Ten years after the first volume, this book highlights the important contribution Raman spectroscopy makes as a non-destructive method for characterising the chemical composition of objects with archaeological and historical importance. The original book was ground-breaking in its concept, but the past ten years have seen some advancement into new areas, consolidation of some of the older ones and novel applications involving portable instrumentation, on site in museums and in the field. This new volume maintains the topic at the cutting edge, the Editors have approached prominent contributors to provide case-studies sorted into themes. Starting with a Foreword from the British Museum Director of Scientific Research and an Introduction from the Editors, which offer general background information and theoretical context, the contributions then provide global perspectives on this powerful analytical tool. Aimed at scientists involved in conservation, conservators and curators who want to better understand their collections at a material level and researchers of cultural heritage.
39. 15. Bouchard M, Smith DC (2003) Catalogue of 45 reference Raman spectra
of minerals concerning research in art history or archaeology, especially on
corroded metals and coloured glass. Spectrochim Acta A 59:2247–2266 Fremout
Author: Andrzej Koleżyński
This book reviews various aspects of molecular spectroscopy and its application in materials science, chemistry, physics, medicine, the arts and the earth sciences. Written by an international group of recognized experts, it examines how complementary applications of diverse spectroscopic methods can be used to study the structure and properties of different materials. The chapters cover the whole spectrum of topics related to theoretical and computational methods, as well as the practical application of spectroscopic techniques to study the structure and dynamics of molecular systems, solid-state crystalline and amorphous materials, surfaces and interfaces, and biological systems. As such, the book offers an invaluable resource for all researchers and postgraduate students interested in the latest developments in the theory, experimentation, measurement and application of various advanced spectroscopic methods for the study of materials.
L. Kiefert, J.-P. Chalain and S. H€aberli (2005) Case Study: Diamonds,
Gemstones and Pearls: From the Past to the Present, in Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History (eds H.G.M. Edwards., J.M. Chalmers), The Royal
Society of ...
Author: John M. Chalmers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.
It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field.
Author: Howell Edwards
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Analytical Archaeometry describes this interesting and challenging field of research - on the border between natural sciences (chemistry, spectroscopy, biology, geology) and humanities (archaeology, (art-)history, conservation sciences). It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field. The second part expands from the different types of materials usually encountered, and the final part is organised around a series of typical research questions. The book is not only focussed on archaeological materials, but is also accessible to a broader lay audience. Overall the book is clearly structured and gives insight into different approaches to the study of analytical providing extensive discussion on a wide range of techniques, materials, questions and applications. Due to the advances in analytical instrumentation and applications in this field, it is important to have all this information merged together. Academics as well as professionals in archaeology, art history, museum labs and conservation science will find this an invaluable reference source ensuring the reader is provided with the latest progress in this research field.
This work is part of a series of introductory texts that deal with a broad range of materials-related topics in archaeometry. This book provides a lucid introduction to the basics of gemmology.
Author: Stefanos Karampelas
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Social Science
This book provides a lucid introduction to the basics of gemmology. It familiarizes archaeologists, art historians and conservators with the science of gemstones and allows them to understand the basic concepts of their provenance, typology and treatments. Which are the main types of gems? What treatments can be applied? How does one analyse gems? How can gems contribute to archaeometrical research? This volume is written by four experts in the fields of gemmology and archaeometry and addresses both students who need an introduction to this field and professionals who want to refresh their knowledge of the topic. This work is part of a series of introductory texts that deal with a broad range of materials-related topics in archaeometry.
Acknowledgments This research work and paper was funded by Department of
Archaeological Sciences , School of Archaeological , Geographical and ... Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History , Cambridge , The Society
... as a result of thorough scientific investigations and critical instrumentation
advances , Raman spectroscopy shows excellent potential to become a reliable
analytical tools in the fields of archaeological science , art history , and
Author: Costas Fotakis
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
With the maturation of laser technology in diagnostic and conservation applications, conservation scientists, archeologists, art historians, researchers, and advanced science-oriented students now have the tools necessary for preserving the future of our past-our cultural heritage. Presenting recent developments in the field, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications addresses the basic concepts of laser applications and supplies case studies of analytical, structural diagnostic, and laser cleaning applications. The book provides a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental principles and applications of modern laser technology in the analysis of composition, diagnostics of structural integrity, and conservation of artworks and antiquities. Beginning with an introduction to the basic techniques used in art conservation and archeology, the book describes the fundamental aspects of laser-matter interactions, emphasizing laser diagnostics and laser processing applications. The next few chapters focus on laser-based spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of the composition of materials in art and archaeology, including laser-induced breakdown, Raman, and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The book proceeds to highlight nondestructive diagnostic techniques, laser processing applications, laser applications for the cleaning of paintings and stone, and methods for the removal of encrustations. It concludes with case studies for the conservation of materials like parchment, paper, metal, ivory, and wood, and includes conservation approaches for modern paintings. Bridging science with art, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage presents a systematic overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser techniques in artwork conservation and archeological science.
Notes on Contributors spectroscopy to the field of art and archaeology and to the
study of organisms in extreme habitats ... of Raman spectroscopy for the non -
destructive analyais of materials relevant to art history , archaeology and forensic
SPECTROSCOPY. IN. ART. AND. ARCHAEOLOGY:ANEW. LIGHT. ON. HISTORICAL. MYSTERIES. Howell G.M. Edwards Contents 1. Introduction 134 2. Raman Spectroscopy 139 3. Case Studies 145 3.1. Biodeteriorated wall
paintings 145 ...
Author: Jaan Laane
Much of what we know about atoms, molecules, and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. In this book we have collected together twenty chapters by eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting edge of molecular spectroscopy. These chapters describe new methodology and applications, instrumental developments, and theory which is taking spectroscopy into new frontiers. The range of topics is broad. Lasers are utilized in much of the research, but their applications range from sub-femtosecond spectroscopy to the study of viruses and also to the investigation of art and archeological artifacts. Three chapters discuss work on biological systems and three others represent laser physics. The recent advances in cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS), and microwave techniques are all covered. Chapters on electronic excited states, molecular dynamics, symmetry applications, and neutron scattering are also included and demonstrate the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. * provides comprehensive coverage of present spectroscopic investigations * features 20 chapters written by leading researchers in the field * covers the important role of molecular spectroscopy in research concerned with chemistry, physics, and biology
Raman spectroscopic analysis of ancient Egyptian pigments , Archaeometry 43 :
461 - 73 . Derbyshire , A . and Withnall , R . 1999 . Pigment ... Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History . London : Royal Society of
Author: Andrew Middleton
This book is an account of the work of the team of curators, conservators, and scientists to examine and conserve the Nebamun painting fragments in their new display gallery at the British Museum.
Raman spectroscopy, because of its versatility, has been used to characterize a
wide range of materials in art historical and conservation science (Edwards, 2000
; Vandenabeele et al., 2007), and in archaeological applications (Smith and ...
Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
The application of chemistry within archaeology is an important and fascinating area. It allows the archaeologist to answer such questions as "what is this artefact made of?", "where did it come from?" and "how has it been changed through burial in the ground?", providing pointers to the earliest history of mankind. Archaeological Chemistry begins with a brief description of the goals and history of archaeological science, and the place of chemistry within it. It sets out the most widely used analytical techniques in archaeology and compares them in the light of relevant applications. The book includes an analysis of several specific archaeological investigations in which chemistry has been employed in tracing the origins of or in preserving artefacts. The choice of these investigations conforms to themes based on analytical techniques, and includes chapters on obsidian, ceramics, glass, metals and resins. Finally, it suggests a future role for chemical and biochemical applications in archaeology. Archaeological Chemistry enables scientists to tackle the fundamental issues of chemical change in the archaeological materials, in order to advance the study of the past. It will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists, and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Whitmore, P.M., "The Scientific Examination of Works of Art on Paper', in Scientific
Examination of Art: Modern ... Edwards, H.G.M. and Chalmers, J.M., Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History, Royal Society of Chemistry, ...
Author: J. Ambers
"The drawings discussed in this book, published in association with the British Museum, were all included in the exhibition, Fra Angelico to Leonardo: Italian Renaissance Drawings, which is taking place in the Round Reading Room at the British Museum from 22 April to 25 July 2010. This is a collaborative project with the Gabinetto Disegno e Stampe degli Uffizi and the same selection of drawings will be shown in Florence in autumn 2010. While making extensive use of these existing studies, many of which are cited in the chapters that follow, in this publication great emphasis is placed on how the results from examination and analysis can go beyond determining simply the materials used but to draw conclusions about the reason and manner of their use and the patterns of use across fifteenth-century Italy"--back cover.
-Historical outline of the pictorial cycle by Vasari and Zuccari in the Dome of
Florence Cathedral ( Eng ) art history ; cathedrals ... 1609 ) 1650 -Identification of
pigments in a post - Byzantine mural painting by micro - Raman spectroscopy (
Eng ) ...
Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects.
In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by others, and detect fraudulent paintings. · Demonstrates the amazing efforts being made in using physical techniques for the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage · Provides succinct accounts of how cultural heritage is being preserved. · Looks at how science is being used to enrich our knowledge of the creative arts
This book describes a holistic study of the porcelain manufactured at Nantgarw and Swansea in the first quarter of the 19th Century, using both scientific analytical data and historical provenancing.
Author: Howell G.M. Edwards
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book describes a holistic study of the porcelain manufactured at Nantgarw and Swansea in the first quarter of the 19th Century, using both scientific analytical data and historical provenancing. This porcelain is acclaimed as some of the finest and most translucent porcelain ever produced. These two porcelain factories are linked through the artistic and creative activities of the enigmatic William Billingsley and had a strictly limited production over only three or four years during the period 1812-1820. The earliest chemical analysis of these porcelains were undertaken almost 100 years ago and are compared with the results of more recent analyses The chemical composition of these porcelains, their artistic decoration and the struggle to maintain quality production is reviewed. Scientific explanations are proposed for the characteristic Swansea duck-egg porcelain translucency and for the Nantgarw iridescence. The book is well illustrated throughout and affords a good basis for the further in-depth study of Swansea and Nantgarw porcelains.
3057 Spectroscopy , Raman Howell G . M . Edwards Department of Chemical
and Forensic Sciences , University of ... are highlighted in the fields of biomedical
diagnostics , archaeological science , art history , industrial process control ...
Author: American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic WorksPublish On: 2004
Raman microscopy in art history and conservation science . Reviews in ...
Probing archaeological and artistic solid materials by spatially resolved analytical
techniques . ... Near infrared Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy of indigoids .
Author: American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works
Author: Society for Archaeological Sciences (U.S.)Publish On: 2000
Society for Archaeological Sciences (U.S.). Matson , F . R . ( 1955 ) . ... Infrared
and Raman Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds , 3rd edition .
New York ... Applications of infrared microspectroscopy to art historical questions
Author: Society for Archaeological Sciences (U.S.)
The desire to understand the materials used for decoration also has a long history. ... In the past 20–30 years the use of vibrational spectroscopy in the
analysis of archaeological material has increased from ... significant for art and archaeology samples are that the technique can be non-destructive and that it
may be carried ... Compd., 2012, 42, 129–156 | 129 Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of archaeological materials Rosemary A Goodall and Peter
M Fredericks Introduction.
Author: J. Yarwood
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds: Techniques, Materials and Applications provides a unique source of information in an important area of chemistry. Since Volume 40 the nature and ethos of this series have been altered to reflect a change of emphasis towards aeTechniques, Materials and ApplicationsAE. Researchers will now find up-to-date critical reviews which provide in-depth analyses of the leading papers in the field, with authors commenting of the quality and value of the work in a wider context. Focus areas will include structureufunction relationships, photochemistry and spectroscopy of inorganic complexes, and catalysis; materials such as ceramics, cements, pigments, glasses and corrosion products; techniques such as advanced laser spectroscopy and theoretical methods. Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading experts in their specialist fields, this series is designed to help the chemistry community keep current with the latest developments in their field. Each volume in the series is published either annually or biennially and is a superb reference point for researchers."