Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.
Author: Gilbert N. Sorebo
Publisher: CRC Press
The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.
This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security.
Author: Florian Skopik
The Smart Grid security ecosystem is complex and multi-disciplinary, and relatively under-researched compared to the traditional information and network security disciplines. While the Smart Grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the Smart Grid has also opened the way for information security breaches and other types of security breaches. Potential threats range from meter manipulation to directed, high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure that could bring down regional or national power grids. It is essential that security measures are put in place to ensure that the Smart Grid does not succumb to these threats and to safeguard this critical infrastructure at all times. Dr. Florian Skopik is one of the leading researchers in Smart Grid security, having organized and led research consortia and panel discussions in this field. Smart Grid Security will provide the first truly holistic view of leading edge Smart Grid security research. This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security. The book will enable practitioners to learn about upcoming trends, scientists to share new directions in research, and government and industry decision-makers to prepare for major strategic decisions regarding implementation of Smart Grid technology. Presents the most current and leading edge research on Smart Grid security from a holistic standpoint, featuring a panel of top experts in the field. Includes coverage of risk management, operational security, and secure development of the Smart Grid. Covers key technical topics, including threat types and attack vectors, threat case studies, smart metering, smart home, e- mobility, smart buildings, DERs, demand response management, distribution grid operators, transmission grid operators, virtual power plants, resilient architectures, communications protocols and encryption, as well as physical security.
This book on smart grid security is meant for a broad audience from managers to technical experts. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape.
Author: Sanjay Goel
This book on smart grid security is meant for a broad audience from managers to technical experts. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape. It starts with a brief overview of the smart grid and then discusses some of the reported attacks on the grid. It covers network threats, cyber physical threats, smart metering threats, as well as privacy issues in the smart grid. Along with the threats the book discusses the means to improve smart grid security and the standards that are emerging in the field. The second part of the book discusses the legal issues in smart grid implementations, particularly from a privacy (EU data protection) point of view.
This book will be a valuable reference for readers who secure the networks of smart grid deployments, as well as consumers who use smart grid devices.
Author: Tony Flick
Securing the Smart Grid discusses the features of the smart grid, particularly its strengths and weaknesses, to better understand threats and attacks, and to prevent insecure deployments of smart grid technologies. A smart grid is a modernized electric grid that uses information and communications technology to be able to process information, such as the behaviors of suppliers and consumers. The book discusses different infrastructures in a smart grid, such as the automatic metering infrastructure (AMI). It also discusses the controls that consumers, device manufacturers, and utility companies can use to minimize the risk associated with the smart grid. It explains the smart grid components in detail so readers can understand how the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of these components can be secured or compromised. This book will be a valuable reference for readers who secure the networks of smart grid deployments, as well as consumers who use smart grid devices. Details how old and new hacking techniques can be used against the grid and how to defend against them Discusses current security initiatives and how they fall short of what is needed Find out how hackers can use the new infrastructure against itself
Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system.
Author: Eric D. Knapp
Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer. Discover the potential of the Smart Grid Learn in depth about its systems See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it
Covering fundamental theory, mathematical formulations, practical implementations, and experimental testing procedures, this book gives readers invaluable insights into the field of power systems, their quality and reliability, their impact ...
Author: Anuradha Tomar
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Advances in Smart Grid Power System: Network, Control and Security discusses real world problems, solutions, and best practices in related fields. The book includes executable plans for smart grid systems, their network communications, tactics on protecting information, and response plans for cyber incidents. Moreover, it enables researchers and energy professionals to understand the future of energy delivery systems and security. Covering fundamental theory, mathematical formulations, practical implementations, and experimental testing procedures, this book gives readers invaluable insights into the field of power systems, their quality and reliability, their impact, and their importance in cybersecurity. Includes supporting illustrations and tables along with valuable end of chapter reference sets Provides a working guideline for the design and analysis of smart grids and their applications Features experimental testing procedures in smart grid power systems, communication networks, reliability, and cybersecurity
Extensively cross-referenced, the book contains comprehensive coverage in four major parts: Part I: Applications provides a detailed introduction to smart grid applications—spanning the transmission, distribution, and consumer side of the ...
Author: Lars T. Berger
Category: Technology & Engineering
For many, smart grids are the biggest technological revolutionsince the Internet. They have the potential to reduce carbondioxide emissions, increase the reliability of electricity supply,and increase the efficiency of our energy infrastructure. Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Securityexplains how diverse technologies play hand-in-hand in building andmaintaining smart grids around the globe. The book delves into thecommunication aspects of smart grids, provides incredible insightinto power electronics, sensing, monitoring, and controltechnologies, and points out the potential for new technologies andmarkets. Extensively cross-referenced, the book contains comprehensivecoverage in four major parts: Part I: Applications provides a detailedintroduction to smart grid applications—spanning thetransmission, distribution, and consumer side of the electricitygrid Part II: Communications discusses wireless,wireline, and optical communication solutions—from thephysical layers up to sensing, automation, and control protocolsrunning on the application layers Part III: Security deals with cybersecurity—sharpening the awareness of security threats,reviewing the ongoing standardization, and outlining the future ofauthentication and encryption key management Part IV: Case Studies and Field Trials presentsself-contained chapters of studies where the smart grid of tomorrowhas already been put into practice With contributions from majorindustry stakeholders such as Siemens, Cisco, ABB, and Motorola,this is the ideal book for both engineering professionals andstudents.
This SpringerBrief addresses the main security concerns for smart grid, e.g., the privacy of electricity consumers, the exchanged messages integrity and confidentiality, the authenticity of participated parties, and the false data injection ...
Author: Asmaa Abdallah
This SpringerBrief addresses the main security concerns for smart grid, e.g., the privacy of electricity consumers, the exchanged messages integrity and confidentiality, the authenticity of participated parties, and the false data injection attacks. Moreover, the authors demonstrate in detail the various proposed techniques to secure the smart grid’s different communication networks and preserve the privacy of the involved. Over many years, power grid has generated electricity from central generators and distributed it in one direction from the generation stations to end-users; also, information is one directional so that the grid’s control center doesn’t get enough information about customers’ requirements and consequently can’t prevent electricity losses. So, the electricity grid is merged with information and communication technology to form smart grid. The main target of this incorporation is to connect different parties of power grid to exchange information about grid conditions and customers’ requirements, and consequently, improve the reliability and efficiency of electricity generation and distribution. That upgrade of the power grid exposes it to the cyber security threats that the communication networks suffer from, such as malicious attacks to forge the electricity consumption readings or price, extract personal information for residential consumers, such as daily habits and life style, or attack some grid’s resources and equipment availability using denial-of-service attacks. Also, novel threats are introduced in smart grid due to the power grid nature, such as false data injection attack, in which the adversary compromises several measurement units and injects false information about the grid conditions that mislead the grid’s control center to make wrong decisions for the grid and consequently impact on its stability and efficiency.
A smart grid is an integration of power delivery systems with communication
networks and information technology (IT) to provide better services. Security and
privacy will provide significant roles in building future smart grids. The purpose of
Author: Yang Xiao
Publisher: CRC Press
Presenting the work of prominent researchers working on smart grids and related fields around the world, Security and Privacy in Smart Grids identifies state-of-the-art approaches and novel technologies for smart grid communication and security. It investigates the fundamental aspects and applications of smart grid security and privacy and reports on the latest advances in the range of related areas—making it an ideal reference for students, researchers, and engineers in these fields. The book explains grid security development and deployment and introduces novel approaches for securing today’s smart grids. Supplying an overview of recommendations for a technical smart grid infrastructure, the book describes how to minimize power consumption and utility expenditure in data centers. It also: Details the challenges of cybersecurity for smart grid communication infrastructures Covers the regulations and standards relevant to smart grid security Explains how to conduct vulnerability assessments for substation automation systems Considers smart grid automation, SCADA system security, and smart grid security in the last mile The book’s chapters work together to provide you with a framework for implementing effective security through this growing system. Numerous figures, illustrations, graphs, and charts are included to aid in comprehension. With coverage that includes direct attacks, smart meters, and attacks via networks, this versatile reference presents actionable suggestions you can put to use immediately to prevent such attacks.
This requires advanced control and communication technologies in order to provide high quality power supply and secure generation, transmission and distribution. This book outlines these emerging technologies.
Author: S. M. Muyeen
The Smart Grid is a modern electricity grid allowing for distributed, renewable intermittent generation, partly owned by consumers. This requires advanced control and communication technologies in order to provide high quality power supply and secure generation, transmission and distribution. This book outlines these emerging technologies. This essential reading focuses specifically on security and control aspects of the smart grid. It covers various related topics including smart grid architecture; communications and networking features; measuring and sensing devices; and smart transmission and distribution. Particular emphasis is placed on security, reliability, and stability features. Different control aspects of smart grid are also covered. Each chapter includes examples, case studies, simulations and experimental results, making this a practical and essential resource for professional researchers and advanced students alike. Topics covered include: * An introduction to smart grid architecture * Smart grid communications and standards * Measurement and sensing devices for smart grids * Smart transmission and wide area monitoring system * Bad data detection in smart grids * Optimal energy management in smart grids * Communication and control for the smart grid * Smart consumer systems * Importance of energy storage systems in smart grids * Control and optimisation for integration of plug-in vehicles in smart grids * Multi-agent based control of smart grids * Compressive sensing for smart grid security and reliability * Optimum placement of FACTS devices in smart grids * Security analysis of smart grid * Smart grid security policies and regulations
The book: • Presents the Smart Grid from abstraction to materialization. • Covers power grid networks, including how they are developed and deployed for power delivery and other Smart Grid services. • Discusses power systems, advanced ...
Author: K S MANOJ
Publisher: Notion Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
All basic knowledge is provided for the Energy Engineers and the Electrical, Electronics, Computer and Instrumentation Engineering students, who work or wish to work, in Smart Grid and Microgrid area. It benefits them in obtaining essential and required understanding of the Smart Grid, from perceptions to actualisation. The book: • Presents the Smart Grid from abstraction to materialization. • Covers power grid networks, including how they are developed and deployed for power delivery and other Smart Grid services. • Discusses power systems, advanced communications, and required machine learning that define the Smart Grid. • Clearly differentiates the Smart Grid from the traditional power grid as it has been for the last century. • Provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of both physical-cyber -security and computer networking. • Presents the complexity and operational requirements of the evolving Smart Grid to the ICT professional and presents the same for ICT to the energy engineers. • Provides a detailed description of the cyber vulnerabilities and mitigation techniques of the Smart Grid. • Provides essential information for technocrats to make progress in the field and to allow power system engineers to optimize communication systems for the Smart Grid. • Is a suitable material for the undergraduate and post graduate students of electrical engineering to learn the fundamentals of Smart Grid.
This book targets the key concern of protecting critical infrastructures such as smart grids.
Author: Ehab Al-Shaer
This book targets the key concern of protecting critical infrastructures such as smart grids. It explains various static and dynamic security analysis techniques that can automatically verify smart grid security and resiliency and identify potential attacks in a proactive manner. This book includes three main sections. The first presents the idea of formally verifying the compliance of smart grid configurations with the security and resiliency guidelines. It provides a formal framework that verifies the compliance of the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) configurations with the security and resiliency requirements, and generates remediation plans for potential security violations. The second section covers the formal verification of the security and resiliency of smart grid control systems by using a formal model to analyze attack evasions on state estimation, a core control module of the supervisory control system in smart grids. The model identifies attack vectors that can compromise state estimation. This section also covers risk mitigation techniques that synthesize proactive security plans that make such attacks infeasible. The last part of the book discusses the dynamic security analysis for smart grids. It shows that AMI behavior can be modeled using event logs collected at smart collectors, which in turn can be verified using the specification invariants generated from the configurations of the AMI devices. Although the focus of this book is smart grid security and resiliency, the included formal analytics are generic enough to be extended to other cyber-physical systems, especially those related to industrial control systems (ICS). Therefore, industry professionals and academic researchers will find this book an exceptional resource to learn theoretical and practical aspects of applying formal methods for the protection of critical infrastructures.
This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art research on “Systems and Optimization Aspects of Smart Grid Challenges.” The authors have compiled and integrated different aspects of applied systems optimization research to smart ...
Author: Vijay Pappu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art research on “Systems and Optimization Aspects of Smart Grid Challenges.” The authors have compiled and integrated different aspects of applied systems optimization research to smart grids, and also describe some of its critical challenges and requirements. The promise of a smarter electricity grid could significantly change how consumers use and pay for their electrical power, and could fundamentally reshape the current Industry. Gaining increasing interest and acceptance, Smart Grid technologies combine power generation and delivery systems with advanced communication systems to help save energy, reduce energy costs and improve reliability. Taken together, these technologies support new approaches for load balancing and power distribution, allowing optimal runtime power routing and cost management. Such unprecedented capabilities, however, also present a set of new problems and challenges at the technical and regulatory levels that must be addressed by Industry and the Research Community.
This book presents an application-centric approach to the development of smart grid communication architecture.
Author: Kenneth C. Budka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents an application-centric approach to the development of smart grid communication architecture. The coverage includes in-depth reviews of such cutting-edge applications as advanced metering infrastructure, distribution automation, demand response and synchrophasors. Features: examines a range of exciting utility applications made possible through smart grid evolution; describes the core-edge network architecture for smart grids, introducing the concept of WANs and FANs; explains how the network design paradigm for smart grids differs from that for more established data networks, and discusses network security in smart grids; provides an overview of communication network technologies for WANs and FANs, covering OPGW, PLC, and LTE and MPLS technology; investigates secure data-centric data management and data analytics for smart grids; discusses the transformation of a network from conventional modes of utility operation to an integrated network based on the smart grid architecture framework.
This book will fill this gap. This is an interdisciplinary informative book to provide a holistic and integrated understanding of the technology-stakeholder-policy interactions of smart grid technologies.
Author: Daphne Mah
Category: Business & Economics
Meeting today’s energy and climate challenges require not only technological advancement but also a good understanding of stakeholders’ perceptions, political sensitivity, well-informed policy analyses and innovative interdisciplinary solutions. This book will fill this gap. This is an interdisciplinary informative book to provide a holistic and integrated understanding of the technology-stakeholder-policy interactions of smart grid technologies. The unique features of the book include the following: (a) interdisciplinary approach – by bringing in the policy dimensions to smart grid technologies; (b) global and Asian perspective and (c) learning from national case studies. This book is organised into five sections. Part 1 discusses the historical and conceptual aspects of smart grids. Part 2 introduces the technological aspects and showcase the state of the art of the technologies. Part 3 explores the policy and governance dimensions by bringing in a stakeholder perspective. Part 4 presents a collection of national case studies. Part 5 shares insights and lesson learnt and provide policy recommendations. This book showcases the state-of-the-art R&D developments and policy experiences. This book contributes to a better understanding of governance institution and policy challenges and helps formulate policy recommendations for successful smart grid deployment.
This book is centered on Smart grids and micro-grids, as a cost-effective method of ensuring fair and equitable access to power in urban areas.
Author: Anne V. D. M. Kayem
This book is centered on Smart grids and micro-grids, as a cost-effective method of ensuring fair and equitable access to power in urban areas. It also considers scenarios where deploying smart grids can be both cost-prohibitively expensive and logistically challenging. Deploying smart microgrids instead, offers a reliable power solution but, as is the case in smart grids, a key issue is guaranteeing usability, trust, and reliability while protecting against energy theft. This book considers aspects such as state estimation, capacity planning, demand forecasting, price signals, and demand management with respect to energy theft. Straight-forward approaches to provoking energy theft on smart grids and micro-grids include mis-recordings power consumption/generation information and exposures of personally identifiable information or sensitive information. Attack models based on mis-recorded generation and/or consumption data and exposure of personally identifiable information, are also studied. In each case, countermeasures are proposed to circumvent the power theft attacks raised. Researchers in Smart Micro-grids security, cyber-physical systems, and critical infrastructure will want to purchase this book as a reference. Professionals, Researchers, Academics and students working in security general and Security of Critical Infrastructure, Privacy, and Data Sharing will also want to purchase this book as a reference.
Including a total of 83 articles across 3 volumes The Smart Grid Handbook is organized in to 6 sections: Vision and Drivers, Transmission, Distribution, Smart Meters and Customers, Information and Communications Technology, and Socio ...
Author: Chen-Ching Liu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Comprehensive, cross-disciplinary coverage of Smart Grid issues from global expert researchers and practitioners. This definitive reference meets the need for a large scale, high quality work reference in Smart Grid engineering which is pivotal in the development of a low-carbon energy infrastructure. Including a total of 83 articles across 3 volumes The Smart Grid Handbook is organized in to 6 sections: Vision and Drivers, Transmission, Distribution, Smart Meters and Customers, Information and Communications Technology, and Socio-Economic Issues. Key features: Written by a team representing smart grid R&D, technology deployment, standards, industry practice, and socio-economic aspects. Vision and Drivers covers the vision, definitions, evolution, and global development of the smart grid as well as new technologies and standards. The Transmission section discusses industry practice, operational experience, standards, cyber security, and grid codes. The Distribution section introduces distribution systems and the system configurations in different countries and different load areas served by the grid. The Smart Meters and Customers section assesses how smart meters enable the customers to interact with the power grid. Socio-economic issues and information and communications technology requirements are covered in dedicated articles.The Smart Grid Handbook will meet the need for a high quality reference work to support advanced study and research in the field of electrical power generation, transmission and distribution. It will be an essential reference for regulators and government officials, testing laboratories and certification organizations, and engineers and researchers in Smart Grid-related industries.