Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

This book will be of valued for Students, researchers as well as professionals working on the separation and recycling of spent nuclear fuel.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 1642240435

Category:

Page: 311

View: 848

Nuclear power has been questioned almost since its early stages and one of the major issues in relation to its social acceptability around the world is nuclear waste management. An important and inevitable by-product of nuclear energy production is the spent nuclear fuel that needs to be managed and handled in a safe, responsible and effective way. Thus, reprocessing and recycling of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) could be one of the key points to advance the social acceptability of nuclear energy. Hence, it is very significant to know the technologies available for SNF management, their advantages and disadvantages, the technologies that are currently under research and the future R&D tendencies, as well as which alternative suits better the needs for each country and its particular context. Furthermore, the interactions among legal, economic, and technological issues are essential. This book covers the state of the art technologies on the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Fourth Generation nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. It introduces both the conventional cycle along with new fuel cycle technologies and analyzes the benefits, economic considerations, and proliferation risks of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing. This book gives an overall view of the technologies available for SNF management, analyses the economic cost that the use of the different technologies could entail, as is key when selecting a strategy for SNF management, highlights the importance of the legislation and some intangible assets, such as social acceptability of the technology, which can have an influence so important that it may lead to the disappearance of that technology by making it economically unviable. This book will be of valued for Students, researchers as well as professionals working on the separation and recycling of spent nuclear fuel.
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Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles.

Author: Robin Taylor

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781782422174

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 964

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles. Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. Parts Two and Three focus on aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods, while final chapters consider the cross-cutting aspects of engineering and process chemistry and the potential for implementation of advanced closed fuel cycles in different parts of the world. Expert introduction to the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel Detailed overview of past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues A lucid exploration of aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods
Categories: Technology & Engineering

An Assessment of Spent Fuel Reprocessing for Actinide Destruction and Resource Sustainability

An Assessment of Spent Fuel Reprocessing for Actinide Destruction and Resource Sustainability

The original scope of this work was to optimize an advanced fuel cycle using a tool that couples a reprocessing plant simulation model with a depletion analysis code.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1065990561

Category:

Page: 32

View: 880

The reprocessing and recycling of spent nuclear fuel can benefit the nuclear fuel cycle by destroying actinides or extending fissionable resources if uranium supplies become limited. The purpose of this study was to assess reprocessing and recycling in both fast and thermal reactors to determine the effectiveness for actinide destruction and resource utilization. Fast reactor recycling will reduce both the mass and heat load of actinides by a factor of 2, but only after 3 recycles and many decades. Thermal reactor recycling is similarly effective for reducing actinide mass, but the heat load will increase by a factor of 2. Economically recoverable reserves of uranium are estimated to sustain the current global fleet for the next 100 years, and undiscovered reserves and lower quality ores are estimated to contain twice the amount of economically recoverable reserves--which delays the concern of resource utilization for many decades. Economic analysis reveals that reprocessed plutonium will become competitive only when uranium prices rise to about %24360 per kg. Alternative uranium sources are estimated to be competitive well below that price. Decisions regarding the development of a near term commercial-scale reprocessing fuel cycle must partially take into account the effectiveness of reactors for actnides destruction and the time scale for when uranium supplies may become limited. Long-term research and development is recommended in order to make more dramatic improvements in actinide destruction and cost reductions for advanced fuel cycle technologies. The original scope of this work was to optimize an advanced fuel cycle using a tool that couples a reprocessing plant simulation model with a depletion analysis code. Due to funding and time constraints of the late start LDRD process and a lack of support for follow-on work, the project focused instead on a comparison of different reprocessing and recycling options. This optimization study led to new insight into the fuel cycle. AcknowledgementThe authors would like to acknowledge the support of Laboratory Directed Research and Development Project 125862 for funding this research.
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3 R s of Nuclear Power

3 R s of Nuclear Power

Author: Jan Forsythe

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781438967318

Category: Fiction

Page: 328

View: 338

Categories: Fiction

Light Water Reactor Fuel Reprocessing and Recycling

Light Water Reactor Fuel Reprocessing and Recycling

Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038559228

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 463

View: 111

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105050410625

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 151

View: 241

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Economic Aspects of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

Economic Aspects of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

make informed decisions about managing the growing stockpile of spent nuclear
fuel . ... I want to welcome everyone to this hearing on what impact reprocessing
and recycling might have on the economics of the nuclear fuel cycle should we ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061651926

Category: Electronic government information

Page: 107

View: 986

Categories: Electronic government information

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

ECONOMICS OF REPROCESSING VERSUS DIRECT DISPOSAL OF SPENT
NUCLEAR FUEL TABLE II Breakeven Prices of Selected Parameters for Direct
Disposal Versus Reprocessing and Recycling in LWRs , Assuming a Uranium
Price ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061658517

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 151

View: 754

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage

Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage

Public Report Committee on the Safety and Security of Commercial Spent
Nuclear Fuel Storage, National Research ... By this time the price of fresh
uranium was dropping and the cost of fuel reprocessing made it difficult for
recycle fuel to ...

Author: Committee on the Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165198

Category: History

Page: 106

View: 755

In response to a request from Congress, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Homeland Security sponsored a National Academies study to assess the safety and security risks of spent nuclear fuel stored in cooling pools and dry casks at commercial nuclear power plants. The information provided in this book examines the risks of terrorist attacks using these materials for a radiological dispersal device. Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel is an unclassified public summary of a more detailed classified book. The book finds that successful terrorist attacks on spent fuel pools, though difficult, are possible. A propagating fire in a pool could release large amounts of radioactive material, but rearranging spent fuel in the pool during storage and providing emergency water spray systems would reduce the likelihood of a propagating fire even under severe damage conditions. The book suggests that additional studies are needed to better understand these risks. Although dry casks have advantages over cooling pools, pools are necessary at all operating nuclear power plants to store at least the recently discharged fuel. The book explains it would be difficult for terrorists to steal enough spent fuel to construct a significant radiological dispersal device.
Categories: History

Nuclear Waste Disposal

Nuclear Waste Disposal

Contents: (1) Proposals for a New Direction; (2) Baseline: Current Waste Program Projections; (3) Options for Halting or Delaying Yucca Mountain: Withdraw License Application; Reduce Appropriations; Key Policy Appointments; Waste Program ...

Author: Mark Holt

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437923278

Category:

Page: 24

View: 863

Contents: (1) Proposals for a New Direction; (2) Baseline: Current Waste Program Projections; (3) Options for Halting or Delaying Yucca Mountain: Withdraw License Application; Reduce Appropriations; Key Policy Appointments; Waste Program Review; (4) Consequences of a Yucca Mountain Policy Shift: Federal Liabilities for Disposal Delays; Licensing Complications for New Power Reactors; Environmental Cleanup Penalties; Long-Term Risk; (5) Nuclear Waste Policy: Options; Institutional Changes; Extended On-Site Storage; Federal Central Interim Storage; Private Central Storage; Spent Fuel Reprocessing and Recycling; Non-Repository Options; New Repository Site; (6) Concluding Discussion.
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Review of DOE s Nuclear Energy Research and Development Program

Review of DOE s Nuclear Energy Research and Development Program

A central question in dealing with these issues is whether to close the nuclear
fuel cycle by reprocessing the spent fuel and recycling its components or to
employ a once-through fuel cycle, treating spent fuel as waste. Various nations
have ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309111249

Category: Science

Page: 102

View: 497

There has been a substantial resurgence of interest in nuclear power in the United States over the past few years. One consequence has been a rapid growth in the research budget of DOE's Office of Nuclear Energy (NE). In light of this growth, the Office of Management and Budget included within the FY2006 budget request a study by the National Academy of Sciences to review the NE research programs and recommend priorities among those programs. The programs to be evaluated were: Nuclear Power 2010 (NP 2010), Generation IV (GEN IV), the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI), the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)/Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) facilities. This book presents a description and analysis of each program along with specific findings and recommendations. It also provides an assessment of program priorities and oversight.
Categories: Science

INFCE Summary Volume

INFCE Summary Volume

Of working group 1: fuel and heavy water availability -- Summary of working group 2: enrichment availability -- Summary of working group 3: assurances of long-term supply of technology, fuel and heavy water and services in the interest of ...

Author: International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015004471481

Category: Nuclear energy

Page: 285

View: 235

Of working group 1: fuel and heavy water availability -- Summary of working group 2: enrichment availability -- Summary of working group 3: assurances of long-term supply of technology, fuel and heavy water and services in the interest of national needs consistent with non-proliferation -- Summary of working group 4: reprocessing, plutonium handling, recycle -- Summary of working group 5: fast breeders -- Summary of working group 6: spent fuel management -- Summary of working group 7: waste management and disposal -- Summary of working group 8: advanced fuel cycle and reactor concepts -- Final communiqué of the organizing conference of the international nuclear fuel cycle evalutation -- Technical and economic scope and methods of work -- Press communiqué of the first INFCE plenary conference -- List of actions and decisions taken by the first INFCE plenary conference -- List of participants in the first INFCE plenary conference -- Communiqué of the final INFCE plenary conference -- List of participants in the final INFCE plenary conference -- List of participants in the technical co-ordinating committee -- Primer on the nuclear fuel cycle -- INFCE documentation.
Categories: Nuclear energy

Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

The other option is to reprocess the spent fuel to separate the uranium and
plutonium for use in new fuel. Supporters of reprocessing, or recycling, contend
that it could greatly reduce the volume and longevity of nuclear waste while vastly
 ...

Author: Mary Beth Dunham Nikitin

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437923230

Category: Nuclear accidents

Page: 39

View: 325

Contents: (1) Introduction; (2) Renewed Interest in Nuclear Power Expansion: (a) Worldwide Nuclear Power Status; (b) Nuclear Fuel Services Market: Yellowcake; Conversion; Enrichment; Fuel Fabrication; (c) Final Stages of the Fuel Cycle; (d) Waste Disposal and Energy Security; (3) Proposals on the Fuel Cycle: Pres. Bush¿s '04 Proposal; Discussions in the Nuclear Suppliers Group; El Baradei Proposal; IAEA Experts Group/INFCIRC/640; Putin Initiative; Six Country Concept; IAEA Fuel Bank; Congress. Support; World Nuclear Assoc.; IAEA Standby Arrange. System; Multilateral Enrichment Sanctuary Project; Enrichment Bonds; Global Nuclear Energy Partnership; (4) Comparison of Proposals; (5) Prospects for Implementing Fuel Assurance Mechanisms.
Categories: Nuclear accidents

Programmatic National Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Program and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program ID CA WA NV

Programmatic National Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Program and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program  ID CA WA NV

Specific technologies for managing SNF are described in Volume 1 , Appendix J.
03.05.05 ( 007 ) Recycling and Reprocessing COMMENT The commentor states
that essentially all DOE spent nuclear fuel could be reprocessed by now if DOE ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556027732981

Category:

Page:

View: 242

Categories:

Advancing Technology for Nuclear Fuel Recycling

Advancing Technology for Nuclear Fuel Recycling

Open ( or once - through ) nuclear fuel cycle Conversion Mining Fuel Fabrication
Milling Recycle Fuel Waste Disposal High - Level Waste Spent Fuel
Reprocessing Recycle Reactor Figure 2. Closed nuclear fuel cycle ( or
reprocessing ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015090406466

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 73

View: 968

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Setting the Stage for International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facilities

Setting the Stage for International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facilities

Based on Japanese policy, the spent nuclear fuel is reprocessed and plutonium
and recovered uranium are recycled. From 1973 to 1998, 5,610 MTU of spent
fuel was reprocessed in plants in France and the United Kingdom. The Tokai ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309119618

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 486

In May 2003, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the National Academies organized an international workshop in Moscow on the scientific issues relevant to the establishment and operation of an international spent nuclear fuel storage facility in Russia. Given the broad international interest in this topic, the academies organized a second international workshop on important issues that were not on the agenda or were not adequately discussed at the first workshop. These issues included international monitoring at the facility, transportation requirements, liability and insurance concerns, and status of Russian legislation and regulations that are important in locating and operating a facility. Relevant experience from Europe, the United States, and Asia was also considered in this 2005 workshop. This book contains the papers presented at the 2005 workshop sessions, as well as proceedings from the 2003 workshop. Together they provide an overview of the issues, and useful background for those organizations and individuals involved in further development of an international spent nuclear fuel storage facility in Russia.
Categories: Medical

Advancing Technology for Nuclear Fuel Recycling

Advancing Technology for Nuclear Fuel Recycling

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015090406466

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 73

View: 265

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuels in OECD Countries January 1977

Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuels in OECD Countries  January 1977

With increasing costs for uranium and separative work , there may be an
economic benefit to utilities that reprocess and recycle spent fuels . Waste
management may also be facilitated by reprocessing operations . Finally , the
availability of ...

Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015003995431

Category: Reactor fuel reprocessing

Page: 47

View: 847

Categories: Reactor fuel reprocessing