned debate.
“The Filmmaker as Historian, Above and Below Ground: Emir Kusturicaandthe
Narrativesof Yugoslav History.” Rethinking History 5, no. 2: 233–253. Kennan,
George Q. 1993. The Other Balkan Wars: A 1913 Carnegie Endowment Inquiry in
Author: V. Calotychos
Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1989, the borders hitherto separating Greek culture and society from its contiguous Balkan polities came down, and Greeks had to reorient themselves toward their immediate neighbors and redefine their place within Europe and the new, more fluid global order. Projecting the political foresight and mustering the modernization policies to succeed in such an undertaking turned out to be no small feat, especially as the regional conflicts that had lain dormant during the Cold War were revived. Synthesizing the cultural, political, and historical into a sophisticated, interdisciplinary analysis, this innovative study untangles the prolonged 'historical moment' in which Greece and Europe were effectively held hostage to events in the Balkans - just at the time when both hoped to serve as the region's welcoming hosts.
What are the prospects for the agreement the three sides initialed at Dayton, Ohio? These are among the questions addressed by the nine specialists on international relations who have contributed to this book.
Author: Richard Henry Ullman
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
Category: Political Science
All of the wars that have wracked the former Yugoslavia since 1991 involved outside powers. Those outsiders--notably, the United States, the leading members of the European Union, and Russia--did not prevent the forces of ethnic nationalism from destroying a once relatively stable and productive country. Not until late 1995 did outside powers induce representatives of the three warring parties to sign an agreement finally ending the savage war over the future of the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The nature, scope, and meaning of the actions and inactions of outsiders is the subject of this book. Why did the victors in the Cold War and the 1991 Gulf War not act to stop the slaughter? Will the fissures in the Western alliance induced by the war in Bosnia corrode still further the relationships among the alliance's principal members? Will they widen the gap between Russia and the West? What can outside powers do now to help heal the terrible wounds caused by Yugoslavia's wars? What are the prospects for the agreement the three sides initialed at Dayton, Ohio? These are among the questions addressed by the nine specialists on international relations who have contributed to this book. Besides the editor, the contributors include Thomas Weiss of Brown University, Stanley Hoffmann of Harvard, David C. Gompert of the RAND Corporation, Paul A. Goble of the Potomac Foundation, Richard Sobel of Princeton, Jean E. Manas of JP Morgan, Inc., and Abram and Antonia Handler Chayes, both of Harvard. " Hoffmann's chapter is the best analysis that I have seen of the European performance." Anthony Lewis in The New Republic
... 287–8 U Thant, 54–5 VanDeMark, Brian, 70 Van der Wolf, W., 151 Variables
influencing recovery from wars, 12–21; brutality, 18–20; ... See also Cold War; Yugoslavia war crimes and trials for, 68–72, 75–6, 243–4 Weinberger, Caspar,
47 Weiss, 203, 223 Western courts. ... 293; and war, 20, 149–51, 157, 163–4,181,
182–3, 227, 230–1, 232–3, 273–4, 293 World Bank, 288; and Cambodia, 134–43
Author: Kevin N. Flatt
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Category: Political Science
The UN has adopted a "responsibility to protect" mandate for humanitarian intervention in civil wars - but there is no institutional basis for carrying out that mandate. Patricia Marchak argues that unless would-be interveners have an understanding of local issues, agents who speak local languages, and a military force fully prepared to undertake both peaceful and military missions on short notice, UN and other attempts to intervene are unlikely to succeed. While UN-sponsored international criminal courts have been successful in obliging leaders to accept responsibility for their actions during bitter internal wars, Marchak argues that they may not be the best means of bringing truth and reconciliation to survivors. Based on the principle of individual responsibility, they are not designed to deal with collective crimes against humanity and genocide, nor are they good instruments for dealing with the breakdown of societies. Bringing together her own field interviews, documentary material, and secondary sources, Marchak critically assesses the recent history of international interventions and criminal prosecutions. She examines three cases in detail: Cambodia, Rwanda, and the former Yugoslavia in its current forms of Bosnia and Serbia, considers their international context prior to and during internal wars, and argues that each case has to be understood in its own context and history - there is no common pattern and no easy fix that could mend broken societies after the wars. No Easy Fix is of interest to anyone concerned with how the international community deals with civil wars that involve serious crimes against humanity.
War: A. Historical. Overview. There was no Yugoslavia before the end of 1 9 1 8.
The territory of that future state was ruled or dominated for ... started assembling
an empire in the northern and western regions of what would become Yugoslavia
, while the Ottomans began conquering the ... The new intellectual climate V.
Author: Carole Rogel
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Presents a historical overview of the breakup and war with details of the myths, propaganda, and politics of the hostilies, and the prospects for the future
Chapter 5 does the same for Croatia. Chapter 6 concludes with les-sons learned
from the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s. 1 Figures from Vesna Pešić, Centar za
Antiratnu akciju, Belgrade; see also Paul Shoup and Steven Burg, The War in ...
Author: V. P. Gagnon
Publisher: Cornell University Press
"The wars in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in neighboring Croatia and Kosovo grabbed the attention of the western world not only because of their ferocity and their geographic location, but also because of their timing. This violence erupted at the exact moment when the cold war confrontation was drawing to a close, when westerners were claiming their liberal values as triumphant, in a country that had only a few years earlier been seen as very well placed to join the west. In trying to account for this outburst, most western journalists, academics, and policymakers have resorted to the language of the premodern: tribalism, ethnic hatreds, cultural inadequacy, irrationality; in short, the Balkans as the antithesis of the modern west. Yet one of the most striking aspects of the wars in Yugoslavia is the extent to which the images purveyed in the western press and in much of the academic literature are so at odds with evidence from on the ground."—from Chapter 1 V. P. Gagnon Jr. believes that the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s were reactionary moves designed to thwart populations that were threatening the existing structures of political and economic power. He begins with facts at odds with the essentialist view of ethnic identity, such as high intermarriage rates and the very high percentage of draft-resisters. These statistics do not comport comfortably with the notion that these wars were the result of ancient blood hatreds or of nationalist leaders using ethnicity to mobilize people into conflict. Yugoslavia in the late 1980s was, in Gagnon's view, on the verge of large-scale sociopolitical and economic change. He shows that political and economic elites in Belgrade and Zagreb first created and then manipulated violent conflict along ethnic lines as a way to short-circuit the dynamics of political change. This strategy of violence was thus a means for these threatened elites to demobilize the population. Gagnon's noteworthy and rather controversial argument provides us with a substantially new way of understanding the politics of ethnicity.
The Yugoslavian movement only encompassed this aspiration during World War
I when the Yugoslavian Committee (Odbor) advocated and acted together with the Serbian ... The indifferent attitude or even unfavorable viewpoint 6 Part 1 V.
Author: Lajčo Klajn
Publisher: University Press of America
The Past in Present Times exposes the violations of human rights, war crimes, and genocide during the rise of the former Yugoslavia during World War I, prior to and directly after World War II, the Yugoslav War, and the recent fall of the federation. In addition to the legal findings by the Nuremberg and Hague Tribunals, including the most recent trials, this legal-historical analysis reviews details of undisputed facts and recorded dialogues, which unveils surprising background information. As Dr. Lajco Klajn leads the reader along an historical line of events, he clarifies the factors and circumstances that led to genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity while explaining the social, legal, historical, and moral consequences. Without forcing judgment about the past, Dr. Klajn exposes the roots of these conflicts and explains why if the roots are not eradicated, the conflicts may resurface in the future as a manifestation of even more monstrous wars and suffering as the past becomes the present once again.