The understanding of this principle forms the basis for the transfer of the results of recent neuroscientific research to architectural practice, as discussed in this book.
Publisher: Jovis Verlag
Architectural spaces are anchors for our memory. We find our place in the room by means of our sensory perception; the brain makes use of surfaces and spatial systems in order to organize the world we live in. Taking this principle as a given, this volume tracks what happens when the results of recent neuroscientific research are applied to architectural practice. In this volume, architectural theorist Christoph Metzger analyzes buildings designed by Alvar Aalto, Sou Fujimoto, Hugo Häring, Philip Johnson, Hermann Muthesius, Juhani Pallasmaa, James Stirling, Frank Lloyd Wright and Peter Zumthor in order to develop criteria for a modern, human-focused architecture that builds on neuroscientific knowledge. Neuroarchitecture links neuroscience, perception theory and Gestalt psychology, as well as music, art and architecture, in a holistic approach that focuses on the laws of structure formation and the movement of the individual within architectural space.
A wicked neuroarchitecture – mischievous, wonderful, shapeshifting –
necessitates rethinking and suggests embracing rather than avoiding
uncertainties. This neuroarchitecture is emotive, critical, reflective, reciprocal,
Author: Ian Ritchie
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Applying the insights of neuroscience to architecture has the potential to deliver buildings and spaces that measurably promote well-being and create healthier or more effective environments for specific activities. There is, however, a risk that neuroarchitecture will become just another buzzword, a passing architectural fashion or a marketing exercise just as 'eco', 'green' and 'sustainable' have become. This issue of AD offers the reader an alternative to 'neuro' sound-bites and exposes them to the thinking which led to the design of the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour (SWC), a pioneering medical research facility designed to foster collaboration between researchers. Multi award winning, the SWC was one of the first buildings in the world designed to take into account what has been learned about how the work space affects behaviour and is a highly effective building in which to work. Readers will gain a richer, deeper insight into the complex mental and existential aspects of architecture, design, and our many senses, how they interact and might interact in the future, and how that knowledge can be used to design more effective buildings and built environments.
Neuroarchitecture. of. Evaluative. Processes. Gary. G. Berntson. and. John. T.
Cacioppo. CONTENTS Functional Neuroarchitecture of Evaluative Processes ......
...................................................................307 Levels of Organization in the Nervous ...
Author: Andrew J. Elliot
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Family & Relationships
Introduction -- Neurophysiology and neurobiology -- Basic dispositions, goals, and states -- Evaluative processes -- Emotion and well-being -- Cognition -- The self -- Social context
degeneration of neuroarchitecture. Mech. Ageing Dev., 50, 103–157 Mattson,
M. P. (1989b). Acetylcholine potentiates glutamate-induced neurodegeneration
in cultured hippocampal neurons. Brain Res., 497, 402–406 Mattson, M. P. and ...
Author: Neville N. Osborne
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
As this discussion may have made evident, neuroarchitecture holds that the brain
is not determined by preset codes but rather by the space of connection, which
activates patterns of cognition and perception. This is the physical space of ...
Author: Luciana Parisi
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Social Science
A proposal that algorithms are not simply instructions to be performed but thinking entities that construct digital spatio-temporalities. In Contagious Architecture, Luciana Parisi offers a philosophical inquiry into the status of the algorithm in architectural and interaction design. Her thesis is that algorithmic computation is not simply an abstract mathematical tool but constitutes a mode of thought in its own right, in that its operation extends into forms of abstraction that lie beyond direct human cognition and control. These include modes of infinity, contingency, and indeterminacy, as well as incomputable quantities underlying the iterative process of algorithmic processing. The main philosophical source for the project is Alfred North Whitehead, whose process philosophy is specifically designed to provide a vocabulary for “modes of thought” exhibiting various degrees of autonomy from human agency even as they are mobilized by it. Because algorithmic processing lies at the heart of the design practices now reshaping our world—from the physical spaces of our built environment to the networked spaces of digital culture—the nature of algorithmic thought is a topic of pressing importance that reraises questions of control and, ultimately, power. Contagious Architecture revisits cybernetic theories of control and information theory's notion of the incomputable in light of this rethinking of the role of algorithmic thought. Informed by recent debates in political and cultural theory around the changing landscape of power, it links the nature of abstraction to a new theory of power adequate to the complexities of the digital world.
HOW NEUROARCHITECTURE WORKS Neuroarchitecture is the name given to
a discipline that involves two sciences: neuroscience and architecture with the
purpose of analyzing the influence of physical environments on people's
Author: Ana Maria Rossi
Category: Health & Fitness
According to the American Institute of Stress (AIS), job stress is far and away the primary source of stress for American adults. The relationship between job stress and heart attacks, hypertension, and other disorders is well understood. Further, the cost of job stress in the United States is estimated to be over $300 billion due to outcomes such as accidents, turnover, and lost productivity. Perhaps the most consistent findings connecting job stress to health outcomes confirm that employees who perceive a high level of job demands without the appropriate control over job demands are at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. In Brazil, the loss is estimated at 3.5% of the gross domestic product per year. Occupational diseases are related to the activities performed by workers and to working conditions and can trigger new or worsen already existing symptoms. Proper diagnosis and relevant information are essential for managers and workers to become aware of stressors and to take efficient measures to manage stress. Although quality of life is the responsibility of every individual, companies will definitely be able to benefit from the implementation of preventive actions, thus avoiding to pay a high price as a result of absenteeism, sick leaves, and drops in productivity and low work quality. This book is designed to be an additional tool to provide information and to suggest ways to deal with pressures and work demands, because stress levels are still on the rise. We believe that through information – and here you will be able to find the experience and opinions of recognized professionals in this area – workers will be able to live better and more balanced lives.
DISCUSSION Neuroarchitecture of the crustacean central complex While Utting
et al . [ 29 ] have demonstrated that the basic neuroarchitecture of the crayfish ' s
central complex is virtually identical to that of the locust , Loesel et al .
Isolated hippocampal neurons in cryopreserved long - term cultures :
development of neuroarchitecture and sensitivity to NMDA . Int J Dev Neurosci
1988 ; 6 : 439 – 452 . 158 . Mattson MP , Kater SB . Intracellular messengers in
the generation ...
Author: Bo K. Siesjö
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
This volume provides an in-depth review of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in ischemic brain damage. The book features contributions from more than 100 leading international authorities in all relevant clinical and basic science disciplines. These experts synthesize the latest findings on molecular events that play a key role in neuronal cell death or in neuroprotection after ischemia. This volume is an essential resource for all physicians treating stroke and for researchers investigating the molecular pathology of ischemic brain damage. The book is also a valuable source of promising new ideas of pharmacologists developing anti-ischemic drugs for treatment of stroke.
Many architects credit John P. Eberhard, FAIA, with being the founder of another
new discipline, neuroarchitecture. A researcher, architect, and educator,
Eberhard is a serious student of neuroscience and describes its relationship to ...
Author: Gordon H. Chong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Power of Evidence to Create Design Excellence This practical, accessible book—for design professionals and students alike—is about design excellence and how to achieve it. The authors propose an evidence-based design approach that builds on design ingenuity with the use of research in ways that enhance opportunities to innovate. They show the power of research data to both reveal new design opportunities and convince stakeholders of the value of extraordinary work. A guide for all designers who want to earn their place as their clients' trusted advisor and who aspire to create places of beauty and purpose, the book demonstrates: An approach to applying evidence to design that neither turns designers into scientists nor requires large-firm resources The wide range of types of evidence that can be applicable to design and where to look for it Direct, practical application of the evidence-based design approaches in use today Provides tools to distinguish strong evidence that can improve design decisions from misleading assertions resulting from weak research Benefits of evidence-based design, including improved human and building performance Two featured case studies illustrate the theory and practice of evidence-based design. The work of the authors' 2005–2007 AIA College of Fellows Benjamin Latrobe Research Fellowship provided an empirical foundation for this book, and addresses the use of rigorous research methods to understand relationships between design choices and health outcomes. The California Academy of Sciences, designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Chong Partners Architecture, and Arup, provides transparent evidence that enhances building technology performance in the context of a powerful design expression. In-depth interviews and case studies are clustered around three research categories: modeling, simulation, and data mining; social and behavioral science and the physical and natural sciences; and including cutting-edge use of neuroscience to understand human response to physical environments. The twenty-two featured thought leaders include: William Mitchell, MIT Media Lab; Fred Gage, Salk Institute; Phil Bernstein, Autodesk; Sheila Kennedy, Kennedy & Violich; James Timberlake, KieranTimberlake; William and Chris Sharples, SHoP Architects; Vivian Loftness, Carnegie Mellon University; John Zeisel, Hearthstone; Paco Underhill, Envirosell; Susan Ubbelohde and George Loisos, Loisos+Ubbelohde Architecture-Energy; Chris Luebkeman, Arup; Martin Fischer, Stanford University CIFE; and Kevin Powell, GSA.
Cellular signaling mechanisms common to the development and degeneration of neuroarchitecture . A review . Mech . Aging Dev . 50 , 103 – 157 . Mattson , M . P .
, and Kater , S . B . ( 1989a ) . Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the ...
Author: Sandra E. Loughlin
Publisher: Academic Press
This volume clearly synthesizes current information on defined neurotrophic factors, emphasizing their localization and molecular/cellular function in the central nervous system. Brain development and aging, neurodegenerative disorders, plasticity, and memory all are closely examined within the context of this rapidly expanding field. Researchers in neurobiology, cell biology, and molecular biology will find Neurotrophic Factors an invaluable reference for their research libraries. Offers the most up-do-date synthesis of concepts on neurotrophic factors in the nervous system Integrates molecular, cellular, and neuroanatomical concepts of neurotrophic factor function Includes special chapters on primary, secondary, and tertiary messenger systems Examines brain development, differentiation, neurodegenerative disorders, and adult plasticity
The erable attention has recently been focused on intracellular hippocampi were
then rinsed once in BSS followed by a calcium as a key regulator of neuroarchitecture ( see Ka - 5 - min incubation in a solution of 2 mg trypsin
inhibitor ter et al .
Author: Jean De Vellis
Category: Cell differentiation
This informative work covers the embryology of the nervous system and examines the important questions and issues currently being debated by neuroembryologists. Contains extensive discussions of such topics as stimulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation in culture by growth in the presence of a monoclonal antibody to sulfated glycolipid; cell adhesion and neurite extension in response to two proteolytic fragments of laminin; and tissue plasminogen activator binding to cerebellar granule neurons.
Oxygen free radicals and brain dysfunction . Intern . J . Neurosci . 57 : 1 - 17 . 23 .
MATTSON , M . P . & S . B . Kater . 1988 . Isolated hippocampal neurons in
cryopreserved long - term cultures : Development of neuroarchitecture and
Author: Jan N. Johannessen
Coverage includes intracellular calcium and neuronal injury, altered protein function, altered gene expression and non-neuronal markers of neuronal injury. Poster papers are included on markers of neuronal degencration in vitro, markers of neuronal injury in vivo, markers of human neurological disorders, markers of metabolic damage, and altered gene expression in neuronal injury and degeneration.
NOTES & COMMENTS EXPLORING SACRED SPACE THROUGH ' NEUROARCHITECTURE ' A “ tipping point ” is the moment when an embryonic
idea , known only to a few , becomes so popular that everyone seems to be
talking about it .
Author: Dr. Linda Karges-BonePublish On: 2014-09-01
Dr. Bone's Brain Tips is a simple yet sophisticated resource that can help even the busiest teacher incorporate brain-friendly teaching methods into his or her curriculum.
Author: Dr. Linda Karges-Bone
Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press
Dr. Bone's Brain Tips is a simple yet sophisticated resource that can help even the busiest teacher incorporate brain-friendly teaching methods into his or her curriculum. These quick and easy research-based tips are divided into eight categories: teacher stress, girl-friendly brain tips, boy-friendly brain tips, the sensory brain, accommodations for differentiation, neuro-architecture, creativity and critical thinking, and parenting with the brain in mind.
Our final set of experiments employed the calcium ionophore A23187 to test a
possible causal relationship between increases in calcium influx and the graded
effects of EAAs on neuroarchitecture . High levels of A23187 ( 21um ) were ...
Figure 7, ric-19(pk690) animals exhibit no obvious abnormality in neuroarchitecture. Expression of the integrated panneuronal GFP array (evls11)
in wild-type (A) or ric19(pk690) mutant background (B). Note that the variation in
the positions of ...
Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the generation and degeneration of
hippocampal neuroarchitecture . Brain Res . 1988 ; 478 : 337–348 . 19 . Mattson
MP , Taylor - Hunter A , Kater SB . Neurite outgrowth in individual neurons of a ...
Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the generation and degeneration of
hippocampal neuroarchitecture . Brain Res . 478 : 337 - 348 . 15 . MATTSON , M .
P . 1989 . Acetylcholine potentiates glutamate - induced neurodegeneration in ...
Author: John F. Disterhoft
Calcium concentrations are tightly regulated in various neuronal and cellular compartments. The recognition that even very slight imbalances of calcium, when sustained over a long period of time, could lead by intraneuronal processes to cellular deterioration and death has led to the formulation of the calcium hypothesis of aging. Many of the leading scientists in this multidisciplinary field present their latest work in this volume, work that advances an understanding of the role of calcium in reviews range broadly from considerations of calcium channel functions at the molecular level to the role of altered calcium levels in behaviour.