Philosophy and Computing

Philosophy and Computing

Luciano Floridi shows us how the relationship between philosophy and computing provokes a wide range of philosophical questions: is there a philosophy of information? What can be achieved by a classic computer? How can we define complexity?

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134679607

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 850

Philosophy and Computing explores each of the following areas of technology: the digital revolution; the computer; the Internet and the Web; CD-ROMs and Mulitmedia; databases, textbases, and hypertexts; Artificial Intelligence; the future of computing. Luciano Floridi shows us how the relationship between philosophy and computing provokes a wide range of philosophical questions: is there a philosophy of information? What can be achieved by a classic computer? How can we define complexity? What are the limits of quantam computers? Is the Internet an intellectual space or a polluted environment? What is the paradox in the Strong Artificial Intlligence program? Philosophy and Computing is essential reading for anyone wishing to fully understand both the development and history of information and communication technology as well as the philosophical issues it ultimately raises.
Categories: Philosophy

The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information

The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information

This Guide provides an ambitious state-of-the-art survey of the fundamental themes, problems, arguments and theories constituting the philosophy of computing. A complete guide to the philosophy of computing and information.

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470756768

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 274

This Guide provides an ambitious state-of-the-art survey of the fundamental themes, problems, arguments and theories constituting the philosophy of computing. A complete guide to the philosophy of computing and information. Comprises 26 newly-written chapters by leading international experts. Provides a complete, critical introduction to the field. Each chapter combines careful scholarship with an engaging writing style. Includes an exhaustive glossary of technical terms. Ideal as a course text, but also of interest to researchers and general readers.
Categories: Science

Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy

Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy

Focuses on the multi-faceted 'computational turn' that is occurring through the interaction of the disciplines of philosophy and computing. This book explores the phenomenon of virtual worlds. It focuses on robots and artificial agents.

Author: Adam Briggle

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586038762

Category: Computers

Page: 205

View: 121

The theme of this volume is the multi-faceted 'computational turn' that is occurring through the interaction of the disciplines of philosophy and computing. In computer and information sciences, there are significant conceptual and methodological questions that require reflection and analysis. Moreover, digital, information and communication technologies have had tremendous impact on society, which raises further philosophical questions. This book tries to facilitate the task to continuously work to ensure that its diversity of perspectives and methods proves a source of strength and collaboration rather than a source of instability and disintegration. The first three contributions explore the phenomenon of virtual worlds. The next four focus on robots and artificial agents. Then a group of chapters discusses the relation between human mentality and information processing in computers and the final section covers a broad range of issues at the interface of computers and society.
Categories: Computers

CyberPhilosophy

CyberPhilosophy

This cutting edge volume provides an overview of the dynamic new field of cyberphilosophy – the intersection of philosophy and computing. Offers an overview of the latest developments in the dynamic new field of cyberphilosophy.

Author: James H. Moor

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405100737

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 436

This cutting edge volume provides an overview of the dynamic new field of cyberphilosophy – the intersection of philosophy and computing. Offers an overview of the latest developments in the dynamic new field of cyberphilosophy. Shows how computing is influencing all major areas of philosophy, and vice versa. Comprises a selection of newly written articles by international scholars. Articles are organised around five standard philosophical themes – minds, agency, reality, communication and ethics. Can be used alongside its sister volume, The Digital Phoenix as the basis for a course. .
Categories: Science

Philosophy of Computing and Information

Philosophy of Computing and Information

This is yet another gem in the 5 Questions Series by Automatic Press / VIP

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: Vince Incorporated Press

ISBN: 8792130097

Category: Computers

Page: 204

View: 978

Computing and information, and their philosophy in the broad sense, play a most important scientific, technological and conceptual role in our world. This book collects together, for the first time, the views and experiences of some of the visionary pioneers and most influential thinkers in such a fundamental area of our intellectual development. This is yet another gem in the 5 Questions Series by Automatic Press / VIP
Categories: Computers

Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science

Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science

He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy of science (UAB) and a master in history of
sciences (UAB). His research is dedicated to the epistemological, ethical, gender,
and educational aspects of Philosophy of Computing and Science. Jordi is
Member ...

Author: Jordi Vallverdú

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781616920142

Category: Computers

Page: 435

View: 789

"This book offers a high interdisciplinary exchange of ideas pertaining to the philosophy of computer science, from philosophical and mathematical logic to epistemology, engineering, ethics or neuroscience experts and outlines new problems that arise with new tools"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Computers

Philosophy Computing and Information Science

Philosophy  Computing and Information Science

On the level of molecules (with atoms and elementary particles as structural
elements) there are computational processes ... Information and Computing
Sciences and Philosophy When discussing the relationship between philosophy
and ...

Author: Ruth Hagengruber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317562

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 604

Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.
Categories: Science

On the Foundations of Computing

On the Foundations of Computing

The debates this text surveys are among the latest and most urgent ones: the crisis of foundations in mathematics and the birth of the decision problem, the nature of algorithms, the debates on computational artefacts and malfunctioning, ...

Author: Giuseppe Primiero

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198835646

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 210

Computing, today more than ever before, is a multi-faceted discipline which collates several methodologies, areas of interest, and approaches: mathematics, engineering, programming, and applications. Given its enormous impact on everyday life, it is essential that its debated origins are understood, and that its different foundations are explained. On the Foundations of Computing offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the birth and evolution of computing, and it presents some of the most important technical results and philosophical problems of the discipline, combining both historical and systematic analyses. The debates this text surveys are among the latest and most urgent ones: the crisis of foundations in mathematics and the birth of the decision problem, the nature of algorithms, the debates on computational artefacts and malfunctioning, and the analysis of computational experiments. By covering these topics, On the Foundations of Computing provides a much-needed resource to contextualize these foundational issues. For practitioners, researchers, and students alike, a historical and philosophical approach such as what this volume offers becomes essential to understand the past of the discipline and to figure out the challenges of its future.
Categories: Computers

Sopholab Experimental Computational Philosophy

Sopholab  Experimental Computational Philosophy

Abstract Leaving the armchair, philosophers are increasingly turning to
computers and other means to test their theories and gather data to support their
theories. The introduction of experiments has opened a whole new field of
research.

Author:

Publisher: 3TU Ethics

ISBN: 9789056381684

Category:

Page: 189

View: 709

Categories:

The Philosophy of Law Meets the Philosophy of Technology

The Philosophy of Law Meets the Philosophy of Technology

A dialogue between philosophers of technology and philosophers of law, this book addresses these questions, as it takes up the unprecedented opportunity that autonomic computing and ambient intelligence offer for a reassessment of the most ...

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136807671

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 130

Law, Human Agency and Autonomic Computing interrogates the legal implications of the notion and experience of human agency implied by the emerging paradigm of autonomic computing, and the socio-technical infrastructures it supports.
Categories: Computers

Computing and Philosophy in Asia

Computing and Philosophy in Asia

The upshot is that for philosophy itself culture appears to be very much involved.
But what about computing? Computer and information technologies are products
of a certain kind of society and a certain time and place. They, as are other ...

Author: Soraj Hongladarom

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443807432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 295

View: 997

This volume is a collection of selected papers presented at the Second Asia-Pacific Computing and Philsosophy Conference, which was held in Bangkok, Thailand in January 2005. The conference was organized by the Center for Ethics of Science and Technology, Chulalongkorn University on behalf of the International Association of Computing and Philosophy (www.ia-cap.org). Computing have had a long relationship with philosophy, starting from the problem of how symbols being manipulated in computing bear a relation to the outside world, to those of artificial intelligence, robotics, computer simulation, and so on. Moreover, as computer technologies have become thoroughly pervasive in today's environment, there are also issues concerning social and ethical impacts brought about by them. The papers in the volume represent a wide variety of concerns and various dimensions within which computing and philosophy are related. Furthermore, it also represents some of the first attempts to highlight cultural dimensions of computing and philosophy, which became prominent when the conference was held for the first time within the milieu of an Asian culture. (The First Asia-Pacific Computing and Philosophy was held in Canberra, Australia.) Hence, many of the papers in the volume address this added dimension. Apart form the usual problems of how computers and human lives are interconnected, the papers here also discuss how computers are related to human lives as lived in a specific culture. Thus the book breaks a new ground and should be of interest to a wide range of scholars and students who are interested, not only on computing and philosophy generally construed, but also on this exciting new dimension of how the cultures of Asia, the West, and others bear upon the traditional issues in computing and philosophy, and on how this dimension raises some new concerns and agenda. Among the topics discussed in this volume are: political online forums in Saudi Arabia, e-democracy and structural transformation of public sphere, the Buddhist informational person, a glance into the lives of computerized generation in Thailand, technology and journalism in the market, local approaches and global potential (?) of information ethics, computer-enhanced good life, computer teaching ethics, and many others.
Categories: Philosophy

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

Presupposing no familiarity with the technical concepts of either philosophy or computing, this clear introduction reviews the progress made in AI since the inception of the field in 1956.

Author: Jack Copeland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119189848

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 309

Presupposing no familiarity with the technical concepts of either philosophy or computing, this clear introduction reviews the progress made in AI since the inception of the field in 1956. Copeland goes on to analyze what those working in AI must achieve before they can claim to have built a thinking machine and appraises their prospects of succeeding. There are clear introductions to connectionism and to the language of thought hypothesis which weave together material from philosophy, artificial intelligence and neuroscience. John Searle's attacks on AI and cognitive science are countered and close attention is given to foundational issues, including the nature of computation, Turing Machines, the Church-Turing Thesis and the difference between classical symbol processing and parallel distributed processing. The book also explores the possibility of machines having free will and consciousness and concludes with a discussion of in what sense the human brain may be a computer.
Categories: Philosophy

The Digital Phoenix

The Digital Phoenix

This important book, which results from a series of presentations at American Philosophical Association conferences, explores the major ways in which computers are changing philosophy.

Author: Terrell Ward Bynum

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631203524

Category: Philosophy

Page: 404

View: 591

Computers are having a significant impact on foundational concepts in philosophy such as the mind, consciousness, reasoning, knowledge, logic, truth and creativity.
Categories: Philosophy

Computers Ethics and Society

Computers  Ethics  and Society

Computers, Ethics, and Society, now in its second edition, provides a stimulating set of interdisciplinary readings specifically designed to understand these issues.

Author: Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice M David Ermann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UOM:39015039062495

Category: Computers

Page: 340

View: 457

Computers can have both a positive and negative impact on our lives. As they become increasingly important, these machines have the potential to deprive us of our privacy and even the jobs we need to support ourselves. On the other hand, they can enhance the quality of human life by producing unimagined freedom from drudgery and want. Ideal for students in sociology, philosophy, and computer science courses, Computers, Ethics, and Society serves as a reminder that although technology has the potential to improve or undermine our quality of life, it is society which has the power to ultimately decide how computers will affect our lives. Computers, Ethics, and Society , now in its second edition, provides a stimulating set of interdisciplinary readings specifically designed to understand these issues. The readings examine current computer problems, discussing them at a level that can explain future realities. Topics include the threat to privacy, computer wrong-doing and whistleblowing, and the questions of how to decide when and if a computer-related act is wrongful. In addition, the problems of unemployment and opportunities for international cooperation are considered in light of broader issues of justice and community. New chapters in the second edition deal with specific and timely issues such as the conflict over copyrights on the Internet; the influence and effect of computer technology on women, minorities, and third world societies; and the exploitations of Internet technology by right-wing militia groups and other underground organizations.
Categories: Computers

The Philosophy of Information

The Philosophy of Information

Computational and information-theoretic research in philosophy has become
increasingly fertile and pervasive. It revitalizes old philosophical questions, poses
new pro- blems, contributes to re-conceptualization of our world-views, and it has
 ...

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191655647

Category: Philosophy

Page: 426

View: 254

Luciano Floridi presents a book that will set the agenda for the philosophy of information. PI is the philosophical field concerned with (1) the critical investigation of the conceptual nature and basic principles of information, including its dynamics, utilisation, and sciences, and (2) the elaboration and application of information-theoretic and computational methodologies to philosophical problems. This book lays down, for the first time, the conceptual foundations for this new area of research. It does so systematically, by pursuing three goals. Its metatheoretical goal is to describe what the philosophy of information is, its problems, approaches, and methods. Its introductory goal is to help the reader to gain a better grasp of the complex and multifarious nature of the various concepts and phenomena related to information. Its analytic goal is to answer several key theoretical questions of great philosophical interest, arising from the investigation of semantic information.
Categories: Philosophy

Computer Ethics and Professional Responsibility

Computer Ethics and Professional Responsibility

The book is further enriched by a variety of classroom-tested case studies and study questions, as well as lists of useful websites and readings. Visit the book’s website at www.southernct.edu/organizations/RCCS/Textbook

Author: Terrell Ward Bynum

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1855548453

Category: Philosophy

Page: 378

View: 364

This clear and accessible textbookand its associated website offer a state of the art introduction to the burgeoning field of computer ethics and professional responsibility. Includes discussion of hot topics such as the history of computing; the social context of computing; methods of ethical analysis; professional responsibility and codes of ethics; computer security, risks and liabilities; computer crime, viruses and hacking; data protection and privacy; intellectual property and the “open source” movement; global ethics and the internet Introduces key issues and concepts at the start of each section, and features classroom-tested study questions, and lists of useful websites and further reading Provides a wealth of relevant case studies, and an easy-to learn case-analysis technique Is accompanied by a website, offering sample student answers, additional study questions, example case analyses, and discussion forums Visit the website at www.southernct.edu/organizations/RCCS/Textbook
Categories: Philosophy

Computing a Human Activity

Computing  a Human Activity

The book features Naur's original and stimulating reflections on the nature of computing, with perceptive analyses of many issues that remain controversial.

Author: Peter Naur

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: UOM:39015025275416

Category: Computers

Page: 630

View: 556

In this comprehensive anthology Peter Naur, one of the world's foremost computer scientists, presents his selected writings from 1951 to 1990. The book features Naur's original and stimulating reflections on the nature of computing, with perceptive analyses of many issues that remain controversial. Comprising the author's published and unpublished writings on scientific, technical, philosophical, and social aspects of computing, the volume highlights his view of computing as, essentially, a human activity.
Categories: Computers

Computers Ethics and Society

Computers  Ethics  and Society

This book offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary set of readings on the ethical and social implications of computer technology.

Author: M. David Ermann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195143027

Category: Computers

Page: 249

View: 462

As computers have become increasingly important in our everyday lives, their potential to strip away our privacy and autonomy increases exponentially. This book offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary set of readings on the ethical and social implications of computer technology. Taking into account technical, social, and philosophical issues, the contributors consider topics such as the work-related ramifications of automation, the ethical obligations of computer specialists, and the threats to privacy that come with increased computerization.
Categories: Computers

Deontic Logic in Computer Science

Deontic Logic in Computer Science

This book provides a unique and timely assessment of the practical value of deontic logic for computer scientists in AI and law and, more particularly, in such areas as distributed AI and intelligent cooperative information systems.

Author: John-Jules Ch. Meyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015029976134

Category: Computers

Page: 317

View: 573

Deontic logic originated from moral philosophy and the philosophy of law as an attempt to formalise normative and legal reasoning. This book draws on the experience of researchers - working in fields as diverse as Artificial Intelligence, linguistics, computer system specification and law - who have discovered the benefits of deontic logic when applied to solving computer science and AI problems. A useful logic in which to specify normative system behaviour, deontic logic has a broad spectrum of possible applications within the field: from legal expert systems to natural language processing, database integrity to electronic contracting and the specification of fault-tolerant software. This book provides a unique and timely assessment of the practical value of deontic logic for computer scientists in AI and law and, more particularly, in such areas as distributed AI and intelligent cooperative information systems.
Categories: Computers

Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017

Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017

This book reports on the results of the third edition of the premier conference in the field of philosophy of artificial intelligence, PT-AI 2017, held on November 4 - 5, 2017 at the University of Leeds, UK. It covers: advanced knowledge on ...

Author: Vincent C. Müller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319964485

Category: Computers

Page: 316

View: 836

This book reports on the results of the third edition of the premier conference in the field of philosophy of artificial intelligence, PT-AI 2017, held on November 4 - 5, 2017 at the University of Leeds, UK. It covers: advanced knowledge on key AI concepts, including complexity, computation, creativity, embodiment, representation and superintelligence; cutting-edge ethical issues, such as the AI impact on human dignity and society, responsibilities and rights of machines, as well as AI threats to humanity and AI safety; and cutting-edge developments in techniques to achieve AI, including machine learning, neural networks, dynamical systems. The book also discusses important applications of AI, including big data analytics, expert systems, cognitive architectures, and robotics. It offers a timely, yet very comprehensive snapshot of what is going on in the field of AI, especially at the interfaces between philosophy, cognitive science, ethics and computing.
Categories: Computers