The Dharmasutras are the four surviving works of the ancient Indian expert tradition on the subject of dharma, or the rules of behaviour a community recognizes as binding on its members.
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The Dharmasutras are the four surviving works of the ancient Indian expert tradition on the subject of dharma, or the rules of behaviour a community recognizes as binding on its members. Written in a pithy and aphoristic style and representing the culmination of a long tradition of scholarship, the Dharmasutras record intense disputes and divergent views on such subjects as the education of the young and their rites of passage, ritual procedures and religious ceremonies, marriage and marital rights and obligations, dietary restrictions, the right professions for and the proper interaction between different social groups, sins and their expiations, institutions for the pursuit of holiness, king and the administration of justice, crimes and punishments, death and ancestral rites. In short, these unique documents give us a glimpse of how people, especially Brahmin males, were ideally expected to live their lives within an ordered and hierarchically arranged society. In this first English translation of the Dharmasutras for over a century, Patrick Olivelle uses the same lucid and elegant style as in his award-winning translation of the Upanisads and incorporates the most recent scholarship on ancient Indian law, society, and religion. Complex material is helpfully organized, making this the ideal edition for the non-specialist as well as for students of Indian society and religion.
four extant Dharmasutras. But they are now lost; only the four translated here
have survived.4 What may be called the sutra period of the legal tradition ended
around the beginning of the common era. It gave way to the emerging literary
It is difficult to determine exact dates for these texts, but the dates between 500–300 BCE have been suggested for the oldest Dharmasutras."
Publisher: B&R Samizdat Express
According to Wikipedia: "The Dharmasutras are Sanskrit texts dealing with custom, rituals and law. They include the four surviving written works of the ancient Indian tradition on the subject of dharma, or the rules of behavior recognized by a community. Unlike the later Dharmashastra, the dharmasutras are composed in prose. The oldest Dharmasutra is generally believed to have been that of Apastamba, followed by the dharmasutras of Gautama, Baudhayana, and an early version of Vasishtha. It is difficult to determine exact dates for these texts, but the dates between 500–300 BCE have been suggested for the oldest Dharmasutras."
In examining this question I will be following Patrick Olivelle's (new) relative
dating of the Dharmasutras,1 and indeed arguing for its correctness on the basis
of my own data. Before beginning I should first anticipate and answer certain ...
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This volume is the result of an international conference organized by the South Asia Institute at the University of Texas. Patrick Olivelle has collected and edited the best papers to emerge from the conference. Part I of the book looks at what can be construed from archeological evidence. Part II concerns itself with the textual evidence for the period. Taken together, these essays offer an unprecedented look at Indian culture and society in this distant epoch.
Dharmasutras. and. the. Dharmashastras. Most relevant to the Sringeri context
where historically the matha has been an ... Dharmasutra and the Dharmashastra
texts.38 Perhaps no other group of shastra-texts recorded and codified everyday
Author: Leela Prasad
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
Leela Prasad's riveting book presents everyday stories on subjects such as deities, ascetics, cats, and cooking along with stylized, publicly delivered ethical discourse, and shows that the study of oral narrative and performance is essential to ethical inquiry. Prasad builds on more than a decade of her ethnographic research in the famous Hindu pilgrimage town of Sringeri, Karnataka, in southwestern India, where for centuries a vibrant local culture has flourished alongside a tradition of monastic authority. Oral narratives and the seeing-and-doing orientations that are part of everyday life compel the question: How do individuals imagine the normative, and negotiate and express it, when normative sources are many and diverging? Moral persuasiveness, Prasad suggests, is intimately tied to the aesthetics of narration, and imagination plays a vital role in shaping how people create, refute, or relate to "text," "moral authority," and "community." Lived understandings of ethics keep notions of text and practice in flux and raise questions about the constitution of "theory" itself. Prasad's innovative use of ethnography, poetics, philosophy of language, and narrative and performance studies demonstrates how the moral self, with a capacity for artistic expression, is dynamic and gendered, with a historical presence and a political agency.
While the writers of the Dharmasutras have been so rational in restricting the
choice of a partner beyond the family , they have made much of gotra exogamy .
Vasistha would not allow marriage with a girl who belonged to the same gotra
Author: J. P. Singh Rana
Publisher: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Category: Ethnic groups
The aim of the bookis to unwind the problems, tensions, adjustments and expections of educated working class of women and present genuine suggestive measures to make the family more comfortable and meaningful.
THE CASE OF SUDRA The Dharmasutras The time four-varna system was first
introduced a bulk of the people who were given the status of sudra were
indigenous Indians who had been conquered by the Aryans. While it is believed
that a ...
Author: Sanjay Paswan
Publisher: Gyan Publishing House
Dalits or the downtrodden have been referred to in history , as people , without history of their own, which certainly is untrue and illogical , notwithstanding the fact that they have been a marginalised lot in their own land , and treated as mere object
The Dharmasutra Parallels present in a synoptic layout of the passages in the four Dharmasutras of Apastamba. Gautama, Baudhayana, and Vasistha the deal with identical topics.
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
The Dharmasutra Parallels present in a synoptic layout of the passages in the four Dharmasutras of Apastamba. Gautama, Baudhayana, and Vasistha the deal with identical topics. The Dharmasutras represent the oldest extant codification of Law in ancient India. A close study of these early legal treatises is essential if we are to understand not only the legal but also the cultural and religious history of the three or four centuries prior to the common era, a period that saw the beginnings of many of the features that we commonly associate with Indian civilization.
India The Case of Sudra The Dharmasutras When the four-varna system was
established for the first time, most of the people who were given the status of
sudra were indigenous Indians who had been conquered by the Aryans. While it
is true ...
The dharmasutras also contain rules on some of the above topics such as
marriage and the samskaras , rules for the ... and of the house - holder of atithis
and of sraddha are meagrely treated as compared with the Apastamba dharmasutra .
Therefore, it appears that the concep! of joint undertaking or partnership for
carrying on trade or business was of a later origin than the period of time
ascribed to the Dharmasutras and Manusmriti, because in the Dharmasutras of
The principal extant Dharmasutras are those of Gautama , Baudhayana ,
Apastamba , Harita , Vasishtha and Vishnu . The Smritis more specifically so
called , namely , the Institutes of Manu , of Yajnavalkya and of Narada and the
Smritis of ...
The extant Dharmasutras though part of the Smritis of Dharmashastras , being
more ancient , are sometimes differentiated from the metrical versions more
specifically referred to as the Smritis . The principal extant Dharmasutras are
those of ...
It may be worthwhile to have a clear idea of the important characteristics of the Dharmasutras. In the first place, they are connected with the Grihyasutras from
the point of view of their subject matter. Thus both of them deal with topics like ...
Author: Nikunja Vihari Banerjee
Analytical study of a classical work on Hindu law throwing light on the orthodox social life and customs of India.
Author: Sir Dinshah Fardunji MullaPublish On: 1974
The Dharmasutras are sometimes divided into Purva and Apara Sutras, the
former being the more ancient of them, but ... The Vasishtha Dharmasutra
belonged to the Vasishtha group of Rigvedins and the Apastamba and the
Baudhayana to ...
The earliest of the Dh.works, the Dharmasutras form themselves a part of the
kalpasutras. The word kalpa ( or rather kalpasutra ) is used in two senses, one
comprehensive including the aphoristic literature on vedic rituals, on domestic ...
... social and economic conditions as depicted in the Srauta-sutras, the
Grihyasutras, the Dharmasutra, the Ramayana, ... C.800 B.C. to C.400 B.C. while the Dharmasutras of Gautama, Apastamba, Baudhyana and Grihyasutras of
Author: Sailendra Nath Sen
Publisher: New Age International
A Single-Volume Study Of Ancient Indian History Delineating The Various Facets, Both Political And Cultural, And Incorporating The Fruits Of Recent Researches That Have Abundantly Appeared Since 1950, Has Not Been Attempted Before. Author Has Tried To Maintain A Delicate Balance Between Political History And Social, Economic And Cultural History Of Ancient India.The Book Covers The Pre-Historic India, The Vedic Age, The Post-Vedic Civilization, North India In The Sixth Century B.C. It Also Explains New Religious Movements And Their Socio-Economic Background, Maurya Age, Political Disintegration And Foreign Invasions. The Gupta Empire, The Prominence Of North Under Harshavardhana And Its Eclipse, Bengal Under The Palas And The Senas, Dynasties Of North India, Arabs And Turks In India, Indias Intercourse With The Outside World, Have Been Discussed In Depth.History Of Deccan And South India, Hitherto Not Given Due Weightage And Culture And Civilization Of Ancient India In All Its Variegated Hues, Have Received Due Attention. Some New Topics Like Espionage, Slavery, Guilds, Urbanisation, Feudalism And Science And Technology In Ancient India, Have Been Incorporated To Make The Book As Uptodate As Possible. Apart From Meeting The Requirements Of Undergraduate And Postgraduate Students Of Indian Universities, The Book Will Serve As A Useful Guide To Candidates For Civil Service Examination (Both Preliminary And Main).
From such germs of legal rudiments as are present in the Vedas , so thorough
and systematic a superstructure as that of the Dharmasutras will take centuries to
emerge . As the gap between the last layer of the Vedic leterature , the
We shall now analyze the concept Rajadharma - - the Dharma of the king , as
referred to in the Dharmasutras , the Mahabharata and the Manusmriti . Although
these books were written at different historical periods , we have deliberately ...
The materials out of which the Dharmasutras have been constructed are ,
besides the opinions of the individual authors , passages from the Vedas quoted
in confirmation of the doctrines advanced , rules given by other teachers which
are also ...