Author: Jonathan CoopersmithPublish On: 2016-11-01
The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 is the first full account of the widespread adoption of electricity in Russia, from the beginning in the 1880s to its early years as a state technology under Soviet rule.
Author: Jonathan Coopersmith
Publisher: Cornell University Press
The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 is the first full account of the widespread adoption of electricity in Russia, from the beginning in the 1880s to its early years as a state technology under Soviet rule. Jonathan Coopersmith has mined the archives for both the tsarist and the Soviet periods to examine a crucial element in the modernization of Russia. Coopersmith shows how the Communist Party forged an alliance with engineers to harness the socially transformative power of this science-based enterprise. A centralized plan of electrification triumphed, to the benefit of the Communist Party and the detriment of local governments and the electrical engineers. Coopersmith’s narrative of how this came to be elucidates the deep-seated and chronic conflict between the utopianism of Soviet ideology and the reality of Soviet politics and economics.
Coopersmith, Jonathan. The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926. Ithaca, 1992.
Davies, R. W. The Soviet Economy in Turmoil, 1929–1930. Cambridge, Mass.,
1989 Danilov, Viktor. Rural Russia under the New Regime. Trans. Orlando Figes.
Author: David R. Shearer
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In his reexamination of the origins of the Stalinist state during the formative period of rapid industrialization in the late 1920s and early 1930s, David R. Shearer argues that a centralized state-controlled economic system was the consciously conceived political creation of Stalinist leaders rather than the inevitable by-product of socialist industrialization. Focusing on the different economic and bureaucratic cultures within the industrial system, Shearer reconstructs the debates in 1928 and 1929 over administrative, financial, and commercial reform. He uses information from recently opened archives to show that attempts by the state's trading organizations to create a commercial economy enjoyed wide support, offering a model that combined planning and rapid industrialization with social democracy and economic prosperity. In an effort to crush the syndicate movement and establish tight political control over the economy, Stalinist leaders intervened with a program of radical reforms. Shearer demonstrates that professional engineers, planners and industrial administrators in many cases actively supported the creation of a powerful industrial state unhampered by domestic social and economic constraints. The paradoxical result, Shearer shows, was a loss of control. The overly centralized system that emerged during the first Five-Year Plan was rendered incoherent by periodic economic crises and the continuing influence of partially suppressed social and market forces.
The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926. xii, 274p.: illus. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell
University Press, 1992. Includes bibliographical references and index. Jonathan
Coopersmith attempts to discover how successful the early Soviet government
Author: Helen F. Sullivan
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
This timely guide focuses on books that deal with the major historical occurrences that have impacted Russia and Eastern Europe, including the transition from Socialism to market economics, the civil war in the Yugoslav peninsula, and the Holocaust, featuring annotations of works representative of the time and culture. Titles are arranged by country of origin and subject area. An excellent resource for academic librarians, scholars, students, and anyone interested in the region.
1 Communism equals Soviet Power plus the Electrification of the entire country.
... 1 The best examination of Russian electrification is Jonathan Coopersmith's, The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992).
Author: Gordon W. Morrell
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
In March 1933 the economic section of the Soviet secret police arrested six British engineers employed by the Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Company, provoking a confrontation that brought Anglo-Soviet relations to the brink of disaster. In this first full-length study of the Metro-Vickers show trial of 1933, Gordon Morrell uses some new and many underutilized Soviet and British sources to examine the political economic, social, legal and cultural dimensions of the only Stalinist political trial of the 1930s which directly engaged a foreign power. Morrell explores the roots of the crisis in Metro-Vickers' role in the electrification of the USSR and examines the political, economic and diplomatic relations between Britain and the Soviets which gave the crisis its international importance. In doing so he casts new light on the development of industrialization in the USSR and on the apparent role of the British Industrial Intelligence Centre during the early 1930s.
5 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Jonathan Coopersmith, The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992), 121. 6 Richard
Stites, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Visions and Experimental Life in the
Author: Anindita Banerjee
Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Science fiction emerged in Russia considerably earlier than its English version and instantly became the hallmark of Russian modernity. We Modern People investigates why science fiction appeared here, on the margins of Europe, before the genre had even been named, and what it meant for people who lived under conditions that Leon Trotsky famously described as “combined and uneven development.” Russian science fiction was embraced not only in literary circles and popular culture, but also by scientists, engineers, philosophers, and political visionaries. Anindita Banerjee explores the handful of well-known early practitioners, such as Briusov, Bogdanov, and Zamyatin, within a much larger continuum of new archival material comprised of journalism, scientific papers, popular science texts, advertisements, and independent manifestos on social transformation. In documenting the unusual relationship between Russian science fiction and Russian modernity, this book offers a new critical perspective on the relationship between science, technology, the fictional imagination, and the consciousness of being modern.
If you look in the history books, you won't find Trone's name. ere's nothing about
him, for example, in e Generation of Power: e History of Dneprostroi, by Anne
Rassweiler (1988), nor in e Electrification of Russia 1880–1926 by Jonathan ...
Author: Alisa Lebow
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
When a filmmaker makes a film with herself as a subject, she is already divided as both the subject matter of the film and the subject making the film. The two senses of the word are immediately in play – the matter and the maker—thus the two ways of being subjectified as both subject and object. Subjectivity finds its filmic expression, not surprisingly, in very personal ways, yet it is nonetheless shaped by and in relation to collective expressions of identity that can transform the cinema of 'me' into the cinema of 'we'. Leading scholars and practitioners of first-person film are brought together in this groundbreaking collection to consider the theoretical, ideological, and aesthetic challenges wrought by this form of filmmaking in its diverse cultural, geographical, and political contexts.
Author: Jonathan CoopersmithPublish On: 2015-02-28
Faxed is the first history of the facsimile machineâ€”the most famous recent example of a tool made obsolete by relentless technological innovation.
Author: Jonathan Coopersmith
Publisher: JHU Press
Faxed is the first history of the facsimile machineâ€”the most famous recent example of a tool made obsolete by relentless technological innovation. Jonathan Coopersmith recounts the multigenerational, multinational history of the device from its origins to its workplace glory days, in the process revealing how it helped create the accelerated communications, information flow, and vibrant visual culture that characterize our contemporary world. Most people assume that the fax machine originated in the computer and electronics revolution of the late twentieth century, but it was actually invented in 1843. Almost 150 years passed between the fax’s invention in England and its widespread adoption in tech-savvy Japan, where it still enjoys a surprising popularity. Over and over again, faxing’s promise to deliver messages instantaneously paled before easier, less expensive modes of communication: first telegraphy, then radio and television, and finally digitalization in the form of email, the World Wide Web, and cell phones. By 2010, faxing had largely disappeared, having fallen victim to the same technological and economic processes that had created it. Based on archival research and interviews spanning two centuries and three continents, Coopersmith’s book recovers the lost history of a once-ubiquitous technology. Written in accessible language that should appeal to engineers and policymakers as well as historians, Faxed explores themes of technology push and market pull, user-based innovation, and "blackboxing" (the packaging of complex skills and technologies into packages designed for novices) while revealing the inventions inspired by the fax, how the demand for fax machines eventually caught up with their availability, and why subsequent shifts in user preferences rendered them mostly passé.
The Electrification of Russia , 1880-1926 . Ithaca , NY : Cornell University Press ,
1992. xii , 274 pp . $ 39.95 . 1 The Electrification of Russia presents a fascinating
view of a small , but significant step in the technological evolution of the Russian
An Annotated Bibliography of Books on Russia, the Soviet Union, and the
Russian Federation, 1991-1996 Steve D. Boilard. Chapter 6 Economics and ...
Coopersmith , Jonathan ( 1992 ) The Electrification of Russia , 1880 - 1926 .
Ithaca , N . Y ...
Author: Steve D. Boilard
Publisher: Magill Bibliographies
Attempts to advance the understanding of Russia by listing, categorizing, and describing some 600 recent books concerning Russia, the Soviet Union, and the post-Soviet Russian Federation. All books included were published between 1991 and 1996 (inclusive).
Once that was accomplished , somewhat by treachery , Russian rulers faced
another challenge : how to make the Dnepr ... Jonathan Coopersmith , The Electrification of Russia , 1880 – 1926 ( Ithaca , N . Y . : Cornell University Press ,
1992 ) .
Author: Norman E. Saul
With Friends or Foes? Norman Saul continues his monumental multivolume magnum opus on U.S.-Russian relations over the course of 200 years. This fourth volume provides the first comprehensive study in any language of an era that shaped the rest of the century and captures the major changes in relations between two nations on the verge of becoming dominant global powers. Among other things, Saul examines the rationale for America's failure to recognize the Soviet government through the early 1930s, analyzing the impact of the Red Scare and the roles of the State Department, Russian migrs, religious groups, and key individuals—like Charles Evans Hughes, Robert Kelley, Herbert Hoover, Boris Skvirsky, Olga Kameneva, and Maxim Litvinov—on the policy process. In addition, he recalls the American Relief Administration's gigantic effort to help Russian peasants and garners new material from American business records on concession arrangements and commerce and on Soviet responses during the first Five Year Plan. He also records travelers' impressions, cultural exchange, and the role of academia in each country—particularly the contribution of Russian émigré scholars to American education and the contributions of American journalists in Russia. Saul also reveals the tendency on both sides to preserve an atmosphere of secrecy, conducting business behind closed doors and rarely on paper. His prodigious research in the Hoover Presidential Library, the Franklin Roosevelt Library, and the Hoover Institution at Stanford University-incorporating overlooked Diplomat Post Records and featuring an interview with George Kennan on his diplomatic role—has yielded a wealth of new insights into what really happened during a period in the history of the relations between the two countries that remains mysterious and controversial. Breaking new ground in diplomatic, economic, social, and cultural history, Saul's book illuminates both the mutual fascination that briefly permitted peaceful coexistence (and eventual alliance) and the ideological battles that ultimately led to the Cold War.
He expected electrification to transform Russia economically, politically, and
culturally. So grandiose were GOELRO's ... Jonathan Coopersmith, The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 (Ithaca, 1992), 174–76. 1. Quoted in Walicki,
Author: Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal
Publisher: Penn State University Press
The Nazis' use and misuse of Nietzsche is well known. The Superman, the "will to power," Nietzsche's equation of bourgeois democracy and decadence, and his denigration of reason were staples of Nazi propaganda. Communists also used and misused Nietzsche, but that fact is largely unknown because Soviet propagandists invoked reason and labeled Nietzsche the "philosopher of fascism," even while covertly appropriating his ideas. In this pioneering book, Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal excavates the trail of long-obscured Nietzschean ideas that took root in late Imperial Russia, intertwining with other elements in the culture to become a vital ingredient of Bolshevism and Stalinism. Nietzsche made a difference. He furnished intellectual ammunition for a prolonged conflict about culture, society, and politics that began around the turn of the century. His first Russian admirers were poets, philosophers, and political activists. They responded to the changes transforming their society by espousing new values and seeking a new faith by which to live and work. This response resulted in new aesthetic and political amalgams, such as Symbolism, Futurism, Nietzschean Christianity, and Nietzschean Marxism. The ensuing debates between and among their partisans reverberated throughout the wider culture and therefore also into Bolshevism, becoming the subject of an uninterrupted polemic between Bolsheviks and non-Bolsheviks, and among Bolsheviks, that continued into the 1930s. In Stalin's time, unacknowledged Nietzschean ideas were used to mobilize the masses for the great tasks of the first Five-Year Plan and the Cultural Revolution, which was intended to eradicate "bourgeois" values and attitudes from Soviet life and to construct a distinctly Socialist culture. Nietzsche's belief that people need illusions to shield them from reality underlay Socialist Realism, the official Soviet aesthetic from 1934 on. In the aftermath of de-Stalinization, the government cast Nietzsche as the personification of "bourgeois" nihilism and "bourgeois" individualism. Soviet intellectuals wishing to reappropriate their lost cultural heritage discovered the Nietzsche-influenced intellectuals of late Imperial Russia and reopened discussion on the issues they had posed. More than an exercise in historical rediscovery, New Myth, New World offers a new interpretation of modern Russian history. By uncovering the buried influence of Nietzschean ideas on Soviet culture and politics, Rosenthal opens new avenues for understanding Soviet ideology and its influence on the twentieth century.
See Cash , T. 1991 The electrification of Russia , 1880-1926 . See Coopersmith ,
J. 1994 Electrifying America . See Nye , D. E. 1991 Electronic and computer
music . See Manning , P. 1986 Electronic and experimental music . See Holmes ...
Author: Martha T. Mooney
Publisher: Hw Wilson Company
Category: Literary Criticism
- Excerpts from and citations to reviews of more than 8,000 books each year, from 109 publications. - Electronic version with expanded coverage, and retrospective version available, see p. 5 and p. 31. - Pricing: Service Basis-Books.
The Russian Century, 1860-1960 Michael D. Gordin, Karl Hall, A. B. Kozhevnikov
. of keeping up with the ... 45 Jonathan Coopersmith , The Electrification of Russia , 1880 - 1926 ( Ithaca , N . Y . , 1992 ) , 169 – 70 . In fact , some critics
Author: Michael D. Gordin
The newest annual volume of Osiris, Intelligentsia Science explores the transformations in science in the history of Russia and the Soviet Union, from serfdom to Sputnik, as a series of developments in Russian culture. The contributors argue that it was the generation of the 1860s that transformed “intelligentsia” into a central notion of Russian popular discourse, cementing its association with revolutionary politics—and with science. Science became the cornerstone of the intelligentsia’s ideological and political projects, either as an alternative to socialism, or more often as its nominal raison d’être. The Russian century may in fact be over, but the interrelation of the intelligentsia and science to form “intelligentsia science” proves enduring.
As part of their revolutionary quest to transform the Russian landscape ,
Communist Party officials embraced aviation as a ... on the history of Soviet
technology include Jonathan Coopersmith , The Electrification of Russia , 1880 – 1926 ( Ithaca ...
Despite the enormous growth of electrification in the Soviet Union , electrical
output failed to meet the needs of industry . ... Bibliography : Jonathan
Coopersmith , The Electrification of Russia , 1880 - 1926 ( Ithaca , N . Y . , 1992 ) ;
Anne D ...
Author: Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich RodchenkoPublish On: 1998
Lavinskii , “ Engineerism , " document 23 in Art into Life : Russian Constructivism ,
19141932 , exh . cat . for the Henry Art ... 1985 ) ; Jonathan Coopersmith , The Electrification of Russia , 1880 - 1926 ( Ithaca : Cornell University Press , 1992 ) ...
Author: Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich Rodchenko
Category: Art, Modern
This book is published to accompany the first major American retrospective of Rodchenko's work, at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, in the summer of 1998. The essays in Aleksandr Rodchenko explore both phases of his career, drawing out the formal ideas that he developed as well as the social and artistic context in which he moved. The book's plate section, reproducing over 300 works carefully selected from collections in Russia and throughout the West, for the first time presents a full and coherent overview of his diverse achievement. An illustrated chronology outlines the story of the artist's life.