Guide to the WTO and GATT

Guide to the WTO and GATT

This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades.

Author: Autar Krishen Koul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811320897

Category: Law

Page: 705

View: 854

This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades. Focusing on the major innovations that came with the inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO) with its various agreements in 1994, it also provides in-depth commentary on the intense debate over important matters that remain unsettled. Topics covered include the WTO dispute settlement mechanism; the General Agreement on Trade in Services (OATS); the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS); intellectual property rights – the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); areas still covered by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1947; the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) concept; special provisions relating to agriculture and textiles; sanitary and phytosanitary measures; technical barriers to trade; pre-shipment inspection; and import licensing procedures. The book would be an excellent resource for scholars as well as practitioners working in the field of international arbitration and trade laws.
Categories: Law

The World Trade Organisation

The World Trade Organisation

The WTO Agreements are rewriting wholesale the rules of economic intercourse between countries.

Author: Bhagirath Lal Das

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 1856497119

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 811

This detailed and intelligible guide to the intricacies of the WTO Agreements which are rewriting wholesale the rules of economic intercourse between countries is for those negotiators, trade policy officials, executives in industry and students of international economic relations and commercial diplomacy who need to understand the new multilateral framework for world trade.The author explains the provisions stand in non-technical language while taking care not to detract from their legal precision. He explains technical terms, gives examples where appropriate and links widely scattered provisions in the Agreements where they are connected in their operation. Every effort has been made to make this seminal guide useful both to those not yet acquainted with the subject as well as those still needing some clarification of certain concepts, ideas and even general provisions. The intention is to foster a more thorough understanding of the WTO Agreements, helping countries to know their rights and obligations, and industry and trade bodies the parameters within which they can now operate.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization

The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization

This thoroughly updated new edition of the classic, market-leading textbook is required reading for all students of WTO law.

Author: Peter Van den Bossche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107024496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1045

View: 378

This thoroughly updated new edition of the classic, market-leading textbook is required reading for all students of WTO law.
Categories: Business & Economics

Business Guide to the Uruguay Round

Business Guide to the Uruguay Round

This guide explains the rules of the Uruguay Round trade agreements and their implementation. It provides an overview of the achievements of the Uruguay Round, and explains the role of the World Trade Organization.

Author: Commonwealth Secretariat

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 085092443X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 809

This guide explains the rules of the Uruguay Round trade agreements and their implementation. It provides an overview of the achievements of the Uruguay Round, and explains the role of the World Trade Organization. It also presents the rules applicable to trade and examines their implications for trade liberalization, reviewing the main features of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the provisions of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
Categories: Business & Economics

The World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization

In this beginner’s guide, Dr. David Collins explores the goals of the WTO and how these have created difficulties for its member countries as they adapt to the pressures of globalization.

Author: David Collins

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 9781780745794

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 591

The World Trade Organization is one of the most important yet least understood organizations in the world. As a lynchpin of globalization, the WTO allows us to enjoy products and services from around the world, but it also lays bare the frailty of many industries, in some cases leading to unemployment and even threatening social cohesion. In this beginner’s guide, Dr. David Collins explores the goals of the WTO and how these have created difficulties for its member countries as they adapt to the pressures of globalization. With high-profile case studies straight from the headlines and textboxes that clearly outline complex issues such as regional trade agreements and currency manipulation, this engaging and highly-informative book explains what the WTO does and how it fits into the world we know. Anti-globalizationists say it should expand its mandate to cover social issues that matter to real people but, as Collins shows, to pursue these goals would likely involve taking steps back from liberalizing international trade — the primary objective of the WTO and why the organization was created in the first place.
Categories: Business & Economics

Development Trade and the WTO

Development  Trade  and the WTO

This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using ...

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082134997X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 641

View: 350

Publisher's description: Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation. This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. Separate sections of the handbook summarize what constitutes sound trade policy; the major aspects of the WTO from a development perspective; policy issues in the area of merchandise trade and the liberalization of international transactions in services; protection of intellectual property rights and economic development; new regulatory subjects that are emerging in the agenda of trade talks; and enhancing participation of developing countries in the global trading system.
Categories: Business & Economics

WTO Analytical Index

WTO Analytical Index

This unique work will be of assistance to anyone working in the field of WTO law, including lawyers, economists, academics and students.

Author: Legal Affairs Division, World Trade Organization

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139795210

Category: Law

Page:

View: 643

The WTO Analytical Index is a comprehensive guide to the interpretation and application of the WTO Agreements by the Appellate Body, dispute settlement panels and other WTO bodies. It contains extracts of key pronouncements and findings from tens of thousands of pages of WTO jurisprudence, including panel reports, Appellate Body reports, Article 21.3(c) awards and Article 22.6 decisions. This unique work will be of assistance to anyone working in the field of WTO law, including lawyers, economists, academics and students. It is produced by the Legal Affairs Division of the WTO Secretariat with contributions from other divisions of the Secretariat and the Appellate Body Secretariat. The third edition of the WTO Analytical Index covers developments in WTO law and practice over the period January 1995 to September 2011.
Categories: Law

A Handbook on the WTO TRIPS Agreement

A Handbook on the WTO TRIPS Agreement

This handbook provides a comprehensive and non-technical explanation of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), later legal instruments, current policy issues and the relationship between TRIPS ...

Author: Antony Taubman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107023161

Category: Law

Page: 385

View: 564

This handbook provides a comprehensive and non-technical explanation of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), later legal instruments, current policy issues and the relationship between TRIPS and public health. It is aimed at an audience including government officials and policy-makers, non-governmental organizations, academics and students.
Categories: Law

Legal Guide to GATS

Legal Guide to GATS

According to the WTO, over a fifth of world trade consists of transactions in services.

Author: Nellie Munin

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789041128249

Category: Law

Page: 494

View: 166

According to the WTO, over a fifth of world trade consists of transactions in services. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) was created to extend the multilateral trading system to services, in the same way the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provides such a system for trade in goods. Given its reach, the treaty's significance continues to grow.
Categories: Law

Understanding the WTO

Understanding the WTO

Author:

Publisher: World Trade Organization

ISBN: 9789287034953

Category: Commercial policy

Page: 112

View: 633

Categories: Commercial policy

Guide to the WTO and Developing Countries

Guide to the WTO and Developing Countries

This Guide covers these provisions of the WTO Agreements, with detailed information on how developing countries can benefit from special rules governing such areas as: access to developed country markets in all major commodities and ...

Author: Peter Gallagher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UOM:39015050768087

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 607

Developing countries comprise a two-thirds majority of the membership of the World Trade Organization, with nearly thirty of these classed by the UN as being among the 48 least-developed countries in the world. In order to ensure the equitable participation of these countries in the benefits of the global trading system, the GATT Uruguay Round Agreements that created the WTO accorded special and differential treatment to developing countries. This Guide covers these provisions of the WTO Agreements, with detailed information on how developing countries can benefit from special rules governing such areas as: access to developed country markets in all major commodities and services, the dispute settlement process, trade policy review, foreign direct investment, environmental and labour standards, and technical assistance. The Guide also offers the reader case studies on how some developing country members of the WTO (Uganda, India, and CandÔte d'Ivoire) are making progress in working with the obligations and the benefits provided to them by the WTO Agreements.
Categories: Business & Economics

Business Guide to the World Trading System

Business Guide to the World Trading System

Establishment of GATT The first major effort to adopt rules to govern international
trade relations was made by countries in the years ... The WTO system as it has
emerged from the Uruguay Round now consists of the following main substantive
 ...

Author: International Trade Centre

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789213618172

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 369

As world trade becomes more and more global, the rules of the world trading system are being continuously refined. For a better participation in the world trading system, it has become necessary to understand clearly the business implications of these rules. The Business Guide to the World Trading System starts with an overview of the World Trade Organization's (WTO) legal system and the benefits that the business community can derive from it. The Guide explains the role of the WTO as a forum for negotiations, presents the rules applicable to trade in goods; reviews the main features of the rules of the General Agreement on Trade in Services; explains the rules applicable to government procurement and State trading; describes the provisions of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; and looks at the new subject areas on which analytical work is being carried out to determine whether negotiations within the WTO on the development of new rules to cover their trade-related aspects would be desirable.
Categories: Political Science

Environment and Trade

Environment and Trade

How can civil society participate in WTO dispute settlement?This Guide, authored by five world leaders on international environmental and trade law at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), is an accessible, comprehensive, ...

Author: Nathalie Bernasconi-Osterwalder

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849771153

Category: Medical

Page: 391

View: 714

International trade rules have significant impacts on environmental law and policy, at the domestic, regional and global levels. At the World Trade Organization (WTO), dispute settlement tribunals are increasingly called to decide on environment- and health-related questions. Can governments treat products differently based on environmental considerations? Can they block the import of highly carcinogenic asbestos-containing products or genetically modified crops? Does the WTO allow governments to protect dolphins or endangered sea turtles through the use of import restrictions on certain products? How can civil society participate in WTO dispute settlement? This Guide, authored by five world leaders on international environmental and trade law at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), is an accessible, comprehensive, one-of-a-kind compendium of environment and trade jurisprudence under the WTO. Providing an overview for both experts and non-experts of the major themes relevant to environment and trade, it also analyses how WTO tribunals have approached these themes in concrete disputes and provides selected excerpts of the most significant cases.
Categories: Medical

The World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization

Acknowledgements Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Introduction Chapter 1:The Big Picture The WTO and International Trade The Institution The WTO and the Global Eco

Author: James Lorimer & Company Ltd., Publishers

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 1550287354

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 586

Acknowledgements Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Introduction Chapter 1:The Big Picture The WTO and International Trade The Institution The WTO and the Global Eco
Categories: Business & Economics

The GATT Negotiations

The GATT Negotiations

This extensive work covering the six years leading to the conclusion of the Uruguay Round comes in three separate volumes in which the talks & the positions taken are described in detail.

Author: John Kraus

Publisher: I C C Publishing, Incorporated

ISBN: UCSD:31822018850487

Category: Foreign trade regulation

Page: 92

View: 599

After the conclusion of the Uruguay Round a complete overview of this important phase in GATT history is now available. This extensive work covering the six years leading to the conclusion of the Uruguay Round comes in three separate volumes in which the talks & the positions taken are described in detail. Apart from the historical data the book contains a comprehensive commentary & analysis of the negotiations & the final accord. The GATT Uruguay Round: A Negotiating History (1986-1992) is certainly the most complete work on the developments preceding the final conclusion of the Uruguay Round. As such it is an ideal reference work for historians & specialists in international or commercial law. Specific topics that played an important role during the Uruguay Round, such as agriculture, services, subsidies & antidumping, are treated in separate chapters, making it an ideal reference work for everyone interested in certain GATT issues. The following parts are separately available: Offprints volume 1: 90-6544-748-2: Introduction & Overview 90-6544-749-0: Agriculture 90-6544-750-4: Textiles 90-6544-754-7: Subsidies & Countervailing Measures Offprints volume 2: 90-6544-753-9: Antidumping 90-6544-752-0: Dispute Settlement 90-6544-760-1: Services 90-6544-759-8: Trade-Related Investment Measures 90-6544-762-8: Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property 90-6544-764-4: Functioning of the GATT System
Categories: Foreign trade regulation

The EIU Guide to the New GATT

The EIU Guide to the New GATT

It is possible that some GATT contracting parties might not join the WTO , at least
not initially . The WTO does differ from the US submission in that it does not
involve weighted voting , nor will it have two tiers . The WTO will act like an
umbrella ...

Author: Phillip Evans

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822016551343

Category: Commercial treaties

Page: 136

View: 197

Categories: Commercial treaties

WTO

WTO

International Trade Law and the GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System, 1997,
413–437; F. M. Abbott, The Future of the ... M. Blakeney, Trade Related Aspects
of Intellectual Property Rights: A Concise Guide to the TRIPS Agreement, 1996; ...

Author: Peter-Tobias Stoll

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004145672

Category: Political Science

Page: 909

View: 951

This commentary covers the entire TRIPs agreement. It adopts a comparative perspective in highlighting related and similar provisions and developments in other international and regional instruments.. It is designed to meet the needs both of the WTO and the intellectual property community.
Categories: Political Science

Trade Laws and Institutions

Trade Laws and Institutions

With many developing countries now seeking membership in GATT, accession may have far reaching consequences for the trade laws, policies, and institutions that exist in a particular country.

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821332171

Category: Law

Page: 106

View: 721

World Bank Discussion Paper No. 282. The establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) during the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations has greatly extended the reach of multilateral rules and disciplines, including those of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Under the WTO, services and intellectual property will for the first time be covered by a multilateral trade agreement. With many developing countries now seeking membership in GATT, accession may have far reaching consequences for the trade laws, policies, and institutions that exist in a particular country. This report examines the new rules and disciplines as outlined by the Uruguay Round and reviews three following multilateral treaties: GATT, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and the Agreement on Trade-related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs). It outlines the implications of WTO membership and assesses its policy disciplines. Finally, the report recommends practices for helping governments formulate the most effective trade policy allowed under WTO guidelines.
Categories: Law

WTO Trade in Goods

WTO   Trade in Goods

International Trade Law and the GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System, 1997; R.
Bhala & K. Kennedy, World Trade Law: The ... 1998; J. Croome, Reshaping the
World Trading System, 1999; B. Das, The World Trade Organisation: A Guide ...

Author: Rüdiger Wolfrum

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004180642

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1268

View: 125

Article-by-article this volume explains the GATT 1994, its Introductory Note and Annexes, the Understandings on Arts II:1 lit. b, XVII, XXIV and XXVIII GATT, the Understandings on Balance-of-Payments Provisions and Waivers of Obligations, the Enabling Clause and the Waiver on Preferential Tariff Treatment for Least-Developed Countries. It also covers the Agreements on Customs Valuation, Preshipment Inspection and Rules of Origin.
Categories: Business & Economics