Territory, Migration and the Evolution of the International System

Territory, Migration and the Evolution of the International System

Author: D. Vigneswaran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023039129X

Page: 158

View: 2411

This book deconstructs territoriality in the context of current and past European politics to advance international relations scholars' understanding of the uses and limits of territory in European history as well as the origin of an international system. It looks to the future of migration regimes beyond the territorially exclusive state.
Categories: Political Science

Indian Ocean Migrants and State Formation in Hadhramaut

Reforming the Homeland

Indian Ocean Migrants and State Formation in Hadhramaut

Author: Ulrike Freitag

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004128507

Page: 589

View: 616

This history of Hadhramaut in the 19th and 20th centuries shows the fascinating influence of diasporic merchants and scholars in the Indian Ocean on the evolution of their tribal homeland. It argues that international networks contributed to the formation of a modernity that was adapted to local conditions.
Categories: Social Science

Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490494

Page: N.A

View: 1360

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. It highlights the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.
Categories: Political Science

Migrants and City-Making

Dispossession, Displacement, and Urban Regeneration

Migrants and City-Making

Author: Ayse Çaglar,Nina Glick Schiller

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822372010

Page: 296

View: 4548

In Migrants and City-Making Ayşe Çağlar and Nina Glick Schiller trace the participation of migrants in the unequal networks of power that connect their lives to regional, national, and global institutions. Grounding their work in comparative ethnographies of three cities struggling to regain their former standing—Mardin, Turkey; Manchester, New Hampshire; and Halle/Saale, Germany—Çağlar and Glick Schiller challenge common assumptions that migrants exist on society’s periphery, threaten social cohesion, and require integration. Instead Çağlar and Glick Schiller explore their multifaceted role as city-makers, including their relationships to municipal officials, urban developers, political leaders, business owners, community organizers, and social justice movements. In each city Çağlar and Glick Schiller met with migrants from around the world; attended cultural events, meetings, and religious services; and patronized migrant-owned businesses, allowing them to gain insights into the ways in which migrants build social relationships with non-migrants and participate in urban restoration and development. In exploring the changing historical contingencies within which migrants live and work, Çağlar and Glick Schiller highlight how city-making invariably involves engaging with the far-reaching forces that dispossess people of their land, jobs, resources, neighborhoods, and hope.
Categories: Social Science

Poland, Germany and State Power in Post-Cold War Europe

Asymmetry Matters

Poland, Germany and State Power in Post-Cold War Europe

Author: Stefan Szwed

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349953520

Page: 306

View: 5835

This book examines the post-Cold War Polish-German relationship and the puzzling rise of foreign and security policy differences between the two states during the 2000s. Through an investigation of four policy issues – NATO’s out-of-area mandate, European Constitution and the division of voting power in the Council, relations with Russia and the eastern neighbours, as well as EU energy policy – the author identifies the roots of their conflict in a structure of material, spatial and temporal asymmetries. Rather than treat them as currency, however, he explores the less conspicuous ways in which power is exercised and structure matters inside a community governed by shared rules and norms. In pursuing its research question, theoretical work, historical reconstructions and empirical analyses, the book combines security studies, transatlantic relations, European integration, and Polish and German politics with general theorizing and conceptual grounding in international relations and political science.
Categories: Political Science

Immigration and American Democracy

Subverting the Rule of Law

Immigration and American Democracy

Author: Robert Koulish

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135843317

Page: 240

View: 2946

While the idea of immigration embodies America’s rhetorical commitment to democracy, recent immigration control policies also showcase abysmal failures in democratic practice. Immigration and American Democracy examines these failures in terms of state sovereignty, neoliberalism, and surveillance-based techniques of social control. The ideological argument for privatization is not new. But immigration has provided a laboratory for replicating on American soil the sorts of outsourcing travesties that have occurred in America’s war in Iraq. As an outcome, abusive executive powers—many delegated to state and local governments and private actors—are manifested every day in data collection, spying, detention, and deportation hearings, and in many cases bypassing the Constitution. The practice of privatization extends this leviathan immigration state by clamping down on civil liberties without having to oblige the courts. Ultimately, Koulish examines the contested terrain between democratic and undemocratic forces in the immigration policy domain and concludes with recommendations for how democratic forces might well still win out.
Categories: Political Science

The Criminalisation of Migration in Europe

Challenges for Human Rights and the Rule of Law

The Criminalisation of Migration in Europe

Author: Valsamis Mitsilegas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331912658X

Page: 110

View: 2746

This is the first monograph providing a comprehensive legal analysis of the criminalisation of migration in Europe. The book puts forward a definition of the criminalisation of migration as the three-fold process whereby migration management takes place via the adoption of substantive criminal law, via recourse to traditional criminal law enforcement mechanisms including surveillance and detention, and via the development of mechanisms of prevention and pre-emption. The book provides a typology of criminalisation of migration, structured on the basis of the three stages of the migrant experience: criminalisation before entry (examining criminalisation in the context of extraterritorial immigration control, delegation and privatisation in immigration control and the securitisation of migration); criminalisation during stay (examining how substantive criminal law is used to regulate migration in the territory); and criminalisation after entry and towards removal (examining efforts to exclude and remove migrants from the territory and jurisdiction of EU Member States and criminalisation through detention). The analysis focuses on the impact of the criminalisation of migration on human rights and the rule of law, and it highlights how European Union law (through the application of both the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and general principles of EU law) and ECHR law may contribute towards achieving decriminalisation of migration in Europe.
Categories: Law

Transnational Student-Migrants and the State

The Education-Migration Nexus

Transnational Student-Migrants and the State

Author: Shanthi Robertson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137267089

Page: 202

View: 7217

International students are often engaged not just in education, but in high stakes towards gaining permanent migration status. This book unpacks the consequences of this education-migration nexus, analyzing migration policies and providing a vivid picture of student-migrants' lived experiences.
Categories: Education

Law and Global Health

Current Legal Issues

Law and Global Health

Author: Michael Freeman,Sarah Hawkes,Belinda Bennett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003468

Page: 600

View: 2824

Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.
Categories: Political Science