War and Genocide in South Sudan

War and Genocide in South Sudan

Thanks to generous funding from TOME, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

Author: Clémence Pinaud

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501753015

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 409

Using more than a decade's worth of fieldwork in South Sudan, Clémence Pinaud here explores the relationship between predatory wealth accumulation, state formation, and a form of racism—extreme ethnic group entitlement—that has the potential to result in genocide. War and Genocide in South Sudan traces the rise of a predatory state during civil war in southern Sudan and its transformation into a violent Dinka ethnocracy after the region's formal independence. That new state, Pinaud argues, waged genocide against non-Dinka civilians in 2013-2017. During a civil war that wrecked the region between 1983 and 2005, the predominantly Dinka Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) practiced ethnically exclusive and predatory wealth accumulation. Its actions fostered extreme group entitlement and profoundly shaped the rebel state. Ethnic group entitlement eventually grew into an ideology of ethnic supremacy. After that war ended, the semi-autonomous state turned into a violent and predatory ethnocracy—a process accelerated by independence in 2011. The rise of exclusionary nationalism, a new security landscape, and inter-ethnic political competition contributed to the start of a new round of civil war in 2013, in which the recently founded state unleashed violence against nearly all non-Dinka ethnic groups. Pinaud investigates three campaigns waged by the South Sudan government in 2013–2017 and concludes they were genocidal—they sought to destroy non-Dinka target groups. She demonstrates how the perpetrators' sense of group entitlement culminated in land-grabs that amounted to a genocidal conquest echoing the imperialist origins of modern genocides. Thanks to generous funding from TOME, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.
Categories: Political Science

South Sudan s Civil War

South Sudan s Civil War

In the first book-length study of the South Sudan civil war, John Young draws on his close but critical relationship with the rebel SPLM-IO leadership to reveal the true dynamics of the conflict, and exposes how the South Sudanese state was ...

Author: John Young

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781786993779

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 915

A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South Sudan civil war, John Young draws on his close but critical relationship with the rebel SPLM-IO leadership to reveal the true dynamics of the conflict, and exposes how the South Sudanese state was in crisis long before the outbreak of war. With insider knowledge of the histories and motivations of the rebellion’s chief protagonists, Young argues considerable responsibility for the present state of South Sudan must be laid at the door of the US-led peace process. Linking the role of the international community with the country’s opposition politics, South Sudan’s Civil War is an essential guide to the causes and consequences of the violence that has engulfed one of Africa’s most troubled nations.
Categories: Political Science

South Sudan

South Sudan

A story of transformation and of victory against the odds, this book reviews South Sudan's modern history as a contested region and assesses the political, social and security dynamics that will shape its immediate future as Africa's newest ...

Author: Matthew LeRiche

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 9780199333400

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 966

In July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan achieved independence, concluding what had been Africa's longest running civil war. The process leading to independence was driven by the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement, a primarily Southern rebel force and political movement intent on bringing about the reformed unity of the whole Sudan. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, a six year peace process unfolded in the form of an interim period premised upon 'making unity attractive'for the Sudan. A failed exercise, it culminated in an almost unanimous vote for independence by Southerners in a referendum held in January 2011. Violence has continued since, and a daunting possibility for South Sudan has arisen - to have won independence only to descend into its own civil war, with the regime in Khartoum aiding and abetting factionalism to keep the new state weak and vulnerable. Achieving a durable peace will be a massive challenge, and resolving the issues that so inflamed Southerners historically - unsupportive governance, broad feelings of exploitation and marginalisation and fragile ethnic politics - will determine South Sudan's success or failure at statehood. A story of transformation and of victory against the odds, this book reviews South Sudan's modern history as a contested region and assesses the political, social and security dynamics that will shape its immediate future as Africa's newest independent state.
Categories: History

A History of South Sudan

A History of South Sudan

South Sudan is the world's youngest independent country. This book provides a general history of the new country.

Author: Øystein H. Rolandsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521116312

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 742

South Sudan is the world's youngest independent country. This book is the first general history of the new country.
Categories: History

The Golgotha South Sudan 15 December 2013

The Golgotha  South Sudan 15 December 2013

2011 September: South Sudan's cabinet votes to designate Ramciel a planned
city as the future capital. 2011 October: President Salva Kiir makes historic first
visit to Khartoum since independence. South Sudan and Sudan agree to set up ...

Author: Jada Pasquale Yengkopiong

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781514495186

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 960

The Golgotha is the most up-to-date book written with the tone of bare truth that most people do not know. The book reveals the intentions and the effects of the SPLA/M Dinka-dominated tribal regime in South Sudan. This tribal leadership is different from all forms of leaderships that are known today. This tribal leadership is completely based on what Salva Kiir Mayardit and his godfathers, the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders think is right for South Sudan. In the SPLA/M Dinka-dominated tribal regime, the leader is surrounded by his tribesmen and everything is based on the tribal doctrine. As a result, South Sudan is no longer governed as a country but a tribal village. This tribal leadership caused the 15 December 2013 killing of the Nuer people in Juba and other parts of the country. The book also reveals that the SPLA/M tribal leadership has aided its tribesmen with the necessary machinery to kill people from the other tribes. Most of these tribal killings have headed to rape of women and young girls, torture and looting of innocent people. Because of this tribal leadership, there is no more freedom in South Sudan. Because of this tribal leadership and the need for tribal domination, the people of South Sudan have been driven onto a crossroad of narcissism and tribalism. There is no more liberty or security for everyone but tribal despotism, fear, and mistrust.
Categories: History

Sudan South Country Study Guide Strategic Information and Developments

Sudan South Country Study Guide   Strategic Information and Developments

In response, the Government of South Sudan suspended all South Sudanese
crude petroleum production by the end of January 2012 (Petroleum Economist,
2011; Patey, 2014). In March 2013, an agreement between the Governments of ...

Author: IBP, Inc.

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781438785417

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 864

Sudan South Country Study Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments - Everything you need to know about the country - Geography, history, politics, economy, business, etc.
Categories: Business & Economics

South Sudan

South Sudan

South Sudan Economic Brief, Issue no 2, February 2013, http://documents.
worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/02/17682880/ public-expenditures-south-sudan-
delivering ———Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit, Sudan
Public ...

Author: Hilde F. Johnson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786730053

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 709

In July 2011, South Sudan was granted independence and became the world's newest country. Yet just two-and-a-half years after this momentous decision, the country was in the grips of renewed civil war and political strife. Hilde F. Johnson served as Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan from July 2011 until July 2014 and, as such, she was witness to the many challenges which the country faced as it struggled to adjust to its new autonomous state. In this book, she provides an unparalleled insider's account of South Sudan's descent from the ecstatic celebrations of July 2011 to the outbreak of the disastrous conflict in December 2013 and the early, bloody phase of the fighting. Johnson's frequent personal and private contacts at the highest levels of government, accompanied by her deep knowledge of the country and its history, make this a unique eyewitness account of the turbulent first three years of the world's newest - and yet most fragile - country.
Categories: History

Sudan South Fishing and Aquaculture Industry Handbook Strategic Information Regulations Opportunities

Sudan South Fishing and Aquaculture Industry Handbook  Strategic Information  Regulations  Opportunities

Moreover, it was expected that once South Sudan becomes a member of the East
African Community (EAC), the country will ... Primary sector (including
aquaculture) 220 411 (12) Secondary sector n/a (13) (8) Republic of South
Sudan, 2013.

Author: IBP, Inc.

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781514519578

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 583

South Sudan Fishing and Aquaculture Industry Handbook - Strategic Information, Regulations, Opportunities
Categories: Business & Economics

The Struggle for South Sudan

The Struggle for South Sudan

Today the conflict continues unabated and the humanitarian situation grows ever more urgent. This book analyses the crisis and some of its contributing factors.

Author: Luka Biong Deng Kuol

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786725752

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 442

South Sudan, the world's youngest country, has experienced a rocky start to its life as an independent nation. Less than three years after gaining independence in 2011 following a violent liberation war, the country slid back into conflict. In the wake of infighting within the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), violence erupted in South Sudan's capital, Juba, in December 2013. The conflict pitted President Salva Kiir's predominantly Dinka presidential guard against Nuer fighters loyal to the former Vice President Riek Machar. As fighting spread across the country, it has taken on an increasingly ethnic nature. Ceasefires have been agreed, but there have been repeated violations by all sides. Today the conflict continues unabated and the humanitarian situation grows ever more urgent. This book analyses the crisis and some of its contributing factors. The contributors have worked on South Sudan for a number of years and bring a wealth of knowledge and different perspectives to this discussion. Providing the most comprehensive analysis yet of South Sudan's social and political history, post-independence governance systems and the current challenges for development, this book will be essential reading for all those interested in the continuing struggle for peace in South Sudan.
Categories: History

Historical Dictionary of the Sudan

Historical Dictionary of the Sudan

This fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Sudan covers the history of Sudan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography.

Author: Robert S. Kramer

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810879409

Category: History

Page: 620

View: 808

This fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Sudan covers the history of Sudan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 hundred cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Sudan.
Categories: History

Collapse of a Country

Collapse of a Country

Fast-paced and poignant, Collapse of a Country gives an insider’s glimpse into the chaos, violence, and ethnic conflicts that emerged out of a civil war that has been largely ignored by the West.

Author: Nicholas Coghlan

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773551800

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 910

The first Canadian diplomat to be posted to war-torn Sudan, Nicholas Coghlan was a natural choice to lead Canada’s representation in the new Republic of South Sudan soon after the country was founded in 2011. In late 2013, Coghlan and his wife Jenny were in the capital, Juba, when it erupted in gunfire and civil war pitted one half of the army against the other, Vice-President Machar against President Kiir, and the Nuer tribe against the Dinka. This action-focused narrative, grounded by accounts of meetings with key leaders and travels throughout the dangerous, impoverished hinterland of South Sudan, explains what happened in December 2013 and why. In harrowing terms, Collapse of a Country describes the ebb and flow of the war and the humanitarian tragedy that followed, the Coghlans’ scramble to evacuate South-Sudanese Canadians from Juba, and the well-meant but often ill-conceived attempts of the international community to mitigate the misery and bring peace back to a land that has rarely known it. Coghlan’s stark narrative serves as a lesson to politicians, diplomats, aid workers, and practitioners on the breakdown of governance and relationships between ethnic groups, and the often decisive role of international development representatives. Fast-paced and poignant, Collapse of a Country gives an insider’s glimpse into the chaos, violence, and ethnic conflicts that emerged out of a civil war that has been largely ignored by the West.
Categories: Political Science

Sudan 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sudan  2013 Article IV Consultation

The current coverage of Sudan's monetary statistics includes the CBOS and 32
commercial banks, which constitute the other depository corporations (ODCs).
Due to South Sudan's secession, the Bank of South Sudan (BOSS) and the ...

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781475527131

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 922

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that Sudan’s economic performance in 2012 was unfavorable despite the introduction in June 2012 of a package of reforms. Non-oil real GDP growth slowed to 4.6 percent, inflation rose to 44.4 percent by the end of the year, and the gap between the official and curb market exchange rates remained at about 20 percent by end-December. The outlook for 2013 and the medium term are unfavorable. Non-oil real GDP growth is projected to slow further to 2.3 percent in 2013, and to remain below potential at about 3 percent over the medium term.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Power of Creative Reasoning

The Power of Creative Reasoning

In The Power of Creative Reasoning, author Lual A. Deng shows how the ideas and concepts touted by Dr. John Garang could facilitate the advancement of the ideals of freedom, liberty, and human dignity.

Author: Lual A. Deng

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781475960280

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 258

Seventy-two percent of South Sudan’s population is under thirty years of age. It is this generation that must create a new South Sudanese identity that is inclusive of all its nationalities. In The Power of Creative Reasoning, author Lual A. Deng shows how the ideas and concepts touted by Dr. John Garang could facilitate the advancement of the ideals of freedom, liberty, and human dignity. The Power of Creative Reasoning provides an insider’s perspective on Garang, a visionary leader who used a combination of strategic thinking and a path-goal approach to resolve complex societal problems. Deng has coined the term “Garangism” as the pursuit of Sudanese commonality with conviction, courage, consistency, and creativity to end all forms of marginalization. Deng shows how Garang employed symbolic logic in the form of Venn Diagrams to articulate the vision of New Sudan and presents ten power-ful ideas to help the Sudanese as they are facing serious challenges of leadership, democratic governance, sustained peace, economic growth, poverty, and corruption. The Power of Creative Reasoning communicates that the leadership of the new Sudan can manage these challenges by internalizing Garang’s ideas.
Categories: Political Science

A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts

A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts

South Sudan's Muslims are also grateful to what is now Sudan for spreading
Islam. However this was not enough to ... 2013. 'Council Allocated EUR 200
Million to Southern Sudan', Council of the European Union press release,
available at ...

Author: James Copnall

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 9781849044936

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 855

What happened after Africa's biggest country split in two? When South Sudan ran up its flag in July 2011, two new nations came into being. In South Sudan a former rebel movement faces colossal challenges in building a new country. At independence it was one of the least developed places on earth, after decades of conflict and neglect. The '"rump state'", Sudan, has been debilitated by devastating civil wars, including in Darfur, and lost a significant part of its territory, and most of its oil wealth, after the divorce from the South. In the years after separation, the two Sudans dealt with crippling economic challenges, struggled with new and old rebellions, and fought each other along their disputed border. Benefiting from unsurpassed access to the politicians, rebels, thinkers and events that are shaping the Sudans, Copnall draws a compelling portrait of two misunderstood countries. A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts argues that Sudan and South Sudan remain deeply interdependent, despite their separation. It also diagnoses the political failings that threaten the future of both countries. The author puts the turmoil of the years after separation into a broader context, reflecting the voices, hopes and experiences of Sudanese and South Sudanese from all walks of life.
Categories: History

South Sudan

South Sudan

While the peace agreement signed in September 2018 has improved the prospects for lasting peace in South Sudan, the implementation of the agreement has become more protracted than envisaged with the recently announced six-month delay in ...

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781498318495

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 74

View: 573

While the peace agreement signed in September 2018 has improved the prospects for lasting peace in South Sudan, the implementation of the agreement has become more protracted than envisaged with the recently announced six-month delay in forming a new national unity government. A relapse into war in mid-2016 spread insecurity across the country and severely affected all economic activities and exacerbated the humanitarian crisis and food insecurity. The country is in a serious economic crisis.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Southern Sudan

The Southern Sudan

Born in Al-Damar, Sudan. He taught at the University of Manchester for five years,
and was Head of the Department of Political Science at the University of
Khartoum, 1965-69. He was offered the Professorship and Chair in the
Department of ...

Author: Dunstan M. Wai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135160333

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 319

First Published in 1972. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: History

Bumpy Road

Bumpy Road

The first Sudanese civil war destroyed relations between my father and his father.

Author: Martino Kunjok Atem

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781524690489

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 158

View: 817

The first Sudanese civil war destroyed relations between my father and his father. The second civil war displaced, made me a refugee, and forced me to leave my country. Even though war robbed me of my childhood and forced the responsibilities of an adult upon me, I refused to let the past negative experiences determine my fate. In addition to the woes of the Sudans civil wars on my family, my story includes my spiritual, political, and economic journey. It is a journey from Atemyath to Jesus Christ, from the worlds newest country to a nation that is one hundred and fifty years old. The anguish consequences of Sudans wars and my religious conversion are nothing compared with the failed institutional systems in the Republic of South Sudan, which are, corruption, nepotism, tribal based polices and especially the civil war that crippled the new nation. With these, one is left with nothing but to challenge fail status quo under SPLM leadership whether in the government or opposition. The SPLMs Entitlement Syndrome within SPLM leadership, both in the government and in opposition has shattered hopes and dreams of South Sudanese since 2013.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The New Kings of Crude

The New Kings of Crude

148. 11. Personal communication, source close to AU mediation team, 12 August
2013. Armin Rosen, 'Sudan on the Brink: A Khartoum Spring?', World Affairs, July
/August 2012. Jared Ferrie, 'Oil brings new friction to Sudan and South Sudan', ...

Author: Luke Patey

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 9781849045384

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 138

In the past decade, the need for oil in Asia's new industrial powers, China and India, has grown dramatically. The New Kings of Crude takes the reader from the dusty streets of an African capital to Asia's glistening corporate towers to provide a first look at how the world's rising economies established new international oil empires in Sudan, amid one of Africa's longest-running and deadliest civil wars. For over a decade, Sudan fuelled the international rise of Chinese and Indian national oil companies. But the political turmoil surrounding the historic division of Africa's largest country, with the birth of South Sudan, challenged Asia's oil giants to chart a new course. Luke Patey weaves together the stories of hardened oilmen, powerful politicians, rebel fighters, and human rights activists to show how the lure of oil brought China and India into Sudan--only later to ensnare both in the messy politics of a divided country. His book also introduces the reader to the Chinese and Indian oilmen and politicians who were willing to become entangled in an African civil war in the pursuit of the world's most coveted resource. It offers a portrait of the challenges China and India are increasingly facing as emerging powers in the world.
Categories: Social Science