Representing and Intervening

Representing and Intervening

A lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism.

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521282462

Category: Philosophy

Page: 287

View: 636

A lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism.
Categories: Philosophy

Creative Geographic Methods Knowing Representing Intervening On Composing Place and Page

Creative Geographic Methods  Knowing  Representing  Intervening  On Composing Place and Page

Drawing the article together is a concern to understand better the work creative methods can do in the world in terms of enabling us to research and to live differently.



ISBN: OCLC:1051985398



View: 510

Creative Geographies, methods of experimental 'art-full' research that have creative practices at their heart, have become increasingly vibrant of late. These research strategies, which see geographers working as and in collaboration with a range of arts practitioners, re-cast geography's interdisciplinary relationship with arts and humanities subjects and practices as well as its own intradisciplinary relations. Amidst the vibrancy of this creative 're-turn', a series of important questions are cohering around how exactly, and for whom, these methods are creative and critical. If the potential of creative methods for both researching and living differently is to be achieved then it is important we spend time reflecting on these and other questions. To begin these reflections this article tells three stories of creative doings that concern knowing, representing and intervening in place. These creative doings came about in the course of ethnographic work with the participatory arts project Caravanserai led by artist Annie Lovejoy, and among other outputs resulted in the collaborative artists' book insites (2010). From a focus on these three sets of creative doings come larger concerns, principally around how the materialities, technologies and aesthetics of different art forms might enable various ways of knowing and conceptual experiments, as well as concerns around skill and expertise. These latter query what it is that geographers do and what it is that visual artists do, seeking to appreciate the expert as well as the amateur and what might be gained through learning to practice – in other words, how our creative methods might not only focus on finished products but also what can be learned in the processes of creative doings. Drawing the article together is a concern to understand better the work creative methods can do in the world in terms of enabling us to research and to live differently.

Leibniz Representation Continuity and the Spatiotemporal

Leibniz  Representation  Continuity and the Spatiotemporal

It is, after all, correct to say that a monadic representor can only distinctly
represent finite sequencesegments of such an ... a monad A represents a monad
B through the eyes of all the monads, which are represented as spatially
intervening ...

Author: D.A. Anapolitanos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401591478

Category: History

Page: 195

View: 183

Anapolitanos critically examines and evaluates three basic characteristics of the Leibnizian metaphysical system: Leibniz's version of representation; the principle of continuity; and space, time, and the phenomenally spatio-temporal. Chapter I discusses representation, especially as it refers to the connection between the real and the phenomenal levels of Leibniz's system. Chapter II examines the principle of continuity, including continuity as a general feature of every level of Leibniz's metaphysics. The position adopted is that the problem of the composition of the continuum played a central role on the development of Leibniz's non-spatial and non-temporal monadic metaphysics. The machinery developed is then used to offer a new interpretation of Leibniz' metaphysics of space and time. The notion of indirect representation is used to construct appropriate models that clarify the nature of the correspondence between the real and the phenomenal levels in the case of the relations `spatially between' and `temporally between', as well as in the cases of spatial and temporal density. Finally, Leibniz's solution to the problem of the continuum is discussed, arguing that it is not entirely satisfactory. A non-anachronistic alternative is proposed, compatible with Leibniz's metaphysics of substance.
Categories: History

Representing Electrons

Representing Electrons

Hacking's views on scientific realism are expounded in Representing and
Intervening (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1983); and his essay "
Experimentation and Scientific Realism," in Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism, pp.

Author: Theodore Arabatzis

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226024202

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 119

Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own. Furthermore, he argues that the considerable variance in the representation of the electron does not undermine its stable identity or existence. Raising philosophical issues of contentious debate in the history and philosophy of science—namely, scientific realism and meaning change—Arabatzis addresses the history of the electron across disciplines, integrating historical narrative with philosophical analysis in a book that will be a touchstone for historians and philosophers of science and scientists alike.
Categories: Science

Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry

Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry

Karen Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway (56) More thana quarter century ago,
the philosopher ofscience Ian Hacking wrotean influential book called
Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural

Author: Bryan Walpert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136587283

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 716

This book examines types of resistance in contemporary poetry to the authority of scientific knowledge, tracing the source of these resistances to both their literary precedents and the scientific zeitgeists that helped to produce them. Walpert argues that contemporary poetry offers a palimpsest of resistance, using as case studies the poets Alison Hawthorne Deming, Pattiann Rogers, Albert Goldbarth, and Joan Retallack to trace the recapitulation of romantic arguments (inherited from Keats, Shelly, and Coleridge, which in turn were produced in part in response to Newtonian physics), modernist arguments (inherited from Eliot and Pound, arguments influenced in part by relativity and quantum theory), and postmodernist arguments (arguments informed by post-structuralist theory, e.g. Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, with affinities to arguments for the limitations of science in the philosophy, sociology, and rhetoric of science). Some of these poems reveal the discursive ideologies of scientific language—reveal, in other words, the performativity of scientific language. In doing so, these poems themselves can also be read as performative acts and, therefore, as forms of intervention rather than representation. Reading Retallack alongside science studies scholar Karen Barad, the book concludes by proposing that viewing knowledge as a form of intervention, rather than representation, offers a bridge between contemporary poetry and science.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Soziologie als M glichkeit

Soziologie als M  glichkeit

Hacking, I. (1983): Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the
Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Krohn,
W. (2003): Das Risiko des (Nicht-)Wissens. Zum Funktionswandel der
Wissenschaft in ...

Author: Cécile Rol

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531914374

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 238

Georg Simmels "Soziologie" (1908) hat auf die Begrifflichkeit und auf die Methoden des Faches in Deutschland sowie im Ausland tief gewirkt. In diesem Buch, das Simmel fünfzehn Jahre Arbeit abverlangt hat, verbindet sich in der Analyse des Gegenstandes die Konstruktion des soziologischen Blicks mit dessen praktischer Anwendung. Was aber bleibt 100 Jahre später von der "Soziologie"? Wie wird sie von den unterschiedlichen Spezialisten der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften wahrgenommen? Diese Fragen haben die Herausgeber Geistes- und Gesellschaftswissenschaftlern in unterschiedlichen Ländern gestellt, um zu erfahren, wie sie Simmels "Soziologie" in ihre Arbeit und ihre tägliche Forschungspraxis einbeziehen. Wegen ihrer Konstruktion und ihrer thematischen Vielfalt erweist sich die Soziologie oft als unvollendetes Werk. Die Autoren in diesem Band tragen dieser Unabgeschlossenheit Rechnung, indem auch sie dem Leser keine fertigen Analysen und Konstruktionen, sondern Einblicke in laufende Arbeiten auf verschiedenen Ebenen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens bieten. Damit zeigen sie, wie fruchtbar die "Soziologie" für die zeitgenössischen Untersuchungen der Kultur und der Gesellschaft bleibt, und bieten gleichzeitig eine Einführung in die großen Themen der Disziplin an.
Categories: Social Science

The Biology and History of Molecular Biology New Perspectives

The Biology and History of Molecular Biology  New Perspectives

MOLECULARIZING * In December 1945 , soon after the end of World War II and
in anticipation of postwar expansion of science , Linus Pauling submitted to the
Rockefeller ...

Author: S. Sarkar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402002491

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 242

This book is a collection of papers which reflect the recent trends in the philosophy and history of molecular biology. It brings together historians, philosophers, and molecular biologists who reflect on the discipline's emergence in the 1950's, its explosive growth, and the directions in which it is going. Questions addressed include: (i) what are the limits of molecular biology? (ii) What is the relation of molecular biology to older subdisciplines of biology, especially biochemistry? (iii) Are there theories in molecular biology? (iv) If so, how are these theories structured? (v) What role did information theory play in the rise of molecular biology? The book will open the way for many future researchers.
Categories: History

Theory and Experiment

Theory and Experiment

Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge 1983, pp. 155-156. Cf. also Allan Franklin, 'The Epistemology of
Experiment (Review of I. Hacking, Representing and Intervening), The British
Journal for the ...

Author: Diderik Batens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400928756

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 523

This is not "another collection of contributions on a traditional subject." Even more than we dared to expect during the preparatory stages, the papers in this volume prove that our thinking about science has taken a new turn and has reached a new stage. The progressive destruction of the received view has been a fascinating and healthy experience. At present, the period of destruction is over. A richer and more equilibrated analysis of a number of problems is possible and is being cru'ried out. In this sense, this book comes right on time. We owe a lot to the scholars of the Kuhnian period. They not only did away with obstacles, but in several respects instigated a shift in attention that changed history and philosophy of science in a irreversible way. A c1earcut example - we borrow it from the paper by Risto Hilpinen - concerns the study of science as a process, Rnd not only as a result. Moreover, they apparently reached several lasting results, e.g., concerning the tremendous impact of theoretical conceptions on empirical data. Apart from baffling people for several decades, this insight rules out an other return to simple-minded empiricism in the future.
Categories: Science

The Northern Adriatic Ecosystem

The Northern Adriatic Ecosystem

ravinement and overlying sediments represent rapid landward migration of a
barrier and back - barrier system during a transgressive event . Fossils of
brackish water ... low - stands representing the intervening high - stand ( Borsetti
et al .

Author: Frank Kenneth McKinney

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231132425

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 334

The northern Adriatic Sea is transient, most recently flooded between 18,000 to 6,000 years ago following the last glacial maximum, and it will drain again with the onset of the next glacial period. Despite its youth, uniformly shallow depth, and flat sediment floor, it hosts a broad range of bottom-dwelling sea life ecologically resembling communities that have existed in the shallow sea since the Ordovician Period, some 500 million years ago. The northern Adriatic is a natural laboratory in which to test hypotheses concerning the shift from the Paleozoic prevalence of stationary suspension-feeders living on the surface of the sediment and feeding from the overlying waters to, more recently, bottom-dwelling animals living dominantly in or actively seeking temporary refuge within the sediments of the sea floor, regardless of where they feed. Across the northern Adriatic Sea there is an ecological gradient from Paleozoic-style surface-dwelling communities in the east to "modern" communities living almost exclusively within the sediments in the west. Therefore, within the relatively small area of the northern Adriatic, there is an existing gradient similar to the profound ecological change from Paleozoic to more modern marine life. During the early twentieth century, life at the bottom of the Adriatic was systematically sampled from the east to the west coasts, revealing the most common animals and their distribution. In this book Frank K. McKinney combines these findings with more recent, local studies to understand better the ecological structure of the Adriatic's floor. Specifically, he uses the predation, sediment textures and deposition rates, currents, and nutrients of northern Adriatic bottom communities to evaluate hypotheses concerning the conditions that drove surface-dwelling animals to seek long-term refuge within sea floor sediment. Though the northern Adriatic has been well studied since the advent of the marine sciences, it is not widely known by paleontologists. With this volume, McKinney illuminates what this "living laboratory" can tell us about the evolution of multicellular life on Earth.
Categories: Science

The Molecular Vision of Life

The Molecular Vision of Life

RAC, RG1.1, 205D, Box 4.23, grant application, Pauling to Weaver, December 4,
1945, Ibid., p. 3. For a more extended discussion see Ian Hacking, Representing
and Intervening (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), especially pp.

Author: Lily E. Kay

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195111439

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 491

"I think that it is a marvellous book. I have learned a good bit from it. I am always happy to read a book written by a person who has a mastery of the English language. Also, in addition to the other good qualities of the book, it has the best index I have ever seen." -Dr. Linus Pauling "As a contribution to the history of the American involvement in molecular biology, Kay's book is a work of considerable value, and it is written with clarity and intelligence." -Science "With grace and unerring intelligence, Lily Kay has written a history of molecular biology that all of us who work in the area have been waiting for. It will stand as a model for years to come." -Evelyn Fox Keller, University of California, Berkeley "The organizational history of Caltech is the loom on which Kay has woven an intricate fabric of the molecular vision of life. Among the threads are biographies of personal ambition; ideals and ideologies of social reform; and the intricacies of molecular biological science. Kay is one of a tiny handful of contemporary historians who combine mastery of archival materials and their narrative exposition with an informed grasp of modern science, and all bonded by sociological sensitivity. These textures refract, but do not obscure, how scientific advance is still impelled by the itch of curiosity, the thrill of discovery, and the pride of cognitive dominion-the contradictory rhetoric and complex motivations of academic entrepreneurs, foundation directors and wealthy donors notwithstanding. (The same surely holds for historical scholarship.)" -Joshua Lederberg, Rockefeller University
Categories: Science

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

... A.: 1997, The Inflationary Universe. Reading, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts.
Hacking, I.: 1983, Representing and Intervening. Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge. Hudson, J.: 1992, The History of Chemistry, Macmillan Press,

Author: S. Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401728621

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 696

Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. Contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. I believe that the present volume will be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History And Philosophy of Science viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised.
Categories: Science

Fertility Class and Gender in Britain 1860 1940

Fertility  Class and Gender in Britain  1860 1940

But this does not mean that all forms of abstraction and 164 Hacking ,
Representing and intervening , p . 216 . representation are equally valid and
justifiable : they may obscure Class , communities , gender and fertility change
593 Social ...

Author: Simon Szreter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521528682

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 141

A unique interpretation of falling fertility in Britain between 1860 and 1940, with new and surprising findings.
Categories: History

Foucault s New Domains

Foucault s New Domains

complex interweaving of procedures for representing and intervening (cf.
Hacking, 1983). We suggest that these attempts to instrumentalize government
and make it operable also have a kind of 'technological' form (cf. Foucault 1986;

Author: Mike Gane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134883363

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 173

This major collection brings Foucault's later work into sharp focus and illustrates some of the ways in which it is informing developments in the social sciences. Concise, clear and wide-ranging it provides an essential accessory to the understanding one of the key thinkers in the twentieth century.
Categories: Social Science

State of Affairs

State of Affairs

When scientific papers are submitted for review, they are often the result of a
team approach to problem solving, and they always represent standing on the
shoulders of those who went before. ... Hacking, Representing and Intervening,

Author: Richard J. Coleman

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630875572

Category: Religion

Page: 284

View: 416

The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.
Categories: Religion

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Giere, Ronald. 1999. Using model to
represent reality. In Model-based reasoning in ... Representing and intervening.
Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press. Harris, Todd. 2003. Data models and
the ...

Author: Hsiang-Ke Chao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400724549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 200

This volume addresses fundamental issues in the philosophy of science in the context of two most intriguing fields: biology and economics. Written by authorities and experts in the philosophy of biology and economics, Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics provides a structured study of the concepts of mechanism and causality in these disciplines and draws careful juxtapositions between philosophical apparatus and scientific practice. By exploring the issues that are most salient to the contemporary philosophies of biology and economics and by presenting comparative analyses, the book serves as a platform not only for gaining mutual understanding between scientists and philosophers of the life sciences and those of the social sciences, but also for sharing interdisciplinary research that combines both philosophical concepts in both fields. The book begins by defining the concepts of mechanism and causality in biology and economics, respectively. The second and third parts investigate philosophical perspectives of various causal and mechanistic issues in scientific practice in the two fields. These two sections include chapters on causal issues in the theory of evolution; experiments and scientific discovery; representation of causal relations and mechanism by models in economics. The concluding section presents interdisciplinary studies of various topics concerning extrapolation of life sciences and social sciences, including chapters on the philosophical investigation of conjoining biological and economic analyses with, respectively, demography, medicine and sociology.
Categories: Philosophy

Models as Make Believe

Models as Make Believe

The famous Phillips machine represents the workingsof the macroeconomy by
the ebb and flow of coloured waterina ... In Representing and Intervening,Ian
Hacking refersto the models of molecular biology, 'made with spring washers, ...

Author: Adam Toon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137292230

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 408

Scientists often try to understand the world by building simplified and idealised models of it. Adam Toon develops a new approach to scientific models by comparing them to the dolls and toy trucks of children's imaginative games, and offers a unified framework to solve difficult metaphysical problems and help to make sense of scientific practice.
Categories: Science

Bio objects

Bio objects

To be sure , life has always been an object of knowing , representing and
intervening in insurance . Francois Ewald ( 1986 ) long noted the significance of
life insurance as a biopolitical technique of governance with the biological being
as the ...

Author: Niki Vermeulen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409411788

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 529

Examining a variety of bio-objects in contexts beyond the laboratory, Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century explores new ways of thinking about how novel bio-objects enter contemporary life, analysing the manner in which the boundaries between human and animal, organic and non-organic, and being 'alive' and the suspension of living, are questioned, destabilised and in some cases re-established.
Categories: Social Science

Essays on Philosophy in Australia

Essays on Philosophy in Australia

The distinction drawn by Ellis here matches that drawn by I. Hacking in
Representing and Intervening (1983), between causal ... Distinguishing causal
realism or scientific-entity realism from other forms of realism represents probably
the most ...

Author: Jan J.T. Srzednicki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401580069

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 762

Philosophy flourished in Australia after the war. There was spectacular growth in both the number of departments and the number of philosophers. On top of this philosophy spread beyond the philosophy departments. Serious studies, and interest in philosophy is now common in faculties as diverse as law, science and education. Neither is this development merely quantitative, the Australian researcher has come of age and contributes widely to international debates. At least one movement originated in Australia. This makes the study of philosophy in Australia timely, evidenced by the number of articles concerned with this area that begin to appear in international journals. In Australia itself there is growing interest in the history of the country's philosophical development. There are discussions in conferences and meetings: the matter is now the subject of courses.
Categories: History

The Invention of Modern Science

The Invention of Modern Science

See his Representing and Intervening : Introductory Topics in the Philosopby of
Science ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ... though never perfect , is
always possible , but it does not simply make a third " neutral " language
intervene .

Author: Isabelle Stengers

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816630550

Category: Science

Page: 185

View: 406

"The Invention of Modern Science proposes a fruitful way of going beyond the apparently irreconcilable positions, that science is either "objective" or "socially constructed." Instead, suggests Isabelle Stengers, one of the most important and influential philosophers of science in Europe, we might understand the tension between scientific objectivity and belief as a necessary part of science, central to the practices invented and reinvented by scientists."--pub. desc.
Categories: Science

The Mangle of Practice

The Mangle of Practice

By attending only to knowledge as representation of nature, we wonder how we
can ever escape from representations ... Ian Hacking, Representing and
Intervening TT Tith the four chapters of part 1, I have completed the task I set VV
out in the ...

Author: Andrew Pickering

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226668029

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 432

This ambitious book by one of the most original and provocative thinkers in science studies offers a sophisticated new understanding of the nature of scientific, mathematical, and engineering practice and the production of scientific knowledge. Andrew Pickering offers a new approach to the unpredictable nature of change in science, taking into account the extraordinary number of factors—social, technological, conceptual, and natural—that interact to affect the creation of scientific knowledge. In his view, machines, instruments, facts, theories, conceptual and mathematical structures, disciplined practices, and human beings are in constantly shifting relationships with one another—"mangled" together in unforeseeable ways that are shaped by the contingencies of culture, time, and place. Situating material as well as human agency in their larger cultural context, Pickering uses case studies to show how this picture of the open, changeable nature of science advances a richer understanding of scientific work both past and present. Pickering examines in detail the building of the bubble chamber in particle physics, the search for the quark, the construction of the quarternion system in mathematics, and the introduction of computer-controlled machine tools in industry. He uses these examples to address the most basic elements of scientific practice—the development of experimental apparatus, the production of facts, the development of theory, and the interrelation of machines and social organization.
Categories: Science