This volume examines the growth and nature of such civil society participation in local urban and environmental governance, raising important questions about the changing roles of and relations between central and local government, and ...
Author: Andre Sorensen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Political Science
Over the last fifteen years local citizens' movements have spread rapidly throughout Japan. Created with the aim of improving the quality of the local environment, and of environmental management processes, such activities are widely referred to as machizukuri, and represent an important development in local politics and urban management in Japan. This volume examines the growth and nature of such civil society participation in local urban and environmental governance, raising important questions about the changing roles of and relations between central and local government, and between citizens and the state, in managing shared spaces. The machizukuri processes studied here can be seen as the focus of an important emerging trend toward increased civic participation in managing processes of urban change in Japan. The contributors provide a comprehensive overview of the machizukuri phenomenon through examination not only of theory and history, but also of case studies illustrating real changes in the institutions of place making and neighbourhood governance. Living Cities in Japan will be of particular value to readers interested in social, urban, geographical and environmental studies.
(The rural periphery is divided into sht' (cities), gun (rural districts) and the islands
.) ... 1,181 persons), the number of refusals (3 households), and the number
known to be living in the ward when the face-sheets were being prepared, but
Author: Ron P. Dore
Category: Social Science
Incorporating a new expanded introduction. The continuing relevance of Ron Dore's classic study of Japanese urban life and social structures is widely accepted by urban sociologists and other social scientists concerned with the study of modern Japan.
To spread this mindset that citizens should value and cherish the city in which
they live, city officials and leaders need to engage proactively with the citizens.
One crucial value that citizens in Japan have been educated to embrace is the
Publisher: World Scientific
Category: Cities and towns
With more and more of the world's population projected to live in urban areas, the life and death of cities has become a key factor in urban development considerations. This book attempts to bring an original contribution on the analysis of creating living cities. It advances the concept and framework of a“living city ” and also explicates the key attributes of a “living city” that are increasingly critical to the reinvigoration and sustainable growth of cities.The book also seeks to document and compare Singapore's development as a“living city ” with other cities around the world. Contributed by researchers and practitioners across different disciplines, the book provides first-hand insights on the development choices that cities can make and expertly draws on case studies to illuminate how innovative cities have a comparative advantage. Written in a simple and accessible manner, this book will appeal to people interested in urban planning, policy and sustainability. (Publisher)
9 Japan Ponders the Good Life : Improving the Quality of Japanese Cities David
W. Edgington The notorious Japanese ... The country's standard of living , it noted
, measured in average nominal per capita income was now the highest among ...
Author: David W. Edgington
Publisher: UBC Press
Japan today is at an important historical juncture. Buffeted in recent years by rapid economic, social, and political change, yet still very much steeped in custom and history, the nation has become an amalgam of the traditional and the modern. As a result, the country has become increasingly difficult to categorize: How are we to represent today's Japan effectively, and fairly predict its future? This critical, multi-disciplinary collection explores the convergence of past and future in contemporary Japan. Contributors comment on a wide range of economic, socio-cultural, and political trends--such as the mobilization of Japanese labour, the burgeoning Ainu identity movement, and the shifting place of the modern woman--and conclude that despite the rapid changes, many of the traditional facets of Japanese society have remained intact, institutional change, they assert, is unlikely to occur quickly, and Japan must find alternate ways to adjust to twenty-first-century pressures of global competition and interdependence. A pleasure to read, this broad volume will be welcomed by upper-level undergraduates, graduates, and specialists in Japanese studies.
A Guide to Living, Working, and Traveling in Japan Joy Norton, Tazuko
Shibusawa. international schools, places of worship with services conducted in
one's own language, medical facilities where English is spoken, and support
groups, clubs, ...
Author: Joy Norton
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
Living in Japan is a complete travel guide for foreigners currently living in Japan or contemplating making a home there. From the great expectations before arrival to the shock of actually being immersed in one of the most unique cultures in the hectic modern world, from finding housing to finding work, and from adjusting to the expatriate community to the many challenges of making a way into the heart of Japanese society and culture, Living in Japan will help the reader cope with the vagaries, anxieties, and uncertainties of an expatriate existence. Authors Norton and Shibusawa explore the opportunities for foreigners in Japan, analyze the problems they're likely to encounter, offer practical solutions and advice to make the most out of an extended stay in Japan. This Japan guide enthusiastically negotiates the potential roadblocks and pitfalls facing expatriate businessmen, children, traditional homemakers, students, and working couples and highlights the many opportunities for a rich and lasting experience. And finally, Living in Japan offers helpful hints to ease the transition if expatriates returning from Japan to their native lands, where they face a culture shock as strong as that they experiences upon first making their way to Japan.
But Glenn Trewarthzfs japan: A Geography (Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press,
1965) is the classic standard English-language geography of Japan. ... (Chapel
Hill: Department of Geography, Univ. of North Carolina, 1982), by John D. Eyre, is
a comprehensive geography of a Iapanese city. ... a series of thoughtful essays
on economic and political systems, identity and youth, and urban living and
Author: Pradyumna Karan
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Category: Business & Economics
The ancient civilization of Japan, with its Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples, is also closely associated with all that is new and modern. Looking outward, Japan sees what it has become since Hiroshima: the world’s second-largest economy, a source of fury and wonder, a power without arms. Looking inward, Japan sees old ways shaken and new ones developing at a hectic pace. Japan in the Twenty-first Century offers compelling insights into the current realities of the country and investigates the crucial political, economic, demographic, and environmental challenges that face the nation. A combination of text, maps, and photographs provides an essential understanding of Japan’s geography, cultural heritage, demography, economic and political development, and of many other important issues. Pradyumna P. Karan explores the obstacles and opportunities that will shape Japan and affect the world community in the coming years. He highlights strategies and policies that will facilitate economic and political change and stimulate the development of effective institutions for long-term, sustainable prosperity and economic vitality. Unique field reports drawn from direct observations of events and places in Japan illuminate Japanese traditions and sensibilities. The first full-length English-language textbook on Japan’s geography, culture, politics, and economy to appear in nearly four decades, Japan in the Twenty-first Century will be a vital resource for researchers, academics, general readers, and students of Japan. Pradyumna P. Karan, professor of geography and Japan studies at the University of Kentucky, is the author or editor of numerous books on Asian geography and culture, including The Japanese City and Japan in the Bluegrass.
A Functionalist Definition of Rural Japan The ''rural'' regions of Japan can be
defined as those areas that are less populated and ... and where these
livelihoods and the environment encourage the inhabitants to live cohesively with
one another and with nature.1 This ... settlement patterns, and employment.2 The city, with its denser populations, more intensive economic and industrial
development, blue ...
Author: William M. Tsutsui
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An authoritative overview of current debates and approaches within the study of Japan's history Composed of 30 chapters written by an international group of scholars Combines traditional perspectives with the most recent scholarly concerns Supplements a chronological survey with targeted thematic analyses.
For instance, in Homi Housing District in Toyota City in Aichi Prefecture where
about 10,000 people are living, the number of Brazilians is as high as 4,000, or
40 percent. Since very few Brazilians speak Japanese, and since social custom
Author: Jun?ichi Got?
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Alien labor
Since the revision of the Japanese immigration law in 1990, there has been a dramatic influx of Latin Americans, mostly Brazilians, of Japanese origin (Nikkeijin) working in Japan. This is because the revision has basically allowed Nikkeijin to enter Japan legally even as unskilled workers, while the Japanese law, in principle, prohibits foreigners from taking unskilled jobs in the country. In response, the number of these Latin American migrants has increased from practically zero to more than 250,000. The migration of Nikkeijin is likely to have a significant impact on both the Brazilian and the Japanese economies, given the substantial amount of remittances they send to Brazil. The impact is likely to be felt especially in the Nikkeijin community in Brazil. In spite of their importance, the detailed characteristics of Nikkei migrants and the prospect for future migration and remittances are under-researched. The purpose of this paper is therefore to provide a more comprehensive account of the migration of Nikkeijin workers to Japan. The paper contains a brief review of the history of Japanese emigration to Latin America (mostly Brazil), a study of the characteristics of Nikkeijin workers in Japan and their current living conditions, and a discussion on trends and issues regarding immigration in Japan and migration policy. The final part of the paper briefly notes the limitation of existing studies and describes the Brazil Nikkei Household Survey, which is being conducted by the World Bank's Development Research Group at the time of writing this paper. The availability of the survey data will contribute to a better understanding of the Japan-Brazil migration and remittance corridor.
2003 Swets & Zeitlinger , Lisse , ISBN 90 5809 542 8 Reclaiming the
underground space of large cities in Japan T. Konda ... presents an overview of
the underground space use in Japanese large cities where people are living very
Author: Jan Saveur
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book contains papers, presented at the ITA World Tunnelling Congress 2003 held in Amsterdam, which reflects the state of the art with regard to research, analysis, design and practical experience in almost all fields of tunnelling and underground space construction.
In the level 5 city of Yamaguchi (Chūgoku) 263 of these five types of stores were
located amidst the 1,500 households of the city. ... Correspondingly, the
proportion of Japan's urban population living in the three cities of Edo, Osaka,
and Kyoto ...
Author: Gilbert Rozman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
Ch'ing China and Tokugawa Japan were unusually urbanized premodern societies where about one half of the world's urban population lived as late as 1800. Gilbert Rozman has drawn on both sociology and history to develop original methods of illuminating the historical urbanization of China and Japan and to provide a way of relating urban patterns to other characteristics of social structure in premodern societies. The author also hopes to redirect the analysis of premodern societies into areas where China and Japan can be compared with each other and with other large scale societies. The author divides central places into seven levels and determines how many levels were present in each country century by century. Through this method he is able to demonstrate how Japan was rapidly narrowing China's lead in urbanization and show that Japan was relatively efficient in concentrating resources in high level cities. Explanations for differences in urban concentration are sought in: a general discussion of the social structure of each country; an analysis of marketing patterns; a detailed study of Chihli province and the Kantō region; an examination of regional variations; and a comparison of Peking and Edo, which were probably the world's largest cities throughout the eighteenth century. Originally published in 1974. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Author: Jennifer Milioto MatsuePublish On: 2008-07-15
Tokyois a living city.It is less a collection ofsightsthanan experience. (Taylor,
Strauss,and WheelerN.D., 155) Although the titleof this monograph clearly
locatesthis studyin the sociocultural context of Japan,theethnographic research
itself was ...
Author: Jennifer Milioto Matsue
Category: Social Science
Grounded in the fields of Ethnomusicology, Anthropology, Popular Music Studies, and Japanese Studies, this book explores the underground Tokyo hardcore scene, ultimately asking what play as resistance through performance of the scene tells us about Japanese society in general. Matsue highlights the complicated positioning of young adult Japanese in contemporary Japan as they negotiate both increasing social demands and increasing problems in society at large. Further drawing on theories of play, identity building, and the construction of gender, all informed by the increasingly influential field of Performance Studies, the book offers a highly interdisciplinary look at the importance of musical scenes for expressing resistance at the turn of the 21st century. Within the underground Tokyo hardcore scene this resistance is expressed through play with individual and collective identity, in intimate and potentially illicit spaces, with an arguably challenging sound and performance style.
The current fad among young Japanese women is to work on a six-month or one-
year project, take a few months off ... If a few thousand Japanese nationals are living in one foreign city or town, there will be "Japanese-only associations" such
Author: Kazuo Nishiyama
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Written for Hawaiian tourist trade but would be very useful for those who are puzzled by the behaviour and expectations of the Japanese. Good on conducting business with specific market segments from honeymooners to family groups or businessmen.
Japanese institutionalization of cooperative building reflects both a more open
approach to joint efforts and a strong desire to maintain ties to land. Housing Like
many large cities in Japan and elsewhere, housing in Kobe is tight, with low ...
Author: Catherine Bauman
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Discusses the city of Kobe's (Japan) recovery from the Great Hanshin Earthquake from the perspective of city planning. The earthquake & fire devastated many parts of the city, resulting in a need for coordinated planning of rebuilding. Many buildings, land use patterns, & residents loyalty to their homes & neighborhoods remained, & are the basis of post-earthquake city planning. Chapters: Kobe before the earthquake; city planning in Japan; the earthquake; the interim city; long-range planning after the earthquake; rebuilding housing; commercial rebuilding; emerging issues in recovery; & references. 22 charts & tables.
In André Sorensen and Carolin Funck , eds . , Living Cities in Japan : Citizens '
Movements , Machizukuri and Local Environments , pp . 56-90 . London :
Routledge , 2007 . Land Readjustment and Metropolitan Growth : An
Examination of ...
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
"The Growth Idea represents a significant contribution to the emerging field of postwar Japanese history and an important step forward in the historicization of Japan's high-speed growth of the 1950s and 1960s. It is the first and fullest treatment of the ideology of postwar growthism, of Keynesian thought in Japan, and of the development of postwar statistical practice. Well written, original, and based on first-rate scholarship, The Growth Idea approaches its subject in a fresh way that will interest specialists in Japanese history as well as others interested in Japan from a comparative perspective."---Mark Metzler, University of Texas "Tom Havens' indispensable new book provides a magisterial guide to the postwar Japanese avant-garde in the nonverbal arts. His dozens of interviews preserve the views of the artists, capturing the way they spoke and thought about themselves and their art. At the same time, Havens is a critical listener and reliable guide, parsing the self-serving from the perceptive in what his subjects have to say."---David Goodman, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
During the course of the twentieth century Japan transformed itself from a largely
rural country with approximately 1 5 per cent of its population living in cities, to
one of the most urbanised large countries in the world with close to 80 per cent ...
Author: André Sorensen
Category: Social Science
During the twentieth century, Japan was transformed from a poor, primarily rural country into one of the world's largest industrial powers and most highly urbanised countries. Interestingly, while Japanese governments and planners borrowed carefully from the planning ideas and methods of many other countries, Japanese urban planning, urban governance and cities developed very differently from those of other developed countries. Japan's distinctive patterns of urbanisation are partly a product of the highly developed urban system, urban traditions and material culture of the pre-modern period, which remained influential until well after the Pacific War. A second key influence has been the dominance of central government in urban affairs, and its consistent prioritisation of economic growth over the public welfare or urban quality of life. André Sorensen examines Japan's urban trajectory from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, paying particular attention to the weak development of Japanese civil society, local governments, and land development and planning regulations.
There are also a number of small , isolated basins and lowlands that house
important cities such as Kyoto , Nara , Hiroshima and Okayama . The Japanese
are a single ethnic group but there are a small number of minority groups living in
Author: Robert Case
Publisher: Evans Brothers
Japan is an island chain that lies in East Asia between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan and east of the Korean Peninsula. Its size is slightly smaller than California
FRANKFURT, GERMANY year, the firm Mercer makes a Quality of Living Survey
of 4. TSUKUBA, JAPAN =8. HONG KONG, CHINA cities, scoring them on their
quality of life, environmental 5. YOKOHAMA, JAPAN =8. LONDON, UK impact,
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
DK Eyewitness City is a brand new topic for this bestselling reference series. Stunning photographs of architecture, streets and skylines offer your child a unique "eyewitness" view to the world's most fascinating cities. Go on a journey with your child from suburbs and shanty towns to high-rise business districts. They'll also discover how cities grow and how they function, from the people and places to the transport and communications. Great for projects or just for fun, make sure your child learns everything they need to know about the City. Find out more and download amazing clipart images at www.dk.com/clipart.
As is common in big cities , there are more households ... Tokyo and other large cities in Japan have dramatic new family and lifestyle characteristics . ... Changes
in Tokyo include a sharp increase in young men and women living alone .
Author: Victor G. Rodwin
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
Category: Social Science
Population aging often provokes fears of impending social security deficits, uncontrollable medical expenditures, and transformations in living arrangements, but public policy could also stimulate social innovations. These issues are typically studied at the national level; yet they must be resolved where most people live--in diverse neighborhoods in cities. New York, London, Paris, and Tokyo are the four largest cities among the wealthiest, most developed nations of the world. The essays commissioned for this volume compare what it is like to grow older in these cities with respect to health care, quality of life, housing, and long-term care. The contributors look beyond aggregate national data to highlight the importance of how local authorities implement policies.
Over the last decades, the housing situation in Japan has markedly improved
and the notoriously small yojôhan [4 1⁄2 ... It is argued that the highly efficient
infrastructure of Japanese cities allows new minimalist and flexible apartment
Author: Harald Conrad
Publisher: IUDICIUM Verlag
"Wohnen in Japan" ist das Schwerpunktthema von Band 13 der Japanstudien. Wir erfahren darin sowohl etwas über den Zusammenhang zwischen Wohnformen und demographischem und sozialem Wandel als auch über Städteplanung, Bürgerbeteiligung und die Entwicklung der Wohnverhältnisse im historischen Längsschnitt durch das zwanzigste Jahrhundert. Fragen nach Tradition, Moderne und Avantgarde im japanischen Bauen werden ebenso angesprochen wie Stadtentwicklung, Wiederaufbau und die aktuelle Architekturdebatte. Mehrere Varia-Beiträge und ein besonders umfangreicher Rezensionsteil mit Besprechungen aus den Bereichen Stadtplanung, asiatische Geschichte, Volkswirtschaft, Populärkultur, Lexikographie, Fremdsprachenunterricht in Japan und Japanologie in Deutschland tun das ihre, um den Band um zusätzliche aktuelle und historische Akzente zu erweitern.
A variety of texts dealing with urban topics exists from the Meiji era, but as far as I
know none of them presents the city as a ... Thus, the metaphor of illness often
appears in descriptions of the living conditions in cities and in criticism of Japan's
Author: Nicolas Fieve
Japan's ability to develop its own brand of modernity has often been attributed in part to the sophistication of its cities. Concentrating on Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo, the contributors to this volume weave together the links between past and future, memory and vision, symbol and structure, between marginality and power, and between Japan's two great capital cities.