Planning Politics and City Making

Planning  Politics and City Making

Conventional planning theory tends to assume a logical, rational and linear decision-making process, which bears little relationship to reality. This book aims to shed some light on that reality.

Author: Peter Bishop

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000701623

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 426

Whilst there is extensive literature analysing the design and function of new buildings and places, the actual process through which development proposals are actually fashioned – through complex negotiation and deal making, involving many different stakeholders with different agendas – is largely undocumented. Conventional planning theory tends to assume a logical, rational and linear decision-making process, which bears little relationship to reality. This book aims to shed some light on that reality. The King’s Cross scheme is one of the largest and most complex developments taking place in Britain today. The planning negotiations, which took six years, were probably some of the most exhaustive debates around a development ever. A report of over 600 pages of technical information was eventually presented to the committee, and after two evenings and ten hours of presentations and debate, the committee approved the scheme by just two votes.
Categories: Architecture

Behind the Scenes

Behind the Scenes

The book details the complex relationship, not always peaceful, between the Council and the South Australian State government.

Author: Michael Llewellyn-Smith

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 9781922064417

Category: Architecture

Page: 381

View: 784

"The book details the complex relationship, not always peaceful, between the Council and the South Australian State government."--publisher website.
Categories: Architecture

Politics Planning and the City

Politics  Planning and the City

In this chapter, we shall attempt to see how people have reacted to the changes
that have taken place around them in the city and how far they are active in city
politics and in what ways. In other words, we are concerned here with analysing ...

Author: Michael Goldsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135677510

Category: Reference

Page: 216

View: 765

Politics, Planning and the City is designed to introduce the complex political processes and problems of the modern city. The author begins by setting the theoretical context and discusses models of democracy, power and the nature of policy. Next he examines change and the city, by focusing on actual decision-making. Three major policy areas affecting the city - housing, planning and the social services - are then reviewed and the post-war experiences analysed. The author concludes by discussing the consequences, intended and unintended, for the city adn asks whether city governments can cope with the future. This book was first published in 1980.
Categories: Reference

The City Book

The City Book

First published in 1976, this book offers twenty-two case studies of the politics, policies and problems of Canadian cities.

Author: James Lorimer

Publisher: Lorimer

ISBN: 0888621027

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 930

First published in 1976, this book offers twenty-two case studies of the politics, policies and problems of Canadian cities. With backgrounds as planners, architects, politicians, social scientists and journalists, the contributors to this book share an interest in getting behind official rhetoric to expose the realities of how cities work and how they are governed. Assessing urban developments from across Canada, The City Book offers immediate reports on the state of the nation's cities at a time of remarkable growth.
Categories: Law

Planning Politics in Toronto

Planning Politics in Toronto

In this book, Aaron A. Moore examines the effect that the OMB has had on the behavior and relationships of Toronto’s main political actors, including city planners, developers, neighbourhood associations, and local politicians.

Author: Aaron Alexander Moore

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442699465

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 294

The Ontario Municipal Board is an independent provincial planning appeals body that has wielded major influence on Toronto’s urban development. In this book, Aaron A. Moore examines the effect that the OMB has had on the behavior and relationships of Toronto’s main political actors, including city planners, developers, neighbourhood associations, and local politicians. Moore’s findings draw on a quantitative analysis of all OMB decisions and settlements from 2000 through 2006, as well as eight in-depth case studies. The cases, which examine a variety of development proposals that resulted in OMB appeals, compare the decisions of Toronto’s political actors to those typified in American local political economy analyses. A much-needed contribution to the literature on the politics of urban development in Toronto since the 1970s, Planning Politics in Toronto challenges popular preconceptions of the OMB’s role in Toronto’s patterns of growth and change.
Categories: Political Science

Politics Planning and Homes in a World City

Politics  Planning and Homes in a World City

Other reports were published by the Treasury (HMT), the Government Office for
London (GOL), thePlanning Inspectorate and the National Planning and Housing
Advisory Unit (NHPAU). Abercrombie, P.(1944) Greater LondonPlan, London: ...

Author: Duncan Bowie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136998515

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 866

This is an insightful study of spatial planning and housing strategy in London, focusing on the period 2000-2008 and the Mayoralty of Ken Livingstone. Duncan Bowie presents a detailed analysis of the development of Livingstone’s policies and their consequences. Examining the theory and practice of spatial planning at a metropolitan level, Bowie examines the relationships between: planning, the residential development market and affordable housing environmental, economic and equity objectives national, regional and local planning agencies and their policies. It places Livingstone’s Mayoralty within its historical context and looks forward to the different challenges faced by Livingstone’s successors in a radically changed political and economic climate. Clear and engaging, this critical analysis provides a valuable resource for academics and their students as well as planning, housing and development professionals. It is essential reading for anyone interested in politics and social change in a leading ‘world city’ and provides a base for parallel studies of other major metropolitan regions.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Place

The Politics of Place

It tells the story of bold visions compromised by political realities, battles between residents and developers, and occasional misfires from City Council and City Hall.

Author: Joseph P. Schwieterman

Publisher: Lake Claremont Press

ISBN: 1893121267

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 116

Only in Chicago Can Zoning Be Epic... Chicago is renowned for its distinctive skyline, its bustling Loop business district, and its diverse neighborhoods. How the face of Chicago came to be is a story of enterprise, ingenuity, opportunity--and zoning. Until now, however, there has not been a book that focuses on the important, often surprising, role of zoning in shaping the 'The City that Works.' "The Politics of Place: A History of Zoning in Chicago" reviews the interplay among development, planning, and zoning in the growth of the Gold Coast, the Central Area, and, more recently, massive 'Planned Developments'; such as Marina City, Illinois Center, and Dearborn Park. It tells the story of bold visions compromised by political realities, battles between residents and developers, and occasional misfires from City Council and City Hall. What emerges is a fascinating, behind-the-scenes inspection of the evolving character of the city's landscape. Schwieterman and Caspall recount the many planning innovations that have originated in Chicago, the complexities and intrigue of its zoning debates, and the recent adoption of a new zoning ordinance that promises to affect the city's economy and image for years to come.
Categories: History

The City Builders

The City Builders

Focusing on the global cities of New York and London, this book explores the ways in which the property development industry attempts to shape, as well as respond to, market demand in the boom and bust years of the 1980s and early 1990s.

Author: Susan S. Fainstein

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631182438

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 334

Categories: Business & Economics

Latino City

Latino City

The book provides a critical introduction to the main theoretical debates and key thinkers related to the new urbanism, transit-oriented, and creative class models of urban revitalization.

Author: Erualdo R. Gonzalez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317590224

Category: Science

Page: 118

View: 601

American cities are increasingly turning to revitalization strategies that embrace the ideas of new urbanism and the so-called creative class in an attempt to boost economic growth and prosperity to downtown areas. These efforts stir controversy over residential and commercial gentrification of working class, ethnic areas. Spanning forty years, Latino City provides an in-depth case study of the new urbanism, creative class, and transit-oriented models of planning and their implementation in Santa Ana, California, one of the United States’ most Mexican communities. It provides an intimate analysis of how revitalization plans re-imagine and alienate a place, and how community-based participation approaches address the needs and aspirations of lower-income Latino urban areas undergoing revitalization. The book provides a critical introduction to the main theoretical debates and key thinkers related to the new urbanism, transit-oriented, and creative class models of urban revitalization. It is the first book to examine contemporary models of choice for revitalization of US cities from the point of view of a Latina/o-majority central city, and thus initiates new lines of analysis and critique of models for Latino inner city neighborhood and downtown revitalization in the current period of socio-economic and cultural change. Latino City will appeal to students and scholars in urban planning, urban studies, urban history, urban policy, neighborhood and community development, central city development, urban politics, urban sociology, geography, and ethnic/Latino Studies, as well as practitioners, community organizations, and grassroots leaders immersed in these fields.
Categories: Science

City Politics and Planning

City Politics and Planning

24 The concept of opportunity costs is developed in Martin Mey- erson and
Edward Banfield, Politics, Planning and the Public Interest (New York: The Free
Press, 1955). 25 See Dahl in Social Science and Community Action, p. 36. On "
slack ...

Author: Francine F. Rabinovitz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202364773

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 387

Discusses some of the factors determining the political impact of the city planner on community decision-making. This book also uses a reanalysis of an attitude survey of US planning directors, as well as a synthesis of previous studies. It discusses the variables that influence the effectiveness of planning.
Categories: Political Science

City Politics and Planning

City Politics and Planning

24 The concept of opportunity costs is developed in Martin Meyerson and
Edward Banfield, Politics, Planning and the Public Interest (New York: The Free
Press, 1955). 25 See Dahl in Social Science and Community Action, p. 36. On “
slack ...

Author: Irving Horowitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351528399

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 176

This volume discusses some of the factors determining the political impact of the city planner on community decision-making. Rabinovitz bases her book on case studies of planning decisions in six New Jersey communities that were chosen for reputations of both effective and ineffective planning. She also uses a reanalysis of an attitude survey of U.S. planning directors, as well as a synthesis of previous studies. The materials are presented comparatively, thus enabling the reader to identify major themes in the broad and, until now, largely uncharted area of the interrelationship of politics and planning.The author first discusses the variables that influence the effectiveness of planning. She then develops a typology of community political systems in the six cities, based on such factors as power distribution, values, style, participation, conflict and cohesion, and potential for program output. The typology of urban political systems is matched by a typology of roles for the planner; this leads to a careful examination of the usefulness of different roles in different urban political situations. Other variables on which the success of particular roles depends--such as the ability to command resources for desired actions, the norms of the planning community, and the needs of the planner--are included. Finally, the author raises three important questions central to the planner's effectiveness: Can success spoil the planner? What does the planner contribute to decision-making? To what extent does political utility determine the planner's benefits or reverses?City Politics and Planning not only explores some crucial aspects of the city power structure but also shows the importance of who governs and, in addition, assesses the impact of community values on the types of policies that the community is likely to adopt. As such, this volume is invaluable to the students of city planning, local government, political science, and urban sociology; as well as, of course, to th
Categories: Political Science

Politics and Planning in the Holy City

Politics and Planning in the Holy City

This volume will attract urban specialists as well as those concerned with larger political issues.

Author: Gedalia Auerbach

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412809603

Category: History

Page: 138

View: 547

Jerusalem is not just another city that illustrates the conflict between interests of professional planners and competing political perspectives. It is the Holy City, with a history of some 3,000 years. Moreover, numerous layers of historical remains have importance for intense and competitive religious and national interests. Israelis claim it as the capital of their country, and Palestinians want it--or part of it--as the capital of their not yet created state. Jerusalem is also a place where more than 700,000 people live, and the center of a metropolitan area with more than twice that number. Along with religious and national interests, there are the customary conflicts between what various groups--property developers, politicians, professional planners, neighborhood residents, and environmental activists--want to do with the land. Politics and Planning in the Holy City describes and analyzes the tensions between politics and planning. The authors tackle the economic, social, and political contexts that shape conflicts. Such problems include deciding what should be called "Jerusalem" and difficulties surrounding the construction of a defense barrier to protect Israelis from Palestinian terrorists--in the framework of a multicultural city where 30 to 40 percent of its residents are Palestinians. There is dissent over locating rail lines to the city, as some interests want them here, there, or nowhere, and over building a light rail line within a city already crowded and beset with conflicting interests. The creation of a football stadium is another venue for conflict, as many religious Jews view sports as a threat to their way of life. Issues include locating a site for housing new immigrants, as few Jerusalemites want large numbers of newcomers in their neighborhoods, and deciding which sites merit preservation in a city with many deserving candidates, but severely limited resources. This volume will attract urban specialists as well as those concerned with larger political issues.
Categories: History

People Politics Policies and Plans

People  Politics  Policies and Plans

This is the first substantial book written from first-hand experience by a British planning practitioner, about what the planning process is actually like in a major British city.

Author: Ted Kitchen

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020517335

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 750

This is the first substantial book written from first-hand experience by a British planning practitioner, about what the planning process is actually like in a major British city. The city in this case is Manchester, for which authority Ted Kitchen worked from 1979 to 1996. The book looks at how the elements in the making of planning decisions interact. Its primary purpose is to illuminate the complex workings of the planning process in the real world. As well as considering the basic tools of development plan-making and development control used by the planning process, the author looks at the actors - planning staff, elected members and the other main groups of customers of the planning service - and at the major fields of activity with which the planning process engages. These include the need to improve the economic base of the city; the problems of planning in the inner city; transportation issues; and attempts to move towards more sustainable urban policies and practices. Much of this material is controversial, and most of it is presented in case study format. The author deals fully with matters that show the interactions between the professional work of the planning staff and the operation of the political process. The book shows how processes of urban regeneration were tackled during a period when the city of Manchester was experiencing a renaissance in many elements of its economic life. Many of these processes, such as the city's bids for the 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games, were high-profile activities which strengthened the city's image in the wider world. At the same time, the living circumstances of many people worsened, particularly in the inner city. Policy development struggled with this tension, as well as with others such as the challenge to the dominant economic regeneration model posed by the emerging issue of urban sustainability. The author turns an insider's eye on the processes of policymaking at work in this situation; and the planning service is shown grappling with a difficult policy agenda and a difficult political situation in a period of diminishing resources.
Categories: Science

Battery Park City

Battery Park City

Politics and Planning on the New York Waterfront David L. A. Gordon. founded
the organization in 1957, ... Their plan (Figure 6) was received cautiously by the
press and City when it was released in November 1963. The DLMA's pressure for
 ...

Author: David L. A. Gordon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136647604

Category: Political Science

Page: 145

View: 278

Battery Park City in Manhattan has been hailed as a triumph of urban design, and is considered to be one of the success stories of American urban redevelopment planning. The flood of praise for its design, however, can obscure the many lessons from the long struggle to develop the project. Nothing was built on the site for more than a decade after the first master plan was approved, and the redevelopment agency flirted with bankruptcy in 1979. Taking a practice-oriented approach, the book examines the role of planning and development agencies in implementing urban waterfront redevelopment. It focuses upon the experience of the central actor - the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) - and includes personal interviews with executives of the BPCA, former New York mayors John Lindsay and Ed Koch, key public officials, planners, and developers. Describing the political, financial, planning, and implementation issues faced by public agencies and private developers from 1962 to 1993, it is both a case study and history of one of the most ambitious examples of urban waterfront redevelopment.
Categories: Political Science

Planning the City Upon a Hill

Planning the City Upon a Hill

Surely here is the book that should follow upon Walter Whitehill's classic Topographical History.' - Sam Bass Warner, Jr., Jack Meyerhoff Professor of Environmental Studies, Brandeis University

Author: Lawrence W. Kennedy

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 0870239236

Category: Architecture

Page: 314

View: 192

An account of Boston's planning history. Nine chapters detail the key developments that shaped each period of Boston's growth, focusing on the post-World War II era. The text describes the process and significance of all the major projects - from the first wharves to the latest skyscrapers.
Categories: Architecture

The Politics of Urban Governance

The Politics of Urban Governance

But who and what are the real drivers of change? This innovative text casts new light on the issues and re-examines the state of urban governance at the start of the twenty-first century.

Author: Jon Pierre

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137285553

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 908

The study of urban governance provides a valuable insight into economic, social, and political forces and how they shape city life. But who and what are the real drivers of change? This innovative text casts new light on the issues and re-examines the state of urban governance at the start of the twenty-first century. Jon Pierre analyses four models of urban governance: 'management', 'corporatist', 'pro-growth' and 'welfare'. Each is assessed in terms of its implications for the major issues, interests and challenges in the contemporary urban arena. Distinctively, Pierre argues that institutions – and the values which underpin them – are the driving forces of change. The book also assesses the impact of globalization upon urban governance. The long-standing debate on the decline of urban governance is re-examined and reformulated by Pierre, who applies a wider international approach to the issues. He argues that the changing cast of private and public actors, combined with new forms of political participation, have resulted in a transformation – rather than a decline – of contemporary urban governance.
Categories: Political Science