The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System

My strategy in editing this book has been to focus upon the vestibular end organ and its direct connections. both peripheral and central, in order to as sure a coherent discussion of the basics of vestibular function, structure, and ...

Author: T. Gualtierotti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461259022

Category: Nature

Page: 548

View: 340

Vestibular physiology has acquired new interest in the past few years. The development of fast aircraft, beginning during the Second World War and continuing through modern supersonic jets and space travel, has increased dramatically the acceleration range to which man is subjected, from prolonged weightlessness to several gs. The labyrinth measures all kinds of acceleration, including gravity. and therefore has taken on particular impor tance in the study of human health in the Space Age. It is understandable. then, that NASA sponsored the Symposium on Vestibular Function and Morphology. a satellite of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Society of Neuroscience. held October 30-November 1. 1978, at the University of Pittsburgh, which also supported the symposium. The present volume was developed from papers originally presented there. My strategy in editing this book has been to focus upon the vestibular end organ and its direct connections. both peripheral and central, in order to as sure a coherent discussion of the basics of vestibular function, structure, and ultrastructure. Fortunately, it was possible to secure the contributions of a number of outstanding investigators from both the United States and abroad, including functionally oriented morphologists. ultrastructuralists, biophysicists, and vestibular physiologists. The result is a comprehensive discussion of the main mechanisms of the labyrinth: the transduction pro cess at the receptor level, in the semicircular canals, and in the utricular and saccular maculae; the information transfer through neuronal pathways to the nuclei and the cerebellum; and the general organization of the system.
Categories: Nature

The Vestibular System in Cognitive and Memory Processes in Mammals

The Vestibular System in Cognitive and Memory Processes in Mammals

Over the last decade, it has been demonstrated that sensory information provided by the vestibular system is crucial in spatial-memory processes in rats and humans. More recently a role in attention processes has been raised.

Author: Stéphane Besnard

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889197446

Category:

Page:

View: 121

Since the beginning of life, all plant and animal kingdoms have been developed or modified based on gravity along with atmospheric composition and solar radiation existing on Earth. Gravity is mainly encoded by the otolithic sensors of the vestibular system but its role has been largely underestimated in favor of the vestibular semicircular canals and reduced to oculomotor and postural coordination. Over the last decade, it has been demonstrated that sensory information provided by the vestibular system is crucial in spatial-memory processes in rats and humans. More recently a role in attention processes has been raised. This topic aims to report and demonstrate the role and integration of vestibular information in cognitive processes in rodent models and human at the behavioral, imaging and electrophysiological levels.
Categories:

Baloh and Honrubia s Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System

Baloh and Honrubia s Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System

This completely reorganized and expanded fourth edition covers the rapid advances that have occurred in the basicand clinical vestibular sciences in the past 10 years.

Author: Robert William Baloh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195387834

Category: Medical

Page: 455

View: 862

This completely reorganized and expanded fourth edition covers the rapid advances that have occurred in the basicand clinical vestibular sciences in the past 10 years. Recent breakthroughs in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of peripheral transduction and central processing within the vestibular system are reviewed. The authors discuss the differential diagnosis of dizziness of both vestibular and non-vestibular etiology and demonstrate bedside tests of vestibular function.
Categories: Medical

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System

The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of comp- hensive and synthetic reviews of the fundamental topics in modern au- tory research.The volumes are aimed at all individuals with interests in hearing research, including ...

Author: Stephen M. Highstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387215679

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 800

The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of comp- hensive and synthetic reviews of the fundamental topics in modern au- tory research.The volumes are aimed at all individuals with interests in hearing research, including advanced graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and clinical investigators.The volumes are intended to int- duce new investigators to important aspects of hearing science and to help established investigators to better understand the fundamental theories and data in ?elds of hearing that they may not normally follow closely. Each volume is intended to present a particular topic comprehensively, and each chapter will serve as a synthetic overview and guide to the lit- ature.As such, the chapters present neither exhaustive data reviews nor original research that has not yet appeared in peer-reviewed journals.The volumes focus on topics that have developed a solid data and conceptual foundation rather than on those for which a literature is only beginning to develop. New research areas will be covered on a timely basis in the series as they begin to mature.
Categories: Medical

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System

Written by eight leading experts and headed by Jay M. Goldberg, this book builds upon the classic by Victor Wilson and Geoffrey Melville Jones published over 25 years ago and takes a fresh new look at the vestibular system and the ...

Author: Jay M. Goldberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195167085

Category: Medical

Page: 541

View: 821

The Vestibular System is an integrative loo takes an interactive look at the vestibular system and the neurobiology of balance. Written by eight leading experts and headed by Jay M. Goldberg, this book builds upon the classic by Victor Wilson and Geoffrey Melville Jones published over 25 years ago and takes a fresh new look at the vestibular system and the revolutionary advances that have been made in the field.
Categories: Medical

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System

Growing interest in the anatomy and physiology of the vestibular system has led
to a rapid expansion of research in these areas in the past decade. Information
on the vestibular system has been presented from time to time in a number of ...

Author: Ralph Naunton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323148375

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 278

The Vestibular System is a collection of papers presented at the 1973 Symposium on the Vestibular System, organized and held at the University of Chicago. This symposium provides a body of reviews and observations on the anatomical, physiological, and clinical aspects of the vestibular system. This book is composed of seven parts encompassing 28 chapters. The first part focuses on the ultrastructure of the peripheral organs and the vestibular pathways to the cerebellum, the spinal cord, and the nuclei of the extraocular muscles. The subsequent part presents the basic information on knowledge of peripheral mechanisms and the functional relations between the vestibular system, cerebellum, oculomotor system, spinal cord and cortex. These topics are followed by descriptions of vestibular disorders induced by a variety of influences or procedures, such as nuclear lesions, motion sickness, and drugs. The next section describes the methods of testing vestibular function, such as electronystagmography. This section serves as an introduction to a panel discussion on eye movements. Lastly, reviews and points of view on peripheral and central vestibular disorders are covered in the remaining sections. This work is of great benefit to anatomists, physiologists, and clinicians.
Categories: Medical

Neuronal Operations in the Vestibular System

Neuronal Operations in the Vestibular System

The original intent of the series Studies of Brain Function was to offer a forum to neurobiologists working in different fields to present some of their recent results in a more extensive way.

Author: W. Precht

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642811999

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 787

The original intent of the series Studies of Brain Function was to offer a forum to neurobiologists working in different fields to present some of their recent results in a more extensive way. What may have been or might be published in several papers appearing in different journals will thus be com bined in one monograph, thus making the data more easily available to a wider scientific community. It is also believed that such an attempt will provide a more comprehensive insight into one particular field of neurobiol ogy. Admittedly, the monograph will represent a more subjective view than that provided by a classical review article. In this monograph I am going to describe a major aspect of my research, i.e., the central processing of information arising from the receptors in the semicircular canals and otoliths of the inner ear. I shall restrict this report to those systems that are concerned with the vestibuloocular transmission, since they offer particular opportunity to study sensory-motor integration.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System

Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System

Part IV is a new section on the symptomatic treatment of vertigo. The third edition is thoroughly revised and has been expanded, covering the rapid advances that have occurred in the field in the last ten years.

Author: Robert William Baloh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195139822

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 538

The vestibular system plays a crucial role in enabling a person to remain oriented and move through his environment successfully. Dysfunction of this complex system may leave a patient totally disabled. "Dizziness" is a complaint commonly heard by neurologists, otolaryngologists, and other health care providers, yet its origins are many and often difficult to pinpoint and to treat. Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System is a classic text that provides a framework for understanding the pathphysiology of diseases involving the vestibular system. Part I reviews the anatomy and physiology of the vestibular system, with emphasis on clinically relevant material. Part II outlines important features in the patient's history, examination, and laboratory evaluation. Part III presents differential diagnostic points that help the clinician decide on the cause and treatment of the patient's problem. Part IV is a new section on the symptomatic treatment of vertigo. The third edition is thoroughly revised and has been expanded, covering the rapid advances that have occurred in the field in the last ten years. There are new chapters on the laboratory diagnosis of vestibular dysfunction, migraine, immune-mediated disorders, inherited disorders, symptomatic treatment of vertigo, antiemetic and antivertigo drugs, and vestibular rehabilitation.
Categories: Medical

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System

Author: Malcolm D. Graham

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: UOM:39015012537562

Category: Medical

Page: 669

View: 602

Categories: Medical

Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System

Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System

The book also identifies future directions for research in the areas of neurotransmitters, second messengers, transcription factors, and molecular mechanisms involved with both normal vestibular function and compensation. Features

Author: Alvin J. Beitz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849376793

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 237

The ability to quantify the sensory stimuli and resulting behavioral responses has enabled researchers over the past thirty years to gain an in-depth understanding of the physiological processes and neural pathways involved in the control of eye and head movements and posture. However, the molecular mechanisms and neurochemical processes that underlie neurotransmission of the vestibular and oculomotor pathways have begun to be defined only during the past decade. The first book available on this topic, Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System covers the proliferation of new information stemming from the technical advances in the areas of molecular biology and neurochemistry. It analyzes the recent developments in areas that relate to the neurochemical organization of the hair cells in the inner ear, the vestibular nerve, the vestibular nuclear complex, and central afferent and efferent vestibular projections. The book also identifies future directions for research in the areas of neurotransmitters, second messengers, transcription factors, and molecular mechanisms involved with both normal vestibular function and compensation. Features
Categories: Science

Vestibular system of

Vestibular system of

Author: Antonius Joseph Evert Maria Fischer

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3412385

Category:

Page: 113

View: 818

Categories:

Vestibular System Part 1 Basic Mechanisms

Vestibular System Part 1  Basic Mechanisms

This is a disadvantage when it comes to writing handbooks, but an advantage for the pa tient, since research is guided by clinical practice and can be quickly applied.

Author: H.H. Kornhuber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540068899

Category: Medical

Page: 676

View: 480

The details of the receptor mechanism are not yet fully understood for any sensory system. However, sufficient data are available (for the vestibular system and for other systems) to permit meaningful tracking of the sensory messages through the nervous system and via conscious experience. The reception, process ing, storage and output of information in man and other animals, as done by means of receptors, neurons, secretory cells and muscle fibers, are collectively referred to as mind. Sensory physiologists tend to disbelieve in extrasensory perception. Sensory physiology in general is an area upon which different sciences and methods converge. Anatomists, physiologists, psychologists, physicists, chemists, and engineers have made important contributions to sensory physiology. What is special about vestibular physiology is the fact that many research workers are clinicians, living under the constant pressure of their patient's demands. This is a disadvantage when it comes to writing handbooks, but an advantage for the pa tient, since research is guided by clinical practice and can be quickly applied. Modern methods, such as recording from single nerve units and the correlation of electrophysiological and psychophysical data, have greatly contributed to our knowledge, yet the study of lesions is still important, especially in the vestibular field.
Categories: Medical

Rotational Vestibular Assessment

Rotational Vestibular Assessment

This text details the various tests that can be performed though rotational assessment, including the benefits and limitations of each. Test interpretation and clinical application of rotational outcome measures data is also discussed.

Author: Christopher Zalewski

Publisher: Plural Publishing

ISBN: 9781635500479

Category: Medical

Page: 322

View: 522

Rotational Vestibular Assessment represents a primary clinical core for audiologists and expands the vestibular assessment battery through a comprehensive discussion of rotational vestibular testing. This text details the various tests that can be performed though rotational assessment, including the benefits and limitations of each. Test interpretation and clinical application of rotational outcome measures data is also discussed. Rotational testing currently enjoys a unique presence in vestibular assessment as it offers an analysis of the vestibular system that is unparalleled in its ability to evaluate both peripheral and central aspects of vestibular disease, particularly when standard measures such as videonystagmography (VNG) are non-contributory. The future of rotational testing is promising as more affordable methods become available such as the use of booth-less rotational chairs and more affordable video ocular recording methods. In light of this, rotational testing is poised to become the new standard of vestibular assessment and this timely text is dedicated to its understanding. The material is supplemented with a PluralPlus companion website that provides a selection of videos showing the various rotational tests, including the rotational stimuli and the VOR response generated during each test. Rotational Vestibular Assessmentis invaluable for anyone performing vestibular testing, rehabilitation, or evaluation. This includes audiologists, otologists, neurotologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and students seeking these professions.
Categories: Medical

Vestibular Function

Vestibular Function

Highly instructional and thorough, this book offers a complete overview of the field and is a practical hands-on guide for beginners, as well as a useful reference for audiologists, otolaryngologists, physical therapists, and neurologists.

Author: Alan Desmond

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 1588901661

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 938

Multiple etiologies and a lack of clinical evidence both contribute to the challenges of diagnosing and treating dizziness and balance disorders. These health-related complaints are common among the fastest growing age group (75+). This text provides a dynamic introduction to balance disorders and is the first of its kind to explore the clinical, scientific, and economic demands of the field. Key features: -Covers the full range of examination techniques to expand your scope of treatment options -Provides an overview of all the clinical fundamentals: anatomy, physiology, testing, and interpretation -Basic format designed for beginners and students; it is perfect as a course book -Offers an objective review of the rationale and cost-effectiveness of starting a vestibular laboratory -Unique coverage of the business aspects, such as necessary equipment, where to buy it, and how to build a successful and profitable practice The cause and effect of vestibular and balance disorders extend into a broad range of specialities, making proper treatment more relevant and critical than ever. Highly instructional and thorough, this book offers a complete overview of the field and is a practical hands-on guide for beginners, as well as a useful reference for audiologists, otolaryngologists, physical therapists, and neurologists.
Categories: Medical

Vertigo and Imbalance

Vertigo and Imbalance

Author: Scott D. Z. Eggers

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: 0444529128

Category: Medical

Page: 575

View: 698

Categories: Medical