Science with Adaptive Optics

Science with Adaptive Optics

This book presents the proceedings of the ESO Workshop on Science with Adaptive Optics held in the fall of 2003.

Author: Wolfgang Brandner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540250344

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 892

The field of Adaptive Optics (AO) for astronomy has matured in recent years, and diffraction-limited image resolution in the near-infrared is now routinely achieved by ground-based 8 to 10m class telescopes. This book presents the proceedings of the ESO Workshop on Science with Adaptive Optics held in the fall of 2003. The book provides an overview on AO instrumentation, data acquisition and reduction strategies, and covers observations of the sun, solar system objects, circumstellar disks, substellar companions, HII regions, starburst environments, late-type stars, the galactic center, active galaxies, and quasars. The contributions present a vivid picture of the multitude of science topics being addressed by AO in observational astronomy.
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics for Vision Science

Adaptive Optics for Vision Science

The material for this book stems from collaborations fostered by the Center for Adaptive Optics, a consortium of more than thirty universities, government laboratories, and corporations.

Author: Jason Porter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471914648

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 419

Leading experts present the latest technology and applications inadaptive optics for vision science Featuring contributions from the foremost researchers in the field,Adaptive Optics for Vision Science is the first book devotedentirely to providing the fundamentals of adaptive optics alongwith its practical applications in vision science. The material forthis book stems from collaborations fostered by the Center forAdaptive Optics, a consortium of more than thirty universities,government laboratories, and corporations. Although the book is written primarily for researchers in visionscience and ophthalmology, the field of adaptive optics has strongroots in astronomy. Researchers in both fields share thistechnology and, for this reason, the book includes chapters by bothastronomers and vision scientists. Following the introduction, chapters are divided into the followingsections: * Wavefront Measurement and Correction * Retinal Imaging Applications * Vision Correction Applications * Design Examples Readers will discover the remarkable proliferation of newapplications of wavefront-related technologies developed for thehuman eye. For example, the book explores how wavefront sensorsoffer the promise of a new generation of vision correction methodsthat can deal with higher order aberrations beyond defocus andastigmatism, and how adaptive optics can produce images of theliving retina with unprecedented resolution. An appendix includes the Optical Society of America's Standards forReporting Optical Aberrations. A glossary of terms and a symboltable are also included. Adaptive Optics for Vision Science arms engineers, scientists,clinicians, and students with the basic concepts, engineeringtools, and techniques needed to master adaptive optics applicationsin vision science and ophthalmology. Moreover, readers willdiscover the latest thinking and findings from the leadinginnovators in the field.
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics in Astronomy

Adaptive Optics in Astronomy

Adaptive optics is set to revolutionise the future of astronomy; this is the first book on the subject and is set to become the standard reference.

Author: François Roddier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052155375X

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 731

Adaptive optics is set to revolutionise the future of astronomy; this is the first book on the subject and is set to become the standard reference.
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes

Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes

This book, written by one of the leaders in the field, covers the principles and theory of adaptive optics, and describes in detail how this technology can be applied to large ground-based telescopes to conmpensate for the effects of ...

Author: John W. Hardy

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195090195

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 513

This book by one of the leaders in adaptive optics covers the fundamental theory and then describes in detail how this technology can be applied to large ground-based telescopes to compensate for the effects of atmospheric turbulence. It includes information on basic adaptive optics components and technology, and has chapters devoted to atmospheric turbulence, optical image structure, laser beacons, and overall system design. The chapter on system design is particularly detailed and includes performance estimation and optimization. Combining a clear discussion of physical principles with numerous real-world examples, this book will be a valuable resource for all graduate students and researchers in astronomy and optics.
Categories: Science

Principles of Adaptive Optics

Principles of Adaptive Optics

Since the publication of the second edition of Principles of Adaptive Optics, the developments and applications in this area have increased tremendously.

Author: Robert Tyson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439808597

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 190

Since the publication of the second edition of Principles of Adaptive Optics, the developments and applications in this area have increased tremendously. Observatories are now producing outstanding science through adaptive optics technology; components, such as micromachined deformable mirrors and very low noise detectors, are revolutionizing the f
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics for Astronomy

Adaptive Optics for Astronomy

This book provides the basic concepts of adaptive optics, discusses the possible instrumental strategies and the state-of-the-art technical achievements of this development and presents the key astrophysical programs which will most benefit ...

Author: D.M. Alloin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792327489

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 990

The blossoming of adaptive optical techniques has brought about a revolution in the field of astronomical observation. Coupled with the new generation of large, ground-based telescopes, it allows us to achieve an unprecendented angular resolution in the analysis of faint astronomical sources at optical wavelengths. This book provides the basic concepts of adaptive optics, discusses the possible instrumental strategies and the state-of-the-art technical achievements of this development and presents the key astrophysical programs which will most benefit from it. Over fifteen well-known experts have contributed to making this volume a comprehensive one, with steady progression as well as full coverage of the various aspects of the field. Students graduating in optical sciences and astrophysics, astronomers, engineers interested in atmospheric turbulence compensation will find this book a reference text on the subject.
Categories: Science

Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics for Astronomy

Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics for Astronomy

Adaptive optics allows the theoretical limit of angular resolution to be achieved from a large telescope, despite the presence of turbulence.

Author: N. Ageorges

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401596244

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 174

Adaptive optics allows the theoretical limit of angular resolution to be achieved from a large telescope, despite the presence of turbulence. Thus an eight meter class telescope, such as one of the four in the Very Large Telescope operated by ESO in Chile, will in future be routinely capable of an angular resolution of almost 0.01 arcsec, compared tot he present resolution of about 0.5 arcsec for conventional imaging in good condition. All the world's major telescopes either have adaptive optics or are in the process of building AO systems. It turns out that a reasonable fraction of the sky can be observed using adaptive optics, with moderately good imaging quality, provided imaging in done in the near IR. To move out of the near IR, with its relatively poor angular resolution, astronomers need a laser guide star. There is a layer of Na atoms at approximately 90 km altitude that can be excited by a laser to produce such a source, or Rayleigh scattering can be employed lower in the atmosphere. But the production and use of laser guide stars is not trivial, and the key issues determining their successful implementation are discussed here, including the physics of the Na atom, the cone effect, tilt determination, sky coverage, and numerous potential astronomical applications.
Categories: Science

Atmospheric Adaptive Optics

Atmospheric Adaptive Optics

A study of atmospheric adaptive optics.

Author: Vladimir Petrovich Lukin

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 0819418714

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 844

A study of atmospheric adaptive optics. It covers: adaptive phase correction of optical wave distortions in random inhomogeneous media; enhancement of images transmitted through the atmosphere by methods of adaptive optics; and equations for the moment of the corrected field.
Categories: Science

Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

This volume contains state-of-the-art research papers on adaptive optics used outside the usual astronomical and military applications. It is the first book to cover this new area of research.

Author: Gordon D. Love

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810241151

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 689

This volume contains state-of-the-art research papers on adaptive optics used outside the usual astronomical and military applications. It is the first book to cover this new area of research. One of the main industrial applications is in the control of laser wavefronts, and the book contains papers on both intra- and extra-laser cavity correction. The measurement and control of ocular aberrations is the major medical application, and the topics are discussed by leading researchers in the field. Papers on adaptive optics components specifically for non-astronomical systems are also presented. Other topics include laser communications, microscopy and low-cost systems.
Categories: Science

Principles of Adaptive Optics

Principles of Adaptive Optics

Principles of Adaptive Optics describes the foundations, principles, and applications of adaptive optics (AO) and its enabling technologies.

Author: Robert K. Tyson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482252347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 831

Principles of Adaptive Optics describes the foundations, principles, and applications of adaptive optics (AO) and its enabling technologies. Addressing the fundamentals of AO at the core of new uses in biomedical imaging, communications, high-energy lasers, and astronomy, this fully revised and significantly expanded Fourth Edition:Contains all-new
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Adaptive Optics Revolution

The Adaptive Optics Revolution

Duffner has compiled the history of the most revolutionary breakthrough in astronomy since Galileo pointed his telescope skyward--the technology that will greatly expand our understanding of the universe.

Author: Robert W. Duffner

Publisher:

ISBN: 082634691X

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 956

Duffner has compiled the history of the most revolutionary breakthrough in astronomy since Galileo pointed his telescope skyward--the technology that will greatly expand our understanding of the universe.
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

This proceedings volume presents the very latest developments in non-astronomical adaptive optics.

Author: Christopher Dainty

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 9781848161115

Category: Electronic books

Page: 501

View: 314

This proceedings volume presents the very latest developments in non-astronomical adaptive optics. This international workshop, the sixth in a biennial series, was the largest ever held and boasted significant involvement by industry. Adaptive optics is on the verge of being used in many products; indeed, at this meeting, the use of adaptive optics in DVD players was disclosed for the first time. Sample Chapter(s). Liquid Crystal Lenses For Correction Of Presbyopia (586 KB). Contents: Wavefront Correctors and Control: Liquid Crystal Lenses for Correction of Presbyopia (G Li & N Peyghambarian); Woofer-Tweeter Adaptive Optics (T Farrell & C Dainty); Wavefront Sensors: A Fundamental Limit for Wavefront Sensing (C Paterson); Direct Diffractive Image Simulation (A P Maryasov et al.); Adaptive Optics in Vision Science: A Study of Field Aberrations in the Human Eye (A V Goncharov et al.); Characterization of an AO-OCT System (J W Evans et al.); Adaptive Optics in Optical Storage and Microscopy: Commercialization of the Adaptive Scanning Optical Microscope (ASOM) (B Potsaid et al.); Towards Four Dimensional Particle Tracking for Biological Applications (H I Campbell et al.); Adaptive Optics in Lasers: New Results in High Power Lasers Beam Correction (A Kudryashov et al.); Adaptive Optics Control of Solid-State Lasers (W Lubeigt et al.); Adaptive Optics in Communication and Atmospheric Compensation: Fourier Image Sharpness Sensor for Laser Communications (K N Walker & R K Tyson); Adaptive Optics System for a Small Telescope (G Vdovin et al.); and other papers. Readership: Industry- and university-level researchers in optics and laser physics.
Categories: Electronic books

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging brings together groundbreaking research on the use of adaptive optics for biological imaging. The book builds on prior work in astronomy and vision science.

Author: Joel A Kubby

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439850190

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 434

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging brings together groundbreaking research on the use of adaptive optics for biological imaging. The book builds on prior work in astronomy and vision science. Featuring contributions by leaders in this emerging field, it takes an interdisciplinary approach that makes the subject accessible to nonspecialists who want to use adaptive optics techniques in their own work in biology and bioengineering. Organized into three parts, the book covers principles, methods, and applications of adaptive optics for biological imaging, providing the reader with the following benefits: Gives a general overview of applied optics, including definitions and vocabulary, to lay a foundation for clearer communication across disciplines Explains what kinds of optical aberrations arise in imaging through various biological tissues, and what technology can be used to correct for these aberrations Explores research done with a variety of biological samples and imaging instruments, including wide-field, confocal, and two-photon microscopes Discusses both indirect wavefront sensing, which uses an iterative approach, and direct wavefront sensing, which uses a parallel approach Since the sample is an integral part of the optical system in biological imaging, the field will benefit from participation by biologists and biomedical researchers with expertise in applied optics. This book helps lower the barriers to entry for these researchers. It also guides readers in selecting the approach that works best for their own applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Optics Engineering Handbook

Adaptive Optics Engineering Handbook

This handbook supplies analytical tools for the design and development of adaptive optics systems to enhance their ability to adjust for atmospheric turbulence, optical fabrication errors, thermally induced distortions, and laser device ...

Author: Robert Tyson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203908686

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 501

This handbook supplies analytical tools for the design and development of adaptive optics systems to enhance their ability to adjust for atmospheric turbulence, optical fabrication errors, thermally induced distortions, and laser device aberrations. It provides recommendations for selecting, testing and installing a wavefront compensation system.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Lighter Side of Adaptive Optics

Lighter Side of Adaptive Optics

Adaptive optics has been under development for well over 40 years. This book is a non-technical explanation of optics, the atmosphere, and the technology for 'untwinkling' the stars.

Author: Robert K. Tyson

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819475619

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 111

View: 667

Adaptive optics has been under development for well over 40 years. It is an indisputable necessity for all major ground-based astronomical telescopes and is the foundation for laser and wavefront sensor design. Lighter Side of Adaptive Optics is a nontechnical explanation of optics, the atmosphere, and the technology for untwinkling the stars. While interweaving a fictional romantic relationship as an analogy to adaptive optics, and inserting satire, humor, and philosophical rants, Tyson makes a difficult scientific topic understandable. The why and how of adaptive optics has never been more enjoyable. Robert Tyson's numerous puns and anecdotes form a continuous stream of silliness that made me laugh and wonder what was coming next....The technical discussions on adaptive optics are not too deep, but they are really perfect for this type of book. In a very entertaining way, he describes the fundamentals of the technology. For people who are not too technical, it is very understandable, and for people with a background in the science, it's still a fun read. -Josh Cobb, Optical systems designer and coauthor of Light Action! Amazing Experiments with Optics This book is fun, it is memorable and it represents superb teaching; of course the aspiring professional will need one of Tyson's many other books with their 1000 or so up-to-date references but Lighter Side awakens the interest and will be part of my library as well as that of my high school. Everything is there in a condensed and accurate form and the power of this technology is evident; it is well indexed and the references are sufficient and up-to-date. R. S. Shorter, Lighter Side of Adaptive Optics, by Robert K. Tyson, Contemporary Physics, [b]52[/b]:4, 370, 2011 [doi: 10.1080/00107514.2011.558924].
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Optics

Adaptive Optics

To counter the wobble in images new telescopes use mirrors and guide starts to computer-correct the images. These adaptive optics are discussed here.

Author: Brian Hatfield

Publisher:

ISBN: 0738200468

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 494

Ever since the telescope's invention, astronomers have been plagued by the effects of the earth's atmosphere on the images they see or record. To counter the wobble in images new telescopes use mirrors and guide starts to computer-correct the images. These adaptive optics are discussed here.
Categories: Science

Selected Papers on Adaptive Optics and Speckle Imaging

Selected Papers on Adaptive Optics and Speckle Imaging

SPIE Milestones are collections of seminal papers from the world literature covering important discoveries and developments in optics and photonics.

Author: Devon G. Crowe

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 0819415561

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 470

SPIE Milestones are collections of seminal papers from the world literature covering important discoveries and developments in optics and photonics.
Categories: Science

Advancements in Adaptive Optics

Advancements in Adaptive Optics

INSTRUMENTS / SCIENCE 309 Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging
polarimetry of Herbig Ae / Be stars ( 5490-44 ) M. D. Perrin , J. R. Graham , P.
Kalas , Univ . of California / Berkeley ( USA ) and Univ . of Califronia / Santa Cruz
( USA ) ...

Author: Domenico Bonaccini Calia

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: STANFORD:36105115127750

Category: Science

Page: 1610

View: 579

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.
Categories: Science

Adaptive Optics Progress

Adaptive Optics Progress

Bedggood P, Metha A. System Design Considerations to Improve Isoplanatism
for Adaptive Optics Retinal Imaging. Journal of the Optical Society of America a-
Optics Image Science and Vision. 2010;27(11):A37-A47. Bedggood PA, Ashman
R ...

Author: Robert Tyson

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535108948

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 876

For over four decades there has been continuous progress in adaptive optics technology, theory, and systems development. Recently there also has been an explosion of applications of adaptive optics throughout the fields of communications and medicine in addition to its original uses in astronomy and beam propagation. This volume is a compilation of research and tutorials from a variety of international authors with expertise in theory, engineering, and technology. Eight chapters include discussion of retinal imaging, solar astronomy, wavefront-sensorless adaptive optics systems, liquid crystal wavefront correctors, membrane deformable mirrors, digital adaptive optics, optical vortices, and coupled anisoplanatism.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wavefront Optics for Vision Correction

Wavefront Optics for Vision Correction

The application of wavefront sensing and adaptive optics in vision science
expanded rapidly after Dr. Liang, with colleagues in Prof. David R. Williams' lab
at the University of Rochester, built the world's first adaptive optics system for
retinal ...

Author: Guang-ming Dai

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819469663

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 310

This book addresses some of the issues in visual optics with a functional analysis of ocular aberrations, especially for the purpose of vision correction. The basis is the analytical representation of ocular aberrations with a set of orthonormal polynomials, such as Zernike polynomials or the Fourier series. Although the aim of this book is the application of wavefront optics to laser vision correction, most of the theories discussed are equally applicable to other methods of vision correction, such as contact lenses and intraocular lenses.
Categories: Medical