On Pagans, Jews, and Christians

On Pagans, Jews, and Christians

Author: Arnaldo Momigliano

Publisher: Wesleyan University Press

ISBN: 9780819562180

Page: 357

View: 4163

An analysis of the relationships between pagan Greece, imperial Rome, Judaism, and Christianity.
Categories: History

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

Pagans, Jews, and Christians

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

Author: Mark J. Edwards,Martin Goodman,Simon Price,Chris Rowland

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 019154437X

Page: 326

View: 1409

This book is the first to tackle the origins and purpose of literary religious apologetic in the first centuries of the Christian era by discussing, on their own terms, texts composed by pagan and Jewish authors as well as Christians. Previous studies of apologetic have focused primarily on the Christian apologists of the second century. These, and other Christian authors, are represented also in this volume but, in addition, experts in the religious history of the pagan world, in Judaism, and in late antique philosophy examine very different literary traditions to see to what extent techniques and motifs were shared across the religious divide. Each contributor has investigated the probable audience, the literary milieu, and the specific social, political, and cultural circumstances which elicited each apologetic text. In many cases these questions lead on to the further issue of the relation between the readers addressed by the author and the actual readers, and the extent to which a defined literary genre of apologetic developed. These studies, ranging in time from the New Testament to the early fourth century, and including novel contributions by specialists in ancient history, Jewish history, ancient philosophy, the New Testament, and patristics, will put the study of ancient religious apologetic on to a new footing.
Categories: Religion

The Religious History of the Roman Empire

Pagans, Jews, and Christians

The Religious History of the Roman Empire

Author: J. A. North,S. R. F. Price

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199567344

Page: 600

View: 399

A collection of previously published papers by leading scholars, dealing with the religious history of the Roman Empire. It covers Christianity and Judaism as well as the paganism of the Empire which so deeply influenced these world religions.
Categories: History

A World Full of Gods

Pagans, Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

A World Full of Gods

Author: Keith Hopkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780753810651

Page: 402

View: 618

The Roman Empire was a society full of gods. So how is it that Christianity come to predominate in this marketplace of competing religions? Why, in just three hundred years, did Christianity go from being an illegal minority faith to being the official religion of the Roman Empire?
Categories: Christianity

Magic in the Roman World

Pagans, Jews and Christians

Magic in the Roman World

Author: Naomi Janowitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134633688

Page: 160

View: 4530

Using in-depth examples of 'magical' practice such as exorcisms, love rites, alchemy and the transformation of humans into divine beings, this lively volume demonstrates that the word 'magic' was used widely in late antique texts as part of polemics against enemies and sometimes merely as a term for other people's rituals. Naomi Janowitz shows that 'magical' activities were integral to late antique religious practice, and that they must be understood from the perspective of those who employed them.
Categories: History

Her Share of the Blessings

Women's Religions among Pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Greco-Roman World

Her Share of the Blessings

Author: Ross Shepard Kraemer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198023135

Page: 288

View: 7581

In this pathbreaking volume, Ross Shepard Kraemer provides the first comprehensive look at women's religions in Greco-Roman antiquity. She vividly recreates the religious lives of early Christian, Jewish, and pagan women, with many fascinating examples: Greek women's devotion to goddesses, rites of Roman matrons, Jewish women in rabbinic and diaspora communities, Christian women's struggles to exercise authority and autonomy, and women's roles as leaders in the full spectrum of Greco-Roman religions. In every case, Kraemer reveals the connections between the social constraints under which women lived, and their religious beliefs and practices. The relationship among female autonomy, sexuality, and religion emerges as a persistent theme. Analyzing the monastic Jewish Therapeutae and various Christian communities, Kraemer demonstrates the paradoxical liberation which women achieved by rejection of sexuality, the body, and the female. In the epilogue, Kraemer pursues the disturbing implications such findings have for contemporary women. Based on an astonishing variety of primary sources, Her Share of the Blessings is an insightful work that goes beyond the limitations of previous scholarship to provide a more accurate portrait of women in the Greco-Roman world.
Categories: History

Religion and Power

Pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Greek East

Religion and Power

Author: Douglas R. Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195344806

Page: 248

View: 2773

This book contributes to the small but growing literature on the interaction between religion and power in antiquity. Edwards focusses on the eastern "Greek" provinces in the first and second centuries A.D.--the period during which Christianity, Judaism, and numerous other religions and cults exploded across the Roman Empire. His purpose is to show how the local elite classes appropriated and manipulated mythic and religious images and practices to establish and consolidate their social, political, and economic power. Edwards considers both archaeological and literary evidence. He examines coins, epigraphs, statuary, building complexes, mosaics, and paintings from across Asia Minor and Syria-Palestine looking for evidence of sponsorship by local elites and the meaning of such sponsorship. On the literary side, Edwards selects one representative figure from each of the three major religio-cultural traditions: the Greek writer, Chariton of Aphrodisias; the Jewish historian, Josephus; and the Christian evangelist, the author of Luke Acts. He illustrates how each writer's use of religion reflects the interaction of local elite groups with the "web of power" that existed in political, cultural, and social spheres of the Roman Empire.
Categories: Religion

Paul

The Pagan's Apostle

Paul

Author: Paula Fredriksen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300231369

Page: 336

View: 4422

A groundbreaking new portrait of the apostle Paul, from one of today’s leading historians of antiquity Often seen as the author of timeless Christian theology, Paul himself heatedly maintained that he lived and worked in history’s closing hours. His letters propel his readers into two ancient worlds, one Jewish, one pagan. The first was incandescent with apocalyptic hopes, expecting God through his messiah to fulfill his ancient promises of redemption to Israel. The second teemed with ancient actors, not only human but also divine: angry superhuman forces, jealous demons, and hostile cosmic gods. Both worlds are Paul’s, and his convictions about the first shaped his actions in the second. Only by situating Paul within this charged social context of gods and humans, pagans and Jews, cities, synagogues, and competing Christ-following assemblies can we begin to understand his mission and message. This original and provocative book offers a dramatically new perspective on one of history’s seminal figures.
Categories: Religion

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

Pagans, Jews, and Christians

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

Author: Mark Edwards,Mark J. Edwards,Martin Goodman,Professor of Jewish Studies and Fellow Martin Goodman,S. R. F. Price,Lecturer in Ancient History and Fellow Simon Price,Christopher Rowland,Dean Ireland Professor of Exegesis of Holy Scripture and Fellow Chris Rowland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198269862

Page: 315

View: 6397

This book is the first to tackle the origins and purpose of literary religious apologetic in the first centuries of the Christian era by discussing, on their own terms, texts composed by pagan and Jewish authors as well as Christians. Previous studies of apologetic have focused primarily on the Christian apologists of the second century. These, and other Christian authors, are represented also in this volume but, in addition, experts in the religious history of the pagan world, in Judaism, and in late antique philosophy examinevery different literary traditions to see to what extent techniques and motifs were shared across the religious divide. Each contributor has investigated the probable audience, the literary milieu, and the specific social, political, and cultural circumstances which elicited each apologetic text.In many cases these questions lead on to the further issue of the relation between the readers addressed by the author and the actual readers, and the extent to which a defined literary genre of apologetic developed. These studies, ranging in time from the New Testament to the early fourth century, and including novel contributions by specialists in ancient history, Jewish history, ancient philosophy, the New Testament, and patristics, will put the study of ancient religious apologetic on to a newfooting.
Categories: History