Organic Xenobiotics and Plants

Organic Xenobiotics and Plants

In this volume an international group of experts present an overview of the nature and distribution of organic xenobiotics, including their uptake, effects on plant functioning and detoxification mechanisms.

Author: Peter Schröder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048198526

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 249

Natural and agro-ecosystems are frequently exposed to natural or synthetic substances, which, while they have no direct nutritional value or significance in metabolism, may negatively affect plant functioning. These, xenobiotics, may originate from both natural (fires, volcano eruptions, soil or rock erosion, biodegradation) and anthropogenic (air and soil pollution, herbicides) sources. And, while affected plants have only a limited number of possibilities for avoiding accumulation of these compounds, they do exhibit several enzymatic reactions for detoxification including oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis and conjugation reactions. In agro-ecosystems in particular these mechanisms have great significance in relation to herbicide detoxification and tolerance. In this volume an international group of experts present an overview of the nature and distribution of organic xenobiotics, including their uptake, effects on plant functioning and detoxification mechanisms. The particular significance of glutathione S-transferases in bio-indication and bio-monitoring, and in the detoxification of volatile organic air pollutants and herbicides is evaluated, and their potential significance in phytoremediation and bioaccumulation will be discussed. This volume will be of interest to a wide audience, from graduate students to senior researchers in a wide range of disciplines including plant ecology, plant biochemistry, agriculture and environmental management. It will also be of practical interest to environmentalists, policy makers and resource managers.
Categories: Science

Plant Responses to Xenobiotics

Plant Responses to Xenobiotics

The book focuses on different forms and sources of xenobiotics including organic and inorganic xenobiotics. The matter of this book will definitely increase the knowledge about the impacts of xenobiotics on plants system.

Author: Anita Singh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811028601

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 323

This book is compilation of studies related with the xenobiotics i.e. chemical or other substance that is not normally found in the ecosystems and get accumulated at higher concentration in the biological system due to rampant industrialisation and urbanisation activities. This book has tried to give information on various issues to give comprehensive and concise knowledge of the recent advancement in the field of environmental xenobiotics and how it disturbs the plants metabolism. Other key features of the book are related to xenobiotic toxicity and detoxification mechanism, biochemical tools toward its remediation processes, molecular mechanism for xenobiotics detoxification and effect on metallomics. It also focuses on recent development in the field of waste water remediation concerned with the xenobiotics involvement. This book is different in such a way that it includes all the initial information along with the new researches. It includes the description of problem along with its solution. This volume describe the effects of xenobiotics at different levels i.e. biochemical, physiological and molecular, giving the details on signaling pathways to modify the responses of xenobiotics in plant system. Thus, it gives confirming crosstalk between xenobiotic effects and signalling pathways. This book includes description about both the organic contaminants such as pesticides, solvents and petroleum products as well as inorganic xenobiotics that include heavy metals, non-metals, metalloids, and simple soluble salts. Here the plant is main objective and that have to deal with these kinds of compounds either by avoiding accumulation of these compounds or by exhibiting several enzymatic reactions for detoxification including oxidation, reduction, and conjugation reactions. Affected plants exhibit several enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant and other reactions for detoxification of ROS including oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis and conjugation reactions. The book focuses on different forms and sources of xenobiotics including organic and inorganic xenobiotics. The matter of this book will definitely increase the knowledge about the impacts of xenobiotics on plants system. There must be potentially broad readership who could find this fruitful for their study as well as for their research. As this book has balance between basic plant physiology and toxicity caused by the xenobiotics so it can be widely used in several disciplines. Overall, the book will bring deep knowledge in the field of xenobiotics toxicity in plants during recent years and it is definitely a compilation of interesting information which isn't fully covered elsewhere in the current market.
Categories: Science

Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment

Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment

Originally intended to allow scientists in East European countries to become acquainted with the key aspects of the bioavailability debate that is unfolding in the scientific literature in the West, and with its implications for ...

Author: P. Baveye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401592352

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 321

In the continuing fight against organic environmental xenobiotics, the initial success attributed to bioremediation has paled, in part due to the low availability of xenobiotics entrapped within a soil or sediment matrix. This has generated a very significant wave of interest in the bioavailability issue. However, much experimental evidence is puzzling or contradictory, mechanistic theories are embryonic, and implications for the practice of bioremediation or concerning the natural fate of xenobiotics are still tentative. The debate in Europe and the USA is vigorous. Eastern Europe, following the liberalisation of the economy and political life, is evolving in a similar direction. In many cases, however, limited access to literature sources, severe language barriers, and the lack of a strong pluridisciplinary tradition are hampering the adoption of state of the art techniques. Originally intended to allow scientists in East European countries to become acquainted with the key aspects of the bioavailability debate that is unfolding in the scientific literature in the West, and with its implications for bioremediation efforts, the present book presents a very complete coverage of the theoretical and practical aspects of the (limited) bioavailability of organic xenobiotics in the environment.
Categories: Science

Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling under Stress 2 Volume Set

Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling under Stress  2 Volume Set

7 Phytohormone Perturbation by Organic Xenobiotic Pollution over-
representation of ethylene-responsive elements [32]. ... Analysis of the impact of
organic xenobiotic chemical structures on plant physiology has been carried out
in different ...

Author: Girdhar K. Pandey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118888926

Category: Science

Page: 1104

View: 432

Plant hormone signaling plays an important role in many physiological and developmental processes including stress response. With the advent of new post-genomic molecular techniques, the potential for increasing our understanding of the impact of hormone signaling on gene expression and adaptive processes has never been higher. Unlocking the molecular underpinnings of these processes shows great promise for the development of new plant biotechnologies and improved crop varieties. The topics included in this book emphasize on genomics and functional genomics aspects, to understand the global and whole genome level changes upon particular stress conditions. With the functional genomics tools, the mechanism of phytohormone signaling and their target genes can be defined in a more systematic manner. The integrated analysis of phytohormone signaling under single or multiple stress conditions may prove exceptional to design stress tolerant crop plants in the field conditions. Bringing together the latest advances, as well as the work being done to apply these findings to plant and crop science, Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling Under Stress will prove extremely useful to plant and stress biologists, plant biotechnology researchers, as well as students and teachers.
Categories: Science

Plants for Environmental Studies

Plants for Environmental Studies

xenobiotic. organic. chemicals. by. terrestrial. plants. Otto J. Schwarz and
Lawrence W. Jones Introduction 417 Bioaccumulation 418 Metabolic interactions
with xenobiotics 420 Mode of chemical uptake 421 Route of entry for chemical ...

Author: Wuncheng (Woodrow) Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420048716

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 962

One of the problems of using plants in environmental studies is finding current information. Because plants play a key role in environmental studies, from the greenhouse effect to environmental toxicological studies, information is widely scattered over many different fields and in many different sources. Plants for Environmental Studies solves that problem with a single, comprehensive source of information on the many ways plants are used in environmental studies. Written by experts from around the world and edited by a team of prominent environmental specialists, this book is the only source of complete information on environmental impacts, mutation, statistical analyses, relationships between plants and water, algae, plants in ecological risk assessment, compound accumulations, and more. Encompassing algae and vascular plants in both aquatic and terrestrial environments, this book contains a diverse collection of laboratory and in situ studies, methods, and procedures using plants to evaluate air, water, wastewater, sediment, and soil.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Regulation of Enzymatic Systems Detoxifying Xenobiotics in Plants

Regulation of Enzymatic Systems Detoxifying Xenobiotics in Plants

Abstract Higher plants contain multiple isozymes of glutathione transferases (
GSTs) able to conjugate and detoxify ... GSTs may also have an important
function in protecting against organic hydroperoxides generated during oxidative
stress.

Author: Kriton K. Hatzios

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792346467

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 359

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on "Regulation of Enzymatic Systems Detoxifying Xenobiotics in Plants" intended to provide a forum to scientists from academia, industry, and govemment for discussing and critically assessing recent advances in the field of xenobiotic metabolism in plants and for identifying new directions for future research. Plants function in a chemical environment made up of nutrients and xenobiotics. Xenobiotics (foreign chemicals) are natural or synthetic compounds that can not be utilized by plants for energy-yielding metabolism. Plants may be exposed to xenobiotics either deliberately, due to their use as pesticides or accidentally, from industrial, agricultural, and other uses. Plants, like most other organisms, evolved a remarkable battery or metabolic reactions to defend themselves against the potentially toxic effects of xenobiotics. The main enzymatic reactions utilized by plants for xenobiotic detoxification include oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis and conjugation with glutathione, sugars (e.g., glucose), and amino acids. Eventually, xenobiotic conjugates are converted to insoluble bound residues or to secondary conjugates, which are deposited in the vacuole of plant cells.
Categories: Science

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation

This cutting-edge volume highlights the myriad of contexts in which phytoremediation can be applied, and energizes new research by describing ways in which barriers to success have been recently overcome.

Author: Neil Willey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781597450980

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 233

Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews presents the most innovative recent methodological developments in phytoremediation research, and outlines a variety of the contexts in which phytoremediation has begun to be applied. A significant portion of this volume is devoted to groundbreaking methods for the production of plants that are able to degrade, take up, or tolerate the effects of pollutants. Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the examination of principles and practices of phytoremediation, from molecular manipulation to field application. Parts I and II discuss detailed protocols for achieving several different goals of phytoremediation, including enhancing contaminant degradation, uptake, and tolerance by plants; exploiting plant diversity for phytoremedation; modifying contaminant availability; and experimentally analyzing phytoremediation potential. Parts III and IV examine a variety of progressive techniques for phytoremediation and explore their implementation and success on a global scale. This cutting-edge volume highlights the myriad of contexts in which phytoremediation can be applied, and energizes new research by describing ways in which barriers to success have been recently overcome.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Plant Contamination

Plant Contamination

This book describes the physiological and anatomical principles and the chemical and physical factors that determine uptake, translocation, accumulation, loss, and metabolism of anthropogenic chemicals in plants.

Author: Craig Mc Farlane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1566700787

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 352

This book describes the physiological and anatomical principles and the chemical and physical factors that determine uptake, translocation, accumulation, loss, and metabolism of anthropogenic chemicals in plants. Expert authors in the fields of biology, chemistry, ecology, environmental physics, and biochemistry provide recently developed methods and models for estimation of the behavior of environmental chemicals in the soil-plant-air system-information that is essential in the hazard assessment of new and existing chemicals.
Categories: Science

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Plant Soil 179: 119–129. Schroder P, Collins CJ (2002) Conjugating enzymes
involved in xenobiotic metabolism of organic xenobiotics in plants. Int J Phytorem
4: 247–265. Shankar PV, Shaikh NR, Vishwas PS (2012) Effect of different ...

Author: Parvaiz Ahmad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118917114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 652

Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Significance of Glutathione to Plant Adaptation to the Environment

Significance of Glutathione to Plant Adaptation to the Environment

They may as well spring from microbial or animal metabolism, and also from the
plant's secondary metabolism ... second by the emission of organic xenobiotics in
the process of chemical production of goods or the use of synthetic chemicals.

Author: Udaya C. Biswal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402001789

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 278

This book focuses on the biological significance of glutathione in plants. Glutathione is a thiol-containing tripeptide, which appears to be present in nearly all living organisms and which is involved in many important metabolic and physiological processes. The biochemistry and the metabolism of glutathione are reviewed, and its role in sulphur and selenium metabolism in plants is discussed. The significance of glutathione and of glutathione-related enzymes in the adaptation to natural stress, heavy metals, xenobiotics, air pollution, and in plant-pathogen and plant-animal interactions are evaluated.
Categories: Science

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

plant. biotechnology. applications. to. therapeutic. protein. production. Matteo
Busconi, Mariangela Marudelli and ... on: G Development of GM plants with
enhanced biodegradation and phytoremediation capacity of organic xenobiotics,
heavy ...

Author: Palmiro Poltronieri

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081000717

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 181

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants
Categories: Science

Sulfur Assimilation and Abiotic Stress in Plants

Sulfur Assimilation and Abiotic Stress in Plants

Chapter 16 Accumulation and Transformation of Sulfonated Aromatic
Compounds by Higher Plants – Toward the ... 2002). The pollution of many rivers
by sulfur-organic xenobiotics is thus largely due to this class of Jean-Paul
Schwitzguébel ...

Author: Nafees A. Khan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540763260

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 392

The assimilation of sulfur in higher plants and its reduction in metabolically important sulfur compounds are crucial factors determining plant growth and vigor and resistance to stresses. The present book discusses the aspects of sustainable crop production with sulfur, the importance of sulfur metabolites and sulfur metabolizing enzymes in abiotic stress management in plants. The book provides the most up-to-date reference on sulfur assimilation in plants.
Categories: Science

Air Pollution and Plant Life

Air Pollution and Plant Life

Organic xenobiotics and plants : Impact , metabolism , toxicology , Federal
Environment Agency , Vienna , Austria . Sutinen , S . , Juuti , S . and Ryyppo , A . (
1997 ) . Long - term exposure of Scots pine seedlings to monochloroacetic and ...

Author: J. N. B. Bell

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: UOM:39015055853009

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 365

Table of contents
Categories: Science

Chemical Property Estimation

Chemical Property Estimation

Bioconcentration models can be expected to overestimate the levels of
xenobiotics in plants if chemical conversion is significant . ... Bioconcentration of
organic chemical vapors in plant leaves : experimental measurements and
correlation .

Author: Edward Baum

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0873719387

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 859

Our world is widely contaminated with damaging chemicals, and companies create thousands of new, potentially dangerous chemicals each year. Due to the difficulty and expense of obtaining accurate measurements and the unreliability of reported values, we know surprisingly little about the properties of these contaminants. Determining the properties of chemicals is critical to judging their impact on environmental quality and in making decisions about emission rates, clean-up, and other important public health issues. Chemical Property Estimation describes modern methods of estimating chemical properties, methods which cost much less than traditional laboratory techniques and are sufficiently accurate for most environmental applications. Estimation methods are used to screen chemicals for testing, design monitoring and analysis methods, design clean-up procedures, and verify experimental measurements. The book discusses key methods for estimating chemical properties and considers their relative strengths and weaknesses. Several chapters are devoted to the partitioning of chemicals between air, water, soil, and biota; and properties such as solubility, vapor pressure, and chemical transport. Each chapter begins with a review of relevant theory and background information explaining the applications and limitations of each method. Sample calculations and practical advice on how and when to use each method are included as well. Each method is evaluated for accuracy and reliability. Computer software, databases, and internet resources are evaluated, as well as other supplementary material, such as fundamental constants, units of measure, and more.
Categories: Science

Principles of Ecotoxicology

Principles of Ecotoxicology

The organic pollutants discussed in this book are examples of xenobiotics. ... For
example, there is much evidence for the evolution of detoxication mechanisms by
animals to give them protection against toxic xenobiotics produced by plants.

Author: C.H. Walker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439894224

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 488

Presenting a multidisciplinary perspective in a concise format, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition discusses the fundamental chemical and ecological nature of pollution processes while identifying the major classes of pollutants and their environmental fate. The first edition was originally created to fill the need for a textbook that cover
Categories: Science

Xenobiotics in the Soil Environment

Xenobiotics in the Soil Environment

This book describes the vast variety of xenobiotics, such as pesticides, antibiotics, antibiotic resistance genes, agrochemicals and other pollutants, their interactions with the soil environment, and the currently available strategies and ...

Author: Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319477442

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 463

This book describes the vast variety of xenobiotics, such as pesticides, antibiotics, antibiotic resistance genes, agrochemicals and other pollutants, their interactions with the soil environment, and the currently available strategies and techniques for soil decontamination and bioremediation. Topics covered include: transport mechanisms of pollutants along the Himalayas; use of earthworms in biomonitoring; metagenomic strategies for assessing contaminated sites; xenobiotics in the food chain; phyto-chemical remediation; biodegradation by fungi; and the use of enzymes and potential microbes in biotransformation. Accordingly, the book offers a valuable guide for scientists in the fields of environmental ecology, soil and food sciences, agriculture, and applied microbiology.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation

Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation

ENZYMES TRANSFERRING BIOMOLECULES TO ORGANIC FOREIGN
COMPOUNDS: A ROLE FOR ... have been recognized as having crucial
functions in the metabolism of foreign compounds, xenobiotics, in both animals
and plants.

Author: Martina Mackova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049996

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 824

This volume represents an excellent description of the hottest topics in the field of phyto- and rhizoremediation. The book shows especially the importance of cooperation between plant and microorganisms, there is practically no phytoremediation without rhizoremediation. Newest approaches based on methods of molecular biology and genetic engineering are described, as well as plant science achievements.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Biotechnology for the Environment Soil Remediation

Biotechnology for the Environment  Soil Remediation

Also other organic xenobiotics were studied, e.g. metabolism of
pentachlorophenol by wheat and soybean cell suspension cultures (
Langebartels and Harms 1984). The metabolism of PCBs by plant cells was
studied already 10 years ago by ...

Author: Spiros Agathos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402010516

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 257

At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as eco-efficient and robust cleanup agents in a variety of practical situations is not only possible but is becoming widespread practice. Chapters are featured on current experience and trends in bioremediation of contaminated soil, life cycle assessment software tools for remediation planning, ex situ cleanup technologies using slurry reactors, implementation of anaerobic and aerobic in situ processes including monitored natural attenuation, complementary technologies on pesticide immobilisation in soil or humification of nitroaromatics, and, finally, phytoremediation of recalcitrant organic compounds and heavy metals. For more information on Strategy and Fundamentals, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3A, and for more information on Waste Water and Waste Gas Handling, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3C.
Categories: Science

Ecological Significance of the Interactions Among Clay Minerals Organic Matter and Soil Biota

Ecological Significance of the Interactions Among Clay Minerals  Organic Matter and Soil Biota

XENOBIOTICS. IN. SOIL: A. METHODOLOGICAL. EVALUATION. H. H. Cheng3
and W. C. Koskinen" "Department of ... U.S.A. Allelochemicals are secondary
metabolites exuded by plants to protect themselves from adverse environmental
... They are often exuded from roots into the surrounding soil (i.e., the rhizosphere
), and they interact actively with both the mineral and organic components of the
soil.

Author: A. Violante

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444510397

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 454

View: 324

Soil MineralOrganic MatterMicroorganism Interactions and Ecosystem Health presents up-to-date information on the dynamics, transformations and bioavailability of xenobiotics in soil and their impact on ecosystem health, the ecological significance of interactions of metals and metalloids with soil colloids, enzymes and microbial biomass and the role of minerals-organic matter - soil biota interactions in the restoration of perturbed ecosystems. The title comprises two volumes: Volume A: Dynamics, Mobility and Transformation of Pollutants and Nutrients. Volume B: Ecological Significance of the Interactions mong Clay Minerals, Organic Matter and Soil Biota. This title could serve as a basic reference for students, teachers, and researchers by providing in-depth knowledge of the current state of the art in a particular area of soil science.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wastewater Microbiology

Wastewater Microbiology

17 FATE OF XENOBIOTICS AND TOXIC METALS IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT PLANTS 17.1 INTRODUCTION 17.2 BIODEGRADATION IN
AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS 17.2.1Recalcitrance of OrganicCompounds 17.2.2
Dehalogenationof ...

Author: Gabriel Bitton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118148150

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 319

Wastewater Microbiology focuses on microbial contaminants found in wastewater, methods of detection for these contaminants, and methods of cleansing water of microbial contamination. This classic reference has now been updated to focus more exclusively on issues particular to wastewater, with new information on fecal contamination and new molecular methods. The book features new methods to determine cell viability/activity in environmental samples; a new section on bacterial spores as indicators; new information covering disinfection byproducts, UV disinfection, and photoreactivation; and much more. A PowerPoint of figures from the book is available at ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/wastewater_microbiology.
Categories: Science