"The Maginot Line, the complex system of strongpoints constructed between the world wars by the French to protect against attack from Germany, is one of the most famous, extensive and controversial defensive schemes in all military history.
Author: J. E. Kaufmann
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
"The Maginot Line, the complex system of strongpoints constructed between the world wars by the French to protect against attack from Germany, is one of the most famous, extensive and controversial defensive schemes in all military history. It stretched from Belgium to Switzerland, and from Switzerland to the Mediterranean, and it represented the most advanced and ambitious system of static defenses of its time. Much of this historic line -- with its fortresses, artillery positions, barbed-wire networks, casemates, concrete bunkers -- has survived and can be visited today ... The strategic thinking that gave rise to this enormous feat of military engineering is described, as is the planning, design, and construction of the line -- and its operational history. Each of the key sites is described in detail, and visitor information and plans are provided"--Jacket.
5 To the Maginot Line France Uncovered The moderate and conservative
deputies who acquiesced in or more actively supported the ratification of the
Locarno accords did not do so without misgivings. With rhetorical fervor they
Author: Judith M. HUGHES
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The decision to fortify northeastern France has usually been considered a tragic mistake, an example of bad planning and missed opportunities. Not so, says Judith M. Hughes, who provides a convincing view of how France’s military and political leaders tried to safeguard their nation and why they failed. As critic Michael Hurst writes in The American Historical Review, " The trends of French interwar history are deftly carried through onto these pages with an unobtrusive lucidity and persuasiveness."
August Fortifications officially named La Ligne Maginot (the Maginot Line) in
honour of the former Minister of War,André Maginot. 1 January With construction
of the original Maginot Line fortifications largely complete, CORF is disbanded.
Author: William Allcorn
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Maginot Line, the massive series of fortifications built by France in the 1930s to defend its borders with Germany and Italy, is perhaps the most maligned collection of fortifications ever built. Despite being a technological marvel, and the most sophisticated and complex set of fortifications built up to that time, it failed to save France from crushing defeat in 1940. Yet there are those who argue that it accomplished exactly what it was designed to do. This book provides a concise and informative treatment of the Maginot Line, from North-East France to the Mediterranean. Packed with plans, contemporary and modern images, plus digital artwork, it presents a detailed visual exploration of this famous fortification system.
Oddly, the Maginot Line, and not the mobile units, possessed the best
communications equipment. ... forces to the fight with nine divisions in the Lille
area and one, the 51st (Highland) Division stationed on the Maginot Line east of
Author: Marc Romanych
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Constructed throughout the 1930s, the Maginot Line was supposed to form the ultimate defence against a German invasion of France. However, different sections of the line were built at different times and the strength of various sections varied widely. During their Blitzkrieg invasion, the Germans were able to identify these weak points and focus their attacks against them. This book uses new maps and period photographs to tell the story of the five German operations launched against the Maginot Line. While the Germans were able to smash through the lightly defended section of the line along the Meuse River, at other points the line held. Although ultimately the Maginot Line was to prove a failure, the stiff resistance put up by some of the fortresses confirms the fighting ability of the French army during the invasion.
Author: Charles River Charles River EditorsPublish On: 2017-01-26
The popular legend of the Maginot Line portrays the frontier defenses as a useless "white elephant" project that was prompted by a gross misapprehension of warfare's new realities in the mid-20th century and quickly overwhelmed by the ...
Author: Charles River Charles River Editors
*Includes pictures *Explains the origins of the Maginot Line, its construction, and the World War II fighting around it *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "We could hardly dream of building a kind of Great Wall of France, which would in any case be far too costly. Instead we have foreseen powerful but flexible means of organizing defense, based on the dual principle of taking full advantage of the terrain and establishing a continuous line of fire everywhere." - Andre Maginot As the power of Nazi Germany grew alarmingly during the 1930s, the French sought means to defend their territory against the rising menace of the Thousand-Year Reich. As architects of the most punitive measures in the Treaty of Versailles following World War I, the French government made natural targets for Teutonic retribution, so the Maginot Line, a series of interconnected strongpoints and fortifications running along much of France's eastern border, helped allay French fears of invasion. The popular legend of the Maginot Line portrays the frontier defenses as a useless "white elephant" project that was prompted by a gross misapprehension of warfare's new realities in the mid-20th century and quickly overwhelmed by the forceful advance of the German blitzkrieg. English idiom today invokes this vision of the Maginot Line as a metaphor for any defensive measure strongly believed in but actually useless. Indeed, usages such as "Maginot Line mentality," describing an overly defensive, reactive mindset, perpetuate the legend. As a French author and military liaison with the British, Andre Maurois, wrote about his disillusionment with the defensive line he originally enthusiastically supported: "We know now that the Maginot line-complex was a dangerous disease of the mind; but I publish this as it was written in January, 1940." In reality, however, the actual Maginot Line proved considerably more functional than memory has served. The true flaw in French military strategy during the opening days of World War II lay not in reliance on the Maginot fortifications but in the army's neglect to exploit the military opportunities the Line created. In other words, the border defense performed as envisioned, but the other military arms supported it insufficiently to halt the Germans. The French Army squandered the opportunity not because the Maginot Line existed but because they failed to utilize their own defensive plan properly. Some French commentary contributed to the legend, but the bloviating of politicians altered nothing regarding the Maginot Line's actual purpose or history: "General Maurin, defended the status quo in these words: '[H]ow could one think that we are still thinking about an offensive when we have spent billions to establish a fortified barrier? Would we be mad enough to advance beyond this barrier to undertake some adventure?' [...] but the Maginot Line had never been conceived as a sort of Great Wall of China sealing France off from the outside world. Its purpose was to free manpower for offensive operations elsewhere." (Jackson, 2004, 27). In fact, a forgotten battle in the southeast of France, where four French divisions (later reduced to three by the redeployment of one northwards in a futile effort to stem the German tide) held off 32 Italian divisions thanks to the defensive power of the so-called "Little Maginot Line of the Alps," proved the soundness of both the concept and engineering. Though the Italians suffered from poor equipment and the meddling incompetence of Mussolini's personal "leadership," the fighting on the Alpine front brilliantly highlighted the Maginot Line's success as a "force multiplier." French soldiers held off brave but futile Italian attacks at odds of 8:1 or 10:1 in favor of the Italians for five days until an armistice with the Axis put an end to this undeniable display of the Maginot Line's effectiveness.
Clayton Donnell's expert, finely detailed and graphic account of the role of the Maginot Line in the defense of France gives the reader an inside view of life in the bunkers, casemates and forts the sights, the sounds and the terror of the ...
Author: Clayton Donnell
Publisher: Pen & Sword Books
What was it like as a French soldier to defend the Maginot Line when the Germans invaded in 1940, and was the line really a strategic and tactical disaster a massive waste of resources? Clayton Donnell's expert, finely detailed and graphic account of the role of the Maginot Line in the defense of France gives the reader an inside view of life in the bunkers, casemates and forts the sights, the sounds and the terror of the German attacks. And it questions common assumptions about the effectiveness of the resistance offered by the defenders and the impact the line had on the German assault. The layout of the line from Dunkirk to Switzerland, along the Alpine passes to the Riviera, and on the island of Corsica is described in expert detail, as is its history, construction and development. But the narrative concentrates on its performance in combat and the experience of the soldiers who manned it as the German offensive broke over them.
Forfatteren mener, at de umådelige pengesummer, Vesten idag anvender til højteknologiske våbensystemer, missiler, SDI etc. kun giver en falsk tryghed og kun kan føre til Vestens bankerot.
Author: Jon Connell
Publisher: Harvill Secker
Forfatteren mener, at de umådelige pengesummer, Vesten idag anvender til højteknologiske våbensystemer, missiler, SDI etc. kun giver en falsk tryghed og kun kan føre til Vestens bankerot. Han mener, at tiden er inde til militær nytænkning med henblik på at opnå et solidt virkende og effektivt forsvar for Vesten uden en blind given sig hen til teknokraterne.
Author: Erich Wolfram Von BleichertPublish On: 2007
Translated to English by his son, and edited by his grandson, this adventurous tale brings a first hand account of combat in the Second World War."An exciting, informative read.
Author: Erich Wolfram Von Bleichert
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Dash with von Bleichert across French fields and villages, always in search of the best place to establish his O-post, the artillery observation post, from where to direct the fire of his advancing gun batteries. Bringing shells accurately to bear on select targets, his division slammed into the vaunted French fortifications, overwhelmed them and pressed forward.An adventurous must-read for any military history buff or fan of the King of Battle, the Artillery, "Crossing the Maginot Line as a Forward Artillery Spotter" was originally published in Germany in 1942. Von Bleichert brought blitzkrieg to life for many readers. The assault on the Maginot Line and drive into France are factually reported and Von Bleichert does not shy away from the cruelty of war. As a professional soldier, the author does not make political commentary, but shares his observations of the country-side and his rivals, the French, while explaining artillery deployment, employment and tactics. Translated to English by his son, and edited by his grandson, this adventurous tale brings a first hand account of combat in the Second World War."An exciting, informative read."Chapters include: The Beginning Readiness The Attack Breaching the Maginot Line Breaching the Second Line of Defense Passing the Marching Columns by Motor-bike The Advance In Rubber Dinghies across the Seille Against the Canal Fortifications Crossing the Meurthe River A Division Surrenders Victory Epilogue
Few military projects have had as much opprobrium heaped on them as has the Maginot Line. For those who like their history crudely deterministic, the
fortifications that France built between the wars and named after André Maginot
Author: Robert Boyce
French Foreign and Defence Policy, 1918-1940 outlines France's strategies for protection and appeasement during this period and places interwar relations in a larger European context. This book examines: * relationships with key countries such as Italy and Russia * the significance of interwar France to 20th Century European integration * the historical context of the policies * the setbacks and defeats of the period and how they should be evaluated
Chapter VI OUR MAGINOT LINE EVEN THOSE Americans most suspicious of
diplomatic dealings with the outer world realize today that there is a limit to
isolation . Few of them would seriously claim that the United States , despite all its
6. The. Maginot. Line. France's. Great. Folly. or. Reasoned. Response. to. the.
German. Threat. Introduction By the twentieth century, advances in technology
had produced a quantum leap in the mobility and destructiveness of
Author: Brent L. Sterling
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Category: Political Science
A number of nations, conspicuously Israel and the United States, have been increasingly attracted to the use of strategic barriers to promote national defense. In Do Good Fences Make Good Neighbors?, defense analyst Brent Sterling examines the historical use of strategic defenses such as walls or fortifications to evaluate their effectiveness and consider their implications for modern security. Sterling studies six famous defenses spanning 2,500 years, representing both democratic and authoritarian regimes: the Long Walls of Athens, Hadrian’s Wall in Roman Britain, the Ming Great Wall of China, Louis XIV’s Pré Carré, France’s Maginot Line, and Israel’s Bar Lev Line. Although many of these barriers were effective in the short term, they also affected the states that created them in terms of cost, strategic outlook, military readiness, and relations with neighbors. Sterling assesses how modern barriers against ground and air threats could influence threat perceptions, alter the military balance, and influence the builder’s subsequent policy choices. Advocates and critics of strategic defenses often bolster their arguments by selectively distorting history. Sterling emphasizes the need for an impartial examination of what past experience can teach us. His study yields nuanced lessons about strategic barriers and international security and yields findings that are relevant for security scholars and compelling to general readers.
MAGINOT. LINE. One evening all officers, warrant officers and sergeants from the
Brigade gathered in a local cinema. ... down to take over positions in front of the Maginot line and that the “Bedfords” would go into the “Ligne de Contact” first.
Author: R. H. Medley
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The backbone of the British Army has always been the County regiments. This is an account of a typical British regiment from Dunkirk to 1947.
22. 15. Hughes, To the Maginot Line, p. 193. 16. Hillmann, “Comparative
Strength of the Great Powers,” p. 446; Milward, War, Economy, and Society, p. 43;
McDougall, France's Rhineland Diplomacy, p. 7; Young, In Command, pp. 16–17.
Author: Barry R. Posen
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Political Science
Barry R. Posen explores how military doctrine takes shape and the role it plays in grand strategy-that collection of military, economic, and political means and ends with which a state attempts to achieve security. Posen isolates three crucial elements of a given strategic doctrine: its offensive, defensive, or deterrent characteristics, its integration of military resources with political aims, and the degree of military or operational innovation it contains. He then examines these components of doctrine from the perspectives of organization theory and balance of power theory, taking into account the influence of technology and geography. Looking at interwar France, Britain, and Germany, Posen challenges each theory to explain the German Blitzkrieg, the British air defense system, and the French Army's defensive doctrine often associated with the Maginot Line. This rigorous comparative study, in which the balance of power theory emerges as the more useful, not only allows us to discover important implications for the study of national strategy today, but also serves to sharpen our understanding of the origins of World War II.