People and Space in the Middle Ages 300 1300

People and Space in the Middle Ages  300 1300

This book compares community definition and change in the temperate zones of southern Britain and northern France with the starkly contrasting regions of the Spanish meseta and Iceland.

Author: Wendy Davies

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015066853717

Category: History

Page: 366

View: 942

This book compares community definition and change in the temperate zones of southern Britain and northern France with the starkly contrasting regions of the Spanish meseta and Iceland. Local communities were fundamental to human societies in the pre-industrial world, crucial in supporting their members and regulating their relationships, as well as in wider society. While geographical and biological work on territoriality is very good, existing archaeological literature is rarely time-specific and lacks wider social context; most of its premises are too simple for the interdependencies of the early medieval world. Historical work, by contrast, has a weak sense of territory and no sense of scale; like much archaeological work, there is confusion about distinctions - and relationships - between kin groups, neighbourhood groups, collections of tenants and small polities. The contributors to this book address what determined the size and shape of communities in the early historic past and the ways that communities delineated themselves in physical terms. The roles of the environment, labour patterns, the church and the physical proximity of residences in determining community identity are also examined. Additional themes include social exclusion, the community as an elite body, and the various stimuli for change in community structure. Major issues surrounding relationships between the local and the governmental are investigated: did larger polities exploit pre-existing communities, or did developments in governance call local communities into being?
Categories: History

Acts of Giving

Acts of Giving

'Sale, price and valuation in Galicia and Castile-León in the tenth century', Early
Medieval Europe, 11 (2002), 149–74. 'Buying with masses. ... People and Space
in the Middle Ages, 3001300 (Turnhout, 2007), 1–12. 'Populations, territory ...

Author: Wendy Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199283408

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 698

Acts of Giving examines issues surrounding donation-the giving of property, particularly landed property-in northern Spain during the tenth century. Exploring the place of giving within a broad complex of social and economic concerns, Wendy Davies highlights the centrality of Spain to some of the core themes of medieval European history.
Categories: Business & Economics

Fortified Settlements in Early Medieval Europe

Fortified Settlements in Early Medieval Europe

Astill, G. (2006) Community, identity and the later Anglo-Saxon town: the case of
southern England. In W. Davies, G. Halsall and A. Reynolds (eds), People and
Space in the Middle Ages, 3001300, 233–254. Studies in the Early Middle Ages
, ...

Author: Neil Christie

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781785702389

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 678

Twenty-three contributions by leading archaeologists from across Europe explore the varied forms, functions and significances of fortified settlements in the 8th to 10th centuries AD. These could be sites of strongly martial nature, upland retreats, monastic enclosures, rural seats, island bases, or urban nuclei. But they were all expressions of control - of states, frontiers, lands, materials, communities - and ones defined by walls, ramparts or enclosing banks. Papers run from Irish cashels to Welsh and Pictish strongholds, Saxon burhs, Viking fortresses, Byzantine castra, Carolingian creations, Venetian barricades, Slavic strongholds, and Bulgarian central places, and coverage extends fully from north-west Europe, to central Europe, the northern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Strongly informed by recent fieldwork and excavations, but drawing also where available on the documentary record, this important collection provides fully up-to-date reviews and analyses of the archaeologies of the distinctive settlement forms that characterized Europe in the Early Middle Ages.
Categories: History

Urban Space in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age

Urban Space in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age

... material culture unearthed by Palol since 1958 is in sharp contrast with the use
people made of the city's buildings . ... Roman City: The Case of Clunia in the
Northern Plateau of Spain,” People and Space in the Middle Ages, 3001300, ed
.

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110223903

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 764

View: 519

Although the city as a central entity did not simply disappear with the Fall of the Roman Empire, the development of urban space at least since the twelfth century played a major role in the history of medieval and early modern mentality within a social-economic and religious framework. Whereas some poets projected urban space as a new utopia, others simply reflected the new significance of the urban environment as a stage where their characters operate very successfully. As today, the premodern city was the locus where different social groups and classes got together, sometimes peacefully, sometimes in hostile terms. The historical development of the relationship between Christians and Jews, for instance, was deeply determined by the living conditions within a city. By the late Middle Ages, nobility and bourgeoisie began to intermingle within the urban space, which set the stage for dramatic and far-reaching changes in the social and economic make-up of society. Legal-historical aspects also find as much consideration as practical questions concerning water supply and sewer systems. Moreover, the early modern city within the Ottoman and Middle Eastern world likewise finds consideration. Finally, as some contributors observe, the urban space provided considerable opportunities for women to carve out a niche for themselves in economic terms.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Handbook of Medieval Studies

Handbook of Medieval Studies

Select Bibliography Alfred W. Crosby, The Measure of Reality: Quantification and
Western Society: 1250–1600 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1997); People and Space in the Middle Ages, 3001300, ed. Wendy ...

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110215588

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 2849

View: 664

This interdisciplinary handbook provides extensive information about research in medieval studies and its most important results over the last decades. The handbook is a reference work which enables the readers to quickly and purposely gain insight into the important research discussions and to inform themselves about the current status of research in the field. The handbook consists of four parts. The first, large section offers articles on all of the main disciplines and discussions of the field. The second section presents articles on the key concepts of modern medieval studies and the debates therein. The third section is a lexicon of the most important text genres of the Middle Ages. The fourth section provides an international bio-bibliographical lexicon of the most prominent medievalists in all disciplines. A comprehensive bibliography rounds off the compendium. The result is a reference work which exhaustively documents the current status of research in medieval studies and brings the disciplines and experts of the field together.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity

... Puissants et misérables, 593. Cf. Antonio Sennis, 'Narrating places: memory
and space in medieval monasteries', in Wendy Davies, Guy Halsall, Andrew
Reynolds, eds, People and Space in the Middle Ages, 3001300 (Turnhout:
Brepols, ...

Author: John H. Arnold

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191015014

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 240

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity takes as its subject the beliefs, practices, and institutions of the Christian Church between 400 and 1500AD. It addresses topics ranging from early medieval monasticism to late medieval mysticism, from the material wealth of the Church to the spiritual exercises through which certain believers might attempt to improve their souls. Each chapter tells a story, but seeks also to ask how and why 'Christianity' took particular forms at particular moments in history, paying attention to both the spiritual and otherwordly aspects of religion, and the material and political contexts in which they were often embedded. This Handbook is a landmark academic collection that presents cutting-edge interpretive perspectives on medieval religion for a wide academic audience, drawing together thirty key scholars in the field from the United States, the UK, and Europe. Notably, the Handbook is arranged thematically, and focusses on an analytical, rather than narrative, approach, seeking to demonstrate the variety, change, and complexity of religion throughout this long period, and the numerous different ways in which modern scholarship can approach it. While providing a very wide-ranging view of the subject, it also offers an important agenda for further study in the field.
Categories: History

Great Walls and Linear Barriers

Great Walls and Linear Barriers

People and Space in the Middle Ages, 3001300, Davies, W., Halsall, G., and
Reynolds, A, (eds.) ... Booth, P., Linear earthwork, tribal boundary and ritual
beheading: Aves Ditch from the Iron Age to the early Middle Ages, Archaeopress,
2005.

Author: Peter Spring

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473853843

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 132

Everyone has heard of the Great Wall of China and knows of Hadrian's Wall and the other barriers lining stretches of Rome's imperial frontiers. But Peter Spring's original new study demonstrates that far from being exceptional, the building of walls and other linear defences was commonplace among the peoples and states of pre-modern era. He finds examples virtually all across the globe and analyses their forms and strategic functions. He finds patterns for their distribution, an important recurrent theme being the divide between settled agriculture and nomads. The author argues that it is mistaken to view such undertakings as necessarily purely defensive measures that might be evidence of insecurity or a 'maginot line mentality', as they were in fact often about aggressive assertion of control over a region or strategic routes. This original and thought-provoking study brings new light and insight to a fascinating and neglected aspect of human political and military history. It The clear text is supported by numerous, specially drawn maps and photographs.
Categories: History

The Living Age

The Living Age

Old people, too, who could not reasonably hope to reap the fruits of standard
trees that never yield in less than six to ten years, ... and when we consider that
not one out of a hundred will die in planting—that 300 to 500 may be put on an
acre of ground, and ... Many are also very judiciously filling the spaces between
standard pear and apple trees with pyramidal pear trees on ... The ball was
started from the middle; and the game was won by those who succeeded in
getting it, with their ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2894885

Category:

Page:

View: 832

Categories:

Engineering and Contracting

Engineering and Contracting

It took as much bread and meat , let us say , to sustain a man in 1300 as in 1900.
Express the ... Note , in the middle ages and the early middle ages , for 300 years
, wild fluctuations . The man's earning power changes from nearly a bushel to
almost a quarter of a bushel per day and back again within the space of 10 years
. The reason is that so runs the story of an insular , isolated people . Commerce ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:C2620014

Category: Building

Page:

View: 464

Categories: Building

Littell s Living Age

Littell s Living Age

Old people , too , who could not reasonably hope to reap the fruits of standard A
RESPECTABLE company of our citizens , to ... We are informed that it contains
dwarf trees , pear trees in particular , are being about 1300 inhabitants . ... will die
in planting - that 300 to 500 may be put the principal building , the priest's house
the next . on an acre of ground , and that ... Many are also than those of Canadian
villages generally ; they very judiciously filling the spaces between standard are
all ...

Author: Eliakim Littell

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00327197E

Category:

Page:

View: 535

Categories:

A World History of Architecture

A World History of Architecture

300 CE . This pattern of interlocking orthogonal geometries attests to the
sophisticated design ideas of the people of Teotihuacán . Notable are the cross -
axial organization , the column screens , and the resulting rich sequence of
spaces . ... By leveling the top of a mountain some 1300 feet above sea level ,
they developed an earthen platform on which they built a series of stepped
pyramids as bases for ...

Author: Marian Moffett

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 1856693716

Category: Architecture

Page: 592

View: 442

The Roman architect and engineer Vitruvius declared firmitas, utilitas, and venustas-firmness, commodity, and delight- to be the three essential attributes of architecture. These qualities are brilliantly explored in this book, which uniquely comprises both a detailed survey of Western architecture, including Pre-Columbian America, and an introduction to architecture from the Middle East, India, Russia, China, and Japan. The text encourages readers to examine closely the pragmatic, innovative, and aesthetic attributes of buildings, and to imagine how these would have been praised or criticized by contemporary observers. Artistic, economic, environmental, political, social, and technological contexts are discussed so as to determine the extent to which buildings met the needs of clients, society at large, and future generations.
Categories: Architecture

The New International Encyclop dia

The New International Encyclop  dia

... First Smithsonian the introduction during the Middle Ages of the Report ,
Bureau of Ethnology ( Washington , custom of ... Often the BURIATS , bob ' re -
äts ' ( in Russ . buryaty ) . space under the pavement of churches was hon - A
Mongol people numbering some 300 , 000 ... 1300 - c . 58 ) . nounced in the
church . Most of these early cus - A French scholastic metaphysician of the
nomitoms have ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015053686401

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 977

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The Panorama of Life and Literature

The Panorama of Life and Literature

On one occasion he lost 500 crowns, his whole share of some recent prize-
money, beside 300 crowns which he had ... Unable to abstain, he sat down, and
won 1300 crowns and 100,000 pounds of sugar already shipped for England,
and, ... Illustrated by the Art of the Middle Ages. ... Pictor IAL representations of
the types and figures of holy scripture occupy a large space in the history of early
art.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858045578899

Category:

Page:

View: 880

Categories:

The New International Encyclopaedia

The New International Encyclopaedia

... First Smithsonian the introduction during the Middle Ages of the Report ,
Bureau of Ethnology ( Washington , custom of burying ... Often the BURIATS , bo '
re - äts ( in Russ . buryaty ) . space under the pavement of churches was hon - A
Mongol people numbering some 300 , 000 ... 1300 - c . 58 ) . nounced in the
church . Most of these early cus A French scholastic metaphysician of the
nomitoms have ...

Author: Frank Moore Colby

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105008445541

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 291

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The New International Encyclop dia

The New International Encyclop  dia

... but one important variation , North American Indians , " First Smithsonian the
introduction during the Middle Ages of the Report ... Often the BURIATS , boo ' ré
- äts ' ( in Russ , buryaty ) . space under the pavement of churches was hon A
Mongol people numbering some 300 , 000 ... 1300 - c . 58 ) . nounced in the
church . Most of these early cus - A French scholastic metaphysician of the
nomitoms have ...

Author: Frank Moore Colby

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000057448916

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 987

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Johnson s Univeral Cyclop dia

Johnson s Univeral Cyclop  dia

... beauty, it has great historical interest on account of its many remains from the
Roman period and from the Middle Ages. ... the anchorage is excellent, and the
inner harbor, formed by two immense moles, can accommodate 300 vessels at its
quays. About 1300 vessels, of about 800,000 tons burden, enter and clear its
harbor annually, importing goods to the value of ... Od'ic Force, a term originally
applied by Reichenbach to a peculiar iridescence which some people could see
about ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105119076292

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 852

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Report of the Better Schools Service of the American Federation of Teachers January 1 1921

Report of the Better Schools Service of the American Federation of Teachers  January 1  1921

A continuous publicity campaign The campaign was to secure a 50 % Chicago
Fed . of Men Teachers , 300 ; begun by the H. S. ... The H. S. 1,300 2,100 St.
Louis H. S. Teachers ' Ass'n , Favorable , but not aggresnot considered at
teachers asked for twice what ... lature , superintendent and school Clippings
attached to Minneapolis , Minnesota .... crease in educational tax rate . age , not
flat . ... Flat By individuals and organYes . gave much space for ads value of the
schools ; pulYes .

Author: American Federation of Teachers

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112124134658

Category: Teachers

Page: 23

View: 326

Categories: Teachers

Johnson s revised Universal Cyclopaedia

Johnson s  revised  Universal Cyclopaedia

It is were shown to a number of intelligent and honest people , covered with pine ,
oak , and beech , and its valleys ... and it from the Roman period and from the
Middle Ages . may safely be considered a humbug till some reasons can ... of
Pompey , slew themselves the wind , riding through space on his eight - footed
horse , rather than remain prisoners . ... and placed formed by two immense
moles , can accommodate 300 vessels his own son , Romulus Augustulus , on
the throne .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:35112104921467

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 354

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

C A Cooke and Co s United States Newspaper Directory Revised Containing Names of All the Newspapers and Other Periodicals Published in America

C A  Cooke and Co  s United States Newspaper Directory Revised  Containing Names of All the Newspapers and Other Periodicals Published in America

300 LOWELL , Citizen ; republican , daily ( except MEDWAY , Magnet ; weekly ,
Saturdays ; cirSunday ) , circulation 1100 ; weekly ... the Saturday Vox Populi ,
and reaches MIDDLEBOROUGH , People's Fireside & separate class of readers .
... 1300 lation .. 1000 MALDEN , Mirror ; weekly , Saturdays ; circn NATICK ,
Citizen ; independent , weekly , Frilation ... 1300 ... We will sell no advertisin a
moral sense , eschewing political measures in ing space to disreputable or
doubtful parties .

Author: Cook, C.A. & Co

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951002078927V

Category: American newspapers

Page: 214

View: 306

Categories: American newspapers