Author: Christopher Rowland,Mark CornerPublish On: 1989-01-01
The Challenge of Liberation Theology to Biblical Studies
Author: Christopher Rowland,Mark Corner
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
This important book provides a sampling of liberation theology's use of biblical texts, relating it to the "standard" methods of interpretation in Europe and America. Divided into four sections, the book sets out contemporary readings of the parable of Jesus influenced by a liberationist perspective; identifies the biblical and theoretical foundations of liberation theology, comparing them with the dominant exegetical paradigm in the first world; explores the way in which liberation exegesis affects reading the canonical accounts of Jesus; and argues that liberation theology cannot be seen solely as a third-world phenomenon.
Papers Read at the Joint British-Dutch Old Testament Conference Held at London, 1973
Author: James Barr
"...Etymology must somehow have some value for the understanding of biblical language, and I myself had granted this. If etymological study, then, is not to be totally rejected, we should try to say something more precise about its value and demarcate more exactly the line that separates its proper use from its misuse. We may begin, then, by summarizing three general reasons which appear to favour the continuing importance of etymology: a. It is not in dispute that etymology is in principle a valid form of study and that it can furnish valuable insights into the history and the background of words. b. Etymology is particularly important for the identification and elucidation of rare words and hapax legomena. The Hebrew Bible has many such reare words, and thes can often be elucidated only through comparison with words in Ugaritic, Akkadian, Arabic and other congnate languages; this was expressly admitted by me in Semantics. c. Etymology is not something confined to the modern world. On the contrary, the etymological consciousness was already very strong in ancient world, and notably so in the milieu of the Bible, of early Judaism and of early Christianity." -- Etymology and the Old Testament / James Barr.
The studies collected in this book represent landmarks in the vast exegetical landscape of the Pentateuch. In the first series of these studies, Jean-Louis Ska examines key texts from different perspectives and draws a map to show the way. These texts are mainly the story of the flood (Gen 6-9), the call of Abraham (Gen 12:1-4), God's covenant with Abraham (Gen 15), the Lord's apparition to Abraham in Mamre (Gen 18), the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen 22), the introduction to the Sinai covenant (Exod 19:3-6), and the meal and the vision on the mountain (Exod 24:9-11). Different methods are used according to the text or the topic treated: literary criticism, redaction criticism, inner-biblical exegesis, and narrative analysis. In the second part, the author grapples with some basic issues in recent debates about exegetical methods: the function of the narrator, the validity of resorting to the category of redactor, the nature and purpose of the biblical law collections, and the legitimacy of a critical reading of the Old Testament. The Pentateuch is a cantata with many voices, and faithfulness to its nature means that the exegete has to use all the instruments at his or her disposal to make this old music be heard once again.
Philo of Alexandria, the great 2nd-century AD Jewish philosopher and theologian, is a key figure in the history of thought. With him the Judaeo-Christian and the Greek traditions converge and meet for the first time, and he also stands at the beginning of the revival of Platonic thought known as Middle Platonism. In these articles David Runia has aimed, first, to provide a guide for research and a context for understanding the enormous mass of writings Philo has left. He has then sought to investigate further Philo's place in the history of Platonic thought and to trace aspects of his influence on the later development of Christian theology. His primary concern, however, is to examine the relationship between scriptural exegesis and philosophy in Philo's work. He argues that one cannot pursue Philo's thought without fully taking into account its exegetical context, and therefore that an understanding of how he undertakes to present this exegesis is of paramount importance.
Author: Isaac Kalimi,Yiṣḥāq QalîmîPublish On: 2002
Studies in Scriptures in the Shadow of Internal and External Controversies
Author: Isaac Kalimi,Yiṣḥāq Qalîmî
Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum
Series: Jewish and Christian Heritage Series, 2 Early Jewish Exegesis and Theological Controversy is an important collection of essays on aspects of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament theology, the reception of biblical texts in Judaism and Christianity; the Aqedah, and related topics. The book comprises three main parts: a) the Aqedah and the Temple, b) Biblical Texts in Polemical Contexts, and c) Biblical Theology, Judaism and Christianity. Although each part deals with a specifically defined topic, all are linked by some common themes: all the sections discuss early Jewish exegesis, namely the early scriptures' interpretation in late Biblical literature, in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, in Jewish-Hellenistic writings, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and a variety of Rabbinic sources, essentially the Targumim and midrashim. Each chapter of the book covers theological controversies, either among the Jewish groups themselves, and/or between Judaism and other religious denominations, especially Christianity.
This exploration of Genesis 38 in "The Testament of Judah," "Targum Neofiti," and "Genesis Rabbah" shows how new meanings emerge through encounters between the biblical text and later Jewish communities.
Relating the Muslim understanding of Moses in the Qur'an to the Epic of Gilgamesh, Alexander Romances, Aramaic Targums, Rabbinic Bible exegesis, and folklore from the ancient and medieval Mediterranean, this book shows how Muslim scholars authorize and identify themselves through allusions to the Bible and Jewish tradition. Exegesis of Qur'an 18:60-82 shows how Muslim exegetes engage Biblical theology through interpretation of the ancient Israelites, their prophets, and their Torah. This Muslim use of a scripture shared with Jews and Christians suggests fresh perspectives for the history of religions, Biblical studies, cultural studies, and Jewish-Arabic studies.