Media Transformations in the Post communist World

Media Transformations in the Post communist World

This collection reveals how democratic political change offers an opportunity, but not a guarantee, of successful corresponding change in the media system.

Author: Peter Gross

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780739174944

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 216

Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World: Eastern Europe s Tortured Path to Change, edited by Peter Gross and Karol Jakubowicz, is a collection of analyses of Eastern European media by some of the most distinguished scholars in the field. This text assesses the progress (or lack thereof) made in transitioning and transforming the mass media in Eastern Europe since the fall of Communism. This collection reveals how democratic political change offers an opportunity, but not a guarantee, of successful corresponding change in the media system."
Categories: History

Broadcasting and National Imagination in Post Communist Latvia

Broadcasting and National Imagination in Post Communist Latvia

Downey, J. and Mihelj, S. (eds) (2012), Central and Eastern European Media in
Comparative Perspective: Politics, Economy ... Gross, P. and Jakubowicz, K. (eds
) (2013), Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World: Eastern Europe's
 ...

Author: Jnis Juzefovis

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781783206933

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 173

This book uses the case study of public television in post-communist Latvia to explore the question of how audiences respond to TV offerings, and how their choices can be seen as an act of agency. Jānis Juzefovičs builds his book around Albert O. Hirschman’s classic concepts of exit, voice, and loyalty—the options available to a person within any system. He uses Hirschman’s ideas, along with tools from social constructionism, to assess how the publics of both the Latvian-speaking majority and the large Russian-speaking minority have responded to the role of public television in the nation-building efforts of the new Latvian state. Along the way, he develops our understanding of public broadcasting more generally, and the way it can be used to define a national 'we'.
Categories: Social Science

Public Service Broadcasting and Media Systems in Troubled European Democracies

Public Service Broadcasting and Media Systems in Troubled European Democracies

Preying on the State: The Transformation of Bulgaria After 1989. ... Post-Soviet
Transitions and Democratization: Towards Theory Building. ... In P. Gross & K.
Jakubowicz (Eds.), Media Transformations in the Post-communist World: Eastern
 ...

Author: Eva Połońska

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030027100

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 775

This book provides the most recent overview of media systems in Europe. It explores new political, economic and technological environments and the challenges they pose to democracies and informed citizens. It also examines the new illiberal environment that has quickly embraced certain European states and its impact on media systems, considering the sources and possible consequences of these challenges for media industries and media professionals. Part I examines the evolving role of public service media in a comparative study of Western, Southern and Central Europe, whilst Part II ventures into Europe’s periphery, where media continues to be utilised by the state in its quest for power. The book also provides an insight into the role of the European Union in preserving the independence and neutrality of public service media. It will be useful to students and researchers of political communication and international and comparative media, as well as democracy and populism.
Categories: Social Science

Post Communist Romania at Twenty Five

Post Communist Romania at Twenty Five

Before, During and After Communism (1999), Understanding Foreign
Correspondence: A Euro-American Perspective of Concepts, Methodologies and
Theories (2011), and Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World.
Eastern ...

Author: Lavinia Stan

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498501101

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 554

2014 marked the 25th anniversary of the collapse of communist regimes in Eastern Europe. The events of 1989 are widely seen as having ushered in new all-encompassing reforms in almost all areas of life. In few other places were reforms more contested and divisive than in Romania, a country that suffered greatly under the sultanistic-cum-totalitarian dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu, faced the region’s only bloody anti-communist revolt, and as such had the longest to travel on the road from communism to democracy. We now have a generation’s worth of experience with these wrenching reforms that have deeply affected Romania’s political institutions and political culture, and ultimately allowed it to become a member of the coveted European Union club. This volume gathers key lessons for democratic theory and practice from Romania’s first twenty-five years of post-communist transformation. Written by leading experts in the field of Romanian Studies, the chapters focus on the most important factors that have shaped the country’s political transformation during the first 25 years of post-communism.
Categories: Political Science

Advertising Sex and Post Socialism

Advertising  Sex  and Post Socialism

In Challenging Images of Women in the Media: Reinventing Women 's Lives,
edited by Theresa Carilli and Jane Campell, 107419 ... In Media Transformations
in the Post-Communist World, edited by Peter Gross and Karol Jakubowicz,
67485.

Author: Elza Ibroscheva

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739172674

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 796

The book traces the evolution of gender ideologies in the Balkans, through emancipating women’s roles during socialism and into the proliferation and normalization of hyper-sexualized images of women in advertising and other media in the post-socialist transition. Drawing on a media-centered cultural/critical approach to understanding the changing role of advertising in post-socialist societies and its influence on gender identities, the book offers a unique contribution to global media studies and the broader discipline of gender and communication.
Categories: Social Science

Finding the Right Place on the Map

Finding the Right Place on the Map

The present book is a contribution to the effort to take stock of changes in media
systems in post-communist society, ... of this deep and many-sided transformation
, with a special focus on changing media systems in the post-communist world.

Author: Karol Jakubowicz

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781841501932

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 301

View: 563

This is a international comparison of the media systems and the democratic performance of the media in post-Communist countries. It explores issues of commercial media, social exclusion and consumer capitalism in a comparative East-West perspective. This book is a overview of what media transformation has meant for post-Communist countries in nearly two decades.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Media in third wave democracies

Media in third wave democracies

Paolo Mancini (2013): “'comparing Media systems' between eastern and Western
europe,” in: Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World, ed. Peter
Gross & Karol Jakubowicz, pp. 15–32. Lanham, Boulder, new York, Toronto ...

Author: Péter Bajomi-Lázár

Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan

ISBN: 9782140089305

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 470

The media and political systems of former communist countries in Central/Eastern Europe share a number of similarities with those in Southern Europe. According to Karol Jakubowicz, these similarities also include late democratisation, a weak middle class, marked social and economic differences, a strong catholicism, etc. Where are the third-wave democracies to date, particularly as regards their media systems? And where are they heading for? This volume with his differents talks of a joint conference in 2016 attempts to answer these questions and many more.
Categories: Social Science

Identity Games

Identity Games

In Identity Games, Anikó Imre examines the corporate transformation of the postcommunist media landscape in Eastern Europe.

Author: Anikó Imre

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262090452

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 354

An examination of the unique, hybrid media practices generated by Eastern Europe'saccelerated transition from late communism to late capitalism.
Categories: Political Science

Media in Process

Media in Process

The impact of global influences on regional expression is an important aspect of the political and social changes that are underway. This volume makes an important interdisciplinary contribution in examining the development of the media.

Author: Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317098867

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 572

The post-communist development of media systems has been uneven in the countries of the region. Television and newspapers, together with the emergence of social media, have had great influence on the political debate in various countries. Ownership of the media has been a factor in many instances. The integration of traditionally isolated Central/Eastern Europe into larger, worldwide trends has fundamentally changed the way we look at the media in this region. This volume proposes to address the transition of the media and communication industries in the contemporary period. The contributions discuss, among other things, the obstacles that still remain for the media to play an effective watchdog role in the new democracies, and whether the advent of the Internet and social media has helped or hindered the transformation to a powerful, independent media. The discussion further examines whether advertising agencies have targeted post-communist citizens differently than those in Western European countries and if the media markets in the post-communist region are fundamentally different than in Western Europe and North America. A second focus of the volume is the media coverage of social issues like domestic violence, which is intended to draw attention to these issues and influence policy in a more aware and open society. This establishes the trend of post-communist media following the example of western media practice. The implications of the Central European media transformation for the newly transforming media markets in the post-Soviet space suggest a new phase in the development of the medium. The impact of global influences on regional expression is an important aspect of the political and social changes that are underway. This volume makes an important interdisciplinary contribution in examining the development of the media.
Categories: Political Science

News Media and Power in Russia

News Media and Power in Russia

The end of communist rule in the Soviet Union brought with it a brave new world
of media and commerce. Formerly ... During the last nine years she has been
researching Russian news production and post-Soviet media transformation.

Author: Olessia Koltsova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134283408

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 442

The end of communist rule in the Soviet Union brought with it a brave new world of media and commerce. Formerly state-owned enterprises were transformed, often through private ownership, and new corporations sprung up overnight to take advantage of the new atmosphere of freedom. Until now, most research on media and news production in Russia has focused on the scope of government control and comparisons with the communist era. However, extra-governmental controls and the challenges of operating in a newly capitalist environment have been just as important – if not more so – in the formation of the new media climate. Filling the gap in the literature, this book examines the various agents who ‘make’ the news, and discusses the fierce struggle among the various agents of power involved. Drawing on existing theories and scholarship, the book provides a wealth of detail on the actual daily practices of news production in Russia. Original research is combined with compelling first-hand accounts of news production and dissemination to provide an incisive look at the issues and power structures Russian journalists face on a daily basis.
Categories: History

The Post Communist Condition

The Post Communist Condition

This volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on discourses in one national context of post-communist transformation.

Author: Aleksandra Galasi?ska

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027288172

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 707

This volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on discourses in one national context of post-communist transformation. Proposing a macro-micro approach to discourse analysis and transformation, it examines a spectrum of topics including Polish history, with its ‘interpreters’; changes in political bodies and the media, policies of the Catholic Church and the Institute of National Remembrance; xenophobia and anti-Semitism, with the emergence of unemployment and homelessness; experiences of new gender relations and migrations. In effect, drawing upon unique sets of data, the book shows how post-communist transformation can be understood through analyses of the changing public and private discourses. It shows Polish post-communism as a fragile and uneasy transformation, with people and institutions struggling to make sense of it and of life within it. The volume will be of interest to a broad range of social scientists: discourse analysts, sociologists, modern historians and political scientists, as well as to the informed lay public.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Understanding Post Communist Transformation

Understanding Post Communist Transformation

In the Communist era there was a dearth of empirical evidence about how
ordinary people were living and what they were ... A multiplicity of media has
been employed ranging from television appearances in Tallinn and Riga to
World Bank ...

Author: Richard Rose

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134016709

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 187

The fall of the Berlin Wall launched the transformation of government, economy and society across half of Europe and the former Soviet Union. This text deals with the process of change in former Communist bloc countries, ten of which have become new European Union (EU) democracies while Russia and her neighbours remain burdened by their Soviet legacy. Drawing on more than a hundred public opinion surveys from the New Europe Barometer, the text compares how ordinary people have coped with the stresses and opportunities of transforming Communist societies into post-Communist societies and the resulting differences between peoples in the new EU member states and Russia. Subjects covered by Understanding Post-Communist Transformation include: Stresses and opportunities of economic transformation Social capital and the development of civil society Elections and the complexities of party politics The challenges for the EU of raising standards of democratic governance Differences between Russia’s and the West’s interpretation of political life Written by one of the world's most renowned authorities on this subject, this text is ideal for courses on transition, post-communism, democratization and Russian and Eastern European history and politics.
Categories: Political Science

Chancen und Gefahren der Mediendemokratie

Chancen und Gefahren der Mediendemokratie

Before , During and After Communism . ... De Smaele , Hedwig ( 1999 ) : The
Applicability of Western Media Models on the Russian Media System . ... A . (
2000 ) : Geographic Diffusion and the Transformation of the Postcommunist
World .

Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft. Arbeitstagung

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000094718404

Category: Mass media

Page: 446

View: 713

Categories: Mass media

Entangled Evolutions

Entangled Evolutions

And can changes in these relationships be anticipated? To address these questions, Entangled Evolutions examines media in post-1989 Eastern Europe.

Author: Peter Gross

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press

ISBN: 9780801868528

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 647

The revolutions of 1989 swept away Eastern Europe's communist governments and created expectations on the part of many observers that post-communist media would lead the liberated societies in establishing and embracing democratic political cultures. Peter Gross finds that it was utopian to hold such expectations of the media in societies in transition. On the one hand, those countries' media professionals had all learned their jobs under the communist regimes and could not instantly transform themselves into guides for a politically enabled populace, Gross argues. On the other hand, newcomers to the media world, even those who were notable literary figures, viewed themselves as social and political leaders rather than mere informers and facilitators of the resocialization required to form new democracies. The news media have remained highly politicized and partisan. So how are the media, civil society, and political culture related in societies in transition? And can changes in these relationships be anticipated? To address these questions, Entangled Evolutions examines media in post-1989 Eastern Europe. It studies the effects of privatization of the media, journalists' relations to political figures, institutional structures such as media laws, professional journalistic culture, and the media's relation to their market. Sources include interviews with journalists and politicians, sociological and political data from national surveys, and media audience studies.
Categories: Political Science

Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia

Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia

The book presents the kind of candid discussion of sexual identities, sexual politics, and gender arrangements that was often censored and rarely discussed openly before the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1987.

Author: Edmond J. Coleman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 078902294X

Category: Social Science

Page: 410

View: 819

Important new findings on sex and gender in the former Soviet Bloc! Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia is a groundbreaking look at the new sexual reality in Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe after the fall of communism. The book presents the kind of candid discussion of sexual identities, sexual politics, and gender arrangements that was often censored and rarely discussed openly before the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1987. Authors from a variety of disciplines examine how the changes caused by rapid economic and social transformation have affected human sexuality and if those changes can generate the social tolerance necessary to produce a well-rooted democracy. The first theoretical and empirical body of work to sexuality in (post)transitional countries, Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia examines the effects of the profound social transformation taking place in the former Soviet Union. Through an interdisciplinary perspective, the book addresses vital issues of this transformation, including gender relations, gender roles and sex norms in transition, sexual representations in the media, patterns of adult sexual behavior, gay and lesbian issues, sex trafficking, health risks, and sex education. The book also presents a critical examination of whether the fall of communism has, in fact, induced changes in sexuality and gender relations. Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia examines the changes in sex and gender in countries in transition, including: the negative consequences of Serbia's "state-directed non-development" during the 1990s the causes and consequences of trafficking in women from the Russian Federation the ongoing debate over human rights for sexual minorities in Romania the effects of two Yugoslavian films released in the 1990s that feature transgender characters sexualities in transition in Croatia problems created by changes in sexual behavior among urban Russian adolescents the social and legal state of lesbians in Slovenia Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia fills in the gap in the current knowledge and understanding of the effects of the profound social changes taking place in Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe. The book is an essential read for academics and researchers working in gender studies, political science, and gay and lesbian studies. Handy tables and figures make the information easy to access and understand.
Categories: Social Science

Democracy and the Media

Democracy and the Media

C H A P T E R 4 Democratic Transformation and the ... These unforgettable
images were seen by over a billion people around the world, including millions of
citizens of Central and Eastern Europe. ... Significant parts of anti- and post-
Communist media activities during and after 1989–90 occurred within an
institutional ...

Author: Richard Gunther

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521777437

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 504

A unique perspective on the relationship between politics and the media in various political regimes.
Categories: Political Science

The Media in Europe

The Media in Europe

The Euromedia Handbook Mary Kelly, Gianpietro Mazzoleni, Denis McQuail ...
been spared the ethnic conflicts and war that have affected post-communist
transformation in so many other countries. ... of post-communist countries where
economic reform has led to the development of a functioning market economy (
World ...

Author: Mary Kelly

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761941320

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 274

View: 275

Completely rewritten, the Third Edition of this successful guide to European media systems has also been expanded to include Central and Eastern Europe as well as Western Europe. Covering 23 countries, the volume highlights and explains key issues of debate and current tendencies in media policy.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Inside the Mechanisms of Romanian Modernization

Inside the Mechanisms of Romanian Modernization

The Transformation of Public Sphere Between Media and Political System Florin
Grancea ... Seeing communism as a modernity crises, not paradox, we
understand its collapse as a rearrangement of lifeworld and system accordingly
for a better ... between the public sphere, political system and mass media in
communism and post communism by the means of this grammar of a critical
theory of modernity.

Author: Florin Grancea

Publisher: Florin Grancea

ISBN: 9781419639692

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 229

This book analyzes, in the relation with the Romanian modernity, the transformations of the Romanian public sphere, political system and journalism from the beginning of the 19th Century up to 2005. The argumentation starts from the idea that the Romanian Enlightenment never had the chance to reach its purpose, the creation of the individual as a human category. As a consequence of this historical fact, the Romanian modernity was not explored in all its dimensions and was not congruent with its western model of development. Only after late 90's, signs for a surpassing historical backwardness were seen in Romania, and only after the integration into EU become sure. From this perspective this book looks onto the change in the modernization engine of Romania, in late 90's. This change is happening as a transgression from a three steps modernization model, in which the role of the elite is central, to a two steps modernization model, in which the role of the elite is minimal. Because the three steps modernization model fits the idea of an acclamatory public sphere, while the two steps modernization engine fits the concept of civil public sphere, this book proves that the Romanian democracy is evolving from its totalitarian background to become a participative democracy. The only question unanswered yet, is if the elite and the mass media are willing to let Romania and its citizens to breakup the ties with the totalitarian past.
Categories: Social Science

European Film and Media Culture

European Film and Media Culture

In order to examine some of the new directions that emerged in children ' s
television within postcommunist ? media systems ... such projects in a wider
research context related to the transformations of the media in postcommunist
countries .

Author: Lennard Højbjerg

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 8763504278

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 289

View: 739

Brings into focus central aspects of developments in European film and media culture. Through studies of both film and television the question of national identity, European integration and globalisation is analysed in a both Eastern and Western Europeancontext. This volume also offers several case studies.
Categories: Performing Arts

Comparative Media Systems

Comparative Media Systems

The approach was extended to the post-communist states of Central and Eastern
Europe in the 1990s. ... Nevertheless, transformation research attempts to place
processes in different parts of the world in a common framework of analysis.

Author: Bogus?awa Dobek-Ostrowska

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9639776548

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 264

Compares models of media and politics in Central and Eastern Europe.
Categories: Social Science