Insights Into Christian Esoterism

Insights Into Christian Esoterism

In these works Guénon also touches on the all-important question of medieval esoterism and discusses the role of sacred languages and the principle of initiation in the Christian tradition, as well as such esoteric Christian themes and ...

Author: Rene Guenon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 090058839X

Category: Church history

Page: 136

View: 240

One of René Guénon's lifelong quests was to discover, or revive, the esoteric, initiatory dimension of the Christian tradition. In the present volume, along with its companion volume The Esoterism of Dante, Guénon undertakes to establish that the three parts of The Divine Comedy represent the stages of initiatic realization, exploring the parallels between the symbolism of the Commedia and that of Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism, and Christian Hermeticism, and illustrating Dante's knowledge of traditional sciences unknown to the moderns: the sciences of numbers, of cosmic cycles, and of sacred astrology. In these works Guénon also touches on the all-important question of medieval esoterism and discusses the role of sacred languages and the principle of initiation in the Christian tradition, as well as such esoteric Christian themes and organizations as the Holy Grail, the Guardians of the Holy Land, the Sacred Heart, the Fedeli d'Amore and the 'Courts of Love', and the Secret Language of Dante. One chapter in the present volume, 'Christianity and Initiation', is of special interest with regard to the history of the Traditionalist School. When first published as an article, it gave rise to some controversy because Guénon here reaffirmed his denial of the efficacy of the Christian sacraments as rites of initiation, a point of divergence between the teachings of Guénon and those of other key perennialist thinkers. Both The Esoterism of Dante and Insights into Christian Esoterism will be of inestimable value to all who are struggling to come to terms with the fullness of the Christian tradition.
Categories: Church history

The Esoterism of Dante

The Esoterism of Dante

In these works Guénon also touches on the all-important question of medieval esoterism and discusses the role of sacred languages and the principle of initiation in the Christian tradition, as well as such esoteric Christian themes and ...

Author: Rene Guenon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 1597310581

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 108

View: 631

Especially since the Renaissance, some in Western Christendom have suspected that the deeper dimension of their tradition has somehow been lost, and have therefore sought to discover, or create, an 'esoteric' or 'initiatic' Christianity. In the middle of the nineteenth century two scholars, Gabriele Rossetti and Eugène Aroux, pointed to certain esoteric meanings in the work of Dante Alighieri, notably The Divine Comedy. Partly based on their scholarship, Guénon in 1925 published The Esoterism of Dante. From the theses of Rosetti and Aroux, Guénon retains only those elements that prove the existence of such hidden meanings; but he also makes clear that esoterism is not 'heresy' and that a doctrine reserved for an elite can be superimposed on the teaching given the faithful without standing in opposition to it. One of René Guénon's lifelong quests was to discover, or revive, the esoteric, initiatory dimension of the Christian tradition. In the present volume, along with its companion volume Insights into Christian Esoterism (which includes the separate study Saint Bernard), Guénon undertakes to establish that the three parts of The Divine Comedy represent the stages of initiatic realization, exploring the parallels between the symbolism of the Commedia and that of Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism, and Christian Hermeticism, and illustrating Dante's knowledge of traditional sciences unknown to the moderns: the sciences of numbers, of cosmic cycles, and of sacred astrology. In these works Guénon also touches on the all-important question of medieval esoterism and discusses the role of sacred languages and the principle of initiation in the Christian tradition, as well as such esoteric Christian themes and organizations as the Holy Grail, the Guardians of the Holy Land, the Sacred Heart, the Fedeli d'Amore and the 'Courts of Love', and the Secret Language of Dante. In addition to Dante, various other paths toward a possible Christian esoterism have been explored by many investigators-the legend of the Holy Grail, the Knights Templars, the tradition of Courtly Love, Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism, and Christian Hermeticism-and Guénon deals with all of these in the present volume as well as his Insights into Christian Esoterism. In the latter, one chapter in particular, 'Christianity and Initiation', will be of special interest with regard to the history of the Traditionalist School. When first published as an article, it gave rise to some controversy because Guénon here reaffirmed his denial of the efficacy of the Christian sacraments as rites of initiation, a point of divergence between the teachings of Guénon and those of other key perennialist thinkers. Both The Esoterism of Dante and Insights into Christian Esoterism will be of inestimable value to all who are struggling to come to terms with the fullness of the Christian tradition.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Insights Into Islamic Esoterism and Taoism

Insights Into Islamic Esoterism and Taoism

This small volume brings together a number of Guénon's early articles relating to Sufism (tasawwuf), or Islamic esoterism.

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 0900588438

Category: Sufism.

Page: 87

View: 964

René Guénon (1886-1951) is undoubtedly one of the luminaries of the twentieth century, whose critique of the modern world has stood fast against the shifting sands of recent philosophies. His oeuvre of 26 volumes is providential for the modern seeker: pointing ceaselessly to the perennial wisdom found in past cultures ranging from the Shamanistic to the Indian and Chinese, the Hellenic and Judaic, the Christian and Islamic, and including also Alchemy, Hermeticism, and other esoteric currents, at the same time it directs the reader to the deepest level of religious praxis, emphasizing the need for affiliation with a revealed tradition even while acknowledging the final identity of all spiritual paths as they approach the summit of spiritual realization. This small volume brings together a number of Guénon's early articles relating to Sufism (tasawwuf), or Islamic esoterism. The later article 'Islamic Esoterism' has also been included, since it so well articulates the particularities of initiation in Islam by defining the fundamental elements of tasawwuf: shari'ah, tariqah, haqiqah. The first constitutes the necessary fundamental exoteric basis; the second, the Way and its means; the third, the goal or final result. In the other chapters, Guénon expresses with his usual synthetic clarity what tawhid and faqr are, and gives examples of traditional sciences, relating angelology to the Arabic alphabet, and chirology to the science of letters ('ilm al-huruf). A number of book and article reviews give interesting insights into traditional orthodoxy. The Collected Works of René Guénon brings together the writings of one of the greatest prophets of our time, whose voice is even more important today than when he was alive. Huston Smith, author of The World's Religions, etc.
Categories: Sufism.

Studies in Freemasonry and the Compagnonnage

Studies in Freemasonry and the Compagnonnage

René Guénon (1886-1951) was one of the great luminaries of the twentieth century, whose critique of the modern world has stood fast against the shifting sands of intellectual fashion.

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 0900588519

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 892

René Guénon (1886-1951) was one of the great luminaries of the twentieth century, whose critique of the modern world has stood fast against the shifting sands of intellectual fashion. His extensive writings, now finally available in English, are a providential treasure-trove for the modern seeker: while pointing ceaselessly to the perennial wisdom found in past cultures ranging from the Shamanistic to the Indian and Chinese, the Hellenic and Judaic, the Christian and Islamic, and including also Alchemy, Hermeticism, and other esoteric currents, they direct the reader also to the deepest level of religious praxis, emphasizing the need for affiliation with a revealed tradition even while acknowledging the final identity of all spiritual paths as they approach the summit of spiritual realization. Studies in Freemasonry and the Compagnonnage is both an attempt to rediscover the lost roots of Masonry and a fascinating look into the many controversies swirling around the subject of Masonry in serious intellectual circles during the first half of the twentieth century. It must also be classed, along with Symbols of Sacred Science, Spiritual Authority and Temporal Power, Traditional Forms and Cosmic Cycles, The Esoterism of Dante, Insights into Christian Esoterism and Insights into Islamic Esoterism and Taoism-not to mention related sections in many of his other books-as one of René Guénon's masterful excursions into esoteric myth, symbolism, and secret history. Freemasonry may indeed be, as Guénon ultimately concluded, a largely degenerated and thus no longer strictly 'operative' offshoot of a true initiatory lineage; yet its symbolism, like that of the original Rosicrucians, remains profound, traditional, and therefore ultimately legitimate. And given that the 'Spirit bloweth where it listeth', it is always possible that symbolism of this order may awaken in a receptive soul intimations of the Truth and the Way, which can be of inestimable of value in 'the path to the Path', the quest for a living initiatory spirituality.
Categories: History

Guenonian Esoterism and Christian Mystery

Guenonian Esoterism and Christian Mystery

Insights into Christian Esoterism ( 1954 ) : 76 , 78 , 90 , 94 , 95 , 102 , 103 , 107 ,
136 , 157 , 297 , 364 . Insights into Islamic ... Perspectives on Initiation ( 1946 ) :
52 , 93 , 160 , 175 , 179 , 294 , 342 , 347 , 440 , 444 , 449 , 451 , 467 . The Spiritist
 ...

Author: Jean Borella

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 159731014X

Category: Religion

Page: 524

View: 329

Rene Guenon's explication of the principles of an interior understanding of sacred forms has established his reputation in the West as the master theorist of esoterism. But till now his doctrine has not been the focus of thorough study in Christian circles, and this has had serious consequences. Guenonian Esoterism and Christian Mystery is the first major work to combine an analysis of Guenon's ideas about esoterism with a critical examination of their application to Christianity in terms of data provided by Christianity itself. But to accomplish this, such data cannot simply be surveyed superficially-it must be known firsthand; hence the abundance of citations and references in this text. Such an approach not only lets us decide about certain issues, but may also help us rediscover an all too misunderstood facet of the revelation of Christ. Jean Borella taught philosophy at the University of Nancy until 1995. A Platonist by formation, he has been strongly influenced by Guenon and Eastern metaphysics. But his deepest inspiration derives from unceasing meditation on the Christian faith, which led him to undertake the present searching critique of 'Guenonian Christianity'. A religious philosopher, he strives to hear the reverberations awakened in human thought by revelation. "Rene Guenon was one of the great metaphysical minds of the last few centuries, and it was a great loss to the Catholic Church when he converted to Islam. Prof. Borella shows in this landmark study exactly where Guenon's work remains of perennial value for Christians, but also demonstrates the limitations and personal idiosyncrasies which led Guenon to distort some of the most important elements of Catholic and Orthodox doctrine. Prof. Borella's book may well stimulate the recovery of authentic metaphysics within the Church for which Guenon longed, but which he despaired of seeing in his lifetime." -Stratford Caldecott Editor, Second Spring, Director (UK) of the G.K. Chesterton Institute for Faith & Culture"
Categories: Religion

A Different Christianity

A Different Christianity

This book presents the esoteric original core of Christianity, with its concern for illuminating and healing the inner life of the individual.

Author:

Publisher: Praxis Research Institute

ISBN: 1872292399

Category:

Page:

View: 346

Categories:

The Inner West

The Inner West

There is no tradition on earth that is not tarnished with age, no revelation that can,
or need, be reconstituted in its ... and The Sign of the Times, Perspectives on
Initiation, Spiritual Authority and Temporal Power, Insights into Christian
Esoterism, ...

Author: Jay Kinney

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781440650833

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 336

View: 457

The founder of the influential Gnosis magazine collects essays by some of today's finest spiritual writers to explore the West's magical and esoteric traditions. Rosicrucianism, Freemasonry, Gnosticism, The Knights Templar . . . Even before the success of The Da Vinci Code, many readers knew of these and other aspects of Western esoterica. But few understand their true meaning. In The Inner West, more than twenty essays by seventeen leading authors shine a light on some of the most mysterious and closely held aspects of the Western tradition. Its authors bring to life the symbolist and occult philosophies that populate the history and beliefs of the Western way. These same philosophies-which include variants of Christian and Jewish mysticism, and the teachings of figures like Rudolf Steiner and G. I. Gurdjieff-can present a deep and different spiritual path for today's seekers. Spiritual seekers have often looked to the East for inspiration and guidance. Yet increasing numbers of people are discovering that many helpful wisdom traditions have existed right here in the West. With the Kabbalah and Tarot cards more popular than ever, and alternative spirituality from Wicca to Sufism gaining a new audience, The Inner West is a timely book for this expanding audience
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Initiation and Spiritual Realization

Initiation and Spiritual Realization

29 THE MEETING OF EXTREMES WHAT WE JUST Said about the relationship
between the initiatic elite and the people ... aperçus sur la langage secret de
Dante ' in the July 1932 issue of Voile d'Isis ( Insights into Christian Esoterism ,
chap .

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 0900588357

Category: Initiation rites

Page: 187

View: 406

The present volume is a companion volume to Guenon Perspectives on Initiation, in which Guenon carefully defined the nature of initiation and of the organizations qualified to transmit it. In Initiation and Spiritual Realization he adds many details on related subjects, including various inner and outer obstacles the aspirant may face, the need for attachment to a traditional exoterism, the role of the spiritual master, and a closer examination of the degrees of spiritual realization.
Categories: Initiation rites

Christ the Original Mystery

Christ the Original Mystery

In Christ the Original Mystery (a republication of the work issued in 2004 as Guénonian Esoterism and Christian Mystery), René Guénon's insights into the problems of the modern world, symbolism, and metaphysics are masterfully situated ...

Author: Jean Borella

Publisher: Angelico Press / Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 1621383431

Category: Philosophy

Page: 522

View: 195

In Christ the Original Mystery (a republication of the work issued in 2004 as Guénonian Esoterism and Christian Mystery), René Guénon's insights into the problems of the modern world, symbolism, and metaphysics are masterfully situated by Jean Borella within the horizons of the Christian Mystery, the sacraments, and the mystical way.
Categories: Philosophy

Traditional Forms and Cosmic Cycles

Traditional Forms and Cosmic Cycles

This introduction seems intended especially to demonstrate that such a work is
far from being useless , even after the Zohar of Jean de Pauly ; thus , the greater
part of it is devoted to a detailed ... See Insights into Christian Esoterism , chaps .

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 0900588179

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 111

View: 331

The articles collected in this volume represent some of the most unusual from Guénon's pen. They could be described as fragments of an unknown history, a history reaching back through prehistory to protohistory, for they begin with the Primordial Tradition contemporaneous with the beginnings of present humanity. The text opens with a study on cosmic cycles, taking as point of departure the Hindu doctrine of the Manvantara, though similar doctrines appear in Greco-Roman antiquity, among Jewish Kabbalists, Islamic Sufis and Ismailis, and in the Hopi, Lakota, and Maya nations of the New World. Essential to this doctrine is that earlier ages differed qualitatively from ours, which may explain why our historicism and archaeology have yet to come to grips with 'Hyperborea' and 'Atlantis', despite the many clues embedded throughout mythology, folklore, sacred architecture, etc. That is, our own time's quality cannot simply be projected backwards into past ages. In presenting Hyperborean and Atlantean lore-the cyclical mysteries of the West and the North-as well as material on the Hebrew Kabbalah and Egyptian Hermeticism, Guénon successfully transmits the requisite sense of such 'other' times, which for some may awaken the intuition of higher levels of Being.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Wisdom s Children

Wisdom s Children

Provides an in-depth introduction to the Christian theosophic tradition that began with Jacob Bo¬hme, bringing us into a startling new world of Christian experiential spirituality that is the Christian equivalent of Sufism and Kabbalism.

Author: Arthur Versluis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438422909

Category: Religion

Page: 370

View: 849

Provides an in-depth introduction to the Christian theosophic tradition that began with Jacob Bo¬hme, bringing us into a startling new world of Christian experiential spirituality that is the Christian equivalent of Sufism and Kabbalism.
Categories: Religion

Psychotherapy and the Spiritual Dimension

Psychotherapy and the Spiritual Dimension

Yet the figure of Jesus appears in some respects to have had an inhibitory effect
upon Christian mysticism. His role as the redeeming incarnation of divinity has, it
seems to me, been emphasized to the detrimentof his message as a teacher in
the esoteric tradition. ... of his spiritual teaching, his remarkable insight into man's
capacity for conscious union with the divine, has been cast into the background.

Author: Alfred E. Marlowe

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781491750124

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 800

PSYCHOTHERAPY AND THE SPIRITUAL DIMENSION presents a comprehensive view of the history and practices of the major spiritual traditions and their relationship with the modern psychotherapeutic schools. The book is designed to provide a solid grounding in both the spiritual and the psychotherapeutic traditions for the benefit of mental-health professionals and lay-persons alike. The author maintains that modern-day therapists may need to expand their notions of cure, arguing that conventional ideas of “adjustment therapy” may well be inadequate to meet the demands of twenty-first-century consciousness evolution.
Categories: Religion

The Christian Mystery

The Christian Mystery

Neither does it require any contempt for matter, merely a rising above and
overcoming it on the way to something higher. ... the secrets of the world, in order
to thereby receive insight into the deeper connections of the life of the world and
human beings. ... The Yoga Path, Christian Gnostic Initiation, and the Esotericism
of the Rosicrucians How Does One Gain Higher Knowledge in the Rosicrucian
Sense?

Author: Rudolf Steiner

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 9781621510734

Category: BODY, MIND & SPIRIT

Page: 287

View: 594

Categories: BODY, MIND & SPIRIT

Mountain Path

Mountain Path

At his behest , books compiled from journal articles have since been published :
Initiation and Spiritual Realisation , Insights into Christian Esoterism , Symbols of
the Sacred Science , Studies in Hinduism , Traditional Forms and Cosmic Cycles
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066022115

Category: Mysticism

Page:

View: 216

Categories: Mysticism

A Rosicrucian Utopia in Eighteenth Century Russia

A Rosicrucian Utopia in Eighteenth Century Russia

... circles of the nobility sought ways to reform and stability by blending traditional
Christian spirituality with scientific insight into the workings of Nature. Rosicrucian
hermeticism and esoterism were ready to offer them guidance on this path.

Author: Raffaella Faggionato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402034879

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 332

This is the first investigation of the history of Russian Freemasonry, based on the premise that the facts of the Russian Enlightenment preclude application of the interpretative framework commonly used for the history of western thought. Coverage includes the development of early Russian masonry, the formation of the Novikov circle in Moscow, the ‘programme’ of Rosicrucianism and its Russian variant and, finally, the clash between the Rosicrucians and the State.
Categories: Philosophy

Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines

Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines

In all yogas, as in those set forth herein in Books II and III, there are
corresponding steps on the Path. ... The second step is dependent upon gaining
spiritual comprehension of the teachings; or, in other words, upon attaining yogic
insight into their esoteric significance. ... Omar Khayyām, as in the mystical
eroticism taught in Christian convents, yoga appears in its more specialized
aspect as Bhakti Yoga.

Author: W. Y. Evans-Wentz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199727899

Category: Social Science

Page: 434

View: 346

Books, audiotapes, and classes about yoga are today as familiar as they are widespread, but we in the West have only recently become engaged in the meditative doctrines of the East--only in the last 70 or 80 years, in fact. In the early part of the 20th century, it was the pioneering efforts of keen scholars like W. Y. Evans-Wentz, the late editor of this volume, that triggered our ongoing occidental fascination with such phenomena as yoga, Zen, and meditation. Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines--a companion to the popular Tibetan Book of the Dead, which is also published by Oxford in an authoritative Evans-Wentz edition--is a collection of seven authentic Tibetan yoga texts that first appeared in English in 1935. In these pages, amid useful photographs and reproductions of yoga paintings and manuscripts, readers will encounter some of the principal meditations used by Hindu and Tibetan gurus and philosophers throughout the ages in the attainment of Right Knowledge and Enlightenment. Special commentaries precede each translated text, and a comprehensive introduction contrasts the tenets of Buddhism with European notions of religion, philosophy, and science. Evans-Wentz has also included a body of orally transmitted traditions and teachings that he received firsthand during his fifteen-plus years of study in the Orient, findings that will interest any student of anthropology, psychology, comparative religion, or applied Mah=ay=ana Yoga. These seven distinct but intimately related texts will grant any reader a full and complete view of the spiritual teachings that still inform the life and culture of the East. As with Evans-Wentz's other three Oxford titles on Tibetan religion, which are also appearing in new editions, this third edition of Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines features a new foreword by Donald S. Lopez, author of the recent Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West.
Categories: Social Science

Inner Development

Inner Development

The focus of this book is the spiritual work in the "school"-the community-of Michael.

Author: Tomberg, Valentin

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 9780880109208

Category: Religion

Page: 120

View: 858

The focus of this book is the spiritual work in the "school"-the community-of Michael. What does this mean? At the end of the eighteenth century, the Archangel Michael revealed the new mystery that has manifested on Earth as spiritual science, or anthroposophy. Its essence involves the renewal of our knowledge of the mysteries of karma and human destiny. Those who are drawn to this school have a special relationship to the human faculty of thinking-their inner feeling for truth has the strength of iron. This feeling for truth helps them to become companions of Michael at the threshold of the spiritual world. These talks deal with the spiritual path of anthroposophy in its Christian Rosicrudian aspect. Tomberg speaks openly and honestly about meditation, the various stages of consciousness (imagination, inspiration, and intuition), the "guardian of the threshold," and the esoteric trials one encounters along the way. He concludes by describing the life of Rudolf Steiner as the life of a Christian initiate.
Categories: Religion

Aleister Crowley and Western Esotericism

Aleister Crowley and Western Esotericism

This volume is the first comprehensive examination of one of the twentieth century's most distinctive iconoclasts. Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) was a study in contradictions.

Author: Henrik Bogdan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199996063

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 886

This volume is the first comprehensive examination of one of the twentieth century's most distinctive iconoclasts. Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) was a study in contradictions. Born into a fundamentalist Christian family and educated at Cambridge, he was vilified as a traitor, drug addict, and debaucher, yet revered as perhaps the most influential thinker in contemporary esotericism. Moving beyond the influence of contemporary psychology and the modernist understanding of the occult, Crowley declared himself the revelator of a new age of individualism. Crowley's occult bricolage, Magick, was an eclectic combination of spiritual exercises drawn from Western European magical ceremonies and Indic sources for meditation and yoga. This journey of self-liberation culminated in harnessing sexual power as a magical discipline, a "sacrilization of the self" as practiced in Crowley's mixed masonic group, the Ordo Templi Orientis. The religion Crowley created, Thelema, legitimated his role as a charismatic revelator and herald of a new age of freedom. Aleister Crowley's lasting influence can be seen in the counter-culture movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s and in many forms of alternative spirituality and popular culture. The essays in this volume offer crucial insight into Crowley's foundational role in the study of Western esotericism, new religious movements, and sexuality.
Categories: Religion

Esotericism Art and Imagination

Esotericism  Art  and Imagination

Its thematic organization offers insight into the complex ways that esoteric
traditions or currents of thought appear not only in ... who heaped ridicule on
esoteric religious traditions in general , and on Christian esoteric traditions in
particular .

Author: Arthur Versluis

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: UOM:39015077625161

Category: Art

Page: 327

View: 689

Esotericism, Art, and Imaginationis a uniquely wide- ranging collection of articles by scholars in the field of Western esotericism, focusing on themes of poetry, drama, film, literature, and art. Included here are articles illuminating such diverse topics as the Gnostic fiction of Philip Pullman, alchemical images, the Tarot, surrealism, esoteric films, and much more. This collection reveals the richness and complexity of the intersections between esotericism, artistic creators, and their works. Authors include Joscelyn Godwin, Cathy Gutierrez, M. E. Warlick, Eric Wilson, and many others.
Categories: Art

The Beginnings of Christianity

The Beginnings of Christianity

There was the world of Judaism , including the pre - Christian esotericism of the
Essenes which we can now study in the ... which in conjunction with the study of
literary testimonies can lead to important new insights into the history and very ...

Author: Andrew J. Welburn

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015046366012

Category: Christianisme - Origines

Page: 351

View: 195

Categories: Christianisme - Origines