The book's findings indicate that the geographic dispersion of MNC production acts as a significant force for peace among the great powers.
Author: Stephen G. Brooks
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
Scholars and statesmen have debated the influence of international commerce on war and peace for thousands of years. Over the centuries, analysts have generally treated the questions "Does international commerce influence security?" and "Do trade flows influence security?" as synonymous. In Producing Security, Stephen Brooks maintains that such an overarching focus on the security implications of trade once made sense but no longer does. Trade is no longer the primary means of organizing international economic transactions; rather, where and how multinational corporations (MNCs) organize their international production activities is now the key integrating force of global commerce. MNC strategies have changed in a variety of fundamental ways over the past three decades, Brooks argues, resulting in an increased geographic dispersion of production across borders. The author shows that the globalization of production has led to a series of shifts in the global security environment. It has a differential effect on security relations, in part because it does not encompass all countries and industries to the same extent. The book's findings indicate that the geographic dispersion of MNC production acts as a significant force for peace among the great powers. The author concludes that there is no basis for optimism that the globalization of production will promote peace elsewhere in the world. Indeed, he finds that it has a net negative influence on security relations among developing countries.
using various factors to produce security. Accordingly, military commanders face
an identical problem to that of business profit-maximizing firms in competitive
markets: they have to choose the optimal combination of inputs necessary to
Author: Yaacov Lifshitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
The Economics of Producing Defense: Illustrated by the Israeli Case begins with an overview of the development of defense economics as a sub-discipline of the general theory of economics, and points at the new challenges it is facing in the post-Cold War era. It focuses, then, on the supply side of defense economics, presenting theoretical analyses and empirical findings related to the use of various inputs - manpower, domestically-made defense products, imported arms - in providing national security. Most of the issues under discussion are further elucidated by examples from Israel's experience. As a small economy that faces continuously severe security problems, Israel's way of coping with defense economic issues may indeed forward some interesting lessons for a wider audience. The principal aim of the book is to convince policy-makers and the public at large of the contribution defense economics could make to more effective management of national security problems. This aim is encouraged by the growing weight attached to economic considerations and consequences in producing and supplying defense, as demonstrated in the detailed discussion.
Producing. security: state. power,. democracy. and. Southeast. Asian. regionalism
. The previous chapters highlighted what might be termed the external
manifestations of the security debate in East Asia. These manifestations
Author: David Martin Jones
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Political Science
ÔKhoo, Jones, and Smith have pulled off a remarkable balancing act, crafting a well-grounded and multifaceted survey of ChinaÕs rise in the context of Asian security. In a field which is often marked more by scholarly effervescence than substance, the authors provide a refreshingly detailed portrait of the last two decades, and fair-mindedly point out evidence which might support both extremes of the debates they challenge with their own Òthird wayÓ.Õ Ð Frank ÒScottÓ Douglas, US Naval War College, US ÔCongratulations to the authors for a clearly argued and comprehensive treatment of ChinaÕs post Cold War rise and what it means for existing and future dynamics of the Asia-Pacific region. Effectively employing realist theory in a fair-minded treatment of regional developments, the volume shows how and why power realities are more important than non-material factors in determining the regionÕs trajectory and thereby demonstrates that ChinaÕs ascendance in Asia remains complicated and conflicted.Õ Ð Robert Sutter, George Washington University, US East Asia is without question a region of huge economic, political and security significance. Asian Security and the Rise of China offers a comprehensive overview and assessment of the international politics of the Asia-Pacific since the end of the Cold War, seeking to address the overarching question of how we can most convincingly explain the central dynamics of AsiaÕs international relations. Via a realist perspective on the dynamics and frictions associated with accommodating the rise of powerful states, this timely book addresses the core issue in contemporary Asian politics: the rise of China. The contributors expertly evaluate ChinaÕs rise and the impact it has had on the dynamics of regional relations in North East and South East Asia. It demonstrates that ChinaÕs economic development and its regional and international ambition increasingly conflict with the existing consensus-based regional arrangements like the ASEAN Regional Forum and the East Asian Summit mechanism. As a consequence, smaller states in the region increasingly resort to hedging and balancing strategies in an attempt to mitigate Chinese hegemony. This leaves the region in the grip of a complex and potentially destabilizing security dilemma. The book offers a compelling analysis of the problem that China presents for its region that will enlighten undergraduate students of regional political studies and international relations. Postgraduate and MasterÕs students on courses addressing East and South East Asia will also find plenty of information in this invaluable book.
Security Releases Most of the details of handling security bugs were covered in “
Announcing Security Vulnerabilities” in Chapter 6, but there are some special
details to discuss for doing security releases. A security release is a release
Author: Karl Fogel
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
The corporate market is now embracing free, "open source" software like never before, as evidenced by the recent success of the technologies underlying LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP). Each is the result of a publicly collaborative process among numerous developers who volunteer their time and energy to create better software. The truth is, however, that the overwhelming majority of free software projects fail. To help you beat the odds, O'Reilly has put together Producing Open Source Software, a guide that recommends tried and true steps to help free software developers work together toward a common goal. Not just for developers who are considering starting their own free software project, this book will also help those who want to participate in the process at any level. The book tackles this very complex topic by distilling it down into easily understandable parts. Starting with the basics of project management, it details specific tools used in free software projects, including version control, IRC, bug tracking, and Wikis. Author Karl Fogel, known for his work on CVS and Subversion, offers practical advice on how to set up and use a range of tools in combination with open mailing lists and archives. He also provides several chapters on the essentials of recruiting and motivating developers, as well as how to gain much-needed publicity for your project. While managing a team of enthusiastic developers -- most of whom you've never even met -- can be challenging, it can also be fun. Producing Open Source Software takes this into account, too, as it speaks of the sheer pleasure to be had from working with a motivated team of free software developers.
Author: Josephine Phillip MsangiPublish On: 2014-08-29
Security. Among. Small-Scale. Agricultural. Producers: Southern. Africa. Abstract
Products from land holdings of small-scale producers in Southern Africa's dry
lands are many and varied. The dry lands are known for their richness of tree ...
Author: Josephine Phillip Msangi
Category: Technology & Engineering
The book focuses on food security highlighting the role of indigenous knowledge and scientific research in addressing the plight of poor small-scale agricultural producers. Rapidly growing global population and global policies and management governing sustainability, hunger, food security and poverty alleviation are discussed. Additionally, impacts of probable climate change, research on land productivity and performance of dependable food crops i.e. cassava and pearl millet are discussed. Analyzed in great detail are roles of small stock, urban/peri-urban agriculture and advantages of climate-smart agriculture and participatory research in enhancing food security of the small-scale agricultural producers in Southern Africa.
There are, of course, an almost infinite number of things that can “go wrong,” producing extensive and pre-emptive risk assessments, and an increasing
number of security measures, including wide-ranging forms and levels of
Author: Colin J. Bennett
Security Games: Surveillance and Control at Mega-Events addresses the impact of 'Mega-Events' – such as the Olympic Games and the World Cup - on wider practices of security and surveillance.
ENERGY SECURITY: ACTORS AND INSTRUMENTS Based on the accentuated
role of government, some believe that diplomacy (namely diplomatic relations
between energy-consuming and producing countries) is the most effective tool to
Author: Sanam S. Haghighi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This book offers the first comprehensive assessment of the various internal and external measures undertaken by the European Union to guarantee security of oil and gas supply. It sets out and analyses in a coherent and thorough manner those aspects of EU external policy that are relevant in establishing a framework for guaranteeing energy security for the Union. What makes the book unique is that it is the first of its kind to bridge the gap between EU energy and EU external policy. The book discusses EU policy towards the major oil and gas producing countries of Russia, the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf at the bilateral as well as regional and multilateral level. It brings together not only the dimensions of trade and investment but also other important aspects of external policy, namely development and foreign policy. The author argues that the EU's energy security cannot be achieved through adopting a purely internal approach to energy issues, but that it is necessary to adopt a holistic approach to external policy, covering efficient economic relations as well as development co-operation and foreign policies towards energy producing countries. The book will be a valuable resource for students of EU law, WTO law or international energy law, as well as scholars and practitioners dealing with energy issues.
These interests and concerns are expressed by both individual producing
countries and by organizations that bring them together. Demand security is
frequently portrayed as the other side of the energy security medal, the side
which was ...
Author: Hugh Dyer
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
ÔThis Handbook should be consulted by anybody interested in the issue of energy security. It convincingly demonstrates why the provision of energy is such a contentious issue, addressing the complex interaction of economic, social, environmental, technical and political aspects involved. The book is particularly valuable in investigating and highlighting processes in which (inter)national actors apply this variety of aspects in (re)constructing their notion of Òenergy securityÓ, its particular meaning and the implications thereof. Such understanding of energy security is helpful!Õ Ð Aad F. CorreljŽ, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands ÔEnergy security has for long been treated as an issue of pure geopolitics. Hugh Dyer and Maria Julia Trombetta aim at broadening energy security debates and extend them to new agendas. Their excellent Handbook offers a fresh perspective on four crucial dimensions: supply, demand, environment and human security. A diverse group of international energy scholars provides for an in-depth and comprehensive analysis of key contemporary energy problems, ranging from an oil producersÕ perspectives on energy security to ethical dimensions of renewable energy and climate governance.Õ Ð Andreas Goldthau, Central European University, Hungary This Handbook brings together energy security experts to explore the implications of framing the energy debate in security terms, both in respect of the governance of energy systems and the practices associated with energy security. The contributors expertly review and analyse the key aspects and research issues in the emerging field of energy security, test the current state of knowledge, and provide suggestions for reflection and further analysis. This involves providing an account of the multiplicity of discourses and meanings of energy security, and contextualizing them. They also suggest a rewriting of energy security discourses and their representation in purely economic terms. This volume examines energy security and its conceptual and practical challenges from the perspectives of security of supply, security of demand, environmental change and human security. It will prove essential for students in the fields of global, international and national politics of energy, economics, and society as well as engineering. It will also appeal to policy practitioners and anybody interested in keeping the lights on, avoiding climate change, and providing a secure future for humanity.
Resource commitment: Executive management makes the decision to commit or
not to commit resources to the merger or acquisition competitive intelligence- producing process. For management to commit resources, it must be convinced
Author: Edward P. Halibozek
Category: Business & Economics
The first book available that focuses on the role of the Security Manager in M&A providing the voice of experience to real-world case situations.
Human activities, including those related to producing, processing, packaging,
distributing, retailing and consuming food, ... Attaining food security for all is
clearly more complicated than just producing more food; the world produces
more than ...
Author: J. S. I. Ingram
Category: Political Science
Global environmental change (GEC) represents and immediate and unprecedented threat to the food security of hundreds of millions of people. At the same time, agriculture and other food-related activities also contribute to GEC by. for example, intensifying greenhouse gas emissions and altering the land surface. This book provides a major, acessible synthesis of the current state of knowledge and thinking on the relationships between GEC and food security. It reviews new thinking which has emerged over the last decade, analyses research methods for stakeholder engagement and for undertaking studies at the regional level, and looks forward by reviewing a number of emerging `hot topics' in the food security. GEC debate which help set new agendas for the research community at large.
Mycotoxin-producing strains of Fusarium are a worldwide problem. When
environmental factors such as temperature and humidity are favorable, these
fungi produce mycotoxins, which can end up as contaminants in animal feed and
Author: Dongyou Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
Security sensitive microbes (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites) and toxins, which are often referred to as the select agents and toxins, have the capacity to cause serious illness and death in humans, animals, and plants. Throughout history, these microbes and toxins have been exploited in one form or another as biowarfare and bioterror agents that create fear and panic well beyond any actual physical damages they might cause. Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins provides comprehensive, state-of-the-art coverage of microbes and toxins of biosecurity concern. The ultimate goal is to increase our awareness of these agents and enhance our preparedness against any future bio-emergencies. The book begins with an introduction containing a brief overview of the historical aspects of security sensitive microbes and toxins. This is followed by a concise summary of the current status in relation to the regulation of security sensitive microbes and toxins and a discussion of future development trends. The book is divided into seven parts: Microbes and Toxins Affecting Humans and Animals: Viruses Microbes and Toxins Affecting Human and Animals: Bacteria Microbes and Toxins Affecting Human and Animals: Fungus and Parasite Microbes and Toxins Affecting Human and Animals: Toxins Microbes Affecting Animals: Viruses Microbes Affecting Animals: Bacteria Microbes Affecting Plants Written by experts in the relevant areas of research, the chapters are authoritative reviews, each one covering a single microbe or toxin with respect to its classification, biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, identification, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The chapters also discuss the limitations of our current knowledge and challenges relating to improved detection and control of the microbe or toxin.
Appadurai 2006) According to Lentin, then, in this sort of security state, which
Agamben takes not to be exceptional but characteristic of contemporary political
order, the suspension of certain rights is rationalized as necessary to protect “the
Author: Joyce Dalsheim
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
Supporters of Hamas and radical religious Israeli settlers seem to serve one purpose in the international peace process: to provide an excuse for its failure. High-level diplomatic negotiators and grassroots peace activists alike blame religious extremists for acting as "spoilers" of rational negotiation, and have often attempted to neutralize, co-opt, or marginalize them. In Producing Spoilers, Joyce Dalsheim explores the problem of stalled peacemaking by viewing spoilers not as the cause, but as a symptom of systemic malfunctions within the concept of the nation-state itself, and the secular constructs of historicism that support it. She argues that spoilers are generated as internal enemies in the course of conflict and used to explain why processes of peace and reconciliation fail. In other words, peacemaking efforts can work to produce enmity. Focusing on the case of Israel and Palestine, Dalsheim shows how processes of conflict resolution, diplomacy, dialogue, education, and social theorizing about liberation, peace, and social justice actually participate in constructing enemies, thus limiting the options for peaceful outcomes. Dalsheim examines the work of politicians and diplomats as well as scholars and grass-roots level peacemakers, drawing on her research and her own experience as an activist for peace. She identifies a number of common techniques and assumptions that help to produce spoilers, among them the constraints of the narrative form and how storytelling is employed in conflict resolution, and the idea of anachronism, which prevents theorists and activists from seeing creative possibilities for peaceful coexistence. Dalsheim also looks at the limits of territorial solutions and the consequences of nationalism-the context in which spoilers of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are produced. She contrasts that nationalism with current theorizing on flexible citizenship and diasporic identity. The book culminates by moving beyond national enmity and outside conventional peacemaking to clear a space in which to think about alternative forms of negotiation, exchange, community, and coexistence.
Article 7 Any functionary of a State security organ , when carrying out according
to law a task for State security and upon producing an appropriate certificate ,
shall have the right to examine the identification certificate of any Chinese citizen
Clearly, the Obama administration is behind in producing its first National Security Strategy Report, and, as a result, many other strategy documents are yet
to be produced. Each presidential administration is required by law to submit its ...
Author: Kristen Boon
Publisher: Oceana Publications
Category: Political Science
Volume 112 of Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents, Discerning President Obama's National Defense Strategy, makes available documents from the first fifteen months of the Obama administration that provide insights into its developing national defense strategy. Included are documents specifically relating to the U.S. Department of Defense and the nation's armed forces. Included is the February 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review Report of the Department of Defense, one of the most significant documents providing insight into the defense component of national security. General Editor Douglas Lovelace, an expert in U.S. military matters, elucidates the complexities of military spending and of counter-insurgency tactics. Also included are reports detailing the strategy and performance of government agencies involved in the security effort, such as the Department of Homeland Security. These reports shed light on internal department assessments as well as external evaluations. Finally, strategy documents produced by the U.S. armed forces describe the national security policy being implemented by the nation's senior military leaders. Researchers will benefit from the focused and comprehensive nature of these reports.
... feasibility of consolidating certain security- related functions and collected
information on the number of personnel who work on security at the two agencies
, but who are not police officers. We also asked the 12 coin and currency producing ...
2.1 Overview The responsibility of producing food crops in the Caribbean falls
mainly on the shoulders of thousands of smallscale farmers who cultivate small
holdings on mostly marginal lands in the interior hillyareas,certain river valleys
Author: C. Beckford
With the exception of Haiti, the sensationalized issues of hunger reported in certain parts of the developing world are largely unknown in the Caribbean. Despite this, there are growing concerns about the state of food security in the region, as declining domestic production and increased dependence on imported food create vulnerability. This study examines some of the contemporary issues impacting food production and food and nutrition security in the CARICOM region of the Caribbean. The authors focus on enhancing domestic food production as the most appropriate way to improve food security and discuss strategies for building capacity in local food production systems. The book is the product of over ten years of research by the authors. It will be of interest to scholars and students of Caribbean geography, cultural geography, food and agricultural geography, and food security.
If blacklisting remains contested by international human rights lawyers and the
Council of Europe, the interventions by the European Court of Justice work to produce a frame in which this exceptional security practice becomes normalised.
Author: Marieke de Goede
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Category: National security
Ondanks de huidige turbulentie in het Europese integratieproces, worden er door de EU belangrijke stappen genomen op het gebied van veiligheidspolitiek en in de naam van terrorismebestrijding. Een centraal element in de Europese 'veiligheidscultuur' die hier ontstaat, is de nadruk op voorzorg en het aanpakken van dreiging in een zo vroeg mogelijk stadium. Het verbindend element tussen de EU Counterterrrorism Strategy, het nieuwe plan voor een Europees Terrorism Financing Tracking Programme, en de Atalanta-missie tegen piraterij is de nadruk op preventie en het anticiperen op mogelijke toekomstige dreiging. Dergelijke programma's hebben echter implicaties voor transparantie en burgerrechten die op gespannen voet staan met de Europese normatieve ambities.
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Foreign Affairs CommitteePublish On: 2008-03-02
Uranium enrichment is not the only route towards producing the fissile material
for a nuclear weapon . In its memorandum to the Committee , the FCO comments
that the heavy water research reactor being constructed at Arak would be ...
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Foreign Affairs Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Political Science
This report from the Foreign Affairs Committee (HCP 142, session 2007-08, ISBN 9780215513854), examines global security in relation to Iran, and is the third such report, the other two focusing on the Middle East and Russia respectively (HCP 363, session 2006-07 (Middle East), ISBN 9780215035844 and HCP 51, session 2007-08 (Russia), ISBN 9780215037411). An earlier report on the UK's relationship with Iran was published in 2004 (HCP 80, session 2003-04, ISBN 9780215016119), and this report further explores issues, in particular the challenge posed by the Iranian nuclear programme. The Committee has set out the issues it will consider in this report, including: the extent of the progress Iran has made on nuclear development; the relationship between Iran's domestic political and human rights situation, and its nuclear ambitions; the relationship between Iran's regional and international security situation and its nuclear ambitions; the regional and global implications of Iran's nuclear programme; the history of international engagement with Iran over nuclear non-proliferation; the options open to the international community in addressing the possibility of Iran obtaining nuclear weapons. The Committee, sets out 16 conclusions and recommendations, including: that the Committee views the potential to develop a nuclear programme as still remaining strong, despite Iran's suspension of an active nuclear wepons programme; the Committee welcomes the supply of enriched uranium by Russia, but that the international community 's diplomatic approach is a long way from achieving all its goals; the Committee condemns unreservedly President Ahmadinejad's call for the destruction of Israel and his hosting of a Holocaust denial conference; that Iranian support for Iraqi insurgents has been responsible for the death of coalition troops and is completely unacceptable and reprehensible and that the Government needs to set out its' analysis of the levels of training, weaponry and finance provided by elements of the Iranian regime.
Stated differently, consuming countries were interested in low oil and gas prices
while producing nations sought to raise prices. The two sides realized that
individual states or companies would have little leverage and creating a
Author: Gawdat Bahgat
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Security of Energy supply is a major concern for all modern societies, intensified by skyrocketing demand in India and China and increasing international competition over fossil fuel deposits. Energy Security: An Interdisciplinary Approach gives A comparative analysis from both consumers' and producers' perspectives. It uniquely combines economics, geology, international relations, business, history, public management and political science, in one comprehensive volume, highlighting the vulnerabilities and need to move to more sustainable energy sources. The author provides a number of useful case studies to demonstrate the theory, including perspectives from consuming regions such as the United States, the European Union, and China, and from exporting regions; the Middle East, Africa, Russia and the Caspian Sea. Key features include: coverage on theoretical and empirical frameworks so readers are able to analyse concepts relevant to new laws and policies in energy security up-to-date coverage on ‘green energy', outlining research on the balance between meeting energy needs and avoiding polluting the environment an examination of the three most prominent international energy organizations; International Energy Agency, International Energy Forum, and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries a full Glossary listing all important terms used in the energy field This study holds important information for policymakers, politicians, energy specialists, scientists and post-graduate and final year students of energy and international relations. With its clear written style, it will also engage other professionals who are interested in international political economy and the future of global energy.
Biofuel Impact on Food Security in Brazil, Asia and Major Producing Countries
Tatsuji Koizumi. Chapter. 1. Introduction. Abstract To deal with energy security, to
reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and to strengthen agricultural/rural ...
Author: Tatsuji Koizumi
Category: Business & Economics
Examining the relationship between biofuels and food security, this book presents an economic analysis of the competition between biofuels and food. It covers the historical and current situation of biofuels and food security in Brazil, China, Japan, USA, EU, Thailand, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and other countries. Furthermore it demonstrates that not only feedstock of agricultural product-based biofuels, but also cellulose-based biofuels can compete with food-related demand and agricultural resources. The issue of whether this competition is good or bad for food security is explored, and this topic is examined at global, national, sub-national and household levels. In order to deal with energy security, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to strengthen agricultural/rural development, biofuel production and utilization is increasing all over the world. One of the most crucial problems is the competition for resources between biofuel and food. This biofuel and food security discussion is expected to continue into the future, and this book proposes the action that is needed to deal with this issue on various levels. Biofuel and Food Security provides a valuable resource to undergraduates and researchers of economics, agricultural economics and renewable science, and also policy makers involved in government or international organizations. It will additionally be of interest to those employed in renewable energy and agriculture in an industrial capacity.