The Stress Response

The Stress Response

After learning the skills in this book, you’ll: • Respond quickly to early signs of stress • Approach, not avoid, stressful tasks and events • Cope effectively with life events that contribute to stress • Change the catastrophic ...

Author: Christy Matta

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 9781608821327

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 848

Life is stressful, and that’s not always a bad thing. A certain amount of stress actually helps us work more productively and take action in a crisis. But recurrent and prolonged stress can paralyze us or lead us to feel exhausted, angry, or overwhelmed. The skills presented in The Stress Response can dramatically change the way you process stress. And they don’t take much time to learn. Drawn from a technique therapists use called dialectical behavior therapy, these powerful strategies can help you manage the slings and arrows of life more gracefully and effectively. After learning the skills in this book, you’ll: • Respond quickly to early signs of stress • Approach, not avoid, stressful tasks and events • Cope effectively with life events that contribute to stress • Change the catastrophic thoughts and biases that make stress worse • Practice soothing strategies for calming your body’s stress response
Categories: Self-Help

A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response

A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response

This new edition emphasizes the unique contribution of this longstanding text in the integration of mind/body relationships.

Author: George S. Everly, Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461455387

Category: Psychology

Page: 488

View: 258

This new edition emphasizes the unique contribution of this longstanding text in the integration of mind/body relationships. The concept of stress, as defined and elaborated in Chapter 1, the primary efferent biological mechanisms of the human stress response, as described in Chapter 2, and the link from stress arousal to disease, as defined in Chapter 3, essentially remains the same. However, updates in microanatomy, biochemistry and tomography are added to these chapters. All other chapters will be updated as well, as there has been significant changes in the field over the past eight years.
Categories: Psychology

The Impact of the Human Stress Response

The Impact of the Human Stress Response

If you've ever wondered how you adapt to your environment and why constant exposure to stress is dangerous - this is a book you must read.

Author: Mary Wingo

Publisher:

ISBN: 0997481315

Category:

Page: 142

View: 569

The Impact of the Human Stress Response: The biologic origins for human stress is a humanitarian work intended to educate the public world wide about the true costs of preventable human stress. It is priced so that most people world wide can access this information affordably. Millions or lives are lost every year and trillions of dollars are wasted world wide because of our preventable exposure to modern stressors. Dr. Wingo examine one of science's burning issues - the epidemic of stress related diseases, disability, and early death currently ravaging the Western world. Preventable stress is devastating our health and destabilizing our communities.But what exactly is ?stress? And what gives it the potential to cause so much damage? In a groundbreaking account twenty years in the making, researcher and biologist Dr. Mary Wingo explains the root causes of modern stress, and how it harms our bodies, as well as our communities.Understand the root causes of stress and learn how to manage it effectivelyFind out why the stress response is essential for helping you adapt to your environmentProtect your health ? learn how to avoid over-loading your body's stress responseSharing astonishing insights into the way we cope with everything from excessive multitasking to social unrest, Dr. Wingo tells a fascinating story of how humans alter their physical states and how our bodies literally open or close their biological borders with the environment to help us adapt. Using simple, everyday language, Dr. Wingo vividly illustrates our current understanding of how the stress response works, and presents a how-to manual of science-based effective stress management. If you've ever wondered how you adapt to your environment and why constant exposure to stress is dangerous - this is a book you must read.
Categories:

Stress Response Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogens

Stress Response Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogens

Most of these stressors first affect the outer surface of the bacterial cell, are sensed in some way, and defense measures are enacted in response. If the bacteria successfully respond to an encountered stress, they survive and multiply.

Author: Jyl S. Matson

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889636853

Category:

Page:

View: 921

A critical factor for bacterial survival in any environment is the ability to sense and respond appropriately to insults that cause stress to the cell, threatening its survival. Most of these stressors first affect the outer surface of the bacterial cell, are sensed in some way, and defense measures are enacted in response. If the bacteria successfully respond to an encountered stress, they survive and multiply. If they are unsuccessful or inefficient in their response, it can result in death. Efficiently responding to factors that induce stress is especially important for bacteria that inhabit environments that are constantly changing, or for those that inhabit more than one biological niche. In addition, bacterial species that associate with humans and other organisms must be able to overcome stresses that are produced by the host immune response in order to colonize and cause disease. The wide variety of stressors encountered by bacteria has resulted in countless strategies that are used by pathogens to overcome these insults, which we continue to identify. Clearly, a better understanding of these stress response mechanisms may be useful for developing new strategies to combat bacteria that cause certain infectious diseases. This Research Topic aims to highlight our increasing understanding of mechanisms by which bacteria sense and respond to stresses encountered in the host or other environments. Examples of stress response mechanisms of interest include, but are not limited to those that respond to antimicrobials, host immune responses, or environmental changes.
Categories:

Psychophysiology of the Stress Response and the Hierarchical Structure of Emotional Disorders

Psychophysiology of the Stress Response and the Hierarchical Structure of Emotional Disorders

Physiological stress reactivity is closely linked to emotional disorders like depression and anxiety and is believed to play a causal role in their development.

Author: Molly Penrod

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1090144798

Category: Clinical psychology

Page: 52

View: 778

Physiological stress reactivity is closely linked to emotional disorders like depression and anxiety and is believed to play a causal role in their development. Similar patterns of exaggerated reactivity across a wide range of emotional disorders indicate that physiological hyperreactivity to stress may be a multifinal, or shared, risk factor for these disorders. However, current literature examines stress reactivity in only one or two disorders at a time and is based off categorical classification systems that assume mental disorders to be discrete entities. Recent research into the observed distribution of symptoms of mental illness contests this assumption and proposes that some mental disorders have shared developmental factors that can be revealed through dimensional models of psychopathology. One dimensional model of mental disorders, the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology, addresses this limitation by placing symptoms of internalizing disorders within a dimensional, hierarchically arranged model. The current study utilized this hierarchical model to investigate the relationship between physiological reactions to a laboratory stressor and symptoms of emotional disorders. in a sample of 201 college students, we used latent variable modeling techniques to parse symptoms of emotional disorders into their common (higher-order) and unique (lower-order) features, then examined the strength of the relationship between physiological stress reactivity and common versus unique elements. We hypothesized that common features of emotional disorders would be more strongly related to stress reactivity than any of the unique features. Our results suggested that neither common nor unique features were significantly related to physiological stress reactivity. This finding contradicts previous investigations that found evidence for exaggerated physiological responses in individuals with emotional disorders. Our study improves upon previous research by examining the full range of symptoms of emotional disorders, and our conclusion suggests that the relevance of physiological response in emotional disorders should be critically examined, particularly in light of the limitations of traditional classification systems.
Categories: Clinical psychology

Stress Response Syndromes

Stress Response Syndromes

This third edition offers a chapter on mourning.

Author: Mardi Jon Horowitz

Publisher: Jason Aronson

ISBN: UOM:49015003301687

Category: Adjustment (Psychology)

Page: 358

View: 383

Offers fresh ways of thinking about stress and trauma. The work deals with the treatment of victims of trauma such as rape, disasters, sudden bereavement or injury, as well as the overwhelming stresses of everyday life such as accidents and illness. This third edition offers a chapter on mourning.
Categories: Adjustment (Psychology)

Stress Response

Stress Response

We also provide assay procedures that should be used to demonstrate that the
inhibitors are preventing the activation of the desired kinase in cells. From:
Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 99: Stress Response: Methods and Protocols
Edited ...

Author: Stephen M. Keyse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781592590544

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 693

In is now understood that the response of mammalian cells to a wide variety of potentially toxic agents may be intimately linked with many human diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, ischemia, fever, infection, and cancer. In Stress Response: Methods and Protocols, Stephen Keyse has assembled a diverse collection of readily reproducible methods devoted to the study of these varied and powerful responses. Written by leading researchers expert in the techniques they describe, these detailed methods cover the detection and assay of stress-induced damage, the activation of a wide range of signal transduction pathways by cellular stress, stress-induced gene expression, and stress protein function. To ensure experimental success, step-by-step guidance is provided for each method, along with details of reagents, equipment, and other requirements. The methods include both well-established techniques and new technologies at the leading edge of research. Wide ranging and highly practical, Stress Response: Methods and Protocols provides a gold-standard bench manual for today's basic and clinical scientists working to understand how cells and tissues respond during physiological stress and in human disease
Categories: Medical

Corticotropin releasing Factor and Cytokines

Corticotropin releasing Factor and Cytokines

These 25 papers are taken from the proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Hans Selye Foundation, held on October 10-14, 1992.

Author: Yvette Taché

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X001797679

Category: Medical

Page: 297

View: 852

These 25 papers are taken from the proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Hans Selye Foundation, held on October 10-14, 1992. They cover such issues as CRF mRNA in normal and stress conditions, amygdaloid CRF pathways and neuroendocrine effects of prenatal alcohol exposure.
Categories: Medical

Bacterial Stress Responses

Bacterial Stress Responses

10.1128/9781555816216_Chap05 Chapter 5 Roles of mRNA Stability,
Translational Regulation, and Small RNAsinStress Response Regulation
SUSAN GOTTESMAN Susan Gottesman • Laboratory of Molecular Biology,
National Cancer ...

Author: Gisela Storz

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 9781555816216

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 934

Gain new insight on utilizing bacterial stress responses to better combat bacterial infection with antibiotics and improve biotechnology. • Reviews the vast number of new findings that have greatly advanced the understanding of bacterial stress responses in the past 10 years. • Explores general regulatory principles, including the latest findings from genomics studies, including new research findings on both specific and general stress responses. • Details how stress responses affect the interactions between bacteria and host cells and covers bacterial stress responses in different niches and communities, with an emphasis on extreme environments.
Categories: Science

Molecular Aspects of the Stress Response Chaperones Membranes and Networks

Molecular Aspects of the Stress Response  Chaperones  Membranes and Networks

Stress. Response: A. Theoretical. and. Practical. Approach. László Vigh," Zsolt
Török, Gábor Balogh, Attila Glatz, Stefano Piotto and Ibolya Horváth Abstract
number of observations have lent support to a model in which thermal stress is
transA: ...

Author: Peter Csermely

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387399751

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 463

This book makes a novel synthesis of the molecular aspects of the stress response and long term adaptation processes with the system biology approach of biological networks. Authored by an exciting mixture of top experts and young rising stars, it provides a comprehensive summary of the field and identifies future trends.
Categories: Science

Stress Response in Microbiology

Stress Response in Microbiology

In this book, expert authors from around the world summarise the current knowledge on microbial stress response and comprehensively review the recent findings that have greatly advanced the understanding of stress response systems.

Author: Jose M. Requena

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 9781908230041

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 324

To survive adverse and fluctuating conditions, microorganisms possess mechanisms to recognize diverse environmental changes and mount an appropriate response. Microorganisms frequently react simultaneously to a wide variety of stresses, and the various stress response systems interact with each other by a complex of global regulatory networks. Stress response systems can play an important role in the virulence of pathogenic organisms. In this book, expert contributors from around the world summarize the current knowledge on microbial stress response and comprehensively review the recent findings that have greatly advanced the understanding of stress response systems. Each chapter is devoted to a particular organism or group of organisms, including: Gram-negative bacteria * Streptococcus * Neisseria * Listeria monocytogenes * Bacillus cereus * Salmonella * Yersinia * Vibrio * Mycobacterium * mycoplasmas * yeast * Plasmodium falciparum * Toxoplasma gondii * Leishmania * Trypanosoma cruzi * Trypanosoma brucei * Entamoeba histolytica. In addition to providing an up-to-date review of current trends, the book also describes the challenges for future research and provides comprehensive reference sections. It represents a major collection of information and knowledge across a wide range of microorganisms and is highly recommended for anyone interested in stress response, regulatory networks, environmental microbiology, or the pathogenicity of microorganisms.
Categories: Science

Oxytocin and the Stress Response in Beef Cattle

Oxytocin and the Stress Response in Beef Cattle

Changes in the physiological, psychological, and behavioral manifestations of stress have been observed in association with increases in circulating oxytocin.

Author: Brooklyn K. Wagner

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1156627023

Category: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis

Page: 137

View: 899

Changes in the physiological, psychological, and behavioral manifestations of stress have been observed in association with increases in circulating oxytocin. Providing oxytocin intra-nasally has been shown to attenuate stressor-induced hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation in humans and non-human primates, however anxiolytic effects may be context and species specific. The first study, presented in Chapter Two, aimed to investigate the effect of intra-nasal oxytocin supplementation on stressor-induced activation of the HPA axis in beef cattle. I hypothesized that oxytocin would attenuate activation of the HPA axis, ultimately decreasing plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone concentrations. This study demonstrated that oxytocin treatment did not affect measured indicators of the HPA axis activation and confirmed that restraint and isolation stress increases cortisol in Bos taurus heifers compared with heifers subjected only to isolation. In addition, an endogenous release of oxytocin was detected in response to restraint stress. The extreme nature of restraint and isolation stress may have overshadowed any effect of intra-nasal oxytocin. The second study, presented in Chapter Three, aimed to investigate the effect of intra-nasal oxytocin on cattle subjected to a more intermediate stressor – transportation. I hypothesized that Bos indicus cattle treated intra-nasally with oxytocin would have a less extreme increases in cortisol concentrations and changes in immune parameters when subjected to handling and 6 h road transportation compared with cattle treated intra-nasally with saline. This study confirmed that short-duration road transportation induces signs of an acute inflammatory response, however no effect on the HPA axis was detected. In addition, intra-nasally administered oxytocin altered leukogram numbers such that specific leukocytes returned to baseline more quickly in calves given oxytocin. The low dose and mild nature of the stressor may explain lack of substantial effects HPA axis activation.
Categories: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis

Stress Responses of Lactic Acid Bacteria

Stress Responses of Lactic Acid Bacteria

Furthermore, the pathogenic nature of certain LAB species has been clearly associated with their tolerance to environmental stresses. Organized into 5 parts, this book discusses the current knowledge of the stress physiology of LAB.

Author: Effie Tsakalidou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387927719

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 530

View: 225

Beginning with the basics of lactic acid bacteria and stress response, then working into specific fields of research and current developments, Stress Responses of Lactic Acid Bacteria will serve as an essential guidebook to researchers in the field, industry professionals, and advanced students in the area. The exploration of stress responses in lactic acid bacteria began in the early 90s and revealed the differences that exist between LAB and the classical model microorganisms. A considerable amount of work has been performed on the main genera / species of LAB regarding the genes implicated and their actual role and regulation, and the mechanisms of stress resistance have also been elucidated. Recent genome and transcriptome analyses complement the proteome and genetic information available today and shed a new light on the perception of and the responses to stress by lactic acid bacteria.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Stress Response and Immunity Links and Trade Offs

Stress Response and Immunity  Links and Trade Offs

The book introduces the reader to the concept of stress and subsequently examines the connection between stress response and immunity at various evolutionary stages of living organisms - from bacteria to humans.

Author: Nadia Danilova

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9811437165

Category: Medical

Page: 460

View: 715

When environmental conditions deviate from the optimal range, stress ensues. Stress response is a set of reactions that allow the organism to adjust and survive adverse conditions. Stress can be physical, such as extreme temperature, radiation, injury, or psychological, caused by perceived danger or deprivation. Every living cell has biochemical mechanisms to cope with physical stress. These mechanisms show a degree of similarity among several types of living organisms. Stress Response and Immunity: Links and Trade Offs explores the functional and evolutionary connections between stress response and immunity. The book introduces the reader to the concept of stress and subsequently examines the connection between stress response and immunity at various evolutionary stages of living organisms - from bacteria to humans. The book also features chapters dedicated to the role of tumor suppressor genes and the immune system of the brain. The information presented in this reference demonstrates the profound effects of physical and psychological stress on human health. Readers with basic knowledge of molecular biology will learn about the interesting facets of stress responses and the evolutionary trade offs observed in different life forms.
Categories: Medical

Yeast Stress Responses

Yeast Stress Responses

The unicellular eukaryote yeast has long proven as a particularly useful model system for the analysis of cellular stress responses, and the completion of the yeast genome sequence has only added to its power This volume comprehensively ...

Author: Stefan Hohmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540456117

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 500

Every cell has developed mechanisms to respond to changes in its environment and to adapt its growth and metabolism to unfavorable conditions. The unicellular eukaryote yeast has long proven as a particularly useful model system for the analysis of cellular stress responses, and the completion of the yeast genome sequence has only added to its power This volume comprehensively reviews both the basic features of the yeast genral stress response and the specific adapations to different stress types (nutrient depletion, osmotic and heat shock as well as salt and oxidative stress). It includes the latest findings in the field and discusses the implications for the analysis of stress response mechanisms in higher eukaryotes as well.
Categories: Science

Stress Response of Dietary Phytochemicals in a Hormetic Manner for Health and Longevity

Stress Response of Dietary Phytochemicals in a Hormetic Manner for Health and Longevity

The stress responses observed in mammalian cells can be classified as heat shock response, unfolded protein response, autophagic response, deoxyribonucleic acid damage response, antioxidant response, and sirtuin response at the ...

Author: Ceren Gezer

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1154166993

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 786

The stress responses observed in mammalian cells can be classified as heat shock response, unfolded protein response, autophagic response, deoxyribonucleic acid damage response, antioxidant response, and sirtuin response at the intracellular and molecular levels. Factors that strengthen the hemodynamic structure causing low-level molecular damage and activating one or several stress response pathways are called hormetins. Hormetins can be categorized as physical, physiological, biological, and nutritional hormetins. Nutritional hormetins provide an interesting, comprehensive research topic because of their effects on health and lifespan. Dietary phytochemicals, with their low-level stress-inducing effects, are potential nutritional hormetins. Resveratrol, curcumin, epicatechin, isothiocyanates, ferulic acid, and certain vitamin-minerals can induce a heat shock response, unfolded protein response, autophagic response, deoxyribonucleic acid damage response, antioxidant response, and sirtuin response causing the stimulation of kinases and transcription factors. Studies have shown that these phytochemicals are related to nuclear factor-erythroid 2, sirtuins, nuclear factor-kappa B, and heat shock response pathways. In this chapter, the stress response of dietary phytochemicals will be systematically examined in a hormetic manner for delay of age-related diseases, healthy aging, and longevity based on current data.
Categories: Medicine