The Archaeology of Human Ancestry

The Archaeology of Human Ancestry

Human social life is constrained and defined by our cognitive and emotional dispositions, which are the legacy of our foraging ancestors. But how difficult is it to reconstruct the social systems and cultural traditions of those ancestors?

Author: Stephen Shennan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134814480

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 540

Human social life is constrained and defined by our cognitive and emotional dispositions, which are the legacy of our foraging ancestors. But how difficult is it to reconstruct the social systems and cultural traditions of those ancestors? The Archaeology of Human Ancestry provides a stimulating and provocative answer, in which archaeologists and biological anthropologists set out and demonstrate their reconstructive methods. Contributors use observations of primates and modern hunter-gatherers to illuminate the fossil and artefactual records. Thematic treatment covers the evolution of group size; group composition and the emotional structure of social bonds; sexual dimorphism and the sexual division of labour; and the origins of human cultural traditions. The Archaeology of Human Ancestry is an essential introduction to the subject for advanced undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and biological anthropology. It will also be used by workers in psychology, sociology and feminist studies as a resource for understanding human social origins.
Categories: Social Science

Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution

Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution

That is to say, in certain very significant ways they more closely resembled other
primates than they did modern human beings in the ways in which they
perceived, and communicated information about, the world around them. This is
not to say ...

Author: Sophie A. de Beaune

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521769778

Category: Psychology

Page: 185

View: 690

Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution presented new directions in the study of cognitive archaeology. Seeking to understand the conditions that led to the development of a variety of cognitive processes during evolution, it uses evidence from empirical studies and offers theoretical speculations about the evolution of modern thinking as well. The twelve essays, written by an international team of scholars, represent an eclectic array of interests, methods, and theories about evolutionary cognitive archaeology. Collectively, they consider whether the processes in the development of human cognition simply made a better use of anatomical and cerebral structures already in place at the beginning of hominization. They also consider the possibility of an active role of hominoids in their own development and query the impact of hominoid activity in the emergence of new cognitive abilities.
Categories: Psychology

Women in Human Evolution

Women in Human Evolution

Henderson, Z. (1992) “The context of some Middle Stone Age hearths at Klasies
River Shelter 1B: Implications for understanding human behaviour,” South
African Field Archaeology 1:14–26. Hewitt, R. L. (1986) Structure, Meaning and
Ritual ...

Author: Lori D. Hager

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415108330

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 591

Of interest to all who work in the fields of anthropology, paleontology, anthropology and human biology, this book is the first to examine the role of women in the study of human evolution.
Categories: Science

Human Antiquity

Human Antiquity

Author: Kenneth L. Feder

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106014890294

Category: Archaeology

Page: 412

View: 295

Categories: Archaeology

Mapping Our Ancestors

Mapping Our Ancestors

Specifically, this volume explores the degree to which patterns of ancestry can be determined from artifactual, genetic, linguistic, and behavioral data and how processes such as selection, transmission, and geography impact the results of ...

Author: Carl P. Lipo

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202367282

Category: Social Science

Page: 353

View: 416

Much of what we are comes from our ancestors. Through cultural and biological inheritance mechanisms, our genetic composition, instructions for constructing artifacts, the structure and content of languages, and rules for behavior are passed from parents to children and from individual to individual. Mapping Our Ancestors demonstrates how various genealogical or "phylogenetic" methods can be used both to answer questions about human history and to build evolutionary explanations for the shape of history. Anthropologists are increasingly turning to quantitative phylogenetic methods. These methods depend on the transmission of information regardless of mode and as such are applicable to many anthropological questions. In this way, phylogenetic approaches have the potential for building bridges among the various subdisciplines of anthropology; an exciting prospect indeed. The structure of Mapping Our Ancestors reflects the editors' goal of developing a common understanding of the methods and conditions under which ancestral relations can be derived in a range of data classes of interest to anthropologists. Specifically, this volume explores the degree to which patterns of ancestry can be determined from artifactual, genetic, linguistic, and behavioral data and how processes such as selection, transmission, and geography impact the results of phylogenetic analyses. Mapping Our Ancestors provides a solid demonstration of the potential of phylogenetic methods for studying the evolutionary history of human populations using a variety of data sources and thus helps explain how cultural material, language, and biology came to be as they are. Carl P. Lipo is assistant professor of anthropology at California State University in Long Beach. Michael O'Brien is professor of anthropology and director of the Museum of Anthropology at the University of Missouri. Mark Collard is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of British Columbia, Stephen J. Shennan is a professor and director of the Institute of Archaeology at the University College London. Niles Eldredge is a curator in the department of invertebrates at the American Museum of Natural History, and adjunct professor at the City University of New York.
Categories: Social Science

Biological Anthropology and Prehistory

Biological Anthropology and Prehistory

Devoting equal time to biological anthropology and prehistory, this text exposes students to the many sides of major controversial issues, involving students in the scientific thought process by allowing them to draw their own conclusions.

Author: Patricia C. Rice

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317349815

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 813

Written specifically for courses that cover biological anthropology and archaeology, this superbly illustrated new text offers the most balanced and up-to-date introduction to our human past. Devoting equal time to biological anthropology and prehistory, this text exposes students to the many sides of major controversial issues, involving students in the scientific thought process by allowing them to draw their own conclusions. Amidst discussions of bones and artifacts, the text maintains a focus on people, demonstrating to students how biological anthropology and archaeology apply to their lives today. Featuring the latest research and findings pulled from the original sources, this new text is far and away the most up-to-date text available. In addition, the superior art program features hundreds of photographs and figures, and the multimedia presentation options include documentary film clips and lecture launcher videos. Pat Rice, a recipient of AAA’s Outstanding Teacher Award and past-president of the General Anthropology Division of AAA, and Norah Moloney, an experienced professor and active archaeologist, present the material in a clear, refreshing, and straightforward writing style.
Categories: Social Science

Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies

Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies

In this book, Benoît Dubreuil explores the creation and destruction of hierarchies in human evolution.

Author: Benoît Dubreuil

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139491310

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 149

In this book, Benoît Dubreuil explores the creation and destruction of hierarchies in human evolution. Combining the methods of archaeology, anthropology, cognitive neuroscience and primatology, he offers a natural history of hierarchies from the point of view of both cultural and biological evolution. This volume explains why dominance hierarchies typical of primate societies disappeared in the human lineage and why the emergence of large-scale societies during the Neolithic period implied increased social differentiation, the creation of status hierarchies, and, eventually, political centralisation.
Categories: Social Science

Ancestral Images

Ancestral Images

Stephanie Moser analyzes the close relationship between representations of the past and theories about human evolution, showing how this relationship existed even before a scientific understanding of human origins developed.

Author: Stephanie Moser

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501729010

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 857

Pictorial reconstructions of ancient human ancestors have twin purposes: to make sense of shared ancestry and to bring prehistory to life. Stephanie Moser analyzes the close relationship between representations of the past and theories about human evolution, showing how this relationship existed even before a scientific understanding of human origins developed. How did mythological, religious, and historically inspired visions of the past, in existence for centuries, shape this understanding? Moser treats images as primary documents, and her book is lavishly illustrated with engravings, paintings, photographs, and reconstructions. In surveying the iconography of prehistory, Moser explores visions of human creation from their origins in classical, early Christian, and medieval periods through traditions of representation initiated in the Renaissance. She looks closely at the first scientific reconstructions of the nineteenth century, which dramatized and made comprehensible the Darwinian theory of human descent from apes. She considers, as well, the impact of reconstructions on popular literature in Europe and North America, showing that early visualizations of prehistory retained a firm hold on the imagination—a hold that archaeologists and anthropologists have found difficult to shake.
Categories: Science

A History of African Archaeology

A History of African Archaeology

J.A.J.. GOWLETT. Africa is the continent paramount in studies of human evolution
. For the last thirty years it has reigned supreme in both human palaeontology
and the archaeology of human origins. It is easy to forget that this pre-eminence
is ...

Author: Peter Robertshaw

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9780852550656

Category: Africa

Page: 378

View: 483

This is the first book to chronicle the development of African archaeology as a subject.
Categories: Africa

Human Beginnings in South Africa

Human Beginnings in South Africa

In this book Hilary and Janette Deacon present the results of nearly 150 years of archaeological research that follows the progress of our Stone Age ancestors from these early beginnings to the late nineteenth century.

Author: H. J. Deacon

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0761990860

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 437

That Africa is the cradle of humankind has been conclusively confirmed in South Africa with the discoveries of fossil remains of early humans. In this book Hilary and Janette Deacon present the results of nearly 150 years of archaeological research that follows the progress of our Stone Age ancestors from these early beginnings to the late nineteenth century. The forgotten secrets of the precolonial period are not usually accorded high status in the histories of southern Africa but are vital for acknowledging the heritage of the indigenous people and for establishing the origins of all modern people. The evidence has been carefully pieced together to show that the roots of South African society stretch way back into the Stone Age. Illustrated throughout with black and white photographs, maps and diagrams, this book provides an up-to-date and authoritative account specially designed for general readers, students, teachers and researchers.
Categories: History

Human origin sites and the World Heritage Convention in Africa N 33

Human origin sites and the World Heritage Convention in Africa     N   33

Here I discuss the use ethnoarchaeology and models derived from human
behavioural ecology (hereafter referred to as HBE) as two different, but
complementary, tools that have special explanatory value for early hominin sites.
In comparison ...

Author:

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9230010812

Category: Art, Modern

Page: 254

View: 293

Uses examples of artistic work in all media in order to show how contemporary artists have adapted their vision in a manipulation of modern materials to satisfy mankind's needs for spiritual satisfaction through art.
Categories: Art, Modern

Principles of Human Evolution

Principles of Human Evolution

More than a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue rather than chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation, and anatomy. A new design and new figure references make this edition more accessible for students and instructors.

Author: Robert Andrew Foley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118687994

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 992

Principles of Human Evolution presents an in-depthintroduction to paleoanthropology and the study of human evolution.Focusing on the fundamentals of evolutionary theory and how theseapply to ecological, molecular genetic, paleontological andarcheological approaches to important questions in the field, thistimely textbook will help students gain a perspective on humanevolution in the context of modern biological thinking. The second edition of this successful text features the additionof Robert Foley, a leading researcher in Human EvolutionaryStudies, to the writing team. Strong emphasis on evolutionarytheory, ecology and behavior and scores of new examples reflect thelatest evolutionary theories and recent archaeological finds. Morethan a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue ratherthan chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation and anatomy. Anew design and new figure references make this edition moreaccessible for students and instructors. New author, Robert Foley – leading figure in HumanEvolutionary Studies – joins the writing team. Dedicated website – www.blackwellpublishing.com/lewin– provides study resources and artwork downloadable forPowerpoint presentations. Beyond the Facts boxes – explore key scientific debatesin greater depth. Margin Comments – indicate the key points in eachsection. Key Questions – review and test students’ knowledgeof central chapter concepts and help focus the way a studentapproaches reading the text. New emphasis on ecological and behavioral evolution – inkeeping with modern research. Fully up to date with recent fossil finds and interpretations;integration of genetic and paleoanthropological approaches.
Categories: Science

The Archaeology of Iberia

The Archaeology of Iberia

The other volumes in this series focus on the world perspective of European
archae— ology (Ucko 1995), the archaeology of human ancestry (Steele and
Sherman 1995), the role of cultural construction in the identity of Europe (Graves-
Brown ...

Author: Margarita Diaz-Andreu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317799078

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 699

For many archaeologists, Iberia is the last great unknown region in Europe. Although it occupies a crucial position between South-Western Europe and North Africa, academic attention has traditionally been focused on areas like Greece or Italy. However Iberia has an equally rich cultural heritage and archaeological tradition. This ground-breaking volume presents a sample of the ways in which archaeologists have applied theoretical frameworks to the interpretation of archaeological evidence, offering new insights into the archaeology of both Iberia and Europe from prehistoric time through to the tenth century. The contributors to this book are leading archaeologists drawn from both countries. They offer innovative and challenging models for the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, Early Medieval and Islamic periods. A diverse range of subjects are covered including urban transformation, the Iron Age peoples of Spain, observations on historiography and the origins of the Arab domains of Al-Andalus. It is essential reading for advanced undergraduates and those researching the archaeology of the Iberian Peninsula.
Categories: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

This Handbook provides a comprehensive synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism.

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199569885

Category: History

Page: 1052

View: 206

This Handbook provides a comprehensive synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. It includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates and situates the subject's contemporary practice.
Categories: History

A Future for Archaeology

A Future for Archaeology

This book is published in honour of Professor Peter Ucko, who has played an unparalleled role in promoting awareness of the core issues in this volume among archaeologists.

Author: Robert Layton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1844721264

Category: Archaeology

Page: 251

View: 259

Over the last thirty years issues of culture, identity and meaning have moved out of the academic sphere to become central to politics and society at all levels from the local to the global. Archaeology has been at the forefront of these moves towards a greater engagement with the non-academic world, often in an extremely practical and direct way, for example in the disputes about the repatriation of human burials. Such disputes have been central to the recognition that previously marginalised groups have rights in their own past which are important for their future. The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future. This book is published in honour of Professor Peter Ucko, who has played an unparalleled role in promoting awareness of the core issues in this volume among archaeologists.
Categories: Archaeology

The Human Lineage

The Human Lineage

D'Errico concludes that the archaeological record does not support a single point
of origin for behavioral modernity. Like d'Errico and Zilhão, Henshilwood and
Marean (2003) think that the “creative explosion” in the European Aurignacian
was ...

Author: Matt Cartmill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471214915

Category: Science

Page: 609

View: 637

"This textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in paleoanthropology courses, tackles a rather difficult task—that of presenting the substantial body of paleontological, genetic, geological and archaeological evidence regarding human evolution, and the associated scientific history, in a logical and readable way without sacrificing either clarity or detail... the sheer quality of the writing and explanatory synthesis in this book will undoubtedly make it a valuable resource for students for many years." —PaleoAnthropology, 2010 This book focuses on the last ten million years of human history, from the hominoid radiations to the emergence and diversification of modern humanity. It draws upon the fossil record to shed light on the key scientific issues, principles, methods, and history in paleoanthropology. The book proceeds through the fossil record of human evolution by historical stages representing the acquisition of major human features that explain the success and distinctive properties of modern Homo sapiens. Key features: Provides thorough coverage of the fossil record and sites, with data on key variables such as cranial capacity and body size estimates Offers a balanced, critical assessment of the interpretative models explaining pattern in the fossil record Each chapter incorporates a "Blind Alley" box focusing on once prevalent ideas now rejected such as the arboreal theory, seed-eating, single-species hypothesis, and Piltdown man Promotes critical thinking by students while allowing instructors flexibility in structuring their teaching Densely illustrated with informative, well-labelled anatomical drawings and photographs Includes an annotated bibliography for advanced inquiry Written by established leaders in the field, providing depth of expertise on evolutionary theory and anatomy through to functional morphology, this textbook is essential reading for all advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in biological anthropology.
Categories: Science

Traces of Ancestry

Traces of Ancestry

This volume brings together contributors to that transformation from around the world, to honour Colin Renfrew with a series of key papers.

Author: Colin Renfrew

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological

ISBN: UOM:39015059252943

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 159

In 1987, Colin Renfrew's Archaeology and Language challenged many perceptions about how one language family spread across large parts of the world. In doing so he re-invigorated an important exchange between archaeologists and historical linguists. At precisely the same time, a quite separate field, human genetics, was making considerable steps forward in the elucidation of human ancestry. These three parallel lines of enquiry into genes, words, and things have, over the ensuing two decades, entirely transformed our perceptions of the human past. This volume brings together contributors to that transformation from around the world, to honour Colin Renfrew with a series of key papers. They include a number of impressive synthetic statements, as well as case studies at the frontiers of three different branches of research. They range from global accounts of human dispersal through to archaeological, genetic and linguistic studies, illustrating what has been achieved over the past two decades, and the most promising avenues of research for the future.
Categories: Social Science

Evolution The Human Story

Evolution The Human Story

For some time, there appeared to be a very clear archaeological divide between
Neanderthals and modern humans, but the picture has become more
complicated in recent decades. The archaeology – from sites such as St-Césaire,
Grotte du ...

Author: Alice Roberts

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 9781409383307

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 485

Come face to face with our ancestors Travel back 8 million years with Evolution The Human Story and go on a fascinating journey to discover how our species has developed from tree-dwelling primates to modern humans. This is the first time that the story of evolution has been documented in such amazing visual detail thanks to the work of renowned Dutch paleoartists, Kennis and Kennis. Staggeringly realistic CGI and model reconstructions from original fossils bring us face to face with our ancestors portraying them as never before. Plus, Dr Alice Roberts shares her extensive knowledge helping answer all the big questions and more. Evolution: The Human Story is packed with all the latest discoveries and profiles every human ancestor to date from Ardipithecus ramidus to Homo neanderthalensis. An essential read for anyone fascinated in finding out where we come from. Now available in ebook(PDF) format.
Categories: Science

The Cultural Life of Images

The Cultural Life of Images

Visual Representation in Archaeology Brian Leigh Molyneaux. THEORETICAL.
ARCHAEOLOGY. GROUP. (TAG). In this series: The Archaeology of Human
Ancestry Power, Sex and Tradition edited by James Steele and Stephen
Shennan ...

Author: Brian Leigh Molyneaux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134546305

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 825

Pictures are often admired for their aesthetic merits but they are rarely treated as if they had as much to offer as the written word. They are often overlooked as objects of analysis themselves, and tend to be seen simply as adjuncts to the text. Images, however, are not passive, and have a direct impact that engages attention in ways independent of any specific text. Advertising, entertainment and propaganda have realised the extent of this power to shape ideas, but the scientific community has hitherto neglected the ways in which visual material conditions the ways in which we think. With subjects including prehistoric artworks, excavation illustrations, artists' impressions of ancient sites and peoples and contemporary landscapes, photographs and drawings, this study explores how pictures shape our perceptions and our expectations of the past. This volume is not concerned with the accuracy of pictures from the past or directly about the past itself, but is interested instead in why certain subjects are selected, why they are depicted the way they are, and what effects such images have on our idea of the past. This collection constitutes a ground-breaking study in historiography which radically reassesses the ways that history can be written.
Categories: Social Science

50 Great Myths of Human Evolution

50 Great Myths of Human Evolution

A compendium of the most up-to-date and fascinating information in human evolution, this guide also equips readers with the skills to question and critically evaluate the field as it changes in the future.

Author: John H. Relethford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470673911

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 293

50 Great Myths of Human Evolution uses common misconceptions to explore basic theory and research in human evolution and strengthen critical thinking skills for lay readers and students. Examines intriguing—yet widely misunderstood—topics, from general ideas about evolution and human origins to the evolution of modern humans and recent trends in the field Describes what fossils, archaeology, and genetics can tell us about human origins Demonstrates the ways in which science adapts and changes over time to incorporate new evidence and better explanations Includes myths such as “Humans lived at the same time as dinosaurs;” “Lucy was so small because she was a child;” “Our ancestors have always made fire;” and “There is a strong relationship between brain size and intelligence” Comprised of stand-alone essays that are perfect for casual reading, as well as footnotes and references that allow readers to delve more deeply into topics
Categories: Social Science