Human Earth System Dynamics

Human Earth System Dynamics

This book explores the factors and mechanisms that may have influenced the dynamic behaviors of earliest civilizations, focusing on both environmental (geographic) factors on which traditional historic analyses are based and human ...

Author: Rongxing Guo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811305474

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 593

This book explores the factors and mechanisms that may have influenced the dynamic behaviors of earliest civilizations, focusing on both environmental (geographic) factors on which traditional historic analyses are based and human (behavioral) factors on which anthropological analyses are usually based. It also resurrects a number of common ancestral terms to help readers understand the complicated process of human and cultural evolution around the globe. Specifically, in almost all indigenous languages, the words ‘wa’ and any variants of it were originally associated with the sound of crying of – and certainly were selected as the common ancestral word with the meanings of “house, home, homeland, motherland, and so on” by – early humans living in different parts of the world.This book provides many neglected but still crucial environmental and biological clues about the rise and fall of civilizations – ones that have largely resulted from mankind’s long-lasting “Win-Stay Lose-Shift” games throughout the world. The narratives and findings presented at this book are unexpected but reasonable – and are what every student of anthropology or history needs to know and doesn't get in the usual text. “Professor Guo explores the dynamics of civilizations from the beginnings to our perplexingly complex world. There are lots of thought-provoking ideas here on the rise and decline of civilizations and nations... Anyone wishing to understand global developments should give this book serious consideration.” ----John Komlos, University of Munich, Germany, and Duke University, USA “It is interesting to see a Chinese perspective on the questions of deep history that have engaged Jared Diamond, Yuval Harari and David Christian. Guo argues that understanding cyclical threats has been the key to human progress, which is driven by the dialectic of material privation and human ingenuity.” ----Peter Rutland, Wesleyan University, USA
Categories: Social Science

Earth System Analysis for Sustainability

Earth System Analysis for Sustainability

This book presents the complete story of the inseparably intertwined evolution of life and matter on earth, focussing on four major topics.

Author: Dahlem Konferenzen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262195135

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 979

This book presents the complete story of the inseparably intertwined evolution of life and matter on earth, focussing on four major topics. It analyzes the driving forces behind global change and uses this knowledge to propose principles for global stewardship.
Categories: Science

Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature.

Author: Hugues Goosse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316033500

Category: Science

Page:

View: 652

This textbook presents all aspects of climate system dynamics, on all timescales from the Earth's formation to modern human-induced climate change. It discusses the dominant feedbacks and interactions between all the components of the climate system: atmosphere, ocean, land surface and ice sheets. It addresses one of the key challenges for a course on the climate system: students can come from a range of backgrounds. A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter for readers to test their understanding. This textbook will be invaluable for any course on climate system dynamics and modeling, and will also be useful for scientists and professionals from other disciplines who want a clear introduction to the topic.
Categories: Science

SYSTEM DYNAMICS Volume II

SYSTEM DYNAMICS   Volume II

The Ecocosm Paradox is the detailed hypothesis for the whole Earth system that
includes closed-loop interactions between the natural mineral/living planetary
environment and the technology-based global human presence (Figure 1).

Author: Yaman Barlas

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848261389

Category:

Page: 306

View: 860

System Dynamics is a component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The world is facing a wide range of increasingly complex, dynamic problems in the public and private arenas alike. System dynamics discipline is an attempt to address such dynamic, long-term policy problems. Applications cover a very wide spectrum, including national economic problems, supply chains, project management, educational problems, energy systems, sustainable development, politics, psychology, medical sciences, health care, and many other areas. This theme provides a comprehensive overview of system dynamics methodology, including its conceptual / philosophical framework, as well as the technical aspects of modeling and analysis. System dynamics can address the fundamental structural causes of the long-term dynamic contemporary socio-economic problems. Its "systems" perspective challenges the barriers that separate disciplines. The interdisciplinary and systemic approach of system dynamics could be critical in dealing with the increasingly complex problems of our modern world in this new century. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Categories:

Earth System Science in the Anthropocene

Earth System Science in the Anthropocene

Earth System dynamics are characterised by critical thresholds and abrupt
changes. Human activities could inadvertently trigger such changes with severe
consequences for Earth's environment and inhabitants. The Earth System has ...

Author: Eckart Ehlers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540265900

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 158

This work provides an in-depth perspective and update on special topics in Global Environmental Change in relation to Human Security. It offers an overview of new Joint Projects of the four International Global Change Programmmes and on research efforts in Germany. It is also an up-to-date report on emerging necessities in Global Environmental Change research, and a collection of suggestions for its future evolution.
Categories: Science

Global Change and the Earth System

Global Change and the Earth System

changes that are occurring in the functioning of the Earth System, owing at least
in part to human activities, have ... The earliest sections of the book examined
ways in which natural processes bring about change in Earth System dynamics
at ...

Author: Will Steffen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540266075

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 268

Global Change and the Earth System describes what is known about the Earth system and the impact of changes caused by humans. It considers the consequences of these changes with respect to the stability of the Earth system and the well-being of humankind; as well as exploring future paths towards Earth-system science in support of global sustainability. The results presented here are based on 10 years of research on global change by many of the world's most eminent scholars. This valuable volume achieves a new level of integration and interdisciplinarity in treating global change.
Categories: Science

The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

Surprises abound. Earth System dynamics are characterised by critical
thresholds and abrupt changes. Human activities could inadvertently trigger such
changes with severe consequences for Earth's environment and inhabitants. Our
models ...

Author: Andrew S. Goudie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118578254

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 621

The seventh edition of this classic student text explores the multitude of impacts that humans have had over time upon vegetation, animals, soils, water, landforms and the atmosphere. It also looks into the future and considers the ways in which climate changes and modifications in land cover may change the environment in coming decades. Extensively re-written, it contains many new statistical tables, figures, and references. It is essential reading for undergraduates in geography and environmental science, and for those who want a thorough, wide-ranging and balanced overview of the impacts of humans upon natural processes and systems from the Stone Age to the Anthropocene and who wish to understand the major environmental issues that concern the human race at the present time. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/goudiehumanimpact.
Categories: Science

Ecological Systems Integrity

Ecological Systems Integrity

In turn, law itself is dynamic and always evolving, despite the consistency,
predictability and order that law generally is meant to ... How legal systems
interact and evolve with other subsystems of the humanEarth system takes on
heightened ...

Author: Laura Westra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317501312

Category: Nature

Page: 306

View: 808

Environmental law and governance are the cornerstones of global efforts to conserve the environment, protect resources and ensure fair and equitable outcomes for all of the planet's inhabitants. This book presents a series of thought-provoking chapters which consider the place of governance and law in the defence against imminent and ongoing threats to ecological, social and cultural integrity. Written by an international team of both established and early-career scholars from various disciplines and backgrounds, the chapters cover the most pressing and contemporary issues in environmental law and governance. These include access and benefit-sharing; the right to food and water; climate change coping and adaptation; human rights; the rights of indigenous communities; public and environmental health; and many more. The book has a general focus on environmental governance and law in the European Union and offers points of comparison with Canada and North and South America.
Categories: Nature

System Dynamics 96

System Dynamics  96

Proceedings of the 1996 International System Dynamics Conference, Cambridge
, Mass., 21-25 July, 1996 ... The reality of the Kerala experience may add to our
understanding of the human impact on the whole Earth system through the 21st ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924094694571

Category: Dynamics

Page: 644

View: 502

Categories: Dynamics

Imaging Spectrometry a Tool for Environmental Observations

Imaging Spectrometry    a Tool for Environmental Observations

Climate and Biogeochemical Ecological Earth System Human Solid Earth Solar
Hydrological Dynamics Systems and History Interactions Processes Influences
Systems Dynamics Role of Clouds ||Bio/Atm/Ocean || Long-Term Mea-| ...

Author: Joachim Hill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780585331737

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 310

The technique of imaging spectrometry has now passed its infancy and entered into a new phase of application oriented research. Advanced sensor systems (such as Nasa/JPL's AVIRIS) have become available for international research programmes (MAC Europe 1991), new imaging spectrometers are under development in several European countries or have already passed their acceptance tests, and first high spectral resolution imaging systems are already operated by private industry. On European level, the EARSEC programme of the Joint Research Centre has provided considerable financial investments for the development of an imaging spectrometer which covers the reflective and important parts of the emissive spectrum (DAIS-7915), and the European Space Agency has initiated an important airborne remote sensing campaign (EMAC 1994/95) in which imaging spectrometry will constitute one of the most important components. The increasing sensor capabilities also reflect the fact that imaging spectrometry has advanced in many application fields of earth remote sensing. Progress has been made in the development of data pre-proeessing methods, spectral signature modeling and semi-empirical approaches for retrieving surface parameters. It therefore appeared important to further disseminate information about new approaches in the application-oriented analysis of imaging spectrometry data. This volume presents the lectures of the second EUROCOURSE on imaging spectrometry which was held in November 1992 at the Joint Research Centre (a first course on "Fundamentals and Prospective Applications" of imaging spectrometry had been organised in October 1989, the lectures being published as EUROCOURSES in Remote Sensing, vol. 2).
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The World System and the Earth System

The World System and the Earth System

In this benchmark volume top scholars come together to present state-of-the-art research and pursue a more rigorous framework for understanding and studying the linkages between social and ecological systems.

Author: Alf Hornborg

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 9781598741018

Category: Nature

Page: 395

View: 535

Contributors from a wide spectrum of disciplines, including archaeology, anthropology, geography, ecology, palaeo-science, geology, sociology, and history discuss the complex ways in which human culture, economy, and demographics interact with ecology and climate change.
Categories: Nature

Future Climate Change and Regional Fisheries

Future Climate Change and Regional Fisheries

Always necessary for studies of complex systems are reasonable monitoring
schemes , operated for sufficiently long periods so that they capture the full
system dynamics . For example ... Earth ' s most widely observed Physical
Dynamics start with surface wind measurements . ... All of the processes that are
related here started long before humans existed , and will likely persist long after
we have gone .

Author: Gary Duane Sharp

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251050163

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 75

View: 151

This publication considers issues of global change versus global warming, using climate history graphics to illustrate the earth's climate variability from paleoclimate research. Topics discussed include: the hydrological cycle and its relevance to fisheries and the evolution of species and fisheries variability, production variabilities and changes in vulnerability owing to constant dynamics of ocean motion affects, bioindicators, spatial and temporal scales, regional ecological responses, examples of ocean ecosystems defined by seasonal thermal properties, synchrony and systematic transitions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Ecological Emergy Accounting for a Limited System General Principles and a Case Study of Macao

Ecological Emergy Accounting for a Limited System  General Principles and a Case Study of Macao

The book used the system dynamics method to simulate the consequences of
interactions between the Earth's natural and human systems. The goal was to
explore the possibility of a sustainable feedback pattern that would be achieved
by ...

Author: Kampeng Lei

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642451706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 907

This book builds on the analyses of Eugene and Howard Odum and introduces the concept of systems ecology. Ecological emergy accounting represents a breakthrough because it allows researchers to integrate man-made capital and natural capital so that human and natural concerns can be addressed using a consistent system of units. This book develops an emergy accounting model that is suitable for describing urban systems, thereby providing a comprehensive picture of those systems. To make the theory concrete, the authors use China’s Macao Special Administrative Region as a case study, and compare the results for Macao with those of other urban ecosystems around the world in the fields of ecological economy, tourism, waste treatment, gambling industry, land reclamation and resource consumption etc. Dr. Kampeng Lei is an advisory senior technician at the Environmental Protection Bureau, Government of Macao, China; Shaoqi Zhou is a professor at the College of Environment and Energy, the South China University of Technology, and the Guizhou Academy of Sciences, China; Zhishi Wang is a professor at the Faculty of Science and Technology, the University of Macau, China.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Dynamics of Multiscale Earth Systems

Dynamics of Multiscale Earth Systems

Especially Earth science is confronted with two major human perspectives
concerning our natural environment: sustainability of resources and assessment
of risks. Both aspects are expressing urgent needs of the living society, but in the
same ...

Author: Horst J. Neugebauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540417965

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 930

Today, earth and life scientists are increasingly confronted with the puzzling complexity of phenomena enmeshed in a seemingly boundless web of interrelations. To deal with this complexity and to further our ability to analyze and predict system behavior, science is learning to transcend reliance on averages and ‘permanence’ and to consider the fundamental multiple-scale character of phenomena. The contributions collected here detail techniques of multi-scale and fractal analysis that enhance the study of geo-complexity. They represent a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding the geological history of a section of the Lower Rhine River. They have in common the underlying question of how our qualitative modelling of natural phenomena do or do not prove the existence of representative averages.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

(2) interactions between subsystems (atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere,
biosphere, humans), particularly near the earth's surface environment; (3)
dynamics of the earth system (plate tectonics, plume tectonics, global
geochemical cycles ...

Author: Naotatsu Shikazono

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431540571

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 893

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.
Categories: Science

Earth System Processes and Disaster Management

Earth System Processes and Disaster Management

... producing wastes and “greenhouse” gases – disturbing the planet's dynamic
equilibrium. Protecting the present biosphere for the advancement of human
society is a responsibility of us all. Therefore, understanding the Earth's system
and its ...

Author: Rajiv Sinha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642288456

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 349

One of the fundamental goals of earth system science research is to adopt a more holistic view of the earth as a ‘system’ comprising different domains. The Society of Earth Scientists has brought out this multidisciplinary publication to emphasize the need of an integrated approach to understand the Earth system. It focuses on natural disasters and, in particular, on climate change and its effects in Asia and understanding the significance of these developments within the context of the paleo-climatic record. The later sections of the book then focus on other types of natural disasters as well as those induced by human interaction with our environment.
Categories: Science

Earth System Science

Earth System Science

The key to understanding this book and this field is to first realize that the Earth is
materially a closed, dynamic system. ... Humans have modified the natural
cycling of these elements in a variety of ways, which has lead to chemical and ...

Author: Michael Jacobson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530642

Category: Science

Page: 527

View: 490

Over the last decade, the study of cycles as a model for the earth's changing climate has become a new science. Earth Systems Science is the basis for understanding all aspects of anthropogenic global change, such as chemically forced global climate change. The work is aimed at those students interested in the emerging scientific discipline. Earth Systems Science is an integrated discipline that has been rapidly developing over the last two decades. New information is included in this updated edition so that the text remains relevant. This volume contains five new chapters, but of special importance is the inclusion of an expanded set of student exercises. The two senior authors are leading scientists in their fields and have been awarded numerous prizes for their research efforts. * First edition was widely adopted * Authors are highly respected in their field * Global climate change, integral to the book, is now one of the most important issues in atmospheric sciences and oceanography
Categories: Science

Earth System Analysis

Earth System Analysis

This book, resulting from an international symposium organized by the Potsdam Institute, has 2 aims: first, to integrate contributions from leading researchers and scholars from around the world to provide a multifaceted perspective of what ...

Author: Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642523540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 530

View: 384

Since this new science is of an unprecedented interdisciplinary nature, the book does not merely take stock of its numerous ingredients, but also delivers their multifaceted integration. The resulting master paradigm - the co-evolution of nature and anthroposphere within a geo-cybernetic continuum of processes - is based on a structured manifold of partial paradigms with their specific ranges. Most importantly, this serves the scientific foundation of a meaningful, safe and efficient environment and development management for solving the most burning questions concerning humankind and its natural environment. The more concrete elucidation of the natural and human dimensions, as well as various attempts and instruments of integration are represented in the different parts of the book, while the didactic quality is heightened by many allegoric illustrations.
Categories: Business & Economics

Agency in Earth System Governance

Agency in Earth System Governance

An accessible synthesis of a decade of multidisciplinary research into how diverse actors exercise authority in environmental decision making.

Author: Michele M. Betsill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108484053

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 649

An accessible synthesis of a decade of multidisciplinary research into how diverse actors exercise authority in environmental decision making.
Categories: Business & Economics

Global Change Newsletter

Global Change Newsletter

The book's future scenarios show how closely linked human societies and the
Earth System are. ... the past Several ten to hundred millennia, and to determine
how human and biophysical changes have contributed to Earth System dynamics
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822009559287

Category: Climatic changes

Page:

View: 141

A study of global change (IGBP).
Categories: Climatic changes