Drawing on newly available Russian sources--many of which appear in English for the first time here--this volume covers a broad array of topics, including the Bolshevik rise to power and World War I as the catalyst and cradle, respectively, ...
Author: Jonathan W. Daly
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
Drawing on newly available Russian sources--many of which appear in English for the first time here--this volume covers a broad array of topics, including the Bolshevik rise to power and World War I as the catalyst and cradle, respectively, of the Revolution. The authors convey the boldness and diversity of the revolutionaries' aspirations as well as the ways in which the Revolution affected the lives of ordinary people, from the workers of Petrograd to Siberian peasants and Ukrainian Jews. Maps, illustrations, and a glossary of terms are included, as are a chronology of the Revolution, a list of works cited, and a thorough index.
A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years.
Author: Christopher Read
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
The First World War unleashed a powerful, transforming, destructive storm across the European continent. Its consequences were felt as harshly in Russia as anywhere else in the world. A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years. Read synthesises a wealth of newly available material and treats the period 1914-22 as a whole in order to contextualise and better understand the events of 1917 and their impact. As he examines the multiple revolutions, Read asks how and why the Bolsheviks were able to survive the storm, eventually taking over the world's largest country.
The present text, "Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914-1922" represents 1st English translation and publication of an extensive sbornik/collection of 98 articles (numerically, about 20% of the total corpus of his works) ...
Author: Nicholas Berdyaev
The present text, "Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914-1922" represents 1st English translation and publication of an extensive sbornik/collection of 98 articles (numerically, about 20% of the total corpus of his works) by the eminent Russian religious philosopher Nicholas Berdyaev, regarding societal, political, cultural and religious matters, remaining of great continuing critical importance for our modern world. The historical period covered spans Russia's entry into WWI, the challenges of upholding the war effort, the collapse of the Old Regime under the rot of Rasputinism, and the subsequent two 1917 "Russian Revolutions". First was the "February Revolution", the inherently unstable attempt by wartime Russia to create a democratic republic under Kerensky's Provisional Government, a brief moment of freedom, of "freedom of the word and thought", which in turn was undermined by ideological societal agitation for an ever continued "deepening of the Revolution", not merely political but societal. Berdyaev argues that there can be no true "social revolution" without a radical inner transformation of the human person... The second 1917 "Russian Revolution", the "October Revolution", occurred with Lenin's Bolshevik-Marxist coup. Our text hints at rumours, even then, of Germany's hand in foisting Lenin upon Russia to sabotage the war effort. Instead of freedom, Lenin's Communism proclaimed a "dictatorship of the proletariat". There is a truism that revolutions ultimately devour their makers, whether in 1939 under Stalin, or in the century long revolutionary movements in Russia that saw their ultimate climax and demise in these years.From our text, we detect a growing cloud of darkness descending upon "freedom" in Russia, as the Communists consolidate control and closure of presses throughout 1918 and thereafter. Much of Berdyaev's writings of this period will be published only abroad, with his 1922 banishment from Russia. Our present text may be considered part of the current Centenary interest into WWI, the "Great War", and its tragic aftermath of residual effects that have continued through subsequent traumatic events to quake the quietude of modern life. Amidst the foppish dreams of the "dormant powers of man" are the forlorn dashed hopes of so tragically many...
The translation of these memoirs brings an important and authoritative historical source to those interested in Russian or naval history who are unable to access them in the original Russian.
Author: Stephen C Ellis
Publisher: Seaforth Publishing
The translation of these memoirs brings an important and authoritative historical source to those interested in Russian or naval history who are unable to access them in the original Russian. Their author, Rear Admiral S N Timiryov, was well placed to make observations on the character of many of the significant commanding officers and also many of the operations of the Baltic Fleet from the beginning of the war in 1914 up to exit from it in 1918. He trained with many of the key figures and shared battle experience with them in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 and the siege of Port Arthur; and he spent a year in Japan as a prisoner of war with a number of them. In his subsequent career in the Navy he had roles which brought him into contact with new recruits as well as with many serving officers, and as the Executive Officer on the imperial yacht Shtandart for some years, he came into contact with senior members of the navy establishment and of the government, including the imperial household. His memoirs also exhibit an unusual degree of self-awareness. Written in Shanghai in 1922, these memoirs remained unknown to scholars for several decades. Since their publication in New York in 1961, in the absence of access to authoritative archives, many historians in the West used them as a source for the study of the role of the Navy in the Russian revolution, particularly as it unfolded in the north. They have also been used as a source in numerous studies of the naval war in the Baltic, and following the fall of the Soviet Union they were re-published in Russia and are regarded there as an authoritative source on the history both of the revolution and of the Russian Navy in the First World War. This first English-language edition, complemented by extensive notes and commentary on issues which may not be familiar to many, will fascinate scholars and naval historians alike.
Author: Melissa K. StockdalePublish On: 2020-09-03
The book opens with an original introduction which provides essential background and vital context for the pieces that follow.
Author: Melissa K. Stockdale
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Readings on the Russian Revolution brings together 15 important post-Cold War writings on the history of the Russian Revolution. It is structured in such a way as to highlight key debates in the field and contrasting methodological approaches to the Revolution in order to help readers better understand the issues and interpretative fault lines that exist in this contested area of history. The book opens with an original introduction which provides essential background and vital context for the pieces that follow. The volume is then structured around four parts – 'Actors, Language, Symbols', 'War, Revolution, and the State', 'Revolutionary Dreams and Identities' and 'Outcomes and Impacts' – that explore the beginnings, events and outcomes of the Russian Revolution, as well as examinations of central figures, critical topics and major historiographical battlegrounds. Melissa Stockdale also provides translations of two crucial Russian-language works, published here in English for the first time, and includes useful pedagogical features such as a glossary, chronology, and thematic bibliography to further aid study. Readings on the Russian Revolution is an essential collection for anyone studying the Russian Revolution.
Then the situation became even worse. Catastrophe piled on catastrophe. Food shortages became famine. Economic crisis became collapse and, in 1918-20, flight from hellish cities like starving Petrograd. Political struggles became civil war.
... Russian archives, and the post-Cold War rethinking of the relationship
between Russia's Great War and the revolution ... Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia's Continuum of Crisis, 1914–1922 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, ...
Author: Melissa Stockdale
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This study of Russian mobilization in the Great War explores how the war shaped national identity and conceptions of citizenship.
A Student's Guide to Text and Visual Sources from Russian History George
Gilbert ... Russia's Home Front in War and Revolution 1914–1922, Book 2: The
Experience of War and Revolution (Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers, 2016),
Author: George Gilbert
Reading Russian Sources is an accessible and comprehensive guide that introduces students to the wide range of sources that can be used to engage with Russian history from the early medieval to the late Soviet periods. Divided into two parts, the book begins by considering approaches that can be taken towards the study of Russian history using primary sources. It then moves on to assess both textual and visual sources, including memoirs, autobiographies, journals, newspapers, art, maps, film and TV, enabling the reader to engage with and make sense of the burgeoning number of different sources and the ways they are used. Contributors illuminate key issues in the study of different areas of Russia’s history through their analysis of source materials, exploring some of the major issues in using different source types and reflecting recent discoveries that are changing the field. In so doing, the book orientates students within the broader methodological and conceptual debates that are defining the field and shaping the way Russian history is studied. Chronologically wide-ranging and supported by further reading, along with suggestions to help students guide their own enquiries, Reading Russian Sources is the ideal resource for any student undertaking research on Russian history.
Retish , A . , Russia ' s Peasants in Revolution and Civil War ( Cambridge , 2008 )
Retish , A . , Controlling Revolution ... in Epokha voin i revoliutsii : 1914 – 1922 (
St Petersburg , 2017 ) , 100 - 11 Retish , A . , “ Judicial Reforms and ...
Author: Matthew Rendle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The State versus The People provides the first detailed account of the role of revolutionary justice in the early Soviet state. Law has often been dismissed by historians as either unimportant after the October Revolution amid the violence and chaos of civil war, or, in the absence of written codes and independent judges, little more than another means of violence alongside the secret police (Cheka). This is particularly true of the most revolutionary aspect of the new justice system, revolutionary tribunals—courts inspired by the French Revolution and established to target counter-revolutionary enemies. Yet the evidence put forward in this book paints a more complex picture. The Bolsheviks invested a great deal of effort and scarce resources in building an extensive system of tribunals that spread across the country and operated within the military and the transport network. At their peak, hundreds of tribunals heard hundreds of thousands of cases every year. Not all, though, ended in harsh sentences: some were dismissed through lack of evidence; others given a wide range of sentences; and others still, suspended sentences. Instances of early release and amnesty were also common. This book argues that law played a distinct and multi-faceted role for the Bolsheviks. Tribunals, in particular, stood at the intersection between law and violence, offering various advantages to the Bolsheviks by strengthening state control, providing a more effective means of educating the population about counter-revolution, and enabling a more flexible approach to punishing the state's enemies. All of this challenges traditional understandings of the early Soviet state, adding to our knowledge of the civil war and, ultimately, how the Bolsheviks held on to power.
In Russia's Home Front in War and Revolution 1914–1922. Vol. 1: Russia's Revolution in Regional Perspective, edited by Sarah Babcock, Liudmila G.
Novikova, and Aaron B. Retish, 175–214. Bloomington, IN: Slavica. Hicks,
Author: Daniel Orlovsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A compendium of original essays and contemporary viewpoints on the 1917 Revolution The Russian revolution of 1917 reverberated throughout an empire that covered one-sixth of the world. It altered the geo-political landscape of not only Eurasia, but of the entire globe. The impact of this immense event is still felt in the present day. The historiography of the last two decades has challenged conceptions of the 1917 revolution as a monolithic entity— the causes and meanings of revolution are many, as is reflected in contemporary scholarship on the subject. A Companion to the Russian Revolution offers more than thirty original essays, written by a team of respected scholars and historians of 20th century Russian history. Presenting a wide range of contemporary perspectives, the Companion discusses topics including the dynamics of violence in war and revolution, Russian political parties, the transformation of the Orthodox church, Bolshevism, Liberalism, and more. Although primarily focused on 1917 itself, and the singular Revolutionary experience in that year, this book also explores time-periods such as the First Russian Revolution, early Soviet government, the Civil War period, and even into the 1920’s. Presents a wide range of original essays that discuss Brings together in-depth coverage of political history, party history, cultural history, and new social approaches Explores the long-range causes, influence on early Soviet culture, and global after-life of the Russian Revolution Offers broadly-conceived, contemporary views of the revolution largely based on the author’s original research Links Russian revolutions to Russian Civil Wars as concepts A Companion to the Russian Revolution is an important addition to modern scholarship on the subject, and a valuable resource for those interested in Russian, Late Imperial, or Soviet history as well as anyone interested in Revolution as a global phenomenon.
Lewis, Jon E. The Mammoth Book of Eyewitness World War I: Over 280 First-
Hand Accounts of the War to End All wars. Philadelphia: Running ... "War and Revolution, 1914–1917," in the Cambridge History of Russia, edited by Dominic
Lieven. New York: Cambridge ... the Russian Revolution. London: Fisher, Unwin, 1922.
Author: Stephen Kotkin
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world It has the quality of myth: a poor cobbler’s son, a seminarian from an oppressed outer province of the Russian empire, reinvents himself as a top leader in a band of revolutionary zealots. When the band seizes control of the country in the aftermath of total world war, the former seminarian ruthlessly dominates the new regime until he stands as absolute ruler of a vast and terrible state apparatus, with dominion over Eurasia. While still building his power base within the Bolshevik dictatorship, he embarks upon the greatest gamble of his political life and the largest program of social reengineering ever attempted: the collectivization of all agriculture and industry across one sixth of the earth. Millions will die, and many more millions will suffer, but the man will push through to the end against all resistance and doubts. Where did such power come from? In Stalin, Stephen Kotkin offers a biography that, at long last, is equal to this shrewd, sociopathic, charismatic dictator in all his dimensions. The character of Stalin emerges as both astute and blinkered, cynical and true believing, people oriented and vicious, canny enough to see through people but prone to nonsensical beliefs. We see a man inclined to despotism who could be utterly charming, a pragmatic ideologue, a leader who obsessed over slights yet was a precocious geostrategic thinker—unique among Bolsheviks—and yet who made egregious strategic blunders. Through it all, we see Stalin’s unflinching persistence, his sheer force of will—perhaps the ultimate key to understanding his indelible mark on history. Stalin gives an intimate view of the Bolshevik regime’s inner geography of power, bringing to the fore fresh materials from Soviet military intelligence and the secret police. Kotkin rejects the inherited wisdom about Stalin’s psychological makeup, showing us instead how Stalin’s near paranoia was fundamentally political, and closely tracks the Bolshevik revolution’s structural paranoia, the predicament of a Communist regime in an overwhelmingly capitalist world, surrounded and penetrated by enemies. At the same time, Kotkin demonstrates the impossibility of understanding Stalin’s momentous decisions outside of the context of the tragic history of imperial Russia. The product of a decade of intrepid research, Stalin is a landmark achievement, a work that recasts the way we think about the Soviet Union, revolution, dictatorship, the twentieth century, and indeed the art of history itself. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 will be published by Penguin Press in October 2017
CHAPTER THREE VICTORS AND VICTIMS (September 1921-April 1922) In the
spring of 1921, several months after the end of the Russian Civil War, with the
Soviet economy in ruins, Lenin and the Bolshevik leadership — under pressure ...
Publisher: Hoover Press
The American historian Frank Golder's writings from Russia describe the momentous events he witnessed and record his encounters with a remarkable variety of individuals. From 1914 to 1927 he maintained relationships with the vanquished classes of the old regime and initiated new ones within the Bolshevik and Soviet establishment. A faithful diarist and prolific correspondent, Golder was unmatched among American observers of Russia for the range and depth of contacts in Moscow and Petrograd. During Golder's first trip to Russia in 1914, his writings revealed the internal stratification and cracks in the structure of imperial Russian society as it entered the world war. He returned to Russia in 1917, arriving in Petrograd, eleven days before the fall of Nicholas II. His diary records the drama of the initial months of the Russian Revolution and introduces us to some of the major players on the political scene, including principal figures in the Provisional Government such as Alexander Kerensky and Paul Miliukov. On his third visit to Russia, as a famine relief worker for the American Relief Administration (ARA) in 1921, Golder documented the fate of old regime intelligentsia. During the second year of this two-year stay, Golder took on a new assignment as unofficial political observer for U.S. secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover. His weekly letters to Hoover's office reveal the backdoor negotiations between Washington and Moscow on issues of trade and political recognition, and their publication here fills a gap in U.S.-Soviet diplomatic history. On his later trips to Russia in 1925 and 1927, Golder recorded his observations of the changes in Soviet society after the death of Lenin. Excerpts from his diary in Europe after his departure from the Soviet Union in 1925 describe his encounters with prominent Russian emigres. Taken together, Golder's diaries and letters offer a sustained narrative of the agony of Russia and of individual Russians in war, revolution, civil war, famine, and their aftermath.
4 wwwwwwwwwwwww War and revolution , 1914-1922 The assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo , 1914 ... Once becoming emperor , Franz
Ferdinand was expected to attack Serbia forthwith because Russia , Serbia's
Author: Hsi-Huey Liang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A comprehensive history of Continental police systems, in the context of political and diplomatic history.
A. N. Kuropatkin, The Russian Army and the Japanese War, 2 vols (London,
1909) is an account by the army commander. ... CT, 1931), B. Gourko, Memories
and Impressions of War and Revolution in Russia 1914–1917 (London, 1918),
A. A. Ignatyev, A Subaltern ... General Loukomsky, Memoirs of the Russian Revolution (London, 1922), P. A. Polovtsov, Glory and Downfall: Reminiscences
of a Russian ...
Author: David Longley
This is the first book of its kind to draw together information on the major events in Russian history from 1695 to 1917 - covering the eventful period from the accession of Peter the Great to the fall of Nicholas II. Not only is a vast amount of material on key events and topics brought together, but the book also contains fascinating background material to convey the reality of life in the period.
John War. Durham, NC: Duke ~. . ~ - ~ ~ - University Press, 1979. 214 Denikin,
Anton I. The of a tsasist officer: memoirs, University of ... 1922. 265 The White
Army. London: 1930. (DK 265.2 Duffy ... War and revolution in Russia, 1914-1917
War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1923 11 " Vitebsk is a world all of its own , a
unique town , an unhappy town , a boring ... No doubt this painting may have
corresponded to what his family expected Self - portrait , 1922/23 to see , may
Levin, N. G., Jr., Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America's Response to War and Revolution (New York, 1968). Levy, J., 'Preferences ... Lih, L. T., Bread and
Authority in Russia, 1914–1921 (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and Oxford, 1990). Link,
A. S, Wilson: ... Lowe, C. J., and Dockrill, M. L., The Mirage of Power: British
Foreign Policy, 1914–1922 (3 vols., London, 1972). Lowe, C. J., and Marzari, F.,
Author: David Stevenson
Publisher: Penguin UK
1914-1918, David Stevenson's history of the First World War, has been acclaimed as the definitive one-volume account of the conflict In the summer of 1914 Europe exploded into a frenzy of mass violence. The war that followed had global repercussions, destroying four empires and costing millions of lives. Even the victorious countries were scarred for a generation, and we still today remain within the conflict's shadow. In this major analysis David Stevenson re-examines the causes, course and impact of this 'war to end war', placing it in the context of its era and exposing its underlying dynamics. His book provides a wide-ranging international history, drawing on insights from the latest research. It offers compelling answers to the key questions about how this terrible struggle unfolded: questions that remain disturbingly relevant for our own time. 'It's harder to imagine a better single-volume comprehensive history of the conflict than this superb study' Ian Kershaw 'Perhaps the best comprehensive one-volume history of the war yet written' New Yorker 'David Stevenson is the real deal ... His defining characteristic is his outstanding rigour as an historian ... tremendously clever' Niall Ferguson 'This history of the 1914-1918 conflict surpasses all others. It is tough, erudite and comprehensive' Independent
War , Revolution , and Civil War Russia , 1914-1922 50B : 9735 1918-19
Ainsworth , John . ... This case study of Reilly's mission to South Russia from
December 1918 to March 1919 during the Russian Civil War serves as an
opportunity to ...
D. J. Forsyth, The Crisis of Liberal Italy 1914–1922 (Cambridge, 1993).
Christopher SetonWatson ... Peter Holquist, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia's Continuum of Crisis 1914–1921 (Cambridge, Mass., 2002). Eric Lohr,
Author: Hew Strachan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The First World War, now a century ago, still shapes the world in which we live, and its legacy lives on, in poetry, in prose, in collective memory and political culture. By the time the war ended in 1918, millions lay dead. Three major empires lay shattered by defeat, those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans. A fourth, Russia, was in the throes of a revolution that helped define the rest of the twentieth century. The Oxford History of the First World War brings together in one volume many of the most distinguished historians of the conflict, in an account that matches the scale of the events. From its causes to its consequences, from the Western Front to the Eastern, from the strategy of the politicians to the tactics of the generals, they chart the course of the war and assess its profound political and human consequences. Chapters on economic mobilization, the impact on women, the role of propaganda, and the rise of socialism establish the wider context of the fighting at sea and in the air, and which ranged on land from the trenches of Flanders to the mountains of the Balkans and the deserts of the Middle East. First published for the 90th anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this highly illustrated revised edition contains significant new material to mark the 100th anniversary of the war's outbreak.
Taking WWI to the end of the Civil War as a unified era of revolution, this text shows how peasant society & peasants' conceptions of themselves as citizens in the nation evolved in a period of total war, mass revolutionary politics & civil ...
Author: Aaron B. Retish
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
How did peasants experience & help guide Russia's war, revolution & civil war? Taking WWI to the end of the Civil War as a unified era of revolution, this text shows how peasant society & peasants' conceptions of themselves as citizens in the nation evolved in a period of total war, mass revolutionary politics & civil breakdown.