Evidence and Evolution

The Logic Behind the Science

Evidence and Evolution

Author: Elliott Sober

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470116

Page: N.A

View: 2074

How should the concept of evidence be understood? And how does the concept of evidence apply to the controversy about creationism as well as to work in evolutionary biology about natural selection and common ancestry? In this rich and wide-ranging book, Elliott Sober investigates general questions about probability and evidence and shows how the answers he develops to those questions apply to the specifics of evolutionary biology. Drawing on a set of fascinating examples, he analyzes whether claims about intelligent design are untestable; whether they are discredited by the fact that many adaptations are imperfect; how evidence bears on whether present species trace back to common ancestors; how hypotheses about natural selection can be tested, and many other issues. His book will interest all readers who want to understand philosophical questions about evidence and evolution, as they arise both in Darwin's work and in contemporary biological research.
Categories: Science

The Logic of Chance

The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution

The Logic of Chance

Author: Eugene V. Koonin

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 9780132623179

Page: 528

View: 9366

The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.
Categories: Science

Genetics and the Logic of Evolution

Genetics and the Logic of Evolution

Author: Kenneth M. Weiss,Anne V. Buchanan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471238058

Page: 560

View: 638

In this book the authors draw on what is known, largely from recent research, about the nature of genes and cells, the genetics of development and animal and plant body plans, intra- and interorganismal communication, sensation and perception, to propose that a few basic generalizations, along with the modified application of the classical evolutionary theory, can provide a broader theoretical understanding of genes, evolution, and the diverse and complex nature of living organisms.
Categories: Science

Evolution, the Logic of Biology

Evolution, the Logic of Biology

Author: John S. Torday,Virender K. Rehan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118729269

Page: 296

View: 4101

By focusing on the cellular mechanisms that underlie ontogeny, phylogeny and regeneration of complex physiologic traits, Evolution, the Logic of Biology demonstrates the use of homeostasis, the fundamental principle of physiology and medicine, as the unifying mechanism for evolution as all of biology. The homeostasis principle can be used to understand how environmental stressors have affected physiologic mechanisms to generate condition-specific novelty through cellular mechanisms. Evolution, the Logic of Biology allows the reader to understand the vertebrate life-cycle as an intergenerational continuum in support of effective, on-going environmental adaptation. By understanding the principles of physiology from their fundamental unicellular origins, culminating in modern-day metazoans, the reader as student, researcher or practitioner will be encouraged to think in terms of the prevention of disease, rather than in the treatment of disease as the eradication of symptoms. By tracing the ontogeny and phylogeny of this and other phenotypic homologies, one can perceive and understand how complex physiologic traits have mechanistically evolved from their simpler ancestral and developmental origins as cellular structures and functions, providing a logic of biology for the first time. Evolution, the Logic of Biology will be an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers studying evolutionary development, medicine and biology, anthropology, comparative and developmental biology, genetics and genomics, and physiology.
Categories: Science

The Logic of Evolution

The Logic of Evolution

Author: Charles B. McMullen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781104848040

Page: 202

View: 6903

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
Categories:

Nonzero

The Logic of Human Destiny

Nonzero

Author: Robert Wright

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780375727818

Page: 448

View: 5660

In his bestselling The Moral Animal, Robert Wright applied the principles of evolutionary biology to the study of the human mind. Now Wright attempts something even more ambitious: explaining the direction of evolution and human history–and discerning where history will lead us next. In Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny, Wright asserts that, ever since the primordial ooze, life has followed a basic pattern. Organisms and human societies alike have grown more complex by mastering the challenges of internal cooperation. Wright's narrative ranges from fossilized bacteria to vampire bats, from stone-age villages to the World Trade Organization, uncovering such surprises as the benefits of barbarian hordes and the useful stability of feudalism. Here is history endowed with moral significance–a way of looking at our biological and cultural evolution that suggests, refreshingly, that human morality has improved over time, and that our instinct to discover meaning may itself serve a higher purpose. Insightful, witty, profound, Nonzero offers breathtaking implications for what we believe and how we adapt to technology's ongoing transformation of the world. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Categories: Science

Studies in the Logic of Charles Sanders Peirce

Studies in the Logic of Charles Sanders Peirce

Author: Nathan Houser,Don D. Roberts,James Van Evra

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253330208

Page: 653

View: 7337

This volume represents an important contribution to Peirce's work in mathematics and formal logic. An internationally recognized group of scholars explores and extends understandings of Peirce's most advanced work. The stimulating depth and originality of Peirce's thought and the continuing relevance of his ideas are brought out by this major book.
Categories: Philosophy

The Infanticidal Logic of Evolution and Culture

The Infanticidal Logic of Evolution and Culture

Author: A. Samuel Kimball

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 9780874139525

Page: 363

View: 1386

This book argues that, because existence costs (the two words are cognates), any living thing must economize - shift more of its energy costs onto the world, including other living things, than its competitors are able to; that to economize is therefore to engage in exchanges that are sacrificial at their core; and that such economization is infanticidal in its ultimate implications. A. Samuel Kimball is Associate Professor of English at the University of North Florida.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Folly of Fools

The Logic of Deceit and Self-deception in Human Life

The Folly of Fools

Author: Robert Trivers

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465027555

Page: 397

View: 9953

Explores the author's theorized evolutionary basis for self-deception, which he says is tied to group conflict, courtship, neurophysiology, and immunology, but can be negated by awareness of it and its results.
Categories: Science