If you know little or nothing about Hindu mythology, this is your ideal starting point where you will meet the overwhelming array of Hindu gods and learn about their wonderful stories.
Author: Swami Achuthananda
Publisher: Relianz Communications Pty Ltd
Home to one of the ancient civilizations of the world, India is also the birthplace of a dizzying array of gods worshipped by millions of Hindus living in India and across the globe. Over the centuries many of these gods rose to power and became the object of utmost devotion, only to fall from grace and lose their standing. These deities shared a peculiar trait: they were never perfect. In this multivolume series entitled, The Galaxy of Hindu Gods, Sach takes you on an extended journey to meet with the gods and share their tales with you. Among the multitude of deities, the most ancient are the Vedic gods, which include luminaries like Indra, Surya, Varuna, Agni, and others. Today a minor deity, the Vedic Indra was once the ruler of the three worlds who, under the influence of a mysterious power drink, fought with the demons and vanquished them. His reign did not last long. His comrades Surya and Varuna also had their glory days but were overthrown by other gods of the pantheon. Yet, after thousands of years, gods like Indra, Surya, and Varuna are still household names and honored in Hindu rituals and traditions. If you know little or nothing about Hindu mythology, this is your ideal starting point where you will meet the overwhelming array of Hindu gods and learn about their wonderful stories.
This Is Probably For The First Time That A Serious Study Of Deities Of Rig Veda Has Been Made With The Help Of Modern Research Methodology And Science To Find Out What The Rishis Had Said, A Few Thousand Years Back, About The Deities.
Author: Shanti Swarup Gupta
Publisher: Abhinav Publications
Category: Gods, Hindu
This Is Probably For The First Time That A Serious Study Of Deities Of Rig Veda Has Been Made With The Help Of Modern Research Methodology And Science To Find Out What The Rishis Had Said, A Few Thousand Years Back, About The Deities. Efforts Were Also Made To Identify These Gods. It Is A Finding Of Great Importance That What Rishis Had Said About These Gods Is Being Corroborated By The Western Science Today. Dr. Gupta Has Grouped These 33 Gods Of Rig Veda In Three Categories: (I) Natural Phenomena Gods Sky, Earth, Fire, Air And Water. All The Material Things Are Produced By Their Permutations And Combinations. These Five Natural Phenomena Gods Have Their Sub-Gods Also. For Example, Agni Has Surya Agni (Nuclear Energy), Apan Napat Agni (Agni In The Sky Like Lightning), Davanal (Agni On Earth), Badvanal (Agni In The Oceans Or Water) And Jathragni (Agni In The Body); (Ii) Gods Connected With Soul Energy Such As Vishnu (Can Be Compared With A Modern Generating Station), Brahama, Who Induces The Tiny, Invisible, Weightless Particles Of Soul Energy In All The Living Beings To Give Them Life, Shiva, Who, At An Interval Of Time, Takes Out This Particle Of Soul Energy From All The Living Beings And They All Become Dead, And Yama, Who And Whose Assistants Take These Tiny Particles Of Soul To A Place Called Yama Loka; (Iii) Craftsmen Gods Such As Vishvakarma, Tvastha And Ribhugan Who Assemble And Mix The Five Basic Elements In Different Proportions To Create Structures Or Forms So That Soul-Particles Can Be Introduced In Them; And (Iv) Miscellaneous Gods Such As Rishis And Other Men, Animals (Cow, Frog, Etc.) Raised To Godhood, And Other Important Things Like Meaning Of Prayer, Does Rig Veda Give History Etc.
This book explains the nature of the Vedic divinities, their purposes and powers, and the ways they influence and affect the natural energies of the universe.
Author: Stephen Knapp
Publisher: Jaico Publishing House
UNDERSTANDING VEDIC HINDU DIVINITIES Understanding the assorted divinities or gods and goddesses of the Vedic or Hindu pantheon is not so difficult when it is presented simply and effectively. And that is what you will find in this book. This will open you to many of the possibilities and potentials of the Vedic tradition, and show how it has been able to cater and fulfill the spiritual needs and development of so many people since time immemorial. This book explains the nature of the Vedic divinities, their purposes and powers, and the ways they influence and affect the natural energies of the universe. It also shows how they can assist us and that blessings from them can help our own spiritual and material development and potentialities, depending on what we need. The divinities include Lord Krishna, Vishnu, their main avatars and expansions, along with Brahma, Shiva, Ganesh, Murugan, Surya, Hanuman, as well as the goddesses including Radha, Durga, Saraswati, Lakshmi. We find explanations of their names, attributes, dress, weapons, instruments, the meaning of the Shiva lingam, and some of the legends and stories connected with them.
For anyone interested in the subject, or for anyone approaching an epic such as the Mahabharata, a good guide is needed, and none has equaled Hindu Mythology, Vedic and Puranic by W.J. Wilkins for completeness and clarity.
Author: William Joseph Wilkins
Publisher: Calcutta : Thacker, Spink ; Bombay : Thacker ; London : W. Thacker
Category: Gods, Hindu
Hindu mythology can easily become a bewildering subject. There are a vast number of gods, demigods and supernatural beings (some writers refer to as many as 330 million deities). More than this, the beliefs concerning them, their roles in religious practice, and their manifestations in different texts vary according to time, place, and tradition throughout India's vast territory and long history. For anyone interested in the subject, or for anyone approaching an epic such as the Mahabharata, a good guide is needed, and none has equaled Hindu Mythology, Vedic and Puranic by W.J. Wilkins for completeness and clarity.
The present work is conditioned by a kind of unconventional approach to the study of Vedic elements of iconic forms and concepts especially those mentioned in Rgveda, She feels that all gods of Hinduism are basically the gods of the Rgveda ...
Author: Jyotsna Chawla
Category: Art and religion
Illustrations: Numerous B/w Illustrations Description: India's cultural traditions have their origin in diverse sources embedded in the life style of various pre- and proto-historic communities occupying different parts of the sub-continent in the various periods of their existence. Despite high antiquity of several archaeological finds, one has to admit that the earliest recorded references of India's cultural philosophy and ideological concepts are found only in the textual data of Rgveda, which show an already developed stage of thought. The importance of Vedic philosophy and religious concepts especially those defining the form of divinities lies in the fact that they preserve in them the seeds of later Hinduism to a considerable extent. The Rgveda contains references to various types of divinities which have been classified into three broad groups viz., (i) Terrestrial deities like Prithvi, Soma, Agni, (ii) Atmospheric gods like Indra, Vayu, Maruts, Parjanya, and (iii) Heavenly divinities like Varuna, Dyaus, Asvins, Surya, Savitr, Mitra, Pusana and Visnu. Of these last five were regarded as different phases of sun's movements. Varuna, who has been extolled in many hymns, is also associated with the concept of Rta, i.e. the cosmic and moral order. The Rgveda mentions some goddess too like Prthivi, Usas or the dawn, ratri, Ila Bharati or Sarasvati. A few gods like Dyava-Prthivi (i.e. the sky and the earth) are vitally significant for later iconographic development. To propitiate these gods the Rgvedic people made offerings of milk, ghee grains, etc. through sacrificial oblations and chanted hymns in their praise which, undoubtedly, suggest presence of the elements of Bhakti (deep devotional urge) in the Vedic religion. The present work is conditioned by a kind of unconventional approach to the study of Vedic elements of iconic forms and concepts especially those mentioned in Rgveda, She feels that all gods of Hinduism are basically the gods of the Rgveda which changed their forms from time to time to meet the demand of the people. In her view these developments are well attested to by the literature of historical times, e.g. the Smrtis and the Puranas. According to Chawla the early idea of image-making can be traced back in the hymns of the Rgveda particularly in the poetic imagery of early Vedic seers. She agrees that most of the Vedic deities, no doubt, originally represented the forces of nature but in the course of time, during the Rgvedic age itself, she feels that iconic concepts in regard to at least some divinities had already come into vogue. The author had also located and analysed certain Vedic terms preserving in them clues pertaining to bodily features of some deities. The representation of form as reflected in the expressions like rupani pimsatu and rupam sukrtam, is an indication of some kind of artistic activity in Rgvedic times. Perhaps emergence of the concept of Tvastr, the divine craftsman/artist, was a result of constantly growing creative urge of Rgvedic societies. Dr. Chawla views the whole growth of Hindu iconography as a continuous process of development from the period of the Rgveda onwards under the cover of religious philosophies. Yet, she does not deny the role of Indus civilization and external mythological import. Jyotsna Chawla further invites our attention to the Iconographic parellelism between the concept of Dyava-Prthivi, the eternal parents, and the one reflected in the unified form available in the Puranic iconography of Ardhanarisvara. She traces the growth of the iconic forms of Rgvedic deities like Siva, Surya, Soma, Yama, Asvins, etc. in the later periods when the Puranas were compiled. She has beautifully analysed the Vedic symbolism and the attributes held by various gods in the form of vajra, pasa, danda, sruk and sruva in a logical manner.
This self-contained volume presents a comprehensive picture of the gods and goddesses commonly worshiped in India; their origins, and their related myths and legends.
Author: W. J. Wilkins
Publisher: Courier Corporation
The Hindu pantheon comprises such a multitude of gods and goddesses that even the most devout can find it difficult to remember their names and characteristics. This self-contained volume presents a comprehensive picture of the gods and goddesses commonly worshiped in India; their origins, and their related myths and legends. It covers the deities from both the Vedic and Puranic literature, as well as demons, sacred birds, and other lore, all accompanied by excellent illustrations from traditional sources.
Nothing has ever so much interested me, as this endeavour to penetrate into the adyta of the ancient Aryan thought, to discover what things, principles or phenomena our remote ancestors worshipped as Gods, what Indra, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman ...
Author: Albert Pike
Publisher: Kessinger Publishing
Nothing has ever so much interested me, as this endeavour to penetrate into the adyta of the ancient Aryan thought, to discover what things, principles or phenomena our remote ancestors worshipped as Gods, what Indra, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, the Acvins, Vayu, Vishnu, Savitri and the others really were, in the conception of the composers of the Vedic hymns. "I found the most profound philosophic or metaphysical ideas, which those of every philosophy and religion have merely developed; and that, so far from being Barbarians or Savages, the old Aryan herdsmen and husbandmen, in the Indus country under the Himalayan Mountains, on the rivers of Bactria, and long before, on the Scythic Steppes where they originated, were men of singularly clear and acute intellects, profound thought and an infinite reverence of the beings whom they worshipped.
This volume is an outstanding introduction to Hinduism and the many expressions of the religion in India.
Author: Jeaneane D. Fowler
Originally published in 1997 -- A wonderful balance of detail and clarity with excellent introductory essays on the Indus Valley civilization, the Vedic Period, the Upanishads, and devotional Hinduism, Religious Studies Review; Choice Outstanding Academic Book selling over 10,000 copies, and now revised and expanded to two volumes (Volume II: Religious History and Philosophy). Herewith an outstanding introduction to Hinduism and the many expressions of the religion in India. The evolution and nature of the major Hindu deities occupies substantial sections of the book as well as social structures such as class and caste that inform not only ritualistic practices and approaches to divinity but also societal norms. Thus, the historical roots of present-day beliefs and practices and the religious contexts in which they are based are examined. Current issues such as the struggle for greater independence for women in all aspects of social and economic living are raised. The book also incorporates the ways in which Hinduism is expressed in the colourful festivals and the sacred pilgrimages throughout India. No prior knowledge of Hinduism is required. Contents include: Fundamental Beliefs; Scriptures; Class and Caste; The Four Stages of Life; Gods and Goddesses (Siva); Gods and Goddesses (Sakti); Gods and Goddesses (Visnu, Krisna and Radha); Ritual in the Home and Community (Worship); Ritual in the Home and Community (Life-cycle Rites); Women in the Home and Community; Sacred Times and Places: Festivals and Pilgrimage.
VEDIC MYTHOLOGY presents the earliest stage in the evolution of beliefs which constitute the source of religious concepts of the majority of Indian people.Documented with Sanskrit and General Index, this work constitutes a valuable ...
Author: Arthur Anthony Macdonell
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
Category: Hindu mythology
VEDIC MYTHOLOGY presents the earliest stage in the evolution of beliefs which constitute the source of religious concepts of the majority of Indian people.Documented with Sanskrit and General Index, this work constitutes a valuable contribution in the field of Vedic Mythology.
This text brings out the spiritual character of the Veda applying Sri Aurobindo's method of esoteric interpretation and following the lead of Sri T.V. Kapaly Sastry. The question arises of whether the gods of the Veda are simply nature elements deified by a primitive society, or are they essential divine powers and personalities of a Supreme Godhead in manifestation.
However diverse the understanding of any artist may be about a deity, one can still see the basic fundamental representations in the hundred visuals in this book.
Author: Sunita Pant Bansal
Publisher: Smriti Books
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Hindu Gods & Goddesses is an en make available basic information about the Hindu pantheon of gods in a simple and attractive manner. Information about the origin of each deity, its various forms, relationship with other deities, and the important shrines is given in a condensed manner. Effort has been made to source as many Indian art forms as possible to show the unifying principle underlying the work of the various artists. However diverse the understanding of any artist may be about a deity, one can still see the basic fundamental representations in the hundred visuals in this book.
Author: Sukumari BhattacharjiPublish On: 2016-01-01
The present book is the result of ten years work on the subject of historical development of Indian mythology and its connection with parallel historical development of Indian mythology and its connection with parallel mythologies elsewhere ...
Author: Sukumari Bhattacharji
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
The present book is the result of ten years work on the subject of historical development of Indian mythology and its connection with parallel historical development of Indian mythology and its connection with parallel mythologies elsewhere, on which no satisfactory work exists in English. In the first part the Vedic-Brahmanical and epic-puranic components of Siva, Varuna, Yama, Nirrti, Agni, Kala, the mother goddess, Karttikeya, Ganapati, Kama and Pusan are treated. Part II studies the rise of Visnu. The component gods-the Vedic solar gods Savitr, Surya, Vivasvat, Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Amsa, Daksa, Martanda, Indra, and Visnu together with the epic-Puranic incarnations of Visnu (with their Vedic precursors) are analysed. With Brahman (Part III) the picture is different. In the Vedic-Brahmanical gods-Brhaspati, Brahmanaspati, Prajapati, Pitamaha and Brahman-we do not get a very tangible figure, far less that of a sectarian god. These merge into the Brahman, Prajapati or Pitamaha of the epic-Puranic literature, but fail to answer to the definition of a sectarian god, so that no cult grows around the resultant image. In Part IV the general characteristics of the Puranic pantheon are analysed. Here, on the one hand, there are innumerable regional, functional divinities, tutelary gods and goddesses, village-or disease-gods, and also gods for different occasions in life, while on the other hand there is the lofty Triad, which thanks to the predominance of philosophy, is frequently stated to be three facets of the same supreme being.