Anglo-Catholic, evangelical, and High Church Anglicans all contributed to the missionary effort, as did all varieties of Baptist, Methodist, Congregationalist,
Presbyterian, Quaker and other nonconformist denominations. In addition, later in
Author: Robert A. Bickers
Category: Social Science
Describes the exceptional wealth of missionary archives and the major contributions they can make not only to the study of the processes of Christian evangelism and Western imperialism but also their value in documenting and analysing the nature of Western encounters with indigenous societies.
INTRODUCTION This case study of the Belgian-Dutch Scheut mission (1874-
1911) aims at tracing its history within the geopolitical, socioeconomic and
ethnocultural context of the Mongol-Han borderlands during the heyday of
Author: Patrick Taveirne
Publisher: Leuven University Press
The study describes the origins of the Southwest Mongolia vicariate beyond the Great Wall and along the Yellow River Bend during the transition period from Lazarist missionary activities in the 1840s to the Scheutists in the early 1870
Lightfoot examines the interactions between Native American communities in California & the earliest colonial settlements, those of Russian pioneers & Franciscan missionaries.
Author: Kent G. Lightfoot
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
Lightfoot examines the interactions between Native American communities in California & the earliest colonial settlements, those of Russian pioneers & Franciscan missionaries. He compares the history of the different ventures & their legacies that still help define the political status of native people.
Ancestral agency If the last chapter considered the missionary frame of reference
for the encounter of the early nineteenth century, this chapter turns to highland
perceptions of time and place as they were expressed in and through the
Author: Zoë Crossland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Nineteenth-century highland Madagascar was a place inhabited by the dead as much as the living. Ghosts, ancestors, and the possessed were important historical actors alongside local kings and queens, soldiers, traders, and missionaries. This book considers the challenges that such actors pose for historical accounts of the past and for thinking about questions of presence and representation. How were the dead made present, and how were they recognized or not? In attending to these multifarious encounters of the nineteenth century, how might we reflect on the ways in which our own history-writing makes the dead present? To tackle these questions, Zoë Crossland tells an anthropological history of highland Madagascar from a perspective rooted in archaeology and Peircean semiotics, as well as in landscape study, oral history, and textual sources.
Missionary Performances and the Experience of the World in the Protestant
Church in the Netherlands João Rickli Introduction This chapter analyses
sensational and bodily aspects of missionary and diaconal initiatives of the
Author: Anna Fedele
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Social Science
Social scientists and philosophers confronted with religious phenomena have always been challenged to find a proper way to describe the spiritual experiences of the social group they were studying. The influence of the Cartesian dualism of body and mind (or soul) led to a distinction between non-material, spiritual experiences (i.e., related to the soul) and physical, mechanical experiences (i.e., related to the body). However, recent developments in medical science on the one hand and challenges to universalist conceptions of belief and spirituality on the other have resulted in "body" and "soul" losing the reassuring solid contours they had in the past. Yet, in "Western culture," the body–soul duality is alive, not least in academic and media discourses. This volume pursues the ongoing debates and discusses the importance of the body and how it is perceived in contemporary religious faith: what happens when "body" and "soul" are un-separated entities? Is it possible, even for anthropologists and ethnographers, to escape from "natural dualism"? The contributors here present research in novel empirical contexts, the benefits and limits of the old dichotomy are discussed, and new theoretical strategies proposed.
The Church Missionary Society's All-African Mission on the Upper Niger Femi J.
Kolapo. In Sources and ... In Missionary Encounters: Sources and Issues Surrey,
eds., Robert A. Bickers and Rosemary Seton, 70–94. Curzon Press, 1996. _____
Author: Femi J. Kolapo
Publisher: Springer Nature
In the decades before colonial partition in Africa, the Church Missionary Society embarked on the first serious effort to evangelize in an independent Muslim state. Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther led an all-African field staff to convert the people of the Upper Niger and Confluence area, whose communities were threatened or already conquered by an expanding jihadist Nupe state. In this book, Femi J. Kolapo examines the significance of the mission as an African—rather than European—undertaking, assessing its impact on missionary practice, local engagement, and Christian conversion prospects. By offering a fuller history of this overlooked mission in the history of Christianity in Nigeria, this book reaffirms indigenous agency and rethinks the mission as an experiment ahead of its time.
What remains to be explored is the non-Christian missionary encounter. This
raises two issues: first, is the Christian mission a phenomenon separate from
other missionary movements? Secondly, do non-Christian missionary encounters
Author: Matthew Clarke
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This book considers the implications, consequences, opportunities and constraints faced when mission and development endeavours coincide. This is explored from various perspectives, including that of history, theology and those involved in mission work and missionary organizations. Despite eighty per cent of the world's population professing religious belief, religion has been largely excluded from consideration of those seeking to achieve development in poorer countries. Moreover, the work of missionaries has often involved the provision of basic welfare services that in many parts of the world predate the interventions undertaken by 'professional' secular aid workers. Are missionaries doing development work or is development a critical aspect of mission?
Christianity remains long after the past encounters described here. In tracing
those trajectories, I also want to emphasize, as authors here already suggest, that
many Native people remember historical missionary encounters in ways that ...
Author: Joel W. Martin
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Category: Social Science
The essays here explore a variety of post-contact identities, including indigenous Christians, "mission friendly" non-Christians, and ex-Christians, thereby exploring the shifting world of Native-white cultural and religious exchange. Rather than questioning the authenticity of Native Christian experiences, these scholars reveal how indigenous peoples negotiated change with regard to missions, missionaries, and Christianity. This collection challenges the pervasive stereotype of Native Americans as culturally static and ill-equipped to navigate the roiling currents associated with colonialism and missionization."--pub. desc.
CHAPTER FOUR EMBODYING CHRISTIAN WOMANHOOD - 'AFRICAN'
ACTORS IN THE BASEL MISSION The European movement for women's
missions primarily saw European female missionaries as its key actors. However,
the Basel ...
Author: Ulrike Sill
This book offers a detailed study of how the practices and notions of the Basel Mission regarding women and gender were received, conceptualised and negotiated in local terms in pre and early colonial Ghanaian societies, 1843-1885.
Encounters that take place in a space can lead to a story. The ways in which this
story is expressed and preserved for historians can be very diverse. Most
contributions investigate the encounters based on letters sent by the missionaries
Author: Nadine Amsler
Over recent decades, historians have become increasingly interested in early modern Catholic missions in Asia as laboratories of cultural contact. This book builds on recent ground-breaking research on early modern Catholic missions, which has shown that missionaries in Asia cooperated with and accommodated the needs of local agents rather than being uncompromising promoters of post-Tridentine doctrine and devotion. Bringing together some of the most renowned and innovative researchers from Anglophone countries and continental Europe, this volume investigates how missionaries’ entanglements with local societies across Asia contributed to processes of localization within the early modern Catholic church. The focus of the volume is on missionaries’ adaptation to four ideal-typical social settings that played an eminent role in early modern Asian missions: (1) the symbolically loaded princely court; (2) the city as a space of especially dense communication; (3) the countryside, where missionary presence was only rarely permanent; (4) and the household – a central arena of conversion in early modern Asian societies. Shining a fresh light onto the history of early modern Catholic missions and the early modern Eurasian cultural exchange, this will be an important book for any scholar of religious history, history of cultural contact/global history and early modern history in Asia.
r Spreading the Word: missionaries, conversion and circulation in the northeast
varn .\Ir 'RR.\\' During the seventeenth cerrtrrry the native peoples of northeast
America were the subject of a series of missionary enterprises, which combined ...
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Encounters between religions and the resulting questions pertaining to belief and faith are among the most intriguing subjects with which scholars grapple. How do people adjust, accommodate, resist, reinterpret and harmonize different systems of belief? Do religious conversions often mask more worldly concerns such as political power, economic well being, and the ability to control one's destiny? Specifically adopting a cross-hemispheric approach, this volume draws on experiences of religious change principally in hispanophone America, but also in anglophone and francophone America, in order to transcend cultural frontiers, illuminate the circumstances and conditions which determined the form that spiritual encounters took across the hemisphere, and encourage a comparative approach.
Anthropologist William S. Simmons examines Mayhews early achievements and
briefly compares his missionary ... as concerned with the Indians ' beliefs as he is
with the Christian alternative , for missionaries did not encounter tabulas rasa .
Author: Alden T. Vaughan
The essays, which were originally published in The New England Quarterly: A Historical Review of New England Life and Letters, consider a wide range of areas in Native American-white relations: from Abenaki territory in northern Maine to Pequot lands in southern Connecticut; from profitable commerce to devastating warfare; from religious persuasion to labor exploitation; from cultural mixing to non-violent resistance; from literary representation to political argumentation. A comprehensive and insightful introduction by the editor places the richly diverse topics and perspectives within the broader context of New England ethnohistory. Most of the authors have added postscripts to their original essays commenting on recent scholarship and interpretations.
What should theologians writing on mission in the post-colony consider as they
write constructive, subversive approaches to mission today? Informed and
sobered by the tragic encounters of past and present, they must aim to wrestle a ...
The Yuquí have a right to survive as a people, and that right is now entrusted to
the mission. ... They maintained their academic privilege, namely, offering
different interpretations to missionary encounters from what either missionaries or
Author: Sarah E. Ruble
Publisher: UNC Press Books
In the decades after World War II, Protestant missionaries abroad were a topic of vigorous public debate. From religious periodicals and Sunday sermons to novels and anthropological monographs, public conversations about missionaries followed a powerful yet paradoxical line of reasoning, namely that people abroad needed greater autonomy from U.S. power and that Americans could best tell others how to use their freedom. In The Gospel of Freedom and Power, Sarah E. Ruble traces and analyzes these public discussions about what it meant for Americans abroad to be good world citizens, placing them firmly in the context of the United States' postwar global dominance. Bringing together a wide range of sources, Ruble seeks to understand how discussions about a relatively small group of Americans working abroad became part of a much larger cultural conversation. She concludes that whether viewed as champions of nationalist revolutions or propagators of the gospel of capitalism, missionaries--along with their supporters, interpreters, and critics--ultimately both challenged and reinforced a rhetoric of exceptionalism that made Americans the judges of what was good for the rest of the world.
Unexpected Consequences of Christian Missionary Encounters in the Middle
East, Africa, and South Asia Heather J. ... missions in undermining the integrity of
Sri Lankan culture) were themselves graduates of Christian mission schools.
Author: Heather J Sharkey
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Category: Social Science
Sharkey examines in this volume some of the unexpected consequences of Christian missionary encounters. In contrast to most studies of missionary encounters (which focus on individual countries, regions, or missions, or only address audiences within certain fields) this collection bridges African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian studies. Moreover, it spans colonial and postcolonial periods while connecting a diverse set of Western missionary players-Catholic and Protestant, as well as British, American, Swedish, Italian, German, French and Irish. Its cases highlight developments in the Maghreb, the Nile Valley, Palestine, Zambia, Eritrea, India and Sri Lanka. Together the essays compellingly illustrate the diverse societal response to missionary "conversions."
Mission,. Culture. Within the realm of missiology, culture becomes a primary
conversation partner with theology, on a par with philosophy or science. Cross-
cultural missionary encounters especially invite questions about how faith
constraints , succeeded in moving beyond black and white , we owe it to the
missionaries — and to ourselves , to let ... of a missionary archive ” , in Bickers ,
Robert A . and Rosemary Seton ( eds ) , Missionary Encounters : Sources and
Author: Mai Palmberg
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
Category: Social Science
Positive images of Africa contrast with negative images of misery, war and catastrophes often conveyed by the mass media. This selection of papers debate the images and stereotypes of Africa.
Author: R. Zarwulugbo LibertyPublish On: 2012-09-01
Introduction One of the most important obstacles a missionary encounters on the
field is the complexity of the man he meets. What makes a man complex is that he
is born into a family and has inherited his family's cultural values. He is a ...
Author: R. Zarwulugbo Liberty
For missionaries in the twenty-first century, change is necessary in order for them to continue to be strong and viable. "Growing Missionaries Biblically" takes a fresh look at Christian missions and proposes a comprehensive, biblical missionary training program for short- and longterm missions. Its objective is to produce an effective, cross cultural ministry for Africa and, with some modifications, globally. The goal is to provide a postimperial, post-colonial model for training missionaries by looking to biblical guidance on the subject. Author Dr. R. Zarwulugbo Liberty is a native of Liberia, Africa, with biblical, theological, and practical insights for prospective and seasoned missionaries and their supporters. The information he provides can successfully launch and sustain these missionaries in the course of their mission work. In order to accomplish his goals, he proposes the use of bicultural missionaries. A bicultural missionary is one who has studied both his own culture and the culture of the people to be served. This missionary will not equate his or her culture with Christianity and will know and understand the practices of the culture he or she serves that can easily be incorporated and assimilated into Christianity. "Growing Missionaries Biblically" proposes a vital curriculum for missionary preparation for cross-cultural missionary service.
Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire Heather J. Sharkey. ChAPtEr 1. the.
American. Missionary. Encounter. in. Egypt. The Missionary Encounter in 1854
American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as part of a larger ...
Author: Heather J. Sharkey
Publisher: Princeton University Press
In 1854, American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as part of a larger Anglo-American Protestant movement aiming for worldwide evangelization. Protected by British imperial power, and later by mounting American global influence, their enterprise flourished during the next century. American Evangelicals in Egypt follows the ongoing and often unexpected transformations initiated by missionary activities between the mid-nineteenth century and 1967--when the Six-Day Arab-Israeli War uprooted the Americans in Egypt. Heather Sharkey uses Arabic and English sources to shed light on the many facets of missionary encounters with Egyptians. These occurred through institutions, such as schools and hospitals, and through literacy programs and rural development projects that anticipated later efforts of NGOs. To Egyptian Muslims and Coptic Christians, missionaries presented new models for civic participation and for women's roles in collective worship and community life. At the same time, missionary efforts to convert Muslims and reform Copts stimulated new forms of Egyptian social activism and prompted nationalists to enact laws restricting missionary activities. Faced by Islamic strictures and customs regarding apostasy and conversion, and by expectations regarding the proper structure of Christian-Muslim relations, missionaries in Egypt set off debates about religious liberty that reverberate even today. Ultimately, the missionary experience in Egypt led to reconsiderations of mission policy and evangelism in ways that had long-term repercussions for the culture of American Protestantism.