Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain

This book is an entry into the fierce current debate among psycholinguists, neuroscientists, and evolutionary theorists about the nature and origins of human language.

Author: Philip Lieberman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040228

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 138

This book is an entry into the fierce current debate among psycholinguists, neuroscientists, and evolutionary theorists about the nature and origins of human language. A prominent neuroscientist here takes up the Darwinian case, using data seldom considered by psycholinguists and neurolinguists to argue that human language--though more sophisticated than all other forms of animal communication--is not a qualitatively different ability from all forms of animal communication, does not require a quantum evolutionary leap to explain it, and is not unified in a single language instinct. Using clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients, functional neuroimaging, and evolutionary biology to make his case, Philip Lieberman contends that human language is not a single separate module but a functional neurological system made up of many separate abilities. Language remains as it began, Lieberman argues: a device for coping with the world. But in a blow to human narcissism, he makes the case that this most remarkable human ability is a by-product of our remote reptilian ancestors' abilities to dodge hazards, seize opportunities, and live to see another day.
Categories: Medical

Literature Speech Disorders and Disability

Literature  Speech Disorders  and Disability

(See also Lieber- man, Human Language and our Reptilian Brain, 123, 156; and
Deacon, The Symbolic Species, 298). Lieberman describes such redundancies
in discussing the difficulties of fol- lowing “even 'well-formed' speech recorded ...

Author: Christopher Eagle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135041939

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 184

View: 768

Examining representations of speech disorders in works of literature, this first collection of its kind founds a new multidisciplinary subfield related but not limited to the emerging fields of disability studies and medical humanities. The scope is wide-ranging both in terms of national literatures and historical periods considered, engaging with theoretical discussions in poststructuralism, disability studies, cultural studies, new historicism, gender studies, sociolinguistics, trauma studies, and medical humanities. The book’s main focus is on the development of an awareness of speech pathology in the literary imaginary from the late-eighteenth century to the present, studying the novel, drama, epic poetry, lyric poetry, autobiography and autopathography, and clinical case studies and guidebooks on speech therapy. The volume addresses a growing interest, both in popular culture and the humanities, regarding the portrayal of conditions such as stuttering, aphasia and mutism, along with the status of the self in relation to those conditions. Since speech pathologies are neither illnesses nor outwardly physical disabilities, critical studies of their representation have tended to occupy a liminal position in relation to other discourses such as literary and cultural theory, and even disability studies. One of the primary aims of this collection is to address this marginalization, and to position a cultural criticism of speech pathology within literary studies.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Animal Bodies Human Minds Ape Dolphin and Parrot Language Skills

Animal Bodies  Human Minds  Ape  Dolphin  and Parrot Language Skills

Techniques used with animals may also be helpful with normal children , but the
match between animal abilities and the abilities of normal children is not as close
as ... 6. P. Lieberman , Human language and our reptilian brain References 23 IX

Author: William Hillix

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477394

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 496

Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language. These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our closest animal kin. This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed in studies of animal language ability.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language

Memory, imprinting and the brain. Oxford ... Language production in Parkinson's
disease: Acoustic and linguistic considerations. Brain and ... Human language
and our reptilian brain: The subcortical bases of speech, syntax, and thought.

Author: Miriam Faust

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444345889

Category: Psychology

Page: 1128

View: 778

This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain-language research Features a novel emphasis on state-of-the-art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain-language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations
Categories: Psychology

Second Language Teaching

Second Language Teaching

Implementing the Lexical Approach: Putting Theory into Practice. Hove:
Language Teaching Publications. Lieberman, P. (2000). Human Language and
Our Reptilian Brain. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Livingston, S.A.
and ...

Author: Marcel Danesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401001878

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 604

This volume offers a practical introduction to the use of neuroscience to teach second languages. It provides information on the relation between how the brain learns and how this can be used to construct classroom activities, evaluates methods, syllabi, approaches, etc. from the perspective of brain functioning. It illustrates how teaching can unfold with actual examples in several languages.
Categories: Education

The Basal Ganglia VII

The Basal Ganglia VII

Excitatory subthalamic input may be the source of the strong SNpr activation
during the first phase of the chain, whereas ... P. Lieberman, "Human language
and our reptilian brain. The. 4. REFERENCES 1. D. L. Harrington and K. Y.
Haaland, ...

Author: Louise F.B. Nicholson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461507154

Category: Medical

Page: 638

View: 964

This volume, The Basal Ganglia VII, is derived from the proceedings ofthe Seventh Triennial Meeting of the International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS). The Meeting was held from II - 15 February 2001 at The Copthorne Resort, Waitangi, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, the site of the signing of the Treaty ofWaitangi in 1840 and the traditional birth-place of the New Zealand Nation. As at previous Meetings, our aim was to hear and discuss new ideas and research developments on the basal ganglia and the implications of these findings for novel treatment strategies for basal ganglia disorders. The International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS) was founded in September 1983 when a small group of about 50 neuroscientists and clinicians with a passion for research on the basal ganglia met for a three day meeting in a small isolated seaside resort, Lome, 150km from Melbourne in Australia. The meeting was organised by John McKenzie and was so successful that the participants decided to establish IBAGS and to meet every 3 years at an isolated seaside resort in different countries of the world.
Categories: Medical

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning

Transformation of the discriminative and eliciting functions of generalized
relational stimuli. Journal of the ... Speech listening specifically modulates the
excitability of tongue muscles: A TMS study. ... Human language and our reptilian

Author: Frances K. McSweeney

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118468173

Category: Psychology

Page: 760

View: 982

This combined survey of operant and classical conditioning provides professional and academic readers with an up-to-date, inclusive account of a core field of psychology research, with in-depth coverage of the basic theory, its applications, and current topics including behavioral economics. Provides comprehensive coverage of operant and classical conditioning, relevant fundamental theory, and applications including the latest techniques Features chapters by leading researchers, professionals, and academicians Reviews a range of core literature on conditioning Covers cutting-edge topics such as behavioral economics
Categories: Psychology

The Heartbeat of Intelligence

The Heartbeat of Intelligence

The automatic stimulus-response mechanisms in the reptilian brain are fed first
into the limbic system for general cataloging, memory, learning and relating. ...
the crude, instinctive sexuality of the reptile is transformed by our human brain, (
ideally), into a love/sex partnership. ... But it is the limbic system which develops
the nuances and emotions of language which precede the actual use of words.
Were it ...

Author: Elaine Matthews

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781462086856

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 136

View: 595

The Evolving Heart Nature's Astonishing Evolutionary Intention for Humanity The Heartbeat of Intelligence shows why we are not fulfilling our potential, as individuals and as a species. It shows how and why we stepped off the evolutionary path intended by Nature, a path which would have put us several evolutionary steps ahead of where we are now had we not strayed from it. The book shows how stepping off the path has severely jeopardized the mysterious connection between the heart and the brain, a connection which is essential for our continued evolution as a species. The author believes that we will not continue evolving or even survive as a species without that understanding. The book explains: The theory of neoteny and why this is the most crucial aspect of human evolution. Why synchronicity is the law by which human beings will live in the future. How left-brain dominance has led to nearly all of the problems we face today. Why Nature is far more profound and mysterious than science allows. Why seeing the Universe as a hologram answers so many puzzling questions. Love and compassion, passion and joy, goodness and beauty, are the birthright of every human being, built into our genes and intended by Nature to speak in every beat of our heart. The book shows us the delightful steps of joy and lightness which will not only take us several evolutionary steps forward, but will help us save our beautiful planet. Astonishingly, this could all be accomplished in less than a generation.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Linguistics An Introduction

Linguistics  An Introduction

Ladefoged, P. and Maddieson, I. (1996), The Sounds of the World's Languages.
Oxford: Blackwell. ... Lieberman, P. (2000), Human Language and our Reptilian
Brain: The Subcortical Bases of Speech, Syntax, and Thought. Cambridge, MA ...

Author: William B. McGregor

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567488688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 930

This is the new edition of Linguistics: An Introduction. It is a bestselling introductory textbook for all students of linguistics and language studies. This reworked edition features: -new chapters on sign languages, writing, and text and discourse -coverage of writing in electronic media -revised and updated chapters on languages of the world and psycholinguistics Firmly based around taught courses and catering to student needs, it addresses all the topics that a student will need in their study of language. With key terms, further reading, questions at the end of each chapter, exercises and key paragraphs in stand-out boxes, this is a firmly pedagogic text that takes difficult concepts and explains them in an easy to understand way. It features examples taken from a range of languages across the world. Global in its scope and comprehensive in its coverage, this is the textbook of choice for linguistics students. The book comes with a large Companion Website, also extensively revised and expanded. For lecturers and instructors, a comprehensive Answer Book is also available to go along with the questions throughout the chapters.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Intangible Materialism

Intangible Materialism

—Philip Lieberman, Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain The “I” of the
lyricist . . . sounds from the depth of his being: its “subjectivity” in the sense of
modern aestheticians is a fiction. —Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy In
this ...

Author: Ronald Schleifer

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816644674

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 944

Taking as his point of departure Norbert Weiner's statement that information is basic to understanding materialism in our era, Ronald Schleifer shows how discoveries of modern physics have altered conceptions of matter and energy and the ways in which both information theory and the study of literature can enrich these conceptions. Expanding the reductive notion of "the material" as simply matter and energy, he formulates a new, more inclusive idea of materialism.
Categories: Philosophy

How To Think Like a Neandertal

How To Think Like a Neandertal

Children creating core properties of language: Evidence from an emerging sign
language in Nicaragua. Science 305:1779– 1782. Lieberman, P. 2000. Human
Language and Our Reptilian Brain. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Author: Thomas Wynn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199912339

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 391

There have been many books, movies, and even TV commercials featuring Neandertals--some serious, some comical. But what was it really like to be a Neandertal? How were their lives similar to or different from ours? In How to Think Like a Neandertal, archaeologist Thomas Wynn and psychologist Frederick L. Coolidge team up to provide a brilliant account of the mental life of Neandertals, drawing on the most recent fossil and archaeological remains. Indeed, some Neandertal remains are not fossilized, allowing scientists to recover samples of their genes--one specimen had the gene for red hair and, more provocatively, all had a gene called FOXP2, which is thought to be related to speech. Given the differences between their faces and ours, their voices probably sounded a bit different, and the range of consonants and vowels they could generate might have been different. But they could talk, and they had a large (perhaps huge) vocabulary--words for places, routes, techniques, individuals, and emotions. Extensive archaeological remains of stone tools and living sites (and, yes, they did often live in caves) indicate that Neandertals relied on complex technical procedures and spent most of their lives in small family groups. The authors sift the evidence that Neandertals had a symbolic culture--looking at their treatment of corpses, the use of fire, and possible body coloring--and conclude that they probably did not have a sense of the supernatural. The book explores the brutal nature of their lives, especially in northwestern Europe, where men and women with spears hunted together for mammoths and wooly rhinoceroses. They were pain tolerant, very likely taciturn, and not easy to excite. Wynn and Coolidge offer here an eye-opening portrait of Neandertals, painting a remarkable picture of these long-vanished people and providing insight, as they go along, into our own minds and culture.
Categories: Science

Power Verbs for Career Consultants Coaches and Mentors

Power Verbs for Career Consultants  Coaches  and Mentors

Communication is perhaps the most important human function in which we
engage and we don't do it very well and aren't trained very well. Because we don'
t trust our instincts driven by our amygdala (which some refer to as our animal
brain) as much as we ... These nonverbal cues are what some people refer to as
body language. ... However, most people “feel” these by their amygdala, the
almondshaped portion of their brain or what some refer to as the animal or reptile

Author: Michael Lawrence Faulkner

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 9780133154139

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 593

Electrify all your personal interactions, and help all your colleagues and clients reach their full potential! The right verbs • make you unforgettable • ignite passion and illuminate purpose • make people desperately want to take action Grab the right verb and use it the right way to: Help others find new strength and perseverance Celebrate successes and kindle new sparks of possibility Transform obstacles into challenges that can be attacked and overcome Build powerful teams and support networks Use every form of communication to transform mentees’ opportunities and lives Jam-packed with examples drawing on thousands of years of storytelling, literature, and experience Indispensable for everyone who wants to help others succeed and flourish!
Categories: Business & Economics

A Sensible God

A Sensible God

It surrounds both the limbic and reptilian brains, and, in humans, it accounts for
over 65 percent of the entire brain. ... like human language, art, music,
mathematics; it is the seat of imagination and abstract thought, self—
consciousness, ...

Author: Seán ÓLaoire

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781469119489

Category: Religion

Page: 273

View: 912

A SENSIBLE GOD This, the third volume in the series, comes from a Celtic soul, a scientific mind and a poetic heart. It is a book of stories and scriptures, of science and psychology, of theology and wisdom, of poetry and passion. The Big Bang was the sound of God laughing uproariously at the wonder of His latest creation. And since the main difference between fanaticism and passion is a sense of humor, this volume has plenty to make the reader laugh. It comes from the tongue of a story-teller priest who spent his childhood steeped in the mythology of Ireland and another 14 years immersed in the folklore of East Africa.
Categories: Religion

The Intuitive Compass

The Intuitive Compass

According to MacLean, the human brain is in reality three brains in one: the
reptilian complex, the limbic system, and the ... brain is the center for instinctive
reflexes, primitive impulses, sexual drive, and aggression.21 In common
language, it is ...

Author: Francis Cholle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118119099

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 841

A dynamic new way to understand intuition, already implemented around the world at top companies and business schools Neuroscience shows that instinct has a leading role in complex decision-making, yet imaginative play is the most direct means of activating our creativity and problem-solving abilities. Based on over 20 years of Cholle's wide-ranging professional experience and insights, The Intuitive Compass offers a fascinating new approach to innovative problem-solving, decision-making, and sustainable value creation. Through a concept known as Intuitive Intelligence, Cholle shows how anyone can improve creative brainpower by harnessing the balance between reason and instinct. Explores the tension between linear efficiency and random play, and the synergy between reason and instinct Helps us realize our natural tendencies to think holistically, think paradoxically, notice the unusual, or lead by influence Shows these tenets in action through case studies of the luxury house Hermes, Paris; Google and its paradoxical work culture; Virgin America, and its ability to notice the unusual about what matters for consumers and exert leadership in its industry The Intuitive Compass shows how to thrive within chaos and offers actionable information for reinventing our path to sustainable success.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Triune Brain in Evolution

The Triune Brain in Evolution

2 Specific Indications for Brain Research Herein too may be felt the
powerlessness of mere Logic , the insufficiency of the profoundest ... 416
Wherever the human brain is described or pictured , it appears to us as a large ,
global organ completely enveloped by cortex and dominated by cortex . ...
dependent on language .

Author: P.D. MacLean

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306431688

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 392

"This is MacLean's major work on the evolutionary development of the human brain. In its evolution the human forebrain expands along the lines of three basic formations that anatomical and biochemically reflect an ancestral relationship, respectively, to reptiles, early mammals, and late mammals. MacLean describes this as the Triune Brain." -- viewed July 29, 2020.
Categories: Medical

The Psyche in Chinese Medicine E Book

The Psyche in Chinese Medicine E Book

Language itself may have derived initially from emotions rather than reason.
Language ... According to the triune brain theory developed by Dr Paul MacLean
(1913–2007), former Chief of Brain Evolution and Behavior at the National
Institutes ...

Author: Giovanni Maciocia

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702047770

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 170

THE PSYCHE IN CHINESE MEDICINE comprehensively discusses the treatment of mental-emotional disorders with both acupuncture and herbal medicine. Suitable for practitioners and students of Chinese medicine it discusses first the aetiology, pathology and diagnosis of mental disorders. It explores the nature of the Mind (Shen), Ethereal Soul (Hun), Corporeal Soul (Po), Intellect (Yi) and Will-Power (Zhi) and then presents the diagnosis and treatment of the most common psychological disorders with both acupuncture and Chinese herbs in detail. Specific chapters focus on the treatment of common conditions including depression, anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Each condition is illustrated with case histories from the author’s 35 years-long practice. Comprehensive discussion of the nature of the Shen, Hun, Po, Yi and Zhi in Chinese medicine The first detailed description of the nature and functions of the Hun (Ethereal Soul) and how that relates to conditions such as depression, bipolar disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder An entire chapter dedicated to the functions of acupuncture points in the treatment of mental-emotional disorders Case studies that offer realistic insights and understanding to the range of diagnostic and treatment choices the practitioner can make Attractive 2-colour page layout gives easy access and navigation around the text
Categories: Medical

Brain Evolution Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

Brain Evolution  Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

Goodale, M. (1996) 'Visuomotor modules in the vertebrate brain', Canadian
Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 74: 390–400. Goodale, M. ...
Lieberman, P. (1975) The Origin of Language: An Introduction to the Evolution of
Human Speech, New York: Macmillan. Lieberman, P. ... MacLean, P. (1990) The
Triune Brain in Evolution: Role in Paleocerebral Functions, New York: Plenum
Press. Merker ...

Author: Paolo Brambilla

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134694426

Category: Psychology

Page: 252

View: 203

This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.
Categories: Psychology

The Rediscovery of the Wild

The Rediscovery of the Wild

Our reptilian brain does not know the difference between constructive criticism
and threat. ... Characterized by a capacity to be aware of the awareness of the
other, and in humans, to be aware of the needs of the other, it is a less ...
Supported by common languages, physical peculiarities, dialects, beliefs,
ceremonies, membership, and purpose, kinship recognition is at the core of so-
called in-groups.

Author: Peter H. Kahn, Jr.

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262312837

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 633

A compelling case for connecting with the wild, for our psychological and physical well-being and to flourish as a species We often enjoy the benefits of connecting with nearby, domesticated nature—a city park, a backyard garden. But this book makes the provocative case for the necessity of connecting with wild nature—untamed, unmanaged, not encompassed, self-organizing, and unencumbered and unmediated by technological artifice. We can love the wild. We can fear it. We are strengthened and nurtured by it. As a species, we came of age in a natural world far wilder than today's, and much of the need for wildness still exists within us, body and mind. The Rediscovery of the Wild considers ways to engage with the wild, protect it, and recover it—for our psychological and physical well-being and to flourish as a species. The contributors offer a range of perspectives on the wild, discussing such topics as the evolutionary underpinnings of our need for the wild; the wild within, including the primal passions of sexuality and aggression; birding as a portal to wildness; children's fascination with wild animals; wildness and psychological healing; the shifting baseline of what we consider wild; and the true work of conservation.
Categories: Nature

The Theory That Changed Everything

The Theory That Changed Everything

In an exploration that ranges from Darwin’s transformative trip aboard the Beagle to Lieberman’s own sojourns in the remotest regions of the Himalayas, this book relates fresh, contemporary findings to the major concepts of Darwinian ...

Author: Philip Lieberman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231545914

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 873

Few people have done as much to change how we view the world as Charles Darwin. Yet On the Origin of Species is more cited than read, and parts of it are even considered outdated. In some ways, it has been consigned to the nineteenth century. In The Theory That Changed Everything, the renowned cognitive scientist Philip Lieberman demonstrates that there is no better guide to the world’s living—and still evolving—things than Darwin and that the phenomena he observed are still being explored at the frontiers of science. In an exploration that ranges from Darwin’s transformative trip aboard the Beagle to Lieberman’s own sojourns in the remotest regions of the Himalayas, this book relates fresh, contemporary findings to the major concepts of Darwinian theory, which transcends natural selection. Drawing on his own research into the evolution of human linguistic and cognitive abilities, Lieberman explains the paths that adapted human anatomy to language. He demystifies the role of recently identified transcriptional and epigenetic factors encoded in DNA, explaining how nineteenth-century Swedish famines alternating with years of plenty caused survivors’ grandchildren to die many years short of their life expectancy. Lieberman is equally at home decoding supermarket shelves and climbing with the Sherpas as he discusses how natural selection explains features from lactose tolerance to ease of breathing at Himalayan altitudes. With conversational clarity and memorable examples, Lieberman relates the insights that led to groundbreaking discoveries in both Darwin’s time and our own while asking provocative questions about what Darwin would have made of controversial issues today, such as GMOs, endangered species, and the God question.
Categories: Science

Theatre and Mind

Theatre and Mind

In terms of the evolution of the human brain, scientists generally distinguish
among three main stages – reptilian, limbic, and ... The neo-cortical stage of
mental evolution facilitated better memory, conceptual thinking and language,
and the ...

Author: Bruce McConachie

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137015617

Category: Art

Page: 96

View: 329

All performance depends upon our abilities to create, perceive, remember, imagine and empathize. This book provides an introduction to the evolutionary and cognitive foundations of theatrical performing and spectating and argues that this scientific perspective challenges some of the major assumptions about what takes place in the theatre.
Categories: Art