The Making of Salafism

The Making of Salafism

Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement.

Author: Henri Lauzière

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231540179

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 950

Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology and its core beliefs. Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism understands the concept as a recent phenomenon projected back onto the past, and it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars and activists who eventually abandoned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis tend to claim a monopoly on religious truth and freely confront other Muslims on theological and legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.
Categories: History

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

And why do they become Salafi in the first place? Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the United Kingdom to provide the first in-depth account of their lives.

Author: Anabel Inge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190611675

Category: Religion

Page: 303

View: 888

The spread of Salafism - often called "Wahhabism" - in the West has intrigued and alarmed observers since 9/11. Many see it as a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam that subjugates women and fuels Jihadist extremism. According to this view, Salafi women are the unwilling victims of apatriarchal, fanatical version of Islam. Yet, in Britain, growing numbers of educated women - often converts or from less conservative Muslim backgrounds - are actively choosing to embrace Salafism's literalist beliefs and strict guidelines, including full veiling, wifely obedience, and seclusionfrom non-related men. How do these young women reconcile these demands with their desire for fulfilling careers, university degrees and suitable husbands? How do their beliefs affect their love lives and other relationships? And why do they become Salafis in the first place?Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the UK to provide the first in-depth and vivid account of their lives. Drawing on more than two years of ethnographic fieldwork and interviews in London, she probes the reasons for Salafism's appeal among young Somalis,Afro-Caribbean converts, and women from other backgrounds. She also reveals how the women's lives are fraught with personal dilemmas. This ground-breaking, lucid, and richly detailed contribution will be of interest to policy-makers, journalists, scholars, and general readers.
Categories: Religion

Salafism in the Maghreb

Salafism in the Maghreb

Lauzière, The Making of Salafism. Abdelhakim Aboullouz, “Le salafisme
marocain au début des années 2000: Du conformisme au pouvoir à la
participation,” in Le Maroc au present, edited by Baudouin Dupret, Zakaria Rhani,
and Assia ...

Author: Frederic Wehrey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190942427

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 381

The Arab Maghreb-the long stretch of North Africa that expands from Libya to Mauritania-is a vitally important region that impacts the security and politics of Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the broader Middle East. As Middle East scholars Frederic Wehrey and Anouar Boukhars show in Salafism in the Maghreb, it is also home to the conservative, literalist interpretation of Islam known as Salafism, which has emerged as a major social and political force. Through extensive interviews and fieldwork, Wehrey and Boukhars examine the many roles and manifestations of Salafism in the Maghreb, looking at the relationship between Salafism and the Maghreb's ruling regimes, as well as competing Islamist currents, increasingly youthful populations, and communal groups like tribes and ethno-linguistic minorities. They pay particular attention to how seemingly immutable Salafi ideology is often shaped by local contexts and opportunities. Informed by rigorous research, deep empathy, and unparalleled access to Salafi adherents, clerics, politicians, and militants, Salafism in the Maghreb offers a definitive account of this important Islamist current.
Categories: Political Science

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age

3 Richard Gauvain (2013), Salafi Ritual Purity, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ...
London: Saqi Books; For Mawdudi see Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr (1996), Mawdudi
and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, Oxford: New York University Press.

Author: Lloyd Ridgeon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472532237

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 110

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age explores the dynamics at play between what are usually understood as two very different forms of Islam, namely Sufism and Salafism. Sufism is commonly understood as the peaceful and mystical dimension of Islam whereas Salafism is perceived as strictly pietistic and moralist, and for some it conjures up images of violent manifestations of Islam. Of course these generalisations require more nuanced investigation, and this book provides a number of case studies from around the Islamic world to unpack the intricate relationship between the two. The diversity of the case studies that focus on Islamic groups in India, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco, Turkey and South East Europe reflect the multiplicity of relationships that exist between the Salafis and Sufis. The specific case studies are framed by an introduction that provides essential historical background and definitions of the terms, and also by general studies of the Sufi–Salafi relationship which enable the reader to focus on the large picture. This will be the first book to investigate the relationship between Sufism and Salafism in such a wide fashion, and includes chapters on "traditional" Sufis, as well as from those who consider that Sufism and Salafism are not necessarily contradictory.
Categories: Religion

Localising Salafism

Localising Salafism

... encompassing developments and represents an era when religious changes
at the regional, national and global level were making impacts in a wide array of
localities. Not only did this affect the ways Salafism was practised and adhered to
, ...

Author: Terje Østebø

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004217492

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 738

With a particular focus on the role of situated actors, this book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale, Ethiopia from the late 1960s, through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion and fragmentation of the movement in the 1990s until 2006.
Categories: Social Science

Salafism in Lebanon

Salafism in Lebanon

Salafism. Political. Expediency. and. Self-Denial. This. chapter examines the
confessional politics of the Future ... Marked by compromise and political horse-
trading, the movement's confessional politics entailed making bargains with both
 ...

Author: Robert G. Rabil

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781626161177

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 611

Salafism, comprised of fundamentalist Islamic movements whose adherents consider themselves the only “saved” sect of Islam, has been little studied, remains shrouded in misconceptions, and has provoked new interest as Salafists have recently staked a claim to power in some Arab states while spearheading battles against “infidel” Arab regimes during recent rebellions in the Arab world. Robert G. Rabil examines the emergence and development of Salafism into a prominent religious movement in Lebanon, including the ideological and sociopolitical foundation that led to the three different schools of Salafism in Lebanon: quietist Salafists, Haraki (active) Salafists; and Salafi Jihadists. Emphasizing their manhaj (methodology) toward politics, the author surveys Salafists’ ideological transformation from opponents to supporters of political engagement. Their antagonism to Hezbollah, which they denounce as the party of Satan, has risen exponentially following the party’s seizure of Beirut in 2008 and support of the tyrannical Syrian regime. Salafism in Lebanon also demonstrates how activists and jihadi Salafists, in response to the political weakness of Sunni leadership, have threatened regional and international security by endorsing violence and jihad. Drawing on field research trips, personal interviews, and Arabic primary sources, the book explores the relationship between the ideologies of the various schools of Salafism and their praxis in relation to Lebanese politics. The book should interest students and scholars of Islamic movements, international affairs, politics and religion, and radical groups and terrorism.
Categories: Political Science

Global and Local Televangelism

Global and Local Televangelism

... the making ofapublicspace for fundamentalist groups touse these collective
anxieties asa pretextformobilizing members, developing bureaucratic
organizations,and formulating policy alternatives (Entelis 1999).
Salafisbelievethat Islam ...

Author: P. Thomas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137264817

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 250

View: 394

An exploration of the many faces of televangelism in our world today, including Christian, Islamic and Hindu. The collection analyses the correspondences and major differences between global and local televangelism, focusing on the main individuals involved in televangelism, their practices and the social and cultural impact of their ministries.
Categories: Performing Arts

The Making of a Terrorist

The Making of a Terrorist

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam. Salafi
adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror. Salafism is ...

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher: Praeger Security International

ISBN: 0275985431

Category: Political Science

Page: 1280

View: 328

Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. From New York City and Washington, D.C., to Bali, Moscow, and Madrid, ordinary citizens throughout the civilized world live with increasing fear of a deadly attack from unknown individuals, for reasons many of us cannot fathom. National and international security forces are on constant alert, desperate to prevent the next catastrophe, and yet many observers agree that our military and intelligence services are spread too thin and face insurmountable hurdles in the global war on terrorism. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist? Overall, we have learned that the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist involves a variety of complex and intertwined issues. A single contributing factor--such as personal religious conviction, widespread poverty, or an oppressive government--may not necessarily lead to the formation of terrorist organizations. However, the current body of research on terrorism suggests that a combination of factors will, in most cases, result in some form of terrorism. This combination differs widely by region, and at minimum involves motivations, opportunities, contexts, processes, personal disposition, and preparation. Volume I deals with recruitment means and methods, and includes discussions of psychological, social, ideological, and religious dimensions of recruitment. Volume II addresses the training of terrorists, including teaching tools and training manuals, and it includes fascinating case studies from Al Qaeda, Hezbollah, Aum Shinrikyo, Christian militias, and other groups. Volume III is devoted to root causes, including their political, religious, and socioeconomic dimensions. Appendices to these volumes feature profiles of terrorist organizations, samples of terrorist training manuals, and recommended resources for the study of terrorism.
Categories: Political Science

The Making of a Terrorist Recruitment

The Making of a Terrorist  Recruitment

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam .
Salafi adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror . Salafism is ...

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015063190501

Category: Terrorism

Page: 446

View: 998

Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist?
Categories: Terrorism

Al M tur d und Die Sunnitische Theologie in Samarkand

Al M  tur  d   und Die Sunnitische Theologie in Samarkand

This volume examines the theological doctrine of al-M tur d (d.944 CE) by describing its principal characteristics and situating it within the history of Sunn "kal m."

Author: Ulrich Rudolph

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004100237

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 147

This volume examines the theological doctrine of al-M tur d (d.944 CE) by describing its principal characteristics and situating it within the history of Sunn "kal m."
Categories: Social Science

Europe s Angry Muslims

Europe s Angry Muslims

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1996), 31 ... Old Salafism meant to compete socially,
economically, politically, and ideologically with the West; new Salafism ignores ...

Author: Robert Leiken

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199752621

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 539

Europe's Angry Muslims traces the routes, expectations and destinies of immigrant parents and the plight of their children, transporting both the general reader and specialist from immigrants' ancestral villages to their new enclaves in Europe. It guides readers through Islamic nomenclature, chronicles the motive force of the Islamist narrative, offers them lively portraits of jihadists, and takes them inside radical mosques and into the minds of suicide bombers. Through interviews of former radicals and security agents and examination of the sermons of radical imams, Robert Leiken presents an unsentimental yet compassionate account of Islam's growing presence in the West. His nuanced and authoritative analysis-historical, sociological, theological and anthropological-warns that conflating rioters and Islamists, folk and fundamentalist Muslims, pietists and jihadis, and immigrants and their children is the method of strategic incoherence. Now with a new preface analyzing the rise of ISIL, this book offers a cogent overview of how global terror and its responding foreign policy interacts with the lives of Muslim, first-and second generation immigrants in Europe.
Categories: Political Science

Die Welt des Islams

Die Welt des Islams

YŪSUF AL - ' UYAIRĪ AND THE MAKING OF A REVOLUTIONARY SALAFI
PRAXIS BY ROEL MEIJER Nijmegen Abstract Yūsuf al - ' Uyairī was the first
leader of al - Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula . Besides being part of the al -
Qaeda ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079678424

Category: Islam

Page:

View: 570

Categories: Islam

Fault Lines in Global Jihad

Fault Lines in Global Jihad

The second stream in al-Qa'ida is that of Salafism, a puritanical theological
movement that insists first and foremost on purifying the creedal beliefs and
practices of errant Muslims.1 The Salafis are intent on making distinctions
between those ...

Author: Assaf Moghadam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136710582

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 669

This book deals with the causes, nature, and impact of the divisions within the jihadi movement, and the splits between jihadis and other Islamic groups.
Categories: History

Radical Islam in America

Radical Islam in America

—Last Will of `Abdullah `Azzam THE FOREMOST PRIORITY of the global Salafi-
jihadi movement— that which is behind ... and making them lawful opponents in
warfare)—so too have Salafi-jihadist thinkers and writers throughout the 1990s ...

Author: Chris Heffelfinger

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 9781597976039

Category: Religion

Page: 182

View: 951

Reveals the inroads of radical Islam in the West since the 1960s.
Categories: Religion

Political Islam

Political Islam

Salafism is known not only for its emphasis on creed and its strict upholding of
tawhid , but also for its strict practice , called ... Yusuf al- “ Uyairi ( also known as
Yusuf al - Ayiri ) , Yusuf al - ' Uyairi and the Making of a Revolutionary Salafi
Praxis ...

Author: Khālid Ḥarūb

Publisher: SOAS Middle East Issues

ISBN: IND:30000127032708

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 950

An indispensable reference for academics, researchers, the media and the informed general reader with an interest in Islamic political debates.
Categories: Political Science

Making of the Tunisian Revolution

Making of the Tunisian Revolution

Mixing political, historical, economic, social and cultural analyses and approaches, these essays reflect on the local, regional and transnational dynamics together with the long and short term factors that, when combined, set in motion the ...

Author: Nouri Gana

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748691050

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 543

From late 2010 to the present day, the Arab world has been shot through with insurrection and revolt. As a result, Tunisia is now seen as the unlikely birth place and exemplar of the process of democratisation long overdue in the Arab world. Mixing political, historical, economic, social and cultural analyses and approaches, these essays reflect on the local, regional and transnational dynamics together with the long and short term factors that, when combined, set in motion the Tunisian revolution and the Arab uprisings. Above all, the book maps the intertwined genealogies of cultural dissent that have contributed to the mobilisation of protesters and to the sustenance of protests between 17 December 2010 and 14 January 2011, and beyond.
Categories: History

Modern Sufis and the State

Modern Sufis and the State

Focusing on India and Pakistan within a broader global context, this book provides locally grounded accounts of how Sufis in South Asia have engaged in politics from the colonial period to the present.

Author: Katherine Pratt Ewing

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231551465

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 775

Sufism is typically thought of as the mystical side of Islam. In recent years, it has been held up as a supposedly peaceful alternative to the spread of forms of Islam associated with violence, an embodiment of democratic ideals of tolerance and pluralism. Are Sufis in fact as otherworldy and apolitical as this stereotype suggests? Modern Sufis and the State brings together a range of scholars, including anthropologists, historians, and religious-studies specialists, to challenge common assumptions that are made about Sufism today. Focusing on India and Pakistan within a broader global context, this book provides locally grounded accounts of how Sufis in South Asia have engaged in politics from the colonial period to the present. Contributors foreground the effects and unintended consequences of efforts to link Sufism with the spread of democracy and consider what roles scholars and governments have played in the making of twenty-first-century Sufism. They critique the belief that Salafism and Sufism are antithetical, offering nuanced analyses of the diversity, multivalence, and local embeddedness of Sufi political engagements and self-representations in Pakistan and India. Essays question the portrayal of Sufi shrines as sites of toleration, peace, and harmony, exploring cases of tension and conflict. A wide-ranging interdisciplinary collection, Modern Sufis and the State is a timely call to think critically about the role of public discourse in shaping perceptions of Sufism.
Categories: Religion

Sectarian Politics in the Gulf

Sectarian Politics in the Gulf

“Jihadi Salafism and the Shiʿis: Remarks About the Intellectual Roots of Anti-
Shiʿism.” In Roel Meijer, ed., Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious Movement,
107–125. New York: ... The Making of the Modern Gulf States. London: Ithaca
Press ...

Author: Frederic M. Wehrey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231536103

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 852

One of Foreign Policy's Best Five Books of 2013, chosen by Marc Lynch of The Middle East Channel Beginning with the 2003 invasion of Iraq and concluding with the aftermath of the 2011 Arab uprisings, Frederic M. Wehrey investigates the roots of the Shi'a-Sunni divide now dominating the Persian Gulf's political landscape. Focusing on three Gulf states affected most by sectarian tensions—Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait—Wehrey identifies the factors that have exacerbated or tempered sectarianism, including domestic political institutions, the media, clerical establishments, and the contagion effect of external regional events, such as the Iraq war, the 2006 Lebanon conflict, the Arab uprisings, and Syria's civil war. In addition to his analysis, Wehrey builds a historical narrative of Shi'a activism in the Arab Gulf since 2003, linking regional events to the development of local Shi'a strategies and attitudes toward citizenship, political reform, and transnational identity. He finds that, while the Gulf Shi'a were inspired by their coreligionists in Iraq, Iran, and Lebanon, they ultimately pursued greater rights through a nonsectarian, nationalist approach. He also discovers that sectarianism in the region has largely been the product of the institutional weaknesses of Gulf states, leading to excessive alarm by entrenched Sunni elites and calculated attempts by regimes to discredit Shi'a political actors as proxies for Iran, Iraq, or Lebanese Hizballah. Wehrey conducts interviews with nearly every major Shi'a leader, opinion shaper, and activist in the Gulf Arab states, as well as prominent Sunni voices, and consults diverse Arabic-language sources.
Categories: History

The EU s Role in World Politics

The EU s Role in World Politics

59 N. Field and A. Hamem, 'Salafism Making Inroads', Arab Reform Bulletin,
Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2009. 60
O. AbdelAtif, 'Trends in Salafism', in Emerson et al., op. cit. 61 K. M. Fierke,
Critical ...

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136939150

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 508

Debates on EU foreign policy have been dominated by two opposing schools of argument. One includes a broad range of work that extols the virtues of a European liberal concept of power and the other sees the EU’s commitment to cosmopolitan liberalism and soft power as a sign of weakness rather than strength. This book judges the EU on its own terms as a liberal power, examining its policy record, rather than simply asserting that the EU’s liberal commitments in themselves denote either a superior or inferior foreign policy approach. Youngs argues that the challenges facing Europe’s role in the world appear to be in its retreat from liberal internationalism through a series of case studies on policy areas: trade, multilateral diplomacy, security, development cooperation, democracy and human rights, and energy security. Presenting detailed evidence that show the EU is moving away from cosmopolitan strategy, Youngs asserts that Europe needs to reassess its foreign policies if it is to defend the kind of liberal world order necessary for its own and other countries’ long term interests. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of European politics, Foreign Policy and International Relations.
Categories: Political Science

Islamism

Islamism

Moreover, while the political philosophy of the MB shares historical roots with
Salafism, as well as significant elements of its ... The colonial powers were
enriching themselves on the basis of Muslim labor and resources, making it
difficult if not ...

Author: Anders Strindberg

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745640624

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 343

Islamism has emerged as one of the most significant political ideologies of the 21st century. From the Islamic Revolution in Iran to the grinding struggle of Hizballah in Lebanon and the devastating 9/11 attacks by al-Qa'ida, Islam has become both a critical discourse and a framework for active resistance, which levels a potent challenge against the ideals of modern secularism and the structures of Western hegemony. This book offers a rigorous and balanced analysis of how and why Islamism has risen to the fore as the dominant voice of Islamic discourse and what accounts for the often vastly different political agendas, tactical choices and strategic objectives of individual Islamist groups. It shows how a common Islamist language of resistance and defiance acquires distinctive meanings and implications in different local contexts, as well as how these local struggles connect to each other. Drawing on important insights from social psychology, critical studies, and post-colonial studies, the book pinpoints the underlying dynamic that drives Islamist struggles in the world today, and shows how diverse experiences of repression and humiliation - real or perceived - are translated into an equally diverse collection of struggles aimed at promoting an alternative social order of independence and dignity framed by Islam. Islamism will be essential reading for students and scholars of Islamic Studies, as well as general readers with an interest in the role and status of Islam in contemporary international politics.
Categories: Political Science