This book explores the ways in which discourses of religious, racial, and national identity blur and engage each other in the medieval West.
Author: Siobhain Bly Calkin
Category: Literary Criticism
This book explores the ways in which discourses of religious, racial, and national identity blur and engage each other in the medieval West. Specifically, the book studies depictions of Muslims in England during the 1330s and argues that these depictions, although historically inaccurate, served to enhance and advance assertions of English national identity at this time. The book examines Saracen characters in a manuscript renowned for the variety of its texts, and discusses hagiographic legends, elaborations of chronicle entries, and popular romances about Charlemagne, Arthur, and various English knights. In these texts, Saracens engage issues such as the demarcation of communal borders, the place of gender norms and religion in communities' self-definitions, and the roles of violence and history in assertions of group identity. Texts involving Saracens thus serve both to assert an English identity, and to explore the challenges involved in making such an assertion in the early fourteenth century when the English language was regaining its cultural prestige, when the English people were increasingly at odds with their French cousins, and when English, Welsh, and Scottish sovereignty were pressing matters.
construction is to be found located within the bodies of the enemies that he faces
there: the Saracen Other. ... 22 Siobhain Bly Calkin, Saracens and the Making of English Identity: The Auchinleck Manuscript (London and New York: Routledge, ...
Author: Alison Wiggins
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
Category: Literary Criticism
The first interdisciplinary enquiry into a key figure in medieval and early modern culture.
evidence to the contrary, are staples of the depictions of Convert Saracen
princesses in the romances. ... examination of religious identity as political
identity in the medieval romances in Saracens and the Making of English Identity:
Author: Aman Y. Nadhiri
Category: Literary Criticism
Saracens and Franks in 12th - 15th Century European and Near Eastern Literature examines the tension between two competing discourses in the medieval Muslim Mediterranean and medieval Christian Europe: one rooted in the desire to understand the world and one's place in it, and another promoting an ethnocentric narrative. To this end, it examines the construction of an image of the Other for Muslims in the Eastern Mediterranean and for Christians in Western Europe in works of literature, particularly in the works produced in the centuries preceding the Crusades; and it explores the ways in which both Muslim and Christian writers depicted the Enemy in historical accounts of the Crusades. The author focuses on medieval works of ethnography and geography, travel literature, Muslim and Christian accounts of the Crusades, and the romances of Western Europe to trace the evolution of the image of the Eastern Mediterranean Muslim in medieval Western Europe and the Western European Christian in the medieval Muslim world, first to understand the construct in the respective scholarly communities, and then to analyze the ways in which this conception informs subsequent works of non-fiction and fiction (in the Western European context) in which this Muslim or Christian Other plays a prominent role. In its analysis of the medieval Mediterranean Muslim and European Christian approaches to difference, this book interrogates the premises underlying the concept of the Other, challenging formulations of binary opposition such as the West versus Islam/Muslims.
originated in the distant south, where the planet Venus was thought to be
ascendant, Saracens were said to be bodily predisposed towards licentiousness.
Jacque de ... Saracens and the Making of English Identity: The Auchinleck
Author: Michael E. Heyes
St. Margaret of Antioch was one of the most popular saints in medieval England and, throughout the Middle Ages, the various Lives of St. Margaret functioned as a blueprint for a virginal life and supernatural assistance to pregnant women during the dangerous process of labor. In her narrative, Margaret is accosted by various demons and, having defeated each monster in turn, she is taken to the place of her martyrdom where she prays for supernatural boons for her adherents. This book argues that Margaret’s monsters are a key element in understanding Margaret’s importance to her adherents, specifically how the sexual identities of her adherents were constructed and maintained. More broadly, this study offers three major contributions to the field of medieval studies: first, it argues for the utility of a diachronic analysis of Saints’ Lives literature in a field dominated by synchronic analyses; second, this diachronic analysis is important to interpreting the intertext of Saints’ Lives, not only between different Lives but also different versions of the same Life; and third, the approach further suggests that the most valuable socio-cultural information in hagiographic literature is found in the auxiliary characters and not in the figure of the saint him/herself.
The Tension between National and Regional Identities in Sir Bevis of Hampton
ROBERT ALLEN ROUSE The ... Middle English version of Bevis, as 'a handbook
of 1 See Siobhain Bly Calkin, Saracens and the Making of English Identity: The ...
Author: Jennifer Fellows
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Category: Literary Criticism
First comprehensive collection to be devoted to Sir Bevis, the most popular Middle English romance.
... Saracens and the Making of English Identity . The Auchinleck Manuscript (
Studies in Medieval History and Culture ) , Routledge , New York and London
2005 , xii , 299 pp . In her critical examination of various romances in the
For valuable analyses of the British reception of the Saracen , see Siobhain Bly
Calkin , Saracens and the Making of English Identity : The Auchinleck Manuscript
( New York , 2005 ) , and see also Jeffrey Jerome Cohen , “ On Saracen ...
... and Siobhain Bly Calkin's rewarding Saracens and the Making of English Identity : The Auchinleck Manuscript ( New York : Routledge , 2005 ) . For a more
general introduction to medieval orientalism , see John V. Tolan , Saracens :
Islam in ...
Author: Karl Fugelso
Publisher: D. S. Brewer
Category: Literary Criticism
Articles which survey and map out the increasingly significant discipline of medievalism; and explore its numerous aspects.
... CONQUEST , AND PATRIA Literary and Cultural Identities in Medieval French
and Welsh Arthurian Romance Kristen ... SARACENS AND THE MAKING OF ENGLISH IDENTITY The Auchinleck Manuscript Siobhain Bly Calkin
Author: Victoria Sweet
Publisher: Studies in Medieval History and Culture
Rooted in the Earth, Rooted in the Sky is a detailed study of the medicine of Hildegard of Bingen, a medieval mystic, theologian and composer, who also wrote a practical medical text. Although there has been an explosion of interest in Hildegard's music, theology, illuminations and medicine in the last two decades, this is the first book to use her remarkable text to revise not only our conception of Hildegard but also of premodern medicine itself. It does so by contextualizing her work with primary and secondary historical sources, unedited manuscripts, anthropological and archeological evidence and linguistic analyses. Its surprising conclusion is that the premodern body was more like a plant than a machine or a computer program, and the physician more like a gardener than a mechanic or a computer programmer.
9 ' 38297 Saracens and the making of English identity : the Auchinleck
manuscript / by Siobhain Bly Calkin . New York : Routledge , 2005 . p . cm . (
Studies in medieval history and culture ) Contents : The perils of proximity :
Saracen knights ...
This melding together of Saracen and Christian compromises England's religious identity , dissolves English ... 29 By making its invading settlers Saracen , Of
Arthour and of Merlin communicates more effectively to English Christian readers
... Saracens , and English Identity in Of Arthour and of Merlin ' , Arthuriana , 14 (
2004 ) , 17 – 36 . 83 See , e . g . , Patterson , ' Romance of History ' , and Patricia
Clare Ingham , Sovereign Fantasies : Arthurian Romance and the Making of ...
Author: Rita Copeland
Publisher: Brepols Pub
Category: Literary Criticism
Fresh new studies in medieval literature and culture. The contents of vol. 8 (2006) include the following articles: Jon Whitman, Alternative Scriptures: Story, History, and the Canons of Romance David Wallace, Imperium, Commerce, and National Crusade: The Romance of Malorys Morte Ardis Butterfield, Converting Jeanne dArc: Trahison and Nation in the Hundred Years War Daisy Delogu, Public Displays of Affection: Love and Kingship in Philippe de Mezieress Epistre au roi Richart Abthony Bale, The Jew in Profile Lawrence Warner, Obadiah the Proselyte and the Judaizing Crusade Patricia Dailey, Questions of Dwelling in Anglo-Saxon Poetry and Medieval Mysticism: Inhabiting Landscape, Body, and Mind Emily V. Thornbury, Admiring the Ruined Text: The Picturesque in Editions of Old English Verse Analytical Survey Elaine Treharne, Categorization, Periodization: The Silence of (the) English in the Twelfth Century.
Convention, Coherence, and the Making of the Self in Middle English Romance
Benton Andrea Gronstal. profoundly important for European identity - formation ,
and they are undeniably correct in their estimation of Saracens as one of the ...
Michael Camille , Mirror in Parchment : The Luttrell Psalter and the Making of
Medieval England ( Chicago , 1998 ) , pp . ... Councils and Synods with Other
Documents Relating to the English Church , vol . 2 , A . D ... For the purpose of
the Fourth Lateran rule , which included Saracens as well as Jews , see Kelly , “
Jews and ...
ated with Saracen lands in some medieval lyrics , 12 but it is usually Western
Christian men who experience it upon hearing about women from ... a Saracen
man , 14 and this portrait of physical desire complicates the definitive division the
text seems to draw between the two identities . ... See Michael Camille , The
Gothic Idol : Ideology and Image - Making in Medieval Art ( Cambridge :
Cambridge Univ .
While Muslims, Christians, and Jews preserved their identities in separate re-
ligious communities under the rule of James, the three groups did not coexist ...
After nine years of instruction in Arabic and Islamic texts by a Saracen slave, Lull
and his tutor got in an argument. Lull was ... Bonner based his English translation
on the Catalan family of manuscripts; in his judgment, Lull wrote the book in
Author: Roger A. Johnson
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
From its very beginning, Christian faith has been engaged with religious violence. The first Christians were persecuted by their co-religionists and then by imperial Rome. Jesus taught them, in such circumstances, not to retaliate, but to be peacemakers, to love their enemies, and to pray for their persecutors. Jesus's response to religious violence of the first century was often ignored, but it was never forgotten. Even during those centuries when the church herself persecuted Christian heretics, Jews, and Muslims, some Christians still struggled to bear witness to the peace mandate of their Lord. In the thirteenth century, Thomas Aquinas wrote a theology to help his Dominican brothers persuade Cathar Christians to return to their Catholic faith peacefully. Ramon Lull, a Christian student of Arabic and the Qur'an, sought to help his fellow Christians recognize the elements of belief they shared in common with the Muslims in their midst. In the fifteenth century, Nicholas of Cusa, a Church Cardinal and theologian, expanded Lull's project to include the newly discovered religions of Asia. In the seventeenth century, Lord Herbert, an English diplomat and lay Christian, began to identify the political union of church and government as a causal factor in the religious warfare of post-Reformation Christendom. One and a half centuries later, Thomas Jefferson, a lay theologian of considerable political stature, won a political struggle in the American colonies to disestablish religion first in his home colony of Virginia and then in the new nation he helped to found. All five of these theologians reclaimed the peace mandate of Jesus in their response to the religious violence of their own eras. All of which points us to some intriguing Christian responses to religious violence in our own century as recounted in the epilogue.
sur making it difficult for the reader to form a coherent sense of the information
provided . ... Though the author ' s first language is not English , her translation is
adequate . ... outcome of this view was the early attribution of various Biblical identities to Muslims , such as “ Chaldeans ” and “ Saracens ” , which eventually
In the Colloquy (a text written by Aelfric, an English abbot, for the purpose of
teaching Latin), in which characters from ... of the European model of
consumption—and, let us add, the Christian model, making the pig an important
mark of identity in the face of the Islamic world. ... the Saracen guards but also a
statement of cultural identity.23 As to beverages, wine had the most outstanding
success by virtue ...
Author: Massimo Montanari
Publisher: Columbia University Press
In his new history of food, acclaimed historian Massimo Montanari traces the development of medieval tastes—both culinary and cultural—from raw materials to market and captures their reflections in today's food trends. Tying the ingredients of our diet evolution to the growth of human civilization, he immerses readers in the passionate debates and bold inventions that transformed food from a simple staple to a potent factor in health and a symbol of social and ideological standing. Montanari returns to the prestigious Salerno school of medicine, the "mother of all medical schools," to plot the theory of food that took shape in the twelfth century. He reviews the influence of the Near Eastern spice routes, which introduced new flavors and cooking techniques to European kitchens, and reads Europe's earliest cookbooks, which took cues from old Roman practices that valued artifice and mixed flavors. Dishes were largely low-fat, and meats and fish were seasoned with vinegar, citrus juices, and wine. He highlights other dishes, habits, and battles that mirror contemporary culinary identity, including the refinement of pasta, polenta, bread, and other flour-based foods; the transition to more advanced cooking tools and formal dining implements; the controversy over cooking with oil, lard, or butter; dietary regimens; and the consumption and cultural meaning of water and wine. As people became more cognizant of their physicality, individuality, and place in the cosmos, Montanari shows, they adopted a new attitude toward food, investing as much in its pleasure and possibilities as in its acquisition.