Rational Choice Theoretische Analysen und empirische Resultate

Rational Choice  Theoretische Analysen und empirische Resultate

In der Soziologie finden Rational-Choice (RC)-Erklärungen zunehmende Verbreitung. Sie sollen einerseits zu einer Lösung allgemeiner theoretischer Kernprobleme (Erklärung von sozialer Ordnung, Kooperation und sozialen Normen) beitragen.

Author: Andreas Diekmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531908663

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 136

In der Soziologie finden Rational-Choice (RC)-Erklärungen zunehmende Verbreitung. Sie sollen einerseits zu einer Lösung allgemeiner theoretischer Kernprobleme (Erklärung von sozialer Ordnung, Kooperation und sozialen Normen) beitragen. Darüber hinaus dominiert die RC-Theorie mittlerweile zahlreiche Felder der empirischen Forschung. In diesem Band beschreiben namhafte Autoren die umfangreichen theoretischen und empirischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten. Ein Schwerpunkt der theoretischen Arbeiten sind Analysen sozialer Normen. Die empirischen Beiträge und Anwendungen behandeln ein breites Spektrum von Themen, u.a. aus der Soziologie des abweichenden Verhaltens, der politischen Soziologie und der Analyse des Terrorismus. Abgerundet werden die Aufsätze durch methodologische Überlegungen. Der Band liefert Studierenden und Forschern eine umfassende Orientierung über wichtige Entwicklungslinien dieses Forschungsprogramms.
Categories: Social Science

Rational Choice Theory

Rational Choice Theory

Balanced and insightful, this important new text gives a nuanced and elegant evaluation of the potential and limits of rational choice theory.

Author: Lina Eriksson

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9780230343795

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 871

Few approaches in political science have generated so much controversy as rational choice theory. Some claim that the approach has made political science scientific. Its critics argue that it involves unrealistic assumptions about individual behaviour. While its tenets and benefits remain the subject of heated debate, rational choice theory is now established as a core approach in political science and one that is vital for contemporary students of the discipline to understand. With an impressive degree of clarity, the book introduces the philosophical foundations, the methodology and the key issues of rational choice theory. It shows how the approach has been constructively used to explain political phenomena and also reflects more broadly on how theories are developed and used in political science. Balanced and insightful, this important new text gives a nuanced and elegant evaluation of the potential and limits of rational choice theory.
Categories: Political Science

Rational Choice Theorie in den Sozialwissenschaften

Rational Choice Theorie in den Sozialwissenschaften

DEr Hintergrund: Das Modell der Frame-Selektion;98 4.4.2;2. WAs ist Wertrationalitat?;101 4.4.3;3. DRei Rekonstruktionen;103 4.4.4;4. EIn Problem;104 4.4.5;5. ZWei Moglichkeiten;104 4.4.6;6. GUte Grunde und Konsequenzen;107 4.4.7;7.

Author: Andreas Diekmann

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 348656644X

Category: Rational choice theory

Page: 360

View: 271

1;Inhalt;6 2;Vorwort;8 3;Teil A Einleitung;12 3.1;Die Theorie rationalen Handelns. STand und Perspektiven;14 3.1.1;1. BAusteine und Prinzip der RC-Theorie;15 3.1.2;2. SEU-Theorie;17 3.1.3;3. STrategien der Konstruktion von RC-Modellen;20 3.1.4;4. DIe Erklarung kollektiver Effekte;22 3.1.5;5. FAirness, Reziprozitat und soziale Normen;24 3.1.6;Literatur;28 4;Teil B Grundlagen;32 4.1;What Is Rationality?;34 4.1.1;1. EXpected Value of a Gamble (Pascal s Thesis);35 4.1.2;2. RAtionality Outside the Casino;39 4.1.3;3. DEcisions Under Uncertainty;41 4.1.4;4. CAusal and Evidential Theories of Rational Decision;42 4.1.5;6. EThical and Ideological Components in the Conception of Rationality;49 4.1.6;7. RAtionality From the Point of View of Reflexion Theory;52 4.1.7;8. ENter Decision Maker With a Conscience;56 4.1.8;9. MAthematical Psychoanalysis;57 4.1.9;10. IS Rationality a Platonic Category?;58 4.1.10;References;59 4.2;Irrationalitat und zyklische Praferenzen;62 4.2.1;1. TRansitivitat, Intransitivitat und Praferenzzyklen;62 4.2.2;2. EInwande gegen Praferenzzyklen;64 4.2.3;3. DIe Verteidigung von Praferenzzyklen;67 4.2.4;4. LAssen sich Praferenzzyklen oder nur zyklustrachtige Regeln verteidigen?;70 4.2.5;5. PRaferenzkonzeptionen;71 4.2.6;6. BEwertungsregeln und Zyklen schwach dispositionaler Praferenzen;74 4.2.7;7. ZYklen starker dispositionaler Praferenzen;75 4.2.8;8. SChlussbetrachtung;77 4.2.9;Literatur;78 4.3;Adaptive Rationalitat, Gruppenselektion und Ultrasozialitat;80 4.3.1;1. DAs Rationalitatsprinzip als Regel und Metaregel;80 4.3.2;2. EVolutionare Interpretationen und Erweiterungen des Rationalitatsprinzips;82 4.3.3;3. SElektionshierarchien;87 4.3.4;Literatur;94 4.4;Wertrationalitat;98 4.4.1;1. DEr Hintergrund: Das Modell der Frame-Selektion;98 4.4.2;2. WAs ist Wertrationalitat?;101 4.4.3;3. DRei Rekonstruktionen;103 4.4.4;4. EIn Problem;104 4.4.5;5. ZWei Moglichkeiten;104 4.4.6;6. GUte Grunde und Konsequenzen;107 4.4.7;7. WErte als konstitutionelle Interessen;108 4.4.8;8. RAtionale Grunde;110 4.4.9;9. DIe Stabilisierung der Werte: Kognitive und soziale Systeme ;110 4.4.10;Literatur;112 4.5;Frame Dependent Modeling of Influence Processes;114 4.5.1;1. INtroduction;114 4.5.2;2. MOdeling Influence in Policy Networks;116 4.5.3;3. MOdeling Influence in Friendship Networks;119 4.5.4;4. COnclusions;124 4.5.5;References;125 4.6;Tausch in Netzwerken;130 4.6.1;1. MArkt und Netzwerkstruktur;130 4.6.2;2. THeorien und Fragen;132 4.6.3;3. MOdellierungsansatz;134 4.6.4;4. EXperimente und Design;137 4.6.5;5. VOrhersagen und Befunde;138 4.6.6;Literatur;141 4.7;Kommunikationsstruktur und Leistung sozialer Systeme: Simulationen zu den Konsequenzen lokal rationalen Handelns unter verschiedenen Strukturbedingungen.;144 4.7.1;1. EInfuhrung;144 4.7.2;2. KOnzepte;145 4.7.3;3. MIkroprozesse und Makrostruktur: Vom Handeln individueller Akteure zur Entstehung der Gruppenstruktur und zur Gruppen-Leistung;152 4.7.4;Literatur;161 4.8;Die Uberprufung von Rational-Choice-Modellen mit Umfragedaten.;164 4.8.1;1. RC-Modelle und Umfrageforschung: ein gespanntes Verhaltnis;164 4.8.2;2. ZWei Strategien zur uberprufung von RC-Modellen mit Umfragedaten;167 4.8.3;3. EIn Beispiel: Ein RC-Modell des Scheidungsprozesses;173 4.8.4;4. DIe Grenzen von (Standard-) Umfragedaten;175 4.8.5;5. DIskussion;178 4.8.6;Literaturverzeichnis;179 5;Teil C Anwendungen;182 5.1;Soziale Mechanismen rationalen Vertrauens: Eine theoretische Skizze und Resultate aus empirischen Studien.;184 5.1.1;1. VErtrauen beim sozialen und okonomischen Tausch;186 5.1.2;2. LErn- und Kontrolleffekte in Dyaden und in Netzwerken;188 5.1.3;3. EIne Feldstudie uber Mechanismen des Vertrauens bei IT-Transaktionen;193 5.1.4;4. EIn Vignettenexperiment zu Transaktionen zwischen Abnehmern und Lieferanten;198 5.1.5;5. EIn Vignettenexperiment zum Kauf von Gebrauchtwagen;204 5.1.6;6. ZUsammenfassung und Ausblick
Categories: Rational choice theory

Rational Choice in an Uncertain World

Rational Choice in an Uncertain World

In the Second Edition of Rational Choice in an Uncertain World the authors compare the basic principles of rationality with actual behaviour in making decisions.

Author: Reid Hastie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412959032

Category: Psychology

Page: 374

View: 112

In the Second Edition of Rational Choice in an Uncertain World the authors compare the basic principles of rationality with actual behaviour in making decisions. They describe theories and research findings from the field of judgment and decision making in a non-technical manner, using anecdotes as a teaching device. Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, the material not only is of scholarly interest but is practical as well. The Second Edition includes: - more coverage on the role of emotions, happiness, and general well-being in decisions - a summary of the new research on the neuroscience of decision processes - more discussion of the adaptive value of (non-rational heuristics) - expansion of the graphics for decision trees, probability trees, and Venn diagrams.
Categories: Psychology

Rational Choice Theory

Rational Choice Theory

This important volume argues in favour of re-establishing rather relaxed assumptions of rationality as a basis for building theory.

Author: Peter Abell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105006004373

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 197

'Rational Choice Theory is a flourishing branch of economic sociology.'Modern sociological theory has to a considerable degree been fashioned in reaction to assumptions about human rationality. This important volume argues in favour of re-establishing rather relaxed assumptions of rationality as a basis for building theory. Although such theories often fail, they prove to be more successful in building predictive and deductive models of human affairs than any competing theoretical framework. The volume includes important and seminal articles drawn from economics, game theory, utility theory and finds application in the Marxist theory of class, group theory, organization theory and the theory of power relations.This landmark book will be an essential reference companion for any serious student or researcher in modern sociological theory.
Categories: Social Science

Rational Choice Theory

Rational Choice Theory

Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within ...

Author: Margaret S. Archer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134546527

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 304

Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines. Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made. The ciritique focuses on the four assumptions which are the bedrock of rational choice: rationality: the theory's definition of rationality is incomplete, and cannot satisfactorily incorporate norms and emotions individualism: rational choice is based upon atomistic, individual decision makers and cannot account for decisions made by ;couples', 'groups' or other forms of collective action process: the assumption of fixed, well-ordered preferences and 'perfect information' makes the theory inadequate for situations of change and uncertainty aggregation: as methodological individualists, rational choice theorists can only view structure and culture as aggregates and cannot incorporate structural or cultural influences as emergent properties which have an effect upon decision making. The critique is grounded in discussion of a wide range of social issues, including race, marriage, health and education.
Categories: Social Science

The Rational Choice Controversy

The Rational Choice Controversy

This new book reproduces thirteen essays from the journal written by senior scholars in the field, along with an introduction by the editor of the journal, Jeffrey Friedman, and a rejoinder to the essays by Green and Shapiro.

Author: Jeffrey Friedman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300068212

Category: Philosophy

Page: 307

View: 287

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory, a book written by Donald Green and Ian Shapiro and published in 1994, excited much controversy among political scientists and promoted a dialogue among them that was printed in a double issue of the journal Critical Review in 1995. This new book reproduces thirteen essays from the journal written by senior scholars in the field, along with an introduction by the editor of the journal, Jeffrey Friedman, and a rejoinder to the essays by Green and Shapiro. The scholars--who include John Ferejohn, Morris P. Fiorina, Stanley Kelley, Jr., Robert E. Lane, Peter C. Ordeshook, Norman Schofield, and Kenneth A. Shepsle--criticize, agree with, or build on the issues raised by Green and Shapiro s critique. Together the essays provide an interesting and accessible way of focusing on competing approaches to the study of politics and the social sciences.
Categories: Philosophy

Routine Activity and Rational Choice

Routine Activity and Rational Choice

These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies.

Author: R. V. G. Clarke

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1560000872

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 388

Two new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies. The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. Following publication of the first volume, Michael J. Lynch of Florida State University asserted that "Advances in Criminological Theory is to be applauded as an attempt to revive criminological theory by providing an accessible outlet." Contributions to this volume include: Pierre Tremblay, "Searching for Suitable Co-offenders"; Raymond Paternoster and Sally Simpson, "A Rational Choice Theory of Corporate Crime"; Richard B. Felson, "Predatory and Dispute-related Violence"; Gordon Trasler, "Conscience, Opportunity, Rational Choice, and Crime"; Ezzat A. Fattah, "The Rational Choice/Opportunity Perspectives as a Vehicle for Integrating Criminological and Victimological Theories"; Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, "Environment, Routine, and Situation"; Maurice Cusson, "A Strategic Analysis of Crime"; Richard W. Harding, "Gun Use in Crime, Rational Choice, and Social Learning Theory."
Categories: Social Science

Rational Choice

Rational Choice

This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory.

Author: Itzhak Gilboa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262265690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 564

A nontechnical, concise, and rigorous introduction to the rational choice paradigm, focusing on basic insights applicable in fields ranging from economics to philosophy. This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory. It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and social choice, and on ideas developed in philosophy, psychology, and sociology. Itzhak Gilboa argues that economic theory has provided a set of powerful models and broad insights that have changed the way we think about everyday life. He focuses on basic insights of the rational choice paradigm—the general conceptualization rather than a particular theory—that survive recent (and well-justified) critiques of economic theory's various failures. Gilboa explains the main concepts in language accessible to the nonspecialist, offering a nonmathematical guide to some of the main ideas developed in economic theory in the second half of the twentieth century. Chapters cover feasibility and desirability, utility maximization, constrained optimization, expected utility, probability and statistics, aggregation of preferences, games and equilibria, free markets, and rationality and emotions. Online appendixes offer additional material, including a survey of relevant mathematical concepts.
Categories: Business & Economics

Rational Choice and Politics

Rational Choice and Politics

Thus Shepsle argues that the comparative advantage of rational choice theorists
lies in deriving theoretical propositions and advancing theoretical arguments ;
empirical assessment is a secondary matter ' ( Shepsle , 1996 : 219 . See also ...

Author: Stephen Parsons

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826477216

Category: Political Science

Page: 189

View: 546

Rational Choice Theory claims to be able to explain how all individuals make not just some of their choices, but all of their choices, all of the time. According to the theory, there is no difference in principle between choosing whether to buy apples rather than bananas or choosing whether to join a political revolution instead of staying at home and watching television. Given these claims to universal applicability, it is perhaps not surprising to find that over the last three or four decades Rational Choice Theory has become increasingly influential as a means of providing explanations in politics. The textbook introduces the premises of Rational Choice Theory and illustrates how this theory can be applied to political studies. The book concludes with an assessment of the usefulness of the model in the light of the problems highlighted. -"Parson's book provides a lucid presentation and a cogent critique of Rational Choice Theory in economics and politics." Professor Steve Pressman, Department of Economics and Finance, Monmouth University, USA
Categories: Political Science

Rational Choice Theories Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Rational Choice Theories  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need.

Author: John Paul Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199805730

Category:

Page: 16

View: 580

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Categories:

Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory

Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory

Major Proponents of the Convergence of Rational Choice Theory and
Organizational Theory In the past two decades , economists and organizational
theorists have shown increasing interest in the substantive issues that , until
recently , were ...

Author: Mary Zey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803951361

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 137

View: 875

This book addresses a question central to organizational analysis: Given the well-established differences between rational choice and organizational theories, what are the limits of fruitful dialogue and collaboration between the two fields? Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory is written in response to the neoclassical economic rational choice theories and organizational economic theories which have emerged in the past decade. Rational choice theory exemplifies a highly abstract, deductive approach characterized by the development of models based on deliberately, rigidly simplified assumptions. In contrast, Mary Zey argues that the empirical validity of the structure of organizations
Categories: Business & Economics

Rational Choice and Social Exchange

Rational Choice and Social Exchange

Rational choice revisited The theory of rational choice is one of the main
foundations of exchange theory, but it is also a foundation that many critics have
claimed to be built on sand. It has in fact come in for more criticism than almost
any other ...

Author: Anthony Heath

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521290538

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 840

This 1976 book provides a systematic exposition of the principle components of exchange theory, and goes on to give a critique of these theories, paying particular attention to the success of their empirical applications. It concludes that exchange theory has an important part to play in the development of social science.
Categories: Political Science

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

Before examining how rational choice theories are applied, it is necessary to say
something about what rational choice theories are and how they are distinctive.
The rational choice approach to the study of politics, as Jackman (1993, 281), ...

Author: Donald Green

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300066368

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 628

A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as
Categories: Political Science

Nested Games

Nested Games

Clearly written and easily understood by the nonspecialist, Nested Games provides a systematic, empirically accurate, and theoretically coherent account of apparently irrational political actions.

Author: George Tsebelis

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520911970

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 603

Clearly written and easily understood by the nonspecialist, Nested Games provides a systematic, empirically accurate, and theoretically coherent account of apparently irrational political actions.
Categories: Social Science

Is Rational Choice Theory All of Social Science

Is Rational Choice Theory All of Social Science

Unable to kill off its opponents, a third perspective has thus emerged within
rational choice theory—that its foils are companions to be synthesized. Bates, de
Figueiredo, and Weingast thus “explore the possibilities for theoretical integration
by ...

Author: Mark I. Lichbach

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 047202485X

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 411

Advocates of rational choice theory in political science have been perceived by their critics as attempting to establish an intellectual hegemony in contemporary social science, to the detriment of alternative methods of research. The debate has gained a nonacademic audience, hitting the pages of the New York Times and the New Republic. In the academy, the antagonists have expressed their views in books, journal articles, and at professional conferences. Mark I. Lichbach addresses the question of the place of rational choice theory in the social sciences in general and in political science in particular. He presents a typology of the antagonists as either rationalist, culturalist, or structuralist and offers an insightful examination of the debate. He reveals that the rationalist bid for hegemony and synthesis is rooted in the weaknesses, not the strengths, of rationalist thought. He concludes that the various theoretical camps are unlikely to accept the claimed superiority of the rationalist approach but that this opposition is of value in itself to the social sciences, which requires multiple perspectives to remain healthy. With its penetrating examination of the assumptions and basic arguments of each of the sides to this debate, this book cuts through the partisan rhetoric and provides an essential roadmap for the future of the discipline. Mark I. Lichbach is Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland.
Categories: Political Science

Rational Choice and Security Studies

Rational Choice and Security Studies

I his volume consists of a debate about the role of rational choice approaches —
particularly formal, mathematical models — in the field of international security
studies. It gathers together articles that were originally published in International
 ...

Author: Michael E. Brown

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262265257

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 997

Opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied to international security studies. Formal theories and rational choice methods have become increasingly prominent in most social sciences in the past few decades. Proponents of formal theoretical approaches argue that these methods are more scientific and sophisticated than other approaches, and that formal methods have already generated significant theoretical progress. As more and more social scientists adopt formal theoretical approaches, critics have argued that these methods are flawed and that they should not become dominant in most social-science disciplines. Rational Choice and Security Studies presents opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied in the subfield of international security studies. This volume includes Stephen Walt's article "Rigor or Rigor Mortis? Rational Choice and Security Studies," critical replies from prominent political scientists, and Walt's rejoinder to his critics. Walt argues that formal approaches have not led to creative new theoretical explanations, that they lack empirical support, and that they have contributed little to the analysis of important contemporary security problems. In their replies, proponents of rational choice approaches emphasize that formal methods are essential for achieving theoretical consistency and precision.
Categories: Political Science

The Reasoning Criminal

The Reasoning Criminal

Author: Derek B. Cornish

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412852296

Category: Choice (Psychology)

Page: 246

View: 236

Categories: Choice (Psychology)

Rational Choice Theory and Religion

Rational Choice Theory and Religion

Rational Choice Theory and Religion considers one of the major developments in the social scientific paradigms that promises to foster a greater theoretical unity among the disciplines of sociology, political science, economics and ...

Author: Lawrence A. Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134953424

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 336

Rational Choice Theory and Religion considers one of the major developments in the social scientific paradigms that promises to foster a greater theoretical unity among the disciplines of sociology, political science, economics and psychology. Applying the theory of rational choice--the theory that each individual will make her choice to maximize gain and minimize cost--to the study of religion, Lawrence Young has brought together a group of internationally renowned scholars to examine this important development within the field of religion for the first time.
Categories: Social Science

Choice and Religion

Choice and Religion

"Choice and Religion provides a detailed critique of 'rational choice' to demonstrate that industrialisation has secularised the western world and that diversity, far from making religion more popular by allowing individuals to maximize ...

Author: Steve Bruce

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198295847

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 522

"Choice and Religion provides a detailed critique of 'rational choice' to demonstrate that industrialisation has secularised the western world and that diversity, far from making religion more popular by allowing individuals to maximize their returns, undermines it. The claim that competition promotes religion is refuted with evidence from a wide variety of western societies. Bruce also examines the Nordic countries and the ex-communist states of eastern Europe to explore the consequences of different sorts of state regulation, and to show that ethnicity is a more powerful determinate of religious change than market structures. Where religion matters, it is not because individuals are maximising their returns but because it defines group identity and is deeply implicated in social conflict."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Social Science