Author: Emiko Ohnuki-TierneyPublish On: 2020-12-08
This tripartite study of the monkey metaphor, the monkey performance, and the 'special status' people traces changes in Japanese culture from the eighth century to the present.
Author: Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
This tripartite study of the monkey metaphor, the monkey performance, and the 'special status' people traces changes in Japanese culture from the eighth century to the present. During early periods of Japanese history the monkey's nearness to the human-animal boundary made it a revered mediator or an animal deity closest to humans. Later it became a scapegoat mocked for its vain efforts to behave in a human fashion. Modern Japanese have begun to see a new meaning in the monkey--a clown who turns itself into an object of laughter while challenging the basic assumptions of Japanese culture and society.
How do we know? And what exactly are we? These questions are what make human evolution a subject of general fascination. Ian Tattersall, one of those rare scientists who is also a graceful writer, addresses them in this delightful book.
Author: Ian Tattersall
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Nothing fascinates us more than explorations of human origins, and nobody tells the story better than Ian Tattersall. What makes us so different? How did we get this way? How do we know? And what exactly are we? These questions are what make human evolution a subject of general fascination. Ian Tattersall, one of those rare scientists who is also a graceful writer, addresses them in this delightful book. Writing in an informal essay style, Tattersall leads the reader around the world and into the far reaches of the past, showing what the science of human evolution is up against-from the sparsity of evidence to the pressures of religious fundamentalism. Looking with dispassion and humor at our origins, Tattersall offers a wholly new definition of what it is to be human. Delightful stories, scientific wisdom, fresh insight-the perfect science book.
This imaginative picture book, written by Nersel zur Muehlen (Little Green Bird, Imaginary Toys) is beautifully illustrated by Sara Sanchez and illustrates the dark side of unjustified power and the power of curiosity.
Author: Nersel Zur Muehlen
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Monkey Forest is a happy place, until monkey Merlin stumbles upon a magic mirror that gives him vast power over the other monkeys. He seizes the opportunity and reigns as the vicious King Merlin, until one day a curious little monkey named Koko discovers his secret... This imaginative picture book, written by Nersel zur Muehlen (Little Green Bird, Imaginary Toys) is beautifully illustrated by Sara Sanchez and illustrates the dark side of unjustified power and the power of curiosity.
and communicative mouth actions (such as lipsmacking), but also when the monkey observes somebody else performing ... There are at least two major
experimental attempts to link mirror neuron activity in monkeys with the coding of
Author: Jaime A. Pineda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The aim of this book is to bring together social scientists, cognitive scientists, psychologists, neuroscientists, neuropsychologists and others to promote a dialogue about the variety of processes involved in social cognition, as well as the relevance of mirroring neural systems to those processes. Social cognition is a broad discipline that encompasses many issues not yet adequately addressed by neurobiologists. Yet, it is a strong belief that framing these issues in terms of the neural basis of social cognition, especially within an evolutionary perspective, can be a very fruitful strategy. This book includes some of the leading thinkers in the nascent field of mirroring processes and reflects the authors’ attempts to till common ground from a variety of perspectives. The book raises contrary views and addresses some of the most vexing yet core questions in the field – providing the basis for extended discussion among interested readers and laying down guidelines for future research. It has been argued that interaction with members of one’s own social group enhances cognitive development in primates and especially humans (Barrett & Henzi, 2005). Byrne and Whiten (1988), Donald (1991), and others have speculated that abilities such as cooperation, deception, and imitation led to increasingly complex social interactions among primates resulting in a tremendous expansion of the cerebral cortex. The evolutionary significance of an imitation capability in primates is matched by its ontological consequences.
... the month . At its approach he was called to the last day of his life . In he was
always nervous , disquieted and an . 1782 , he first appeared at Sadlers Wells , in
xious : directly it had passed he was another the arduous character of a monkey ...
Category: Popular literature
Containing original essays; historical narratives, biographical memoirs, sketches of society, topographical descriptions, novels and tales, anecdotes, select extracts from new and expensive works, the spirit of the public journals, discoveries in the arts and sciences, useful domestic hints, etc. etc. etc.
Karen Emmorey 4.1 Introduction “Mirror” neurons are found in area F5 of the monkey brain, and they fire both when a monkey grasps an object and when the monkey observes another individual grasping the object (e.g., Rizzolatti et al.,
Author: Michael A. Arbib
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Mirror neurons may hold the brain's key to social interaction - each coding not only a particular action or emotion but also the recognition of that action or emotion in others. The Mirror System Hypothesis adds an evolutionary arrow to the story - from the mirror system for hand actions, shared with monkeys and chimpanzees, to the uniquely human mirror system for language. In this accessible volume, experts from child development, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, primatology and robotics present and analyse the mirror system and show how studies of action and language can illuminate each other. Topics discussed in the fifteen chapters include: what do chimpanzees and humans have in common? Does the human capability for language rest on brain mechanisms shared with other animals? How do human infants acquire language? What can be learned from imaging the human brain? How are sign- and spoken-language related? Will robots learn to act and speak like humans?
Introduction Mirror neurons are a particular class of visuomotor neurons originally
discovered in a sector ( area F5 ) of monkey's ventral premotor cortex . Their
defining functional characteristics is that they became active both when the monkey ...
Author: Maksim Stamenov
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
The emergence of language, social intelligence, and tool development are what made homo sapiens sapiens differentiate itself from all other biological species in the world. The use of language and the management of social and instrumental skills imply an awareness of intention and the consideration that one faces another individual with an attitude analogical to that of one's own. The metaphor of 'mirror' aptly comes to mind.Recent investigations have shown that the human ability to 'mirror' other's actions originates in the brain at a much deeper level than phenomenal awareness. A new class of neurons has been discovered in the premotor area of the monkey brain: 'mirror neurons'. Quite remarkably, they are tuned to fire to the enaction as well as observation of specific classes of behavior: fine manual actions and actions performed by mouth. They become activated independent of the agent, be it the self or a third person whose action is observed. The activation in mirror neurons is automatic and binds the observation and enaction of some behavior by the self or by the observed other. The peculiar first-to-third-person 'intersubjectivity' of the performance of mirror neurons and their surprising complementarity to the functioning of strategic communicative face-to-face (first-to-second person) interaction may shed new light on the functional architecture of conscious vs. unconscious mental processes and the relationship between behavioral and communicative action in monkeys, primates, and humans. The present volume discusses the nature of mirror neurons as presented by the research team of Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti (University of Parma), who originally discovered them, and the implications to our understanding of the evolution of brain, mind and communicative interaction in non-human primates and man.(Series B)
THE MONKEY AND THE MIRROR . A monkey , whose name was Jake , lived in
a cage . There were a great many other monkeys there too , and people went to
see them . A lady one day , gave Jake a small hand - glass . He looked in it , and
PF IP PFG STS part: F5 mirror neuron. The neuron discharges when the monkey
grasps an object (a) and when it observes another individual grasping it (b).
Lower part: The central part of the figure shows the cytoarchitectonic parcellation
Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists
Author: M. R. Bawa MuhaiyaddeenPublish On: 1972-12-12
It is not intelligent enough to think that it is its reflection in the mirror. It will think
that it is another monkey. It will like to see it, embrace it and kiss it. Being unable
to succeed in its attempts, it will cry and wail. Again it will attempt to hug and ...
dress himself in this costume at the same time with his monkeys , and then to go
and claim the honours due to his rank . This caused great perplexity at court , for
the malicious Galibi sometimes amused himself by making Jocko or Jacka enter
... acted in a style accordant with their name derived from kri ' to do ' - i . e . they
did valiantly , not running away from the monkey * — ; while the humpbacks
fearing that they may be seen by the monkey , cowering down , slink quietly off .
Mirror neurons were first discovered around 1996 by neuroscientist, Giacomo
Rizzolatti, during a laboratory experiment with monkeys. The monkeys were
wired to a functional magnetic resonance imaging machine (FMRI). The
Author: Nancy Burns
Publisher: Author House
The Birth Mandalas book includes mandala art, a guided visualization and thought provoking exercises for an empowering childbirth experience. A birth mandala is sacred art for childbirth. The mandala appears from a dark background, like the baby emerging from the darkness of the womb into the light. Enjoy creative processes that access the subconscious. The way childbirth is perceived influences labor and birth. Subconscious beliefs, formed from what you’ve seen, heard or experienced, can either sabotage or affirm your conscious intentions. Learn how to effortlessly re-write limiting beliefs with ones that assist you during childbirth. Your birth mandala embodies your new beliefs and vision for labor and birth with symbols, images, designs and words. You will find women’s mandalas, journals and their after-birth reflections. From Shannon’s healing of past sexual abuse, Amy’s strength and courage, to Stacy’s power of intention, the themes and revelations are as unique as their mandalas. Creating a birth mandala is an invaluable gift you give yourself for childbirth. “It is the gift that keeps on giving,” exclaims Stacy, a workshop participant.
Individually housed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) were confronted with a full-
length mirror outside their cages for a ... Even after 3 weeks of mirror exposure,
none of the monkeys showed any mirror-aided self-directed behaviors, nor did
Author: Marc Bekoff
Publisher: MIT Press
An interdisciplinary anthology of essays on animal cognition.
... and specimens of the genus homo in all the stages of evolution , from the monkey to the noblest Roman . Some are b - a - a - d , others are lazy , and a few
, " Like the toad , which , ugly and venomous , Wears yet a precious jewel in his
changes , though its outline is becoming dimmer and dimmer every moment , and
now the shape is of an enormous monkey . I can see the curve of his great back
and the long arms . How colossal he seems in the dull dead coloured twilight .
Author: Stanley Victor Makower
Publisher: Boston : Roberts Bros. ; London : J. Lane
Roasted Monkeys. — The manner of roasting these anthropomorphous animals
contributes singularly to render their appearance disagreeable in the eyes of
civilized man. A little grating or lattice of very hard wood is formed, and raised
But here is a significant point telling about how mirror neurons discharge even
reflects the relevance or importance of the ... They discharged vigorously when the monkey observed the experimenter grasping a piece of food and
Author: Stein Bråten
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Category: Family & Relationships
"The Intersubjective Mirror in Infant Learning and Evolution of Speech" illustrates how recent findings about primary intersubjectivity, participant perception and mirror neurons afford a new understanding of children s nature, dialogue and language. Based on recent infancy research and the mirror neurons discovery, studies of early speech perception, comparative primate studies and computer simulations of language evolution, this book offers replies to questions as: When and how may spoken language have emerged? How is it that infants so soon after birth become so efficient in their speech perception? What enables 11-month-olds to afford and reciprocate care? What are the steps from infant imitation and simulation of body movements to simulation of mind in conversation partners? Stein Braten is founder and chair of the Theory Forum network with some of the world s leading infancy, primate and brain researchers who have contributed to his edited volumes for Cambridge University Press (1998) and John Benjamins Publishing Company (2007). (Series B)"
Mirror neurons were discovered accidentally in the 1980s when a team of Italian
scientists began inserting tiny electrodes into individual neurons in the brains of
Macaque monkeys. The researchers were trying to find out what some individual
Author: Jonathan Haidt
New York Times Bestseller In this “landmark contribution to humanity’s understanding of itself” (The New York Times Book Review) social psychologist Jonathan Haidt challenges conventional thinking about morality, politics, and religion in a way that speaks to conservatives and liberals alike. Drawing on his twenty five years of groundbreaking research on moral psychology, Haidt shows how moral judgments arise not from reason but from gut feelings. He shows why liberals, conservatives, and libertarians have such different intuitions about right and wrong, and he shows why each side is actually right about many of its central concerns. In this subtle yet accessible book, Haidt gives you the key to understanding the miracle of human cooperation, as well as the curse of our eternal divisions and conflicts. If you’re ready to trade in anger for understanding, read The Righteous Mind.