This volume brings together Pierre Bourdieu's highly original writings on language and on the relations among language, power, and politics.
Author: Pierre Bourdieu
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This volume brings together Pierre Bourdieu's highly original writings on language and on the relations among language, power, and politics. Bourdieu develops a forceful critique of traditional approaches to language, including the linguistic theories of Saussure and Chomsky and the theory of speech-acts elaborated by Austin and others. He argues that language should be viewed not only as a means of communication but also as a medium of power through which individuals pursue their own interests and display their practical competence. Drawing on the concepts that are part of his distinctive theoretical approach, Bourdieu maintains that linguistic utterances or expressions can be understood as the product of the relation between a "linguistic market" and a "linguistic habitus." When individuals use language in particular ways, they deploy their accumulated linguistic resources and implicitly adapt their words to the demands of the social field or market that is their audience. Hence every linguistic interaction, however personal or insignificant it may seem, bears the traces of the social structure that it both expresses and helps to reproduce. Bourdieu's account sheds fresh light on the ways in which linguistic usage varies according to considerations such as class and gender. It also opens up a new approach to the ways in which language is used in the domain of politics. For politics is, among other things, the arena in which words are deeds and the symbolic character of power is at stake. This volume, by one of the leading social thinkers in the world today, represents a major contribution to the study of language and power. It will be of interest to students throughout the social sciences and humanities, especially in sociology, politics, anthropology, linguistics, and literature.
The conceptual language of symbolic power and violence permits Bourdieu to
examine the dynamics of power at micro as well as macro levels and across a
broad array of fields. In modern differentiated societies, however, symbolic power
Author: David L. Swartz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Social Science
Power is the central organizing principle of all social life, from culture and education to stratification and taste. And there is no more prominent name in the analysis of power than that of noted sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Throughout his career, Bourdieu challenged the commonly held view that symbolic power—the power to dominate—is solely symbolic. He emphasized that symbolic power helps create and maintain social hierarchies, which form the very bedrock of political life. By the time of his death in 2002, Bourdieu had become a leading public intellectual, and his argument about the more subtle and influential ways that cultural resources and symbolic categories prevail in power arrangements and practices had gained broad recognition. In Symbolic Power, Politics, and Intellectuals, David L. Swartz delves deeply into Bourdieu’s work to show how central—but often overlooked—power and politics are to an understanding of sociology. Arguing that power and politics stand at the core of Bourdieu’s sociology, Swartz illuminates Bourdieu’s political project for the social sciences, as well as Bourdieu’s own political activism, explaining how sociology is not just science but also a crucial form of political engagement.
Author: Diarmait Mac Giolla ChríostPublish On: 2012-05-15
Drawing on interviews with the prisoners, and various other materials, Mac Giolla Chriost shows how these developments gave rise to the popular coinage of the term ‘Jailtacht’, a deformation of ‘Gaeltacht’ - the official Irish ...
Author: Diarmait Mac Giolla Chríost
Publisher: University of Wales Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Using research methods and techniques, the author closely analyses the emergence of the Irish language amongst republican prisoners and ex prisoners in Northern Ireland from the 1970’s up until the present. This pioneering study shows how the language was used exclusively in parts of the prison, despite the efforts of the prison authorities to suppress the language, and the dramatic impact this had on Irish society. Drawing on interviews with the prisoners, and various other materials, Mac Giolla Chriost shows how these developments gave rise to the popular coinage of the term ‘Jailtacht’, a deformation of ‘Gaeltacht’ - the official Irish-speaking district of the Republic of Ireland, to describe this unique linguistic phenomenon.
languages coexist in his/her repertoire, but for the multilingual society languages
compete for registers, for power, ... Bourdieu (1977) has also analyzed language
value in society by evaluating the symbolic power relations between speakers.
Author: Linda Tsung
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Shunning polemicism and fashioning a new agenda for a critically informed yet practically orientated approach, this book explores aspects of multilingual education in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Amongst other issues, it also looks at the challenges associated with bilingual and trilingual education in Xinjiang and Tibet as well as the mediation between religion and culture in multi-ethnic schools, covering these issues from a range of perspectives - Korean, Uyghur, Tibetan, Mongolian and Yi. The PRC promotes itself as a harmonious, stable multicultural mosaic, with over 50 distinct ethnic groups striving for common prosperity. Beneath this rhetoric, there is also inter-ethnic discord, with scenes of ethnic violence in Lhasa and Urumqi over the last few years. China has a complex system of multilingual education - with dual-pathway curricula, bilingual and trilingual instruction, specialised ethnic schools. This education system is a lynchpin in the Communist party state's efforts to keep a lid on simmering tensions and transform a rhetoric of harmony into a critical pluralistic harmonious multiculturalism. This book examines this supposed lynchpin.
This international volume emphasises the empirical investigation of processes of intercultural learning and development and the issue of assessment with particularreference to the context of foreign language learning.
Author: Adelheid Hu
Category: Communicative competence
Interkulturelle Kompetenz gilt in Zeiten der Globalisierung und Migration als eine der wichtigsten Schlüsselkompetenzen für viele Berufszweige und ist ein vorrangiges Ziel im schulischen und universitären Bildungssektor. Insbesonderefür die fremdsprachliche Bildung wird die systematische Förderung interkultureller Kompetenz immer wieder eingefordert.Der vorliegende grenzüberschreitend ausgerichtete Band setzt den Akzent auf die empirische Erforschung interkultureller Lern- und Entwicklungsprozesse und aufdie Frage der Evaluation, und zwar vor allem im Kontext von fremdsprachlichem Lernen. In the current age of globalisation and migration, intercultural competence is one of the most important key competences in many professions and has become a priority aim in school and university education. The demand for a systematic development of intercultural competence is a constant concern in foreign language education in particular.This international volume emphasises the empirical investigation of processes of intercultural learning and development and the issue of assessment with particularreference to the context of foreign language learning.
In Language and Symbolic Power , Bourdieu describes symbolic violence in this
way : Symbolic power — as a power of constituting the given through utterances ,
of making people see and believe , of confirming or transforming the vision of ...
Pierre Bourdieu and I will discuss some of the themes in our new books –
primarily his book , Language and Symbolic Power , but also my book , Ideology .
' And then we will invite questions and comments . I would like to welcome you ,
Author: Slavoj Žižek
Category: Political Science
Not so long ago, the term "ideology" was in considerable disrepute. Its use had become associated with a claim to know a truth beyond ideology, a radically unfashionable position. What then explains the sudden revival of interest in grappling with the questions that "ideology" poses to social and cultural theory, as well as to political practice? Mapping Ideology presents a comprehensive sampling of the most important contemporary writing on the subject. Slavoj Zizek's introductory essay surveys the development of the concept from Marx to the present. Terry Eagleton, Peter Dews and Seyla Benhabib assess the decisive contributions of Lukács and the Frankfurt School. A different tradition is revealed in an essay by the French post-structuralist Michel Pêcheux, while the study of ideology is exemplified in classic texts by Theodor Adorno, Jacques Lacan and Louis Althusser. An intersection of Gramscian and Althusserian motifs appears in a now famous debate over "the dominant ideology thesis," reprinted here. Pierre Bourdieu succinctly formulates his departure from this tradition in an interview with Eagleton. Further readings of the ideological are explored by Richard Rorty and Michèle Barrett. Finally Fredric Jameson supplies an authoritative statement of the nature and position of the ideological in late capitalist society. Mapping Ideology is an invaluable guide to what is now the most dynamic field of cultural theory.
Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power, 147. 18. Plato, The Collected
Dialogues, Bk. 6, Sec. b-c. 19. Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power, 143. 20
. Ibid., 51. 21. Hubert Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, Michel Foucault: Beyond
Author: John W. Murphy
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Category: Social Science
Professors Murphy and Choi use postmodern philosophy to expose an important source of racism and cultural domination. They examine foundationalism, which they see at the core of the Western intellectual tradition and which is shown to foster a metaphysics of domination. By contrast, postmodernism undermines this root of racism. They demonstrate that foundationalism is not needed to support identity, institutions, or political order. Indeed, they assert that true pluralism is possible once foundationalist approaches to knowledge and order are set aside. Special attention is directed to two current modes of discrimination: institutional racism and symbolic violence. Murphy and Choi provide an intriguing look at ways to undercut the justification for racism and other threats to cultural difference. This volume will be of particular interest to scholars and other researchers in the areas of race relations, cultural studies, and political theory.
In yet another manifestation of the nexus between power and language, the
French sociologist, Bourdieu (1991), in his book, Language and Symbolic Power,
described symbolic power “as a power of constituting the given through
Author: B. Kumaravadivelu
This book traces the historical development of major language teaching methods in terms of theoretical principles and classroom procedures, and provides a critical evaluation of each. Drawing from seminal, foundational texts and from critical commentaries made by various scholars, Kumaravadivelu examines the profession's current transition from method to postmethod and, in the process, elucidates the relationship between theory, research, and practice. The chief objective is to help readers see the pattern that connects language, learning, teaching methods, and postmethod perspectives. In this book, Kumaravadivelu: *brings together a critical vision of L2 learning and teaching--a vision founded at once on historical development and contemporary thought; *connects findings of up-to-date research in L2 learning with issues in L2 teaching thus making the reader aware of the relationship between theory, research and practice; *presents language teaching methods within a coherent framework of language-, learner-, and learning-centered pedagogies, thus helping the reader to see how they are related to each other; *shows how the three categories of methods evolved historically leading ultimately (and inevitably) to the emergence of a postmethod condition; and *provides the reader with a solid background in several interconnected areas of L2 pedagogy, such as concepts of competence, input factors, intake processes, interactional modifications, and instructional design. Understanding Language Teaching: From Method to Postmethod is intended for an international audience of teacher educators, practicing teachers and graduate students, researchers, curriculum planners, and materials designers in the field of second and foreign language teaching.
VOICE POTENTIAL ' : LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLIC CAPITAL IN OTHELLO
LYNNE MAGNUSSON scene , we have ... Brabanzio's words will exert power –
the power to ' divorce you , / Or put upon you ... restraint or grievance ' ( 1.2.12-15
Author: Stanley Wells
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Shakespeare Survey is a yearbook of Shakespeare studies and production. Since 1948 Survey has published the best international scholarship in English and many of its essays have become classics of Shakespeare criticism. Each volume is devoted to a theme, or play, or group of plays; each also contains a section of reviews of the previous year's textual and critical studies and of major British performances. The books are illustrated with a variety of Shakespearean images and production photographs. The current editor of Survey is Peter Holland. The first eighteen volumes were edited by Allardyce Nicoll, numbers 19-33 by Kenneth Muir and numbers 34-52 by Stanley Wells. The virtues of accessible scholarship and a keen interest in performance, from Shakespeare's time to our own, have characterised the journal from the start. For the first time, numbers 1-50 are being reissued in paperback, available separately and as a set.
Pierre Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power, ed. John B. Thompson, trans.
Gino Raymond and Matthew Adamson (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1991),
164. 3. Bent Algot Sørenson, Symbol und Symbolismus in den ästhetischen ...
Author: Warren Breckman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Marxism's collapse in the twentieth century profoundly altered the style and substance of Western European radical thought. To build a more robust form of democratic theory and action, prominent theorists moved to reject revolution, abandon class for more fragmented models of social action, and elevate the political over the social. Acknowledging the constructedness of society and politics, they chose the "symbolic" as a concept powerful enough to reinvent leftist thought outside a Marxist framework. Following Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Adventures of the Dialectic, which reassessed philosophical Marxism at mid century, Warren Breckman critically revisits these thrilling experiments in the aftermath of Marxism. The post-Marxist idea of the symbolic is dynamic and complex, uncannily echoing the early German Romantics, who first advanced a modern conception of symbolism and the symbolic. Hegel and Marx denounced the Romantics for their otherworldly and nebulous posture, yet post-Marxist thinkers appreciated the rich potential of the ambiguities and paradoxes the Romantics first recognized. Mapping different ideas of the symbolic among contemporary thinkers, Breckman traces a fascinating reflection of Romantic themes and resonances, and he explores in depth the effort to reconcile a radical and democratic political agenda with a politics that does not privilege materialist understandings of the social. Engaging with the work of Claude Lévi-Strauss, Cornelius Castoriadis, Claude Lefort, Marcel Gauchet, Ernesto Laclau, Chantal Mouffe, and Slavoj i ek, Breckman uniquely situates these important theorists within two hundred years of European thought and extends their profound relevance to today's political activism.
Bolinger, D. (1980). Language the loaded weapon. London: Longman. Bourdieu,
P. (1984). Distinction (R. Nice, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and symbolic Power (J. B. Thompson, Trans.).
Author: Hilary Janks
Hilary Janks addresses key questions about literacy and power in this landmark text that is both engaging and accessible. Her central argument is that competing orientations to critical literacy education − domination (power), access, diversity, design − foreground one over the other, but are crucially interdependent and need to work together to create possibilities for redesign and social action that serve a social justice agenda. She examines the theory underpinning each orientation, and develops new theory in the argument for interdependence and integration. Sitting at the interface between theory and practice, constantly moving from one to the other, the text is rich with examples of how to use these orientations in real teaching contexts, and how to use them to counterbalance one another. In the groundbreaking final chapter Janks considers how the rationalist underpinning of critical literacy tends to exclude the non-rational shows ways of working ‘beyond reason’ − pleasure and play, desire and the unconscious − and makes the case that these need to be taken seriously given their power to cut across the work of critical literacy educators working from any orientation.
Pierre Bourdieu and I will discuss some of the themes in our new books —
primarily his book, Language and Symbolic Power, but also my book, Ideology.'
And then we will invite questions and comments. I would like to welcome you,
Author: Slavoj Zizek
Publisher: Verso Books
For a long time, the term “ideology” was in disrepute, having become associated with such unfashionable notions as fundamental truth and the eternal verities. The tide has turned, and recent years have seen a revival of interest in the questions that ideology poses to social and cultural theory and to political practice. Including Slavoj Žižek's study of the development of the concept from Marx to the present, assessments of the contributions of Lukács and the Frankfurt School by Terry Eagleton, Peter Dews and Seyla Benhabib, and essays by Adorno, Lacan and Althusser, Mapping Ideology is an invaluable guide to the most dynamic field in cultural theory.
3. Symbolic. Power. and. the. French. “Paysans”. Sarah Waters Introduction The
notion of “weakly resourced groups” assumes that the power of a social
movement is determined by the resources that it has at its disposal. This
assumption has ...
Author: Dr Didier Chabanet
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Social Science
The editors of this book examine social movement scholars’ use of contemporary concepts and paradigms in the study of protest as they analyse the extent to which these tools are valid (or not) in very different regional - and thus political or cultural - contexts. The authors posit that ‘weakly resourced groups’ are a particularly useful point of departure to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of three key social movement schools of analysis: resource mobilization, political opportunity structures, and frame analysis. Some of the groups considered in this volume are financially disadvantaged, lacking money and work; others are economically disadvantaged, with members having precarious, part-time, or short-term jobs; some are socially disadvantaged, with fragile networks of solidarity; others are culturally disadvantaged, with members continuously victimized, stigmatized and rejected; finally some are politically disadvantaged when they have little or no access to decision-making structures. These exclusionary factors can be cumulative and give way to different outcomes. The chapters cover a large range of examples including urban riots in France and in Great Britain, the World Social Forums of Dakar and Nairobi, the struggles of precarious workers in Italy and Greece, unemployed mobilization in Germany and Ireland, the mobilization of the Roma and Muslims in Europe, the Brazilian landless movement, the mobilization of small farmers in France, as well as mobilization in authoritarian states such as Morocco and Cuba. This book will be of interest to scholars, students and activists working within social movement studies.
At its centre, the notion of symbolic power offers a way to conceptualize how
political language, as a pre-eminent symbolic system, both reflects and
constitutes power. For Bourdieu, language is taken seriously because of how it is
used to ...
Author: Matthew Eagleton-Pierce
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Questions of power are central to understanding global trade politics and no account of the World Trade Organization (WTO) can afford to avoid at least an acknowledgment of the concept. A closer examination of power can help us to explain why the structures and rules of international commerce take their existing forms, how the actions of countries are either enabled or disabled, and what distributional outcomes are achieved. However, within conventional accounts, there has been a tendency to either view power according to a single reading - namely the direct, coercive sense - or to overlook the concept entirely, focusing instead on liberal cooperation and legalization. In this book, Matthew Eagleton-Pierce shows that each of these approaches betray certain limitations which, in turn, have cut short, or worked against, more critical appraisals of power in transnational capitalism. To expand the intellectual space, the book investigates the complex relationship between power and legitimation by drawing upon Pierre Bourdieu's notion of symbolic power. A focus on symbolic power aims to alert scholars to how the construction of certain knowledge claims are fundamental to, and entwined within, the material struggle for international trade. Empirically, the argument uncovers and plots the recent strategies adopted by Southern countries in their pursuit of a more equitable trading order. By bringing together insights from political economy, sociology, and law, Symbolic Power in the WTO not only enlivens and enriches the study of diplomatic practice within a major multilateral institution, it also advances the broader understanding of power in world politics.
may be productively reliteralized through examining its relationship to linguistic
capital as described in the essays of Bourdieu contained in Language and Symbolic Power. It is shown that through reconnecting the term with its formal ...
Author: Helen O’Sullivan
Category: Foreign Language Study
Increasing numbers of people have contact with other cultures and languages. Language Learner Narrative examines representations of this phenomenon in literary texts using an applied linguistic approach. This analysis of written narratives of language learning and cross-cultural encounter complements objective studies in intercultural communication and second language acquisition research. Kant’s use of the term Mündigkeit in his essay “What is Enlightenment?” is used to frame the complex issues of language, identity, meaning and reality presented by the texts. Augmented by Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of linguistic capital, this framing forms a counterpoint to the positioning of these authors as “avatar[s] of poststructuralist wisdom” (Eva Hoffman). The work includes a uniquely detailed linguistic analysis of Emine Sevgi Özdamar’s Mutter Zunge, and further texts by other widely studied and less familiar authors (Yoko Tawada, Eva Hoffman, Vassilis Alexakis, Zé Do Rock). It also lists literary sources of language learner narrative. Through its fundamental examination of what and how language means to us as individuals, this volume will be of wide appeal to students and researchers in applied linguistics, second language acquisition, intercultural communication and literary studies.
Author: Catherine M. S. AlexanderPublish On: 2004-09-30
CHAPTER 12 ' Voice potential : language and symbolic capital in Othello Lynne
Magnusson Before Brabanzio complains to ... Brabanzio ' s words will exert power – the power to ' divorce you , / Or put upon you . . . restraint or grievance ' (
Bourdieu, P. (1991), Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2000), Pascalian Meditations. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press. Breuilly
, J. (2001) (ed.), Nineteenth-Century Germany: Politics, Culture and Society, ...
Author: Sally Johnson
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book examines the ways in which the media represents language-related issues, but also how the media's use of language is central to the construction of what people think language is, could or ought to be like. The chapters examine issues of identity, gender, youth, citizenship, politics and ideology across a range of media, including television, radio, newspapers, magazines and the internet. The result is a multilingual survey of the construction of language in and by the media that will be essential reading for students and researchers of sociolinguistics or language and communication.
3 Note, however, Wortham's (2005) critique of language socialization's focus on
the recurrent and the generic. ... Ainsworth-Vaughn, N. (1988) Claiming Power in
Doctor–Patient Talk. ... Bourdieu, P. (1991) Language and Symbolic Power.
Author: Alessandro Duranti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
Documenting how in the course of acquiring language children become speakers and members of communities, The Handbook of Language Socialization is a unique reference work for an emerging and fast-moving field. Spans the fields of anthropology, education, applied linguistics, and human development Includes the latest developments in second and heritage language socialization, and literary and media socialization Discusses socialization across the entire life span and across institutional settings, including families, schools, work places, and churches Explores data from a multitude of cultures from around the world