Robot Ethics

Robot Ethics

How might society--and ethics--change with robotics? This volume is the first book to bring together prominent scholars and experts from both science and the humanities to explore these and other questions in this emerging field.

Author: Patrick Lin

Publisher: Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series

ISBN: 9780262526005

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 941

Prominent experts from science and the humanities explore issues in robot ethics that range from sex to war. Robots today serve in many roles, from entertainer to educator to executioner. As robotics technology advances, ethical concerns become more pressing: Should robots be programmed to follow a code of ethics, if this is even possible? Are there risks in forming emotional bonds with robots? How might society--and ethics--change with robotics? This volume is the first book to bring together prominent scholars and experts from both science and the humanities to explore these and other questions in this emerging field. Starting with an overview of the issues and relevant ethical theories, the topics flow naturally from the possibility of programming robot ethics to the ethical use of military robots in war to legal and policy questions, including liability and privacy concerns. The contributors then turn to human-robot emotional relationships, examining the ethical implications of robots as sexual partners, caregivers, and servants. Finally, they explore the possibility that robots, whether biological-computational hybrids or pure machines, should be given rights or moral consideration. Ethics is often slow to catch up with technological developments. This authoritative and accessible volume fills a gap in both scholarly literature and policy discussion, offering an impressive collection of expert analyses of the most crucial topics in this increasingly important field.
Categories: Philosophy

Robot Ethics 2 0

Robot Ethics 2  0

For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to ...

Author: Keith Abney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190652951

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 227

The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.
Categories: Philosophy

Machine Ethics and Robot Ethics

Machine Ethics and Robot Ethics

This volume is a collection of scholarly work from leading figures in the development of both robot ethics and machine ethics; it includes essays of historical significance which have become foundational for research in these two new areas ...

Author: Wendell Wallach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000108934

Category: Philosophy

Page: 552

View: 965

Once the stuff of science fiction, recent progress in artificial intelligence, robotics, and machine learning means that these rapidly advancing technologies are finally coming into widespread use within everyday life. Such rapid development in these areas also brings with it a host of social, political and legal issues, as well as a rise in public concern and academic interest in the ethical challenges these new technologies pose. This volume is a collection of scholarly work from leading figures in the development of both robot ethics and machine ethics; it includes essays of historical significance which have become foundational for research in these two new areas of study, as well as important recent articles. The research articles selected focus on the control and governance of computational systems; the exploration of ethical and moral theories using software and robots as laboratories or simulations; inquiry into the necessary requirements for moral agency and the basis and boundaries of rights; and questions of how best to design systems that are both useful and morally sound. Collectively the articles ask what the practical ethical and legal issues, arising from the development of robots, will be over the next twenty years and how best to address these future considerations.
Categories: Philosophy

Humans and Robots

Humans and Robots

Moreover, some people already say that robots should be our companions and have rights. Others say that robots should be slaves. This book tackles emerging ethical issues about human beings, robots, and agency head on.

Author: Sven Nyholm

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781786612281

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 176

Can robots perform actions, make decisions, collaborate with humans, be our friends, perhaps fall in love, or potentially harm us? Even before these things truly happen, ethical and philosophical questions already arise. The reason is that we humans have a tendency to spontaneously attribute minds and “agency” to anything even remotely humanlike. Moreover, some people already say that robots should be our companions and have rights. Others say that robots should be slaves. This book tackles emerging ethical issues about human beings, robots, and agency head on. It explores the ethics of creating robots that are, or appear to be, decision-making agents. From military robots to self-driving cars to care robots or even sex robots equipped with artificial intelligence: how should we interpret the apparent agency of such robots? This book argues that we need to explore how human beings can best coordinate and collaborate with robots in responsible ways. It investigates ethically important differences between human agency and robot agency to work towards an ethics of responsible human-robot interaction.
Categories: Philosophy

Ethics and Robotics

Ethics and Robotics

The ethical perspective addressed in this volume is therefore the one we humans have when interacting with robots.

Author: Rafael Capurro

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076002845050

Category: Robotics

Page: 123

View: 244

"Ethics and robotics are two academic disciplines, one dealing with the moral norms and values underlying implicitly or explicitly human behavior and the other aiming at the production of artificial agents, mostly as physical devices, with some degree of autonomy based on rules and programmes set up by their creators. Robotics is also one of the research fields where the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive science is currently taking place with large societal and legal implications beyond traditional industrial applications. Robots are and will remain -in the foreseeable future- dependent on human ethical scrutiny as well as on the moral and legal responsibility of humans. Human-robot interaction raises serious ethical questions right now that are theoretically less ambitious, but practically more important than the possibility of the creation of moral machines that would be more than machines with an ethical code. The ethical perspective addressed in this volume is therefore the one we humans have when interacting with robots. Topics include the ethical challenges of healthcare and warfare applications of robotics, as well as fundamental questions concerning the moral dimension of human-robot-interaction including epistomological, ontological and psychoanalytic issues. It deals also with the intercultural dialogue between Western and Non-Western as well as between European and US-American ethicists."--P. [4] of cover.
Categories: Robotics

An Introduction to Ethics in Robotics and AI

An Introduction to Ethics in Robotics and AI

This open access book introduces the reader to the foundations of AI and ethics.

Author: Christoph Bartneck

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030511104

Category:

Page:

View: 733

Categories:

Moral Machines

Moral Machines

"Moral Machines is a fine introduction to the emerging field of robot ethics. There is much here that will interest ethicists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and roboticists." ---Peter Danielson, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews --

Author: Wendell Wallach

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199737970

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 787

"Moral Machines is a fine introduction to the emerging field of robot ethics. There is much here that will interest ethicists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and roboticists." ---Peter Danielson, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews --
Categories: Computers

The Coming Robot Revolution

The Coming Robot Revolution

... expert in robotic ethics for the peer review of Chapter 7. Also, the principal
author would like to thank his wife, Yardena Bar-Cohen, for her useful
suggestions and for taking some of the photos that were used to create several of
the figures in ...

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387853499

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 173

View: 458

Making a robot that looks and behaves like a human being has been the subject of many popular science fiction movies and books. Although the development of such a robot facesmanychallenges,themakingofavirtualhumanhaslongbeenpotentiallypossible. With recent advances in various key technologies related to hardware and software, the making of humanlike robots is increasingly becoming an engineering reality. Development of the required hardware that can perform humanlike functions in a lifelike manner has benefitted greatly from development in such technologies as biologically inspired materials, artificial intelligence, artificial vision, and many others. Producing a humanlike robot that makes body and facial expressions, communicates verbally using extensive vocabulary, and interprets speech with high accuracy is ext- mely complicated to engineer. Advances in voice recognition and speech synthesis are increasingly improving communication capabilities. In our daily life we encounter such innovations when we call the telephone operators of most companies today. As robotics technology continues to improve we are approaching the point where, on seeing such a robot, we will respond with ‘‘Wow, this robot looks unbelievably real!’’ just like the reaction to an artificial flower. The accelerating pace of advances in related fields suggests that the emergence of humanlike robots that become part of our daily life seems to be imminent. These robots are expected to raise ethical concerns and may also raise many complex questions related to their interaction with humans.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Machine Medical Ethics

Machine Medical Ethics

Ryan Tonkens Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to introduce and critically
assess the prospect of “robotic assisted dying”, i.e., the use of (semi-)
autonomous robots for the purpose of assisting willing terminally ill patients in
dying, in the ...

Author: Simon Peter van Rysewyk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319081083

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 369

View: 873

The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships. In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy. As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness? This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Ethics of Information Warfare

The Ethics of Information Warfare

... including co-authorship on an ONR-funded ethics report on autonomous
military robots and a Greenwall Foundation-funded ethics report on human
enhancement technologies in the military, as well as co-authoring the book
Robot Ethics.

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319041353

Category: Philosophy

Page: 211

View: 494

This book offers an overview of the ethical problems posed by Information Warfare, and of the different approaches and methods used to solve them, in order to provide the reader with a better grasp of the ethical conundrums posed by this new form of warfare. The volume is divided into three parts, each comprising four chapters. The first part focuses on issues pertaining to the concept of Information Warfare and the clarifications that need to be made in order to address its ethical implications. The second part collects contributions focusing on Just War Theory and its application to the case of Information Warfare. The third part adopts alternative approaches to Just War Theory for analysing the ethical implications of this phenomenon. Finally, an afterword by Neelie Kroes - Vice President of the European Commission and European Digital Agenda Commissioner - concludes the volume. Her contribution describes the interests and commitments of the European Digital Agenda with respect to research for the development and deployment of robots in various circumstances, including warfare.
Categories: Philosophy

A World with Robots

A World with Robots

This book contains the Proceedings of the International Conference on Robot Ethics, held in Lisbon on October 23 and 24, 2015.

Author: Maria Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319466675

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 300

This book contains the Proceedings of the International Conference on Robot Ethics, held in Lisbon on October 23 and 24, 2015. The conference provided a multidisciplinary forum for discussing central and evolving issues concerning safety and ethics that have arisen in various contexts where robotic technologies are being applied. The papers are intended to promote the formulation of more precise safety standards and ethical frameworks for the rapidly changing field of robotic applications. The conference was held at Pavilhão do Conhecimento/Ciência Viva in Lisbon and brought together leading researchers and industry representatives, promoting a dialogue that combines different perspectives and experiences to arrive at viable solutions for ethical problems in the context of robotics. The conference topics included but were not limited to emerging ethical, safety, legal and societal problems in the following domains: • Service/Social Robots: Robots performing tasks in human environments and involving close human-robot interactions in everyday households; robots for education and entertainment; and robots employed in elderly and other care applications • Mobile Robots: Self-driving vehicles, autonomous aircraft, trains, cars and drones • Robots used in medicine and for therapeutic purposes • Robots used in surveillance and military functions
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ethics and Emerging Technologies

Ethics and Emerging Technologies

M. Anderson,and S. L. Anderson (2008)'EthEl: Towards a Principled Ethical
EldercareRobot,' paperpresented atthe 3rdACM/IEEE International
Conferenceon HumanRobot Interaction, Amsterdam. R.Calo (2011) 'Open
Robotics,'Maryland ...

Author: Ronald L. Sandler

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137235213

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 613

Technology shapes every aspect of human experience and is the primary driver of social and environmental change. Given this, it is perhaps surprising that so little time is spent studying, analysing and ethically assessing new technologies. Occasionally, an issue attracts public attention – for example, the use of human embryonic stem cells in medical research or the online file sharing of music and movies. However, these are the exceptions. For the most part, each new technology and application is enthusiastically embraced with little critical reflection on how it will impact people's lives or the world. Moreover, when an issue raised by an emerging technology is attended to, the language, concepts and critical perspectives to properly address it are frequently found to be lacking. The aim of this textbook is to introduce students and other readers to the ethical issues associated with a broad array of emerging technologies, as well as to help them develop the analytical skills and perspectives necessary for effectively evaluating novel technologies and applications. The technologies discussed include nanotechnology, synthetic biology, robotics, genetic engineering, human enhancement, geoengineering, cultured meat, virtual reality, information technologies, sex selection, and many more. Key features include: • Comprehensive coverage from thirty six chapters written by leading thinkers in the field • An extensive introduction that presents a framework for analysing the ethical dimensions of emerging technologies • Section overviews and chapter summaries that help students master the book's content • Discussion questions that provoke reflection on the issues discussed in each chapter Ethics and Emerging Technologies is ideal for undergraduate courses on technology and society and technology and ethics. It is also appropriate for technology-oriented modules in environmental ethics and bioethics, as well as ethics modules in engineering and information technology courses.
Categories: Science

Robots that Talk and Listen

Robots that Talk and Listen

London, England: Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor & Jones. Sherwin, B.L. (
2013) Golems and Robots [email] to Markowitz, J. [16 December 2013]. Sherwin,
B.L. (2000) Jewish Ethics for the Twenty-First Century: Living in the image of God
 ...

Author: Judith Markowitz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614519157

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 606

Robots That Talk and Listen provides a forward-looking examination of speech and language in robots from technical, functional, and social perspectives. Contributors address cultural foundations as well as the linguistic skills and technologies that robots need to function effectively in real-world settings. Among the most difficult and complex is the ability to understand and use language. Speech-enabled automata are already serving as interactive toys, teacher’s aides, and research assistants. These robots will soon be joined by personal companions, industrial co-workers, and military support automata. The social impact of these and other robots extends well beyond the specific tasks they perform. Contributors tackle the most knotty of those issues, notably acceptance of advanced, speech-enabled robots and developing ethical and moral controls for robots. Topics in this book include: •Language and Beyond: The True Meaning of “Speech Enabled” •Robots in Myth and Media •Enabling Robots to Converse •Language Learning by Automata •Handling Noisy Settings •Empirical Studies of Robots in Real-World Environments •Acceptance of Intelligent Robots •Managing Robots that Can Lie and Deceive •Envisioning a World Shared with Intelligent Robots
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Healthcare Robots

Healthcare Robots

The book speaks to, and is meant to be read by, a range of disciplines from science and engineering to philosophers and ethicists.

Author: Dr Aimee van Wynsberghe

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472444332

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 829

This study deals with an underexplored area of the emerging technologies debate: robotics in the healthcare setting. The author explores the role of care and develops a value-sensitive ethical framework for the eventual employment of care robots. Highlighting the range of positive and negative aspects associated with the initiative to design and use care robots, it draws out essential content as a guide to future design both reinforcing this study’s contemporary relevance, and giving weight to its prescriptions. The book speaks to, and is meant to be read by, a range of disciplines from science and engineering to philosophers and ethicists.
Categories: Political Science

Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security

Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security

Asimov wrote a lengthy series of robot stories in which a unifying theme was his “
Three Laws of Robotics” (Asimov, 1950): ... for “robot,” this will immediately
become apparent: Asimov's laws have nothing to do with promoting ethical
behavior; ...

Author: Quigley, Marian

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591409885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 696

View: 599

Rapid technological advancement has given rise to new ethical dilemmas and security threats, while the development of appropriate ethical codes and security measures fail to keep pace, which makes the education of computer users and professionals crucial. The Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security is an original, comprehensive reference source on ethical and security issues relating to the latest technologies. Covering a wide range of themes, this valuable reference tool includes topics such as computer crime, information warfare, privacy, surveillance, intellectual property and education. This encyclopedia is a useful tool for students, academics, and professionals.
Categories: Business & Economics

Social Robotics

Social Robotics

1. Sharkey, A., Sharkey, N.: Granny and the robots: ethical issues in robot care for
the elderly. Ethics Inf. Technol. 14, 27–40 (2012) 2. Heerink, M., Kröse, B.,
Wielinga, B., Evers, V.: Human-Robot User Studies in Eldercare: Lessons
Learned.

Author: Michael Beetz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319119731

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 713

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2014, held in Sydney, NSW, Australia, in October 2014. The 41 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. Amongst others, topics covered are such as interaction and collaboration among robots, humans, and environments; robots to assist the elderly and persons with disabilities; socially assistive robots to improve quality of life; affective and cognitive sciences for socially interactive robots; personal robots for the home; social acceptance and impact in the society; robot ethics in human society and legal implications; context awareness, expectation, and intention understanding; control architectures for social robotics; socially appealing design methodologies; safety in robots working in human spaces; human augmentation, rehabilitation, and medical robots; robot applications in education, entertainment, and gaming; knowledge representation and reasoning frameworks for robot social intelligence; cognitive architectures that support social intelligence for robots; robots in the workplace; human-robot interaction; creative and entertaining robots.
Categories: Computers

Robo and Informationethics

Robo  and Informationethics

First, in this paper, I will sketch out the tendencies of disucussions on roboethics
or 'Ethics and Robotics' in Europe and the ... In my view, Seken-related views
enable people to have a latent ability to criticize the human–robot-interaction,
even ...

Author: Michael Decker

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643902085

Category: Religion

Page: 257

View: 348

Robo- and Informationethics is a new field of applied ethics, which currently undergoes some fascinating and fundamental transformations: the emergence of new types of robotic technologies, such as autonomous systems and artificial agents, which generate serious threats to the understanding of human beings as the only strictly autonomously acting entities. This book focuses on some of the most pressing methodological, ethical, and technique-philosophical questions that are connected with the concept of artificial autonomous systems. (Series: Hermeneutics and Anthropology / Hermeneutik und Anthropologie - Vol. 3)
Categories: Religion

Roboethics

Roboethics

This volume explores the ethical questions that arise in the development, creation and use of robots that are capable of semiautonomous or autonomous decision making and human-like action.

Author: Spyros G. Tzafestas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319217147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 530

This volume explores the ethical questions that arise in the development, creation and use of robots that are capable of semiautonomous or autonomous decision making and human-like action. It examines how ethical and moral theories can and must be applied to address the complex and critical issues of the application of these intelligent robots in society. Coverage first presents fundamental concepts and provides a general overview of ethics, artificial intelligence and robotics. Next, the book studies all principal ethical applications of robots, namely medical, assistive, socialized and war roboethics. It looks at such issues as robotic surgery, children-robot and elderly-robot therapeutical/social interactions and the use of robots, especially autonomous lethal ones, in warfare. In addition, a chapter also considers Japanese roboethics as well as key intercultural and robot legislation issues. Overall, readers are provided with a thorough investigation into the moral responsibility (if any) of autonomous robots when doing harm. This volume will serve as an ideal educational source in engineering and robotics courses as well as an introductory reference for researchers in the field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Laws of Robots

The Laws of Robots

Some remarks on robotics, ethics, and the law. In The “backwards, forwards and
sideways” changes of ICT, ed. M. Arias-Oliva, T.W. Bynum, S. Rogerson, and T.
Torres-Corona, 397–404. Tarragona: Universitat Rovira I Virgili. Pagallo, Ugo.

Author: Ugo Pagallo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400765641

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 686

This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.
Categories: Law

Transformers and Philosophy

Transformers and Philosophy

In their new book, Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong, Wendell
Wallach and Colin Allen consider some of the practical and philosophical issues
of designing robots that can make ““ethical”” decisions. Their inquiry looks to the
 ...

Author: John R. Shook

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 9780812698145

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 955

Transformers began with toys and a cartoon series in 1984 and has since grown to include comic books, movies, and video games — its science fiction story has reached an audience with a wide range second only to that of Star Wars. Here, in Transformers and Philosophy, a dream team of philosophers pursues the fascinating questions posed by humankind’s encounter with an artificially intelligent mechanical civilization: Is genuine artificial intelligence possible? Would a robotic civilization come with its own morality and artistic life, and would it find a need for romantic love? Should we be more careful about developing robots that may eventually develop ideas of their own? Transformers and Philosophy puts Transformers under a microscope and exposes its philosophical implications in an instantly readable way.
Categories: Philosophy