... Islamic world (which stretches beyond the confines of the Arab world), for a
post-9/11 audience. Undoubtedly, the images from the exhibition upon which the
press focused its attention were explicitly referencing Islam as an oppressive
Author: Abir Hamdar
Whereas most studies of Islamism focus on politics and religious ideology, this book analyses the ways in which Islamism in the Arab world is defined, reflected, transmitted and contested in a variety of creative and other cultural forms. It covers a range of contexts of production and reception, from the early twentieth century to the present, and with reference to cultural production in and/or about Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, the Gulf, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine. The material engaged with is produced in Arabic, English and French and includes fiction, autobiography, feature films, television series, television reportage, the press, rap music and video games. Throughout, the book highlights the multiple forms and contested interpretations of Islamism in the Arab world, exploring trends and tensions in the ways Islamism is represented to (primarily) Arab audiences and complicating simplistic perspectives on this phenomenon. The book considers repeated and idiosyncratic themes, modes of characterisation, motifs, structures of feeling and forms of engagement, in the context of an ongoing struggle for symbolic power in the region.
The Arab world is not one shaped by Islam, nor one simply explained by reference to the sectarian conflicts of a "mosaic" society. Instead, Barakat reveals a society that is highly complex, with many and various contending polarities.
Author: Halim Barakat
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This wide-ranging examination of Arab society and culture offers a unique opportunity to know the Arab world from an Arab point of view. Halim Barakat, an expatriate Syrian who is both scholar and novelist, emphasizes the dynamic changes and diverse patterns that have characterized the Middle East since the mid-nineteenth century. The Arab world is not one shaped by Islam, nor one simply explained by reference to the sectarian conflicts of a "mosaic" society. Instead, Barakat reveals a society that is highly complex, with many and various contending polarities. It is a society in a state of becoming and change, one whose social contradictions are at the root of the struggle to transcend dehumanizing conditions. Arguing from a perspective that is both radical and critical, Barakat is committed to the improvement of human conditions in the Arab world.
CULTURAL EXPRESSION Literature Traditionally , literature in the Arabian
Peninsula meant poetry , and although this has ... Muslim believers accept the
Koran , the holy book of Islam , as the exact words of God as revealed to the
Author: Marshall Cavendish
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Describes the geography, people, culture, and politics of the countries of the Middle East, Central Asia, and North Africa.
Included in the ' Arab cultural base pattern ' , for instance , are the various Arab nations with their diverse cultural expressions . Similarly , the ' western cultural
base pattern ' includes patterns of various countries , and even within countries ...
and Arabs who are not Muslims (Arab Christian or Jewish minorities in the Middle East), but because Islam was originally ... the regional cultural expression of Islam, the fact remains that the importance of Arabic as the original language of
Author: Fatima Mernissi
Publisher: Hachette UK
Is Islam compatible with democracy? Must fundamentalism win out in the Middle East, or will democracy ever be possible? In this now-classic book, Islamic sociologist Fatima Mernissi explores the ways in which progressive Muslims--defenders of democracy, feminists, and others trying to resist fundamentalism--must use the same sacred texts as Muslims who use them for violent ends, to prove different views. Updated with a new introduction by the author written in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States, Islam and Democracy serves as a guide to the players moving the pieces on the rather grim Muslim chessboard. It shines new light on the people behind today's terrorist acts and raises provocative questions about the possibilities for democracy and human rights in the Islamic world. Essential reading for anyone interested in the politics of the Middle East today, Islam and Democracy is as timely now as it was upon its initial, celebrated publication.
TAWHID One of the core concepts of Islam is the belief that there is only one God
and that this God is not divided within ... Yet, much of the other cultural expressions are rapidly being eroded in many regions of the Muslim world as
they are ...
Author: Jonas Yunus Atlas
Publisher: Yunus Publishing
To acquaint himself with the soul of Islam J.Y. Atlas had openhearted conversations with influential Muslim scholars and artists. From Jakarta to New York and from London to Lahore, this Christian theologian met with imams and Sufis, academics and feminists, punkers and poets.The result is a book full of novel insights that will help us to transcend today's cultural and religious impasses. Attempts of interfaith dialogue often stay away from the more difficult issues and remain somewhat superficial. With his 'Halal Monk' journey, Atlas wanted to go further. He wanted to get to the root of our current tensions. This book collects his most fascinating dialogues at the intersection of culture, society and religion. In between those conversations, some extra light is shed on key concepts of the Islamic tradition and their relevance for today's debates. Topics as diverse as quranic exegesis, islamic mysticism and islamic feminism are all treated in a nuanced manner. Difficult subjects like islamic fundamentalism and jihad, aren't circumvented but placed within their context and clarified. Aspects of the islamic faith like sharia and ijtihad are explained and juxtaposed with the Christian tradition. 'Halal Monk: A Christian on a Journey through Islam' is one of the most insightful and honest books on Muslim culture, spirituality and theology. A must read for anyone who wants to have a better grasp of the place of islam in the modern world. * Endorsements and reviews * “We need many more books like this one. The reader emerges from this study with a real and fresh grasp of a tradition that is in movement, in dialogue with itself and so in transition.” – Rowan Williams, former Archbishop of Canterbury. "The interviews and reflections in this book offer sensitive, clear and extremely interesting insights into Islam and Islamic thought. The opportunity to 'listen in' on the author's conversations is a distinct privilege." – Marie Dennis, co-president of Pax Christi International. "The book could not have been written any better by a Muslim - but then it is important that it was written by an upright, self-critical Christian. I will make the book a must-read for my students, both religious and non-religious." – Shaykh Bashir Ahmad Dultz, founding president and shaykh of the German Muslim League. "Profound understanding among Muslims and Christians is critical for civil health of the 21st century, and this book points in a promising direction." – Rev. William E. Swing, Founder of URI and Former Episcopal Bisshop of California. “Jonas succeeds in his quest to find common ground.” – John Marks, Founder & Senior Advisor, Search for Common Ground.
This provocative volume features sixteen new essays examining these issues, especially televised music and the controversial new genre of the music video.
Author: Michael Aaron Frishkopf
Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press
Since the turn of the twentieth century the dramatic rise of mass media has profoundly transformed music practices in the Arab world. Music has adapted to successive forms of media disseminationfrom phonograph cylinders to MP3seach subjected to the political and economic forces of its particular era and region. Carried by mass media, the broader culture of Arab music has been thoroughly transformed as well. Simultaneously, mass mediated music has become a powerful social force. While parallel processes have unfolded worldwide, their implications in the Arabic-speaking world have thus far received little scholarly attention. This provocative volume features sixteen new essays examining these issues, especially televised music and the controversial new genre of the music video. Perceptive voicesboth emerging and establishedrepresent a wide variety of academic disciplines. Incisive essays by Egyptian critics display the textures of public Arabic discourse to an English readership. Authors address the key issues of contemporary Arab societygender and sexuality, Islam, class, economy, power, and nationas refracted through the culture of mediated music. Interconnected by a web of recurrent concepts, this collection transcends music to become an important resource for the study of contemporary Arab society and culture. Contributors: Wael Abdel Fattah, Yasser Abdel-Latif, Moataz Abdel Aziz, Tamim Al-Barghouti, Mounir Al Wassimi, Walter Armbrust, Elisabeth Cestor, Hani Darwish, Walid El Khachab, Abdel-Wahab Elmessiri, James Grippo, Patricia Kubala, Katherine Meizel, Zein Nassar, Ibrahim Saleh, Laith Ulaby.
cultural, financial, and social conditions as well as traditional taboos of the
developing countries. Evidently, the ... However, Arab Islamists want
multinational corporations to reconcile their cultural products with third-world cultural values, norms and faiths. ... What they do see is the denial of free self- expression and human rights and the opposition of reactionary thinkers to cultural innovation and creativity.
Author: Mohamed El-Shibiny
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
Category: Political Science
Since 9-11-01, misunderstandings and stereotypical judgments between the West and the Arab states have become increasingly evident. This clear, useful book blends economics, politics, and history to provide insights into different perspectives of Western and Arab Cultures regarding globalization, presenting a spectrum of opinions and beliefs on each side, with particular attention to the psychology of Arab decision-makers. Too many people hold uninformed opinions without understanding the expectations, the fears, and the concerns of the stakeholders. The Threat of Globalization to Arab Islamic Culture will bring about a more defined comprehension of the issues involved with globalization.
One of Lebanon's best-known journalists and political commentators offers a criticism of what he refers to as "the Arab malaise," the Arab world's political paralysis, intellectual decay, and identity crisis.
Author: Samir Kassir
Publisher: Verso Books
Category: Biography & Autobiography
One of Lebanon's best-known journalists and political commentators offers a criticism of what he refers to as "the Arab malaise," the Arab world's political paralysis, intellectual decay, and identity crisis.
Islam has influenced virtually every aspect of Arab culture in terms of its influence
on art, morals, law, customs, social behaviour and the structure of knowledge
itself. The expression of cultural forces in the urban 162 The Arab world.
Author: Allan M. Findlay
Disruption following the Gulf War, and the need to satisfy both rising economic aspirations and the Islamic values of the region's peoples, demands fresh examination of development issues in the Arab world. This introductory text assesses how agricultural, industrial and urban development has evolved in the Arab region. Contrasting Arab and Western interpretations of `development', it draws on case studies covering states as diverse as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Morocco and Jordan. The author suggests that until the Arabs define their own identity, there will continue to be `change' but not necessarily `progress' in the region.
The first comprehensive overview of this important subject, Islam and Popular Culture offers essential new ways of understanding the diverse religious discourses and pious ethics expressed in popular art productions, the cultural politics ...
Author: Karin van Nieuwkerk
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Popular culture serves as a fresh and revealing window on contemporary developments in the Muslim world because it is a site where many important and controversial issues are explored and debated. Aesthetic expression has become intertwined with politics and religion due to the uprisings of the "Arab Spring," while, at the same time, Islamist authorities are showing increasingly accommodating and populist attitudes toward popular culture. Not simply a "westernizing" or "secularizing" force, as some have asserted, popular culture now plays a growing role in defining what it means to be Muslim. With well-structured chapters that explain key concepts clearly, Islam and Popular Culture addresses new trends and developments that merge popular arts and Islam. Its eighteen case studies by eminent scholars cover a wide range of topics, such as lifestyle, dress, revolutionary street theater, graffiti, popular music, poetry, television drama, visual culture, and dance throughout the Muslim world from Indonesia, Africa, and the Middle East to Europe. The first comprehensive overview of this important subject, Islam and Popular Culture offers essential new ways of understanding the diverse religious discourses and pious ethics expressed in popular art productions, the cultural politics of states and movements, and the global flows of popular culture in the Muslim world.
1 Basic Principles of Islam and their Social , Spatial and Artistic Implications " As
far as architecture is concerned , it is the ... the 12th century ) In every genuine cultural tradition , architecture and urban form can be seen as a natural expression ...
But before the work was completed, events on the world stage led many others to
take an interest in anything related to ... of course, extends far beyond the Arab world and finds expression in many languages and cultures other than Arabic.
Author: Nelly Lahoud
This book is a study of political thought in Islam from the viewpoint of the history of ideas and the relevance of these ideas to contemporary Arabic political discourse. The author examines the use of the classical Islamic tradition (turath) and its religious and philosophical components by the three dominant Arabic political discourses: the Islamists, apologists and intellectuals. The book analyzes the different assumptions advanced by these discourses and the way they propose to apply or restore the turath in the present. Exploring connections between the medieval Islamic tradition and current debates, this book is essential reading for advanced students and researchers of Islam and political thought.
Author: Anastasia ValassopoulosPublish On: 2013-09-13
In 2011, the Arab world was rocked by popular protests that brought down
seemingly invincible structures of power, toppling systems of governance and
expanding the spaces for cultural expression and cultural transformation. ...
imaginations of the region as a coherent, self-sealed and self-explanatory space,
with yet again a singular culture (Islam) named as the main obstacle on the road
Author: Anastasia Valassopoulos
Category: Social Science
This book seeks to both showcase and further develop innovative research and debates on contemporary Arab cultural production. Popular culture in the form of cinema, popular music, literature, visual media and cyber-cultures, both local and imported, enjoy a central role in Arab cultural life, and the contributors to this innovative collection showcase the tremendous cultural output emerging from the Arab world. They present sensitive, conceptual readings whilst remaining mindful of the place of this work within a wider framework that seeks to prevent isolationist readings of cultural phenomena. Making sense of the place of culture in the Arab world, and agreeing upon a broadly recognisable and commonly accepted set of terms within which to discuss this output, is a new and urgent challenge. Arab Cultural Studies aspires to understand, communicate and theorise these forms. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal for Cultural Research.
Cultural History , Archaeology , and Arab Architecture Abercrombie , S . : “ The Middle East : Design , Politics , and Policy ... Baldwin - Smith , E . : Egyptian
Architecture as Cultural Expression . ... Ferber , Stanley : Islam and the Medieval
Author: Udo Kultermann
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Udo Kultermann's Contemporary Architecture in the Arab States couples case studies with over 100 never-before-seen illustrations to chronicle modern architectural developments in each Arab nation. From government offices and public spaces, to houses of education and religion, the featured examples include designs for both commercial and private clients. The book also explores the unlikely collaboration between large foreign architectural firms and their smaller, yet essential, Arab counterparts and highlights the cultural self-examination that occurs while redesigning ancient cities to coincide with modern needs.
Author: Paula Youngman SkresletPublish On: 2006-09-20
Preface The book in your hand is not an introduction to Islam; in fact, it assumes
that the reader is already acquainted with the basic proclamation of the Islamic
faith, the history of the Muslims as a community, and the major cultural expressions of Islam in various nations and societies. ... are unable to devote
years of their lives to achieving a reading proficiency in classical Arabic (or
Persian, or Turkish).
Author: Paula Youngman Skreslet
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
_This book introduces the literature of Islam as it is presented in English translation. For scholars in other fields who need to understand the vast and complex literary heritage of this erudite and vigorous faith community (but are unable to devote years of their lives to achieving a reading proficiency in classical Arabic), for faculty members called upon to teach introductory or survey courses outside their own disciplines, and for graduate students in theology, medieval studies, world religions, or related fields who need access to these primary sources in English translation, The Literature of Islam is a welcome resource. Even lay readers who are interested in understanding the modern Arab or Islamic world may grasp something of the currents of thought and belief through the centuries that produced these important works, which continue to exert a powerful influence upon Muslims today.
Christians and Muslims in the World of Islam Sidney H. Griffith ... been told in
terms that highlight how their intellectual culture and even their denominational
identities came to be expressed in the Arabic idiom ... In the heyday of the
classical world of AraboIslamic civilization in the Middle East, from the middle of
the eighth century to the middle of the ... have been published in recent years, but
they have not been so much concerned with the history of the development and expression of ...
Author: Sidney H. Griffith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Amid so much twenty-first-century talk of a "Christian-Muslim divide"--and the attendant controversy in some Western countries over policies toward minority Muslim communities--a historical fact has gone unnoticed: for more than four hundred years beginning in the mid-seventh century, some 50 percent of the world's Christians lived and worshipped under Muslim rule. Just who were the Christians in the Arabic-speaking milieu of Mohammed and the Qur'an? The Church in the Shadow of the Mosque is the first book-length discussion in English of the cultural and intellectual life of such Christians indigenous to the Islamic world. Sidney Griffith offers an engaging overview of their initial reactions to the religious challenges they faced, the development of a new mode of presenting Christian doctrine as liturgical texts in their own languages gave way to Arabic, the Christian role in the philosophical life of early Baghdad, and the maturing of distinctive Oriental Christian denominations in this context. Offering a fuller understanding of the rise of Islam in its early years from the perspective of contemporary non-Muslims, this book reminds us that there is much to learn from the works of people who seriously engaged Muslims in their own world so long ago. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
Religion and Politics in the Arab World Nazih Ayubi. 3. The. variety. of. modern. Islam: intellectual. expressions. and. political. roles. From the time that the
Christian capitalist West began to encroach ... Muslims have not ceased to
debate the cultural and political role that Islam should play in confronting, or in
adapting to, the ...
Author: Nazih Ayubi
Category: Social Science
Islamic theocracy is now firmly established in fundamentalist Iran, and waves of fundamentalism are sweeping the entire Islamic world, and its diaspora. This book examines the claim of those Islamists who contend that, as a belief system and a way of life, Islam carries with it a theory of politics and the state which should be applied unquestioningly. Ayubi traces both the intellectual sources and the socio-economic bases of Political Islam, arguing that it is a modern phenomenon, dating back only to the inter-war period. He describes its major proponents as urban, educated and relatively young people, whose energies were mobilised, but whose expectations were not fulfilled by the post-independence `populist' regimes in the Arab World. Islamic movements in six countries are studied in detail. Ayubi's distinctively broad definition of politics encompasses innovative material on sex and the family, and on the emerging alternative economic and social networks of Islamic banks, schools, and hospitals in the countries discussed. Ayubi stresses the traditional concern in Islam for the collective enforcement of morals, but argues that there is no case for the commonly held misconception that politics begins from theological principles in the Arab world: the historical connection between Islam and politics can be explained as an attempt by the rulers to legitimise their actions. He suggests that radical Islamists are reversing this position by subjecting politics to their specific religious views, so their movement is in some senses an anti-state one. He concludes by discussing possible intellectual responses to fundamentalism, drawing on the thinking of contemporary Muslim liberals.
It was also, however, the last great expression of the universality of the world of Islam. ... the system of government, and in the Arab countries there developed an
Arab Ottoman culture, preserving the heritage and to some extent developing it in
Author: Albert Hourani
Publisher: Faber & Faber
In a bestselling work of profound and lasting importance, the late Albert Hourani told the definitive history of the Arab peoples from the seventh century, when the new religion of Islam began to spread from the Arabian peninsula westwards, to the present day. It is a masterly distillation of a lifetime of scholarship and a unique insight into a perpetually troubled region. This updated edition by Malise Ruthven adds a substantial new chapter which includes recent events such as 9/11, the US invasion of Iraq and its bloody aftermath, the fall of the Mubarak and Ben Ali regimes in Egypt and Tunisia, and the incipient civil war in Syria, bringing Hourani's magisterial History up to date. Ruthven suggests that while Hourani can hardly have been expected to predict in detail the massive upheavals that have shaken the Arab world recently he would not have been entirely surprised, given the persistence of the kin-patronage networks he describes in his book and the challenges now posed to them by a new media-aware generation of dissatisfied youth. In a new biographical preface, Malise Ruthven shows how Hourani's perspectives on Arab history were shaped by his unique background as an English-born Arab Christian with roots in the Levant.
Leading cultural institutions like mosques, schools, universities, clubs, social
forums, and the media should work in sync to foster Islamocratic culture as the
defining feature of Arab World identity. Cognizant of the formidable challenges
embedded in ... The Islamocratic system is both an expression of Arab-Islamic
assertiveness and of intercultural openness. In building durable relations with the
West, both ...
Author: Muhammad I. Ayish
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
Category: Arab countries
The introduction of satellite television and Web-based communications in traditional societies are often taken as manifestations of a new more democratic public sphere. In the book this Western intellectual tradition is taken to task for failing to grasp the real dynamics of an Arab public sphere that has yet to be realized. The author argues that we could not conceive of the Arab public sphere outside the boundaries of sustainable egalitarian and participatory political developments in Arabian societies.Ayish harnesses the notion of 'Islamocracy' or Islamic democracy to put forward a new public sphere perspective that draws on both Islamic moral values and contemporary political practices. According to the author, this synthesist approach holds a great promise both for inter-Arab World communications as well as for dialogue with other cultures based on mutual recognition and peaceful coexistence. Muhammad I. Ayish is Professor and Dean of the College of Communication at the University of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.He holds a Ph.D. in international communication (University of Minnesota, Twin-Cities). Ayish has published two books and over 50 articles in both Arabic and English on issues ranging from political communication to media convergence to war coverage to women representation.