The Reconstruction of Nations

The Reconstruction of Nations

Yet he begins with the principles of toleration that prevailed in much of early modern eastern Europe and concludes with the peaceful resolution of national tensions in the region since 1989.".

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030010586X

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 170

Yet he begins with the principles of toleration that prevailed in much of early modern eastern Europe and concludes with the peaceful resolution of national tensions in the region since 1989.".
Categories: History

A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction

A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction

A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction explores the implications of this major change by bringing legal history into dialogue with the scholarship of other historical fields.

Author: Laura F. Edwards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316239711

Category: History


View: 380

Although hundreds of thousands of people died fighting in the American Civil War, perhaps the war's biggest casualty was the nation's legal order. A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction explores the implications of this major change by bringing legal history into dialogue with the scholarship of other historical fields. Federal policy on slavery and race, particularly the three Reconstruction amendments, are the best-known legal innovations of the era. Change, however, permeated all levels of the legal system, altering Americans' relationship to the law and allowing them to move popular conceptions of justice into the ambit of government policy. The results linked Americans to the nation through individual rights, which were extended to more people and, as a result of new claims, were reimagined to cover a wider array of issues. But rights had limits in what they could accomplish, particularly when it came to the collective goals that so many ordinary Americans advocated.
Categories: History

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction

Yet post-Civil War northerners saw Reconstruction not as a southern story alone,
but as the reconstruction of a nation from the South, North, and West after the
divisive war. Indeed, for contemporary northerners, 1877 was significant not as
the ...

Author: Lacy Ford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391626

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 669

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction addresses the key topics and themes of the Civil War era, with 23 original essays by top scholars in the field. An authoritative volume that surveys the history and historiography of the U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction Analyzes the major sources and the most influential books and articles in the field Includes discussions on scholarly advances in U.S. Civil War history.
Categories: History

Civil War in Central Europe 1918 1921

Civil War in Central Europe  1918 1921

The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918.

Author: Jochen Böhler

Publisher: Greater War

ISBN: 9780198794486

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 637

The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918. The armistices marked the creation of the Second Polish Republic and the first shot of the Central European Civil War which raged from 1918 to 1921. The fallen German, Russian, and Austrian Empires left in their wake lands with peoples of mixed nationalities and ethnicities. These lands soon became battle grounds and the ethno-political violence that ensued forced those living within them to decide on their national identity. Civil War in Central Europe seeks to challenge previous notions that such conflicts which occurred between the First and Second World Wars were isolated incidents and argues that they should be considered as part of a European war; a war which transformed Poland into a nation.
Categories: History

Natures Past

Natures Past

VIII In Search of Natural Identity Alpine Landscape and the Reconstruction of the
Swiss Nation Oliver Zimmer Elias CANETTI , IN A ... What nations cannot do
without , however , and what has contributed most to turning different individuals
into ...

Author: Paolo Squatriti

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472069608

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 242

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, environmental change is a pressing public issue across the globe. Natures Past seeks to lend some historical depth to current debates about man-made modifications of ecological processes and systems and also to explore the global dimensions of the dynamic relationships natural environments establish with people. The ten essays in Natures Past discuss the diverse approaches to environmental history, demonstrating that significant environmental change is not a modern invention and people have long been transforming their natural surroundings, often in unintended ways. Natures Past also shows that humans have not always had antagonistic relationships with nature but have also successfully found new, stable relationships with the natures they inhabit. The essays, comprised of contributions by anthropologists, foresters, historians, and literary scholars, discuss malaria-bearing mosquitoes, Maine lobster fishing, Bornean durian husbandry, and American lawn mowing, among other things, and suggest how ecology, culture, and market interact to change the fate, and the value, of nature in each context. "An elegant collection of essays on environmental history by its finest scholars, demonstrating global, chronological, and interdisciplinary range."--J. Donald Hughes, John Evans Distinguished Professor, Department of History, University of Denver "With topics ranging from the metabolism of medieval cities to recent management trends in the Maine lobster industry, Natures Past is a collection of ten essays that expertly illustrates the cosmopolitan character, the interdisciplinary approaches, and the widely varying subject matter that characterize the subdiscipline of environmental history."--William H. TeBrake, Department of History, University of Maine Paolo Squatriti is Associate Professor of History and Romance Languages and Literatures at the University of Michigan. His previous books are: Working with Water in Medieval Europe: Technology and Resource-Use and Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy AD 400-1000.
Categories: Social Science

Litauen und Ruthenien

Litauen und Ruthenien

Bei den Ruthenen fielen diesbezüglich , besonders ab der 81 TIMOTHY
SNYDER The Reconstruction of Nations . Poland , Ukraine , Lithuania , Belarus ,
1569 – 1999 . New Haven , London 2003 . Mitte des 18 . Jahrhunderts ,
gemischte Ehen ...

Author: Stefan Rohdewald

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447056053

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 189

Der Band setzt sich zum Ziel, exemplarisch transkulturelle Kommunikationsprozesse im Grossfurstentum Litauen sowie in den ostlichen Gebieten der polnischen Krone im spaten Mittelalter und in der fruhen Neuzeit zu untersuchen. Die Beitrage richten das Augenmerk auf interkonfessionelle Vorgange, auf trans- oder uberkonfessionelle Interaktion und hybride, heterogene Entwicklungen. Auch Bereiche der ostslavischen bzw. ruthenischen, polnischen, litauischen, armenischen sowie der orthodoxen, unierten, katholischen, judischen und frankistischen Geschichte, die sich auf den ersten Blick von zwischenethnischen oder interkonfessionellen Interaktionsfeldern isoliert hielten, werden neu beleuchtet. Der Band fuhrt internationale Spezialisten zu Adel, Stadt, Kirche und Klerus, Kult, Gesang sowie Malerei zusammen und gibt Einblicke in die jeweiligen Forschungswerkstatten. The goal of this volume is to investigate examples of transcultural communication processes in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as well as in the eastern territories of the Polish Crown in the late Middle Ages and early modern period. The essays focus on interconfessional contacts, trans- and supraconfessional interactions, and hybrid, heterogenous developments. In addition, fi elds of east Slavic, Ruthenian, Polish, Lithuanian, Armenian, as well as Orthodox, Uniate, Catholic, Jewish, and Frankist history, which might seem at fi rst glance isolated from interethnic or interconfessional fields of interaction, will be examined anew. The volume presents the work of international specialists on nobility, city, Church and clergy, liturgy, hymnography, as well as painting, and it offers insight into the respective research workshops.
Categories: History

The Urgency of Now

The Urgency of Now

of creating a nation-state that could possibly become an instrument of domination
and a dictatorial or repressive regime? ... re-building or re-establishment of the
institutions of civil society in 'failed states' or even the reconstruction of nations in

Author: Angelicus-M. B. Onasanya

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781465324528

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 155

View: 328

The question of nation building has enjoyed currency in the discourse about the general development of countries around the world. Its global importance could be discerned in two different areas; nation-building as applied to efforts aimed at rebuilding a country after a war as in Bosnia, Iraq, Afghanistan, and so on; and nation-building with regard to efforts aimed at dealing with the sobering realities of failed or failing countries whose populations have been exploited, abused and mismanaged almost to the point of extinction. As can, and should be expected, Nigeria and Nigerians, at home and abroad, have not been exempt from these discourses especially in the past few years as the countrys nascent and fledging (?) democracy became embarrassingly threatened to the point of abortion within Nigeria and the international community of nations. In ones sober moments, the realisation that Nigeria is fast becoming another failed state procures rather scary thoughts.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Some of the Best Weapons for Counterinsurgents Do Not Shoot

Some of the Best Weapons for Counterinsurgents Do Not Shoot

First, there is a need to maintain a base line of information that is relevant to
reconstruction for nations and regions where there is a contingency plan for a
COIN operation, or for any other contingency that might require a reconstruction


Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN: 9781584874669

Category: Civil-military relations

Page: 139

View: 253

"If the U.S. Army's current experience in ongoing overseas operations like those in Iraq and Afghanistan are any indication, reconstruction has beome an integral part of the American way of war. And judging from the disappointing results of reconstruction efforts that such efforts have had on the course of these wars, there is much lacking in the Army's understanding of reconstruction itself and the role that it will likely play in all future operations, especially in counterinsurgencies (COIN)."--P. ix.
Categories: Civil-military relations

Security Assistance U S and International Historical Perspectives Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute 2006 Military History Symposium

Security Assistance  U S  and International Historical Perspectives  Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute 2006 Military History Symposium

Recruiting from the Private Sector to Accelerate Nation-Building: The Experience
of the Afghanistan Reconstruction Group By Thomas F. Berner Summary
Problems and delays in the Afghan reconstruction program began almost
immediately ...


Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160873495

Category: Military assistance


View: 580

Product Description: The proceedings from the Combat Studies Institute's 2006 Military History Symposium presents historical research, analysis and policy recommendations on the topic of Security Assistance and the training of indigenous forces.
Categories: Military assistance

Muslim Trader Nomad Spy

Muslim  Trader  Nomad  Spy

Historians of Eastern Europe see the origins of the nation-state in the challenges
to the large empires that existed there: see Mazower, Balkans, and the
fascinating Snyder, The Reconstruction of Nations. For language—specifically
print—as ...

Author: Sulmaan Wasif Khan

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469621111

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 569

In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled Lhasa, leaving the People's Republic of China with a crisis on its Tibetan frontier. Sulmaan Wasif Khan tells the story of the PRC's response to that crisis and, in doing so, brings to life an extraordinary cast of characters: Chinese diplomats appalled by sky burials, Guomindang spies working with Tibetans in Nepal, traders carrying salt across the Himalayas, and Tibetan Muslims rioting in Lhasa. What Chinese policymakers confronted in Tibet, Khan argues, was not a "third world" but a "fourth world" problem: Beijing was dealing with peoples whose ways were defined by statelessness. As it sought to tighten control over the restive borderlands, Mao's China moved from a lighter hand to a harder, heavier imperial structure. That change triggered long-lasting shifts in Chinese foreign policy. Moving from capital cities to far-flung mountain villages, from top diplomats to nomads crossing disputed boundaries in search of pasture, this book shows Cold War China as it has never been seen before and reveals the deep influence of the Tibetan crisis on the political fabric of present-day China.
Categories: History

For Kin or Country

For Kin or Country

The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations.” Nations and
Nationalism 1, no. 1: 3–23. Smith, Gordon. 2007. Canada in Afghanistan: Is It
Working? Calgary: Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute. Smith,
Graham. 1999.

Author: Stephen M. Saideman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231514491

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 156

The collapse of an empire can result in the division of families and the redrawing of geographical boundaries. New leaders promise the return of people and territories that may have been lost in the past, often advocating aggressive foreign policies that can result in costly and devastating wars. The final years of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires, the end of European colonization in Africa and Asia, and the demise of the Soviet Union were all accompanied by war and atrocity. These efforts to reunite lost kin are known as irredentism—territorial claims based on shared ethnic ties made by one state to a minority population residing within another state. For Kin or Country explores this phenomenon, investigating why the collapse of communism prompted more violence in some instances and less violence in others. Despite the tremendous political and economic difficulties facing all former communist states during their transition to a market democracy, only Armenia, Croatia, and Serbia tried to upset existing boundaries. Hungary, Romania, and Russia practiced much more restraint. The authors examine various explanations for the causes of irredentism and for the pursuit of less antagonistic policies, including the efforts by Western Europe to tame Eastern Europe. Ultimately, the authors find that internal forces drive irredentist policy even at the risk of a country's self-destruction and that xenophobia may have actually worked to stabilize many postcommunist states in Eastern Europe. Events in Russia and Eastern Europe in 2014 have again brought irredentism into the headlines. In a new Introduction, the authors address some of the events and dynamics that have developed since the original version of the book was published. By focusing on how nationalist identity interact with the interests of politicians, For Kin or Country explains why some states engage in aggressive irredentism and when others forgo those opportunities that is as relevant to Russia and Ukraine in 2014 as it was for Serbia, Croatia, and Armenia in the 1990s.
Categories: Political Science

Conflict Resolution and Nation Building in Somalia

Conflict Resolution and Nation Building in Somalia

This chapter will provide an analytical overview of the dynamics of post-war
reconstruction, policy options, practices and the role of the various players in the
process and programming of reconstruction work in nations emerging from civil
wars ...

Author: Mohamed Ali Abdi

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781469166070

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 555

A B S T R A C T ABDI, MOHAMED A: BA WHITTIER COLLEGE, 1966 MPA SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY, 1969 MPH FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 1996 CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND NATION-BUILDING IN SOMALIA Publication Scheduled for January 2012 The research concentrated on the current as well as the past quagmire of the Somali conflict. Political, social and economic triggers have been identified to resolve or reduce violent conflict and disorder. The research used primary as well as secondary sources to study the issues and explore the problems inherent in an environment of scarce resources. Confrontations between the state and society were brought to a higher level of violence since the late 1970s following the Somali-Ethiopian war. The author explored avenues for reconciliation and nation-building and introduced several models as possible strategies for nation-building. Conclusively, a home-grown, traditional mechanisms model was recommended which entails the following policy prescriptions to achieve long-lasting peace and security for Somalia: 1. Governance structures of law and order. 2. Resources: De-escalating conflicts by opening up negotiating opportunities of land and property. 3. Complete demilitarization of society. 4. International cooperation. A plan by the international community to reconstruct and rehabilitate Somalia is essential if we have to avoid a relapse into a chaotic, violent situation in Somalia.
Categories: Political Science

Human Rights Transitional Justice and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

Human Rights  Transitional Justice  and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

made a clear statement regarding the identity of the government, an identity that
kirchner transposed onto the nation as a whole. Addressing the General
Assembly of the United Nations for the first time a few months after his
inauguration, ...

Author: Michelle Frances Carmody

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319783932

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 979

In Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America, decades after the fall of authoritarian regimes in the 1970s, transitional justice has proven to be anything but transitional—it has become a cornerstone of state policy and a powerful tool of state formation. Contextualizing cultural and political shifts in Argentina after the 1976 military coup with comparisons to other countries in the Southern Cone, Michelle Frances Carmody argues that incorporating human rights practices into official policy became a way for state actors to both build the authority of the state and manage social conflict, a key aim of post-Cold War democracies. By examining the relationship between transitional justice and the Latin American political order, this book illuminates overlooked dimensions of state formation in the age of human rights.
Categories: History

Undigested Past

Undigested Past

Adolf Hitler (1923)514 The fundamental change on nation building during the first
half of the twentieth century created an ... For a full, enlightening and well-written
account see Snyder, Timothy: The Reconstruction of Nations. tions but also in a ...

Author: Robert van Voren

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789401200707

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 129

"This is a most honest, balanced and tactful attempt to promote self-reflection and self-understanding in two nations involved in a brutal genocide. If you are a Lithuanian or a Jew, after reading this book you have no other choice but to redefine your personal identity in order to answer the questions: What does it mean to be a Lithuanian? What does it mean to be a Lithuanian Jew? I thought I knew the answers, but I was wrong." Levas Kovarskis, psychoanalyst "As Lithuanians, we need to face the deep and painful reflections of the events highlighted in this remarkable book. A great deal of work is needed on both sides to restore trust between Jews and Lithuanians and, for those not afraid to do so, reading this book is a very good first step." Danius Puras, psychiatrist "Despite the multitude of available works on the Holocaust, this admirably concise, yet detailed, volume will be an eye-opener for many - probably most - of its readers. Particularly valuable is its comparative (not contrastive) survey of the behavior of many in Lithuania and The Netherlands during and after the Second World War. In no sense is this book 'anti-Lithuanian', for, as the author well realizes, it was not only the Jews in that country who suffered terribly under Nazi and Soviet occupation. This monograph deserves a very wide readership, especially in Lithuania." Martin Dewhirst, University of Glasgow, Scotland
Categories: Political Science

Freedom from Past Injustices

Freedom from Past Injustices

The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations,” Nations and
Nationalism, 1(1), 1995, 3—23 (a complex yet sympathetic view of the continued
existence of national groups); B. Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections
on the ...

Author: Nahshon Perez

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748649631

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 198

There is a widespread belief that contemporary citizens should take responsibility for rectifying past wrongs. Nahshon Perez challenges this view, questioning attempts to aggregate dead wrongdoers with living people, and examining ideas of intergeneration
Categories: Political Science



Author: United Nations Institute for Namibia


ISBN: STANFORD:36105081848124

Category: Namibia

Page: 1008

View: 261

Categories: Namibia

The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials 1871 1872

The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials  1871 1872

The nation's high tribunal construed the Reconstruction Amendments in a
manner that left traditional state-based federalism unaltered. This conservative
reading of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments is not surprising in light of
Judge ...

Author: Lou Falkner Williams

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820326593

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 400

It is remarkable that the most serious intervention by the federal government to protect the rights of its new African American citizens during Reconstruction (and well beyond) has not, until now, received systematic scholarly study. In The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials, Lou Falkner Williams presents a comprehensive account of the events following the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the Reconstruction era. It is a gripping story--one that helps us better understand the limits of constitutional change in post-Civil War America and the failure of Reconstruction. The South Carolina Klan trials represent the culmination of the federal government's most substantial effort during Reconstruction to stop white violence and provide personal security for African Americans. Federal interventions, suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties, widespread undercover investigations, and highly publicized trials resulting in the conviction of several Klansmen are all detailed in Williams's study. When the trials began, the Supreme Court had yet to interpret the Fourteenth Amendment and the Enforcement Acts. Thus the fourth federal circuit court became a forum for constitutional experimentation as the prosecution and defense squared off to present their opposing views. The fate of the individual Klansmen was almost incidental to the larger constitutional issues in these celebrated trials. It was the federal judge's devotion to state-centered federalism--not a lack of concern for the Klan's victims--that kept them from embracing constitutional doctrine that would have fundamentally altered the nature of the Union. Placing the Klan trials in the context of postemancipation race relations, Williams shows that the Klan's campaign of terror in the upcountry reflected white determination to preserve prewar racial and social standards. Her analysis of Klan violence against women breaks new ground, revealing that white women were attacked to preserve traditional southern sexual mores, while crimes against black women were designed primarily to demonstrate white male supremacy. Well-written, cogently argued, and clearly presented, this comprehensive account of the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the late 1860s and early 1870s makes a significant contribution to the history of Reconstruction and race relations in the United States.
Categories: Social Science

The Continuities of German History

The Continuities of German History

Nation, Religion, and Race across the Long Nineteenth Century Helmut Walser
Smith. for the Jewish experience of early modern eastern ... Timothy Snyder, The
Reconstruction of Nations. Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569–1999 ...

Author: Helmut Walser Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139471251

Category: History


View: 116

This book opens the debate about German history in the long term – about how ideas and political forms are traceable across what historians have taken to be the sharp breaks of German history. Smith argues that current historiography has become ever more focused on the twentieth century, and on twentieth-century explanations for the catastrophes at the center of German history. Against conventional wisdom, he considers continuities - nation and nationalism, religion and religious exclusion, racism and violence - that are the center of the German historical experience and that have long histories. Smith explores these deep continuities in novel ways, emphasizing their importance, while arguing that Germany was not on a special path to destruction. The result is a series of innovative reflections on the crystallization of nationalist ideology, on patterns of anti-Semitism, and on how the nineteenth-century vocabulary of race structured the twentieth-century genocidal imagination.
Categories: History