Bryan Turner challenges the basic assumptions of Orientalism by considering such issues as the social structure of Islamic society, the impact of capitalism in the Middle East, the effect of Israel on territories, revolutions, social ...
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Category: Social Science
First published in 1978, this title analyses a range of problems that arise in the study of North Africa and the Middle East, bridging the gap between studies of Sociology, Islam, and Marxism. Both Sociology and the study of Islam draw on an Orientalist tradition founded on an idealist epistemology, ethnocentric values and an evolutionary view of historical development. Bryan Turner challenges the basic assumptions of Orientalism by considering such issues as the social structure of Islamic society, the impact of capitalism in the Middle East, the effect of Israel on territories, revolutions, social classes and nationalism. A detailed and fascinating study, Marx and the End of Orientalism will be of particular interest to students studying the sociology of colonialism and development, Marxist sociology and sociological theory.
Author: Alexander Lyon MacfiePublish On: 2014-06-11
END. OF. ORIENTALISM. ln Marx and the End of Orientalism (1978), published
coincidentally in the same year as Said's Orientalism, but seemingly
uninfluenced by it, Bryan S. Turner, a leading Marxist sociologist, is concerned
not so much ...
Author: Alexander Lyon Macfie
At a crucial moment in the history of relations of East and West, Orient and Occident, Christianity and Islam, Orientalism provides a timely account of the subject and the debate. In the 1960s and 1970s a powerful assault was launched on 'orientalism', led by Edward Said. The debate ranged far beyond the traditional limits of 'dry-as-dust' orientalism, involving questions concerning the nature of identity, the nature of imperialism, Islamophobia, myth, Arabism, racialism, intercultural relations and feminism. Charting the history of the vigorous debate about the nature of orientalism, this timely account revisits the arguments and surveys the case studies inspired by that debate.
His major publications include Weber and Islam (1974), Marx and the End of Orientalism (1978), For Weber (1981), Religion and Social Theory (1983), The
Body and Society (1984), Citizenship and Capitalism (1986), Medical Power and
Author: David J. Lee
Category: Social Science
In recent years there has been growing debate among sociologists about the concept of class and its relevance to the highly industrialised world of the late twentieth century. This book makes available in a single volume all of the key contributions to this debate and takes it a step further with a number of specially commissioned pieces. An editorial introduction which sets the main arguments in context, additional commentary and two alternative conclusions help to make this a unique text for a subject that remains crucial yet highly contentious.
Author: Ali Abdullatif AhmidaPublish On: 1994-01-01
The best critiques of Eurocentrism are Edward Said, Orientalism (New York:
Vintage Books, 1979); Bryan Turner, Marx and the End of Orientalism (London:
George Allen and Unwin, 1978); and Samir Amin, Eurocentrism (New York:
Author: Ali Abdullatif Ahmida
Publisher: SUNY Press
This book analyzes the social, cultural, and historical background of modern Libya from the early nineteenth century through the end of the armed anticolonial resistance. Ahmida challenges Eurocentric theories of social change that ignore the internal dynamics of native social history. Among other things, he shows that Sufi Islam, tribal military organization, and oral traditions were crucial in the fight against colonialism. The political and cultural legacy of the resistance has been powerful, strengthening Libyan nationalism and leading to the revival of strong attachments to Islam and the clan. The memory of this period has not yet faded, and appreciation of this background is essential to understanding present-day Libya.
Brian Turner ' s Marx and the End of Orientalism ( 1978 ) also examines Marx ' s "
Orientalist " writings , concentrating on the way the A . M . P . has affected Marxist
perspectives on the Middle East . Turner points out that " the view of the ...
Turner, B., Marx and the End of Orientalism, London: Allen and Unwin, 1978.
Valeri, V., The Forest of Taboos: Morality, Hunting, and Identity among the
Huaulu of the Moluccas, Madison, WI, and London: University of Wisconsin Press
Author: Christina Riggs
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Social Science
First runner-up for the British-Kuwait Friendship Society Book Prize in Middle Eastern Studies 2015. In ancient Egypt, wrapping sacred objects, including mummified bodies, in layers of cloth was a ritual that lay at the core of Egyptian society. Yet in the modern world, attention has focused instead on unwrapping all the careful arrangements of linen textiles the Egyptians had put in place. This book breaks new ground by looking at the significance of textile wrappings in ancient Egypt, and at how their unwrapping has shaped the way we think about the Egyptian past. Wrapping mummified bodies and divine statues in linen reflected the cultural values attached to this textile, with implications for understanding gender, materiality and hierarchy in Egyptian society. Unwrapping mummies and statues similarly reflects the values attached to Egyptian antiquities in the West, where the colonial legacies of archaeology, Egyptology and racial science still influence how Egypt appears in museums and the press. From the tomb of Tutankhamun to the Arab Spring, Unwrapping Ancient Egypt raises critical questions about the deep-seated fascination with this culture – and what that fascination says about our own.
“cosmopolitanism” itself seldom appears in Marx and Engels' later writings; most
often, but not exclusively, it is used with ... In proportion as the exploitation of one
individual by another is put an end to, the exploitation of one nation by another ...
Author: Gilbert Achcar
Category: Political Science
In this collection of essays, Gilbert Achcar examines the controversial relationship of Marxism to religion, to Orientalism and its critique by Edward Said, and to the concept of cosmopolitanism. A compelling range of issues is discussed within these pages, including a comparative assessment of Christian liberation theology and Islamic fundamentalism; "Orientalism in reverse", which can take the form of an apology for Islamic fundamentalism; the evolution of Marx's appraisal of non-Western societies; and the vagaries of "cosmopolitanism" up to our present era of globalisation. Erudite and incisive, these essays provide a major contribution to the critical discussion of Marxism, Orientalism and cosmopolitanism, and illuminate the relationships between all three.
Bryan S . Turner , author of Weber and Islam , published in 1978 his Marx and the End of Orientalism , where he argues that “ what is required fundamentally is a
demonstration of orientalism and its replacement by a theoretically valid ...
ПШІ In an inspired study titled Marx and the End of Orientalism , Bryan Turner
suggests the need to go beyond the binary oppositional statements projected by
empiricist and early Marxist - historicist theory , in order to achieve an analysis of
Author: Asst Prof Kamaludeen Mohamed NasirPublish On: 2013-09-28
Hewas an enormously prolific writer andenergetic academic, butbest known
forhis influential Orientalism (1978). UnfortunatelyI read Orientalism after Ihad
written and published Marx and the End ofOrientalism (1978), but to some extent
Author: Asst Prof Kamaludeen Mohamed Nasir
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Taking a thematic approach, Bryan S. Turner draws together his writings which explore the relationship between Islam and the ideas of Western social thinkers. Turner engages with the broad categories of capitalism, orientalism, modernity, gender, and citizenship among others, as he examines how Muslims adapt to changing times and how Islam has come to be managed by those in power.
A final point that is worth dwelling upon in Said ' s present book , as well as in his Orientalism , is the idea that Marxism and Orientalism are guilty of the ... He notes
that it is this similar conclusion which is reached by Orientalists , though via ...
Category: Arab-Israeli conflict
Devoted exclusively to the Arab-Israeli conflict and Palestinian affairs. A forum for study of the region and peaceful resolution to the conflict, analysis of current developments in the peace process, the latest historical scholarship, and cultural and societal trends.
From Orientalism to Postcolonialism: Asia, Europe and the Lineages of
Difference Sucheta Mazumdar, Vasant Kaiwar, Thierry Labica [T]he History of the
World travels from East to West, for Europe is absolutely the end of History, Asia
is the beginning. ... this volume, demonstrating the persistence of some motifs
despite the tremendous dynamism that Marx identified with the capitalist mode of
Author: Sucheta Mazumdar
Category: Political Science
This book uses a historical and theoretical focus to examine the key of issues of the Enlightenment, Orientalism, concepts of identity and difference, and the contours of different modernities in relation to both local and global shaping forces, including the spread of capitalism. The contributors present eight in-depth studies and a substantial theoretical introduction, utilizing primary and secondary sources in Turkish, Farsi, Chinese, not to mention English, French and German in the effort to engage materials and cultural perspectives from diverse regions. It provides a critical attempt to think through the potentialities and limitations of area-studies and ‘civilizational’ approaches to the production of knowledge about the modern world, and the often obscured relationship between the fragment and the whole, or the particular and universal. The book is an intervention in one of the most fundamental debates confronting the social science and humanities, namely how to understand global and local historical processes as interconnected developments affecting human actors. From Orientalism to Postcolonialism will be of interest to academics and postgraduate students in Cultural and Postcolonial Studies and Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies.
Author: Daniel Martin VariscoPublish On: 2011-07-01
But despite the book's wide acclaim, no systematic critical survey of the rhetoric in Said's representation of Orientalism and the resulting impact on intellectual culture has appeared until today.
Author: Daniel Martin Varisco
Publisher: University of Washington Press
The late Edward Said remains one of the most influential critics and public intellectuals of our time, with lasting contributions to many disciplines. Much of his reputation derives from the phenomenal multidisciplinary influence of his 1978 book Orientalism. Said's seminal polemic analyzes novels, travelogues, and academic texts to argue that a dominant discourse of West over East has warped virtually all past European and American representation of the Near East. But despite the book's wide acclaim, no systematic critical survey of the rhetoric in Said's representation of Orientalism and the resulting impact on intellectual culture has appeared until today. Drawing on the extensive discussion of Said's work in more than 600 bibliographic entries, Daniel Martin Varisco has written an ambitious intellectual history of the debates that Said's work has sparked in several disciplines, highlighting in particular its reception among Arab and European scholars. While pointing out Said's tendency to essentialize and privilege certain texts at the expense of those that do not comfortably it his theoretical framework, Varisco analyzes the extensive commentary the book has engendered in Oriental studies, literary and cultural studies, feminist scholarship, history, political science, and anthropology. He employs "critical satire" to parody the exaggerated and pedantic aspects of post-colonial discourse, including Said's profound underappreciation of the role of irony and reform in many of the texts he cites. The end result is a companion volume to Orientalism and the vast research it inspired. Rather than contribute to dueling essentialisms, Varisco provides a path to move beyond the binary of East versus West and the polemics of blame. Reading Orientalism is the most comprehensive survey of Said's writing and thinking to date. It will be of strong interest to scholars of Middle East studies, anthropology, history, cultural studies, post-colonial studies, and literary studies.
Author: Professor Bryan S TurnerPublish On: 2002-11-01
I want to turn now to some problems with this critical antiorientalism that came
from writers like Said. There are some ... postmodernists like G. Vattimo whohave
been analysing the end of modernity and the end of history withreference to a
radical hermeneutic anthropology. With Vattimo, I ... The secular collapse of
organised communism actually makes the intellectual credibility of Marxism as a
Author: Professor Bryan S Turner
Category: Social Science
It is often thought that the development of capitalism and the modernization of culture have brought about a profound decline of religious belief and commitment. The history of Christianity in the last two decades appears to be a good illustration of this general process of secularization with the undermining of belief and commitment as Western cultures became industrial and urban. However, in the twentieth century we have seen that Islam continues to be a dominant force in politics and culture not only in the Orient but in Western society. In this challenging study of contemporary social theory, Bryan Turner examines the recent debate about orientalism in relation to postmodernism and the process of globalization. He provides a profound critique of many of the leading fissures in classical orientalism. His book also considers the impact of the notion of the world in sociological theory. These cultural changes and social debates also reflect important change in the status and position of intellecuals in modern culture who are threatened, not only by the levelling of mass culture, but also by the new opportunities posed by postmodernism. He takes a critical view of the role of sociology in these developments and raises important questions about the global role of English intellectuals as a social stratum. Bryan Turner's ability to combine these discussions about religion, politics, culture and intellectuals represents a remarkable integration of cultural analysis in cultural studies.
This unique volume brings together a number of scholars who work on East, Southeast and South Asia and presents original and cutting edge research on the body in various Asian cultures.
Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Social Science
The past few decades have seen growing interest in the study of the body. However, the increasing number of exciting and influential publications has primarily, if not exclusively, focused on the body in Western cultures. The various works produced by Asian scholars remain largely unknown to Western academic debates even though Asia is home to a host of rich body cultures and religions. The peoples of Asia have experienced colonization, decolonization, and now globalization, all of which make the 'body in Asia' a rewarding field of research. This unique volume brings together a number of scholars who work on East, Southeast and South Asia and presents original and cutting edge research on the body in various Asian cultures.
Here, the philosophy of history and orientalism provided the philosophical
grounds for sociology on the matter of oriental societies. in this context, the orient
was placed at the beginning and the occident at the end in the thought of
Author: Dr Lütfi Sunar
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Business & Economics
The Orient was central to the work of Marx and Weber, both figures building their theories around the question of why modernity appeared to emerge only in the West. While Marx’s account focused on the accumulation of capital in the West, Weber’s explanation for this phenomenon centred on Western rationalization. Extending recent work comparing the social theories of Marx and Weber, this book examines their approaches to Oriental societies, showing how, in spite of the differences in their respective theorizations of the historical and political development of the West, their work on the form of modern society in the Orient converges, each complementing the other. Fully conversant with recent scholarly work on Marx and Weber, this comprehensive re-examination of the points of convergence and departure in their work requires us to re-evaluate both their positions in the history of sociology and their relevance to contemporary social questions. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social and political theory and classical sociology.
also requires the end of certain forms of Marxist thought and the creation of a new
type of analysis ' ( p 85 ) . Thus , ' the importance of Orientalism for this study of Marxism lies , not in its overt object of research ( Islamic civilization ) , but in its ...
Hence, the binaries of “East” and “West” common to Orientalism are replaced, in
Chahine's vision, not by a reverse ... Likewise, the capitalist interests shared by
British and Egyptian magnates pit them against the Marxist Egyptian workers who
have gone on strike against their bosses. ... expunged (although this doesn't
mean that Chahine doesn't also advocate for an end to decades of British
Author: Joseph A. Boone
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
One of the largely untold stories of Orientalism is the degree to which the Middle East has been associated with "deviant" male homosexuality by scores of Western travelers, historians, writers, and artists for well over four hundred years. And this story stands to shatter our preconceptions of Orientalism. To illuminate why and how the Islamicate world became the locus for such fantasies and desires, Boone deploys a supple mode of analysis that reveals how the cultural exchanges between Middle East and West have always been reciprocal and often mutual, amatory as well as bellicose. Whether examining European accounts of Istanbul and Egypt as hotbeds of forbidden desire, juxtaposing Ottoman homoerotic genres and their European imitators, or unlocking the homoerotic encoding in Persian miniatures and Orientalist paintings, this remarkable study models an ethics of crosscultural reading that exposes, with nuance and economy, the crucial role played by the homoerotics of Orientalism in shaping the world as we know it today. A contribution to studies in visual culture as well as literary and social history, The Homoerotics of Orientalism draws on primary sources ranging from untranslated Middle Eastern manuscripts and European belles-lettres to miniature paintings and photographic erotica that are presented here for the first time.
In “Orientalism Now,” the concluding chapter of Edward Said's 1978 book, we are
left with the migration of orientalism from European ... of modernization rhetoric
under the cover of “globalization” and the end-of-history thematic famously
captured by Francis Fukuyama. ... the Marxist cultural analysis of capital as such,
namely as an historical force of abstraction that makes unlike things alike on the
Author: Daniel Vukovich
Category: Political Science
This book argues that there is a new, Sinological form of orientalism at work in the world. It has shifted from a logic of ‘essential difference’ to one of ‘sameness’ or general equivalence. "China" is now in a halting but inevitable process of becoming-the-same as the USA and the West. Orientalism is now closer to the cultural logic of capitalism, even as it shows the afterlives of colonial discourse. This shift reflects our era of increasing globalization; the migration of orientalism to area studies and the pax Americana; the liberal triumph at the "end" of history and the demonization of Maoism; an ever closer Sino-West relationship; and the overlapping of anti-communist and colonial discourses. To make the case for this re-constitution of orientalism, this work offers an inter-disciplinary analysis of the China field broadly defined. Vukovich takes on specialist work on the politics, governance, and history of the Mao and reform eras, from the Great Leap Forward to Tiananmen, 1989; the Western study of Chinese film; recent work in critical theory which turns on ‘the China-reference"; and other global texts about or from China. Through extensive analysis, the production of Sinological knowledge is shown to be of a piece with Western global intellectual political culture. This work will be of great interest to scholars of Asian, postcolonial and cultural studies.
Orientalism. New York: Random House. Saunders, P. 1981. Social theory and
the urban question. New York: Holmes and Meier. Sayer, A. 1982. Explanation in
economic ... Marx and the end oforientalism. London: Macmillan. Walton, 1981.
Author: John Agnew
Routledge Library Editions: The City reprints some of the most important works in urban studies published in the last century. For further information on this collection please email [email protected]