Gas Turbine Theory

Gas Turbine Theory

Gas Turbine Theory, 5th edition HIH Saravanamuttoo, GFC Rogers, H Cohen When the First Edition of this book was written fifty years ago, the gas turbine was just becoming established as a powerplant for military aircraft.

Author: H. I. H. Saravanamuttoo

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 013015847X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 491

View: 183

Gas Turbine Theory, 5th edition HIH Saravanamuttoo, GFC Rogers, H Cohen When the First Edition of this book was written fifty years ago, the gas turbine was just becoming established as a powerplant for military aircraft. It took another decade before the gas turbine was introduced to civil aircraft, and this market developed so rapidly that the ocean liner was rendered obsolete. Other markets like naval propulsion, pipeline compression and electrical power applications grew steadily. In recent years the gas turbine, in combination with the steam turbine, has played an ever-increasing role in power generation. Despite the rapid advances in both output and efficiency, the basic theory of the gas turbine has remained unchanged. The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance. Descriptions of engine developments and current markets make this book useful to both students and practising engineers. FEATURES: - completely updated to cover current industry requirements and applications - coverage of both aircraft and industrial gas turbines - includes detailed treatment of off-design performance - incorporates in-depth examples throughout - based on the authors' extensive teaching and professional experience Gas Turbine Theory is the classic course text on gas turbines, suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students of mechanical and aeronautical engineering. This new edition will also continue to be a valuable reference for practising gas turbine engineers. THE AUTHORS H.I.H. Saravanamuttoo, Professor Emeritus, Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, has many years experience in the gas turbine industry on both sides of the Atlantic, and is a Past President of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute. G.F.C. Rogers was, until retirement, Professor of Engineering Thermodynamics at the University of Bristol. He is author, with Y.R. Mayhew, of Engineering Thermodynamics Work and Heat Transfer, 4th edition. The late H. Cohen, was formerly University Lecturer and Director of Studies in Engineering at Queen's College, Cambridge.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbine Theory

Gas Turbine Theory

The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance.

Author: H. I. H. Saravanamuttoo

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132224372

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 590

View: 712

"In recent years the gas turbine, in combination with the steam turbine, has played an ever-increasing role in power generation. Despite the rapid advances in both output and efficiency, the basic theory of the gas turbine has remained unchanged. The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance. The addition of a chapter devoted to the mechanical design of gas turbines greatly enhances the scope of the book."--Publisher's website.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbine Theory

Gas Turbine Theory

From the early days of the gas turbine as a prime mover to the current interest in combined heat and power generation, and the need to reduce emissions, this volume is suitable as a course book for undergraduates and graduates.

Author: Henry Cohen

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: UOM:39015037451864

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 442

View: 202

From the early days of the gas turbine as a prime mover to the current interest in combined heat and power generation, and the need to reduce emissions, this volume is suitable as a course book for undergraduates and graduates.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbine Theory

Gas Turbine Theory

The addition of a chapter devoted to the mechanical design of gas turbines greatly enhances the scope of the book. Descriptions of engine developments and current markets make this book useful to both students and practising engineers.

Author: H. Cohen

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 9781292093130

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 576

When the First Edition of this book was written in 1951, the gas turbine was just becoming established as a powerplant for military aircraft. It took another decade before the gas turbine was introduced to civil aircraft, and this market developed so rapidly that the passenger liner was rendered obsolete. Other markets like naval propulsion, pipeline compression and electrical power applications grew steadily. In recent years the gas turbine, in combination with the steam turbine, has played an ever-increasing role in power generation. Despite the rapid advances in both output and efficiency, the basic theory of the gas turbine has remained unchanged. The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance. The addition of a chapter devoted to the mechanical design of gas turbines greatly enhances the scope of the book. Descriptions of engine developments and current markets make this book useful to both students and practising engineers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Gas Turbine Theory

Introduction to Gas Turbine Theory

This book was developed directly from a series of Solar Turbines Incorporated internal short courses that were presented to an audience with a wide range of technical backgrounds, not necessarily related to turbomachinery.

Author: Klaus Brun

Publisher:

ISBN: 0578483866

Category:

Page:

View: 948

This book was developed directly from a series of Solar Turbines Incorporated internal short courses that were presented to an audience with a wide range of technical backgrounds, not necessarily related to turbomachinery. Thus, functional principles and physical understanding are emphasized, rather than the derivation of complicated mathematical equations. While the focus of this book is gas turbine theory, it is not intended to provide an in-depth knowledge of gas turbine aerodynamics or thermodynamics, nor is it intended to make the reader an expert in the field of turbomachinery. Readers will benefit from the many topics and theories that pertain to the subject matter.The text emphasizes simplified explanations of complex physical theories. Hopefully, readers will utilize this book to develop an appreciation of the many engineering disciplines that are involved in the design and analysis of gas turbines. Readers are also encouraged to further investigate a wide range of topics by studying more specific, subject-matter literature.
Categories:

Elementary Theory of Gas Turbines and Jet Propulsion

Elementary Theory of Gas Turbines and Jet Propulsion

5 go so e PR EFACE THIS book has been written to meet what Ibelieve to be a
genuine need for information on the elementary theory of the gas turbine. The
prime mover itself, although not new in principle, has only been brought to a state
of ...

Author: John Gregory Keenan

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015077757451

Category: Gas-turbines

Page: 261

View: 373

Categories: Gas-turbines

The Theory and Design of Gas Turbines and Jet Engines

The Theory and Design of Gas Turbines and Jet Engines

Beskriver teorien bag og den gennerelle indretning af gasturbine- og jetmotorer. Egnet til undervisningsbrug.

Author: Edward Thomas Vincent

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015003728378

Category: Gas-turbines

Page: 606

View: 400

Beskriver teorien bag og den gennerelle indretning af gasturbine- og jetmotorer. Egnet til undervisningsbrug.
Categories: Gas-turbines

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

The intent of this book is to serve as a reference text after it has accomplished its primary objective of introducing the reader to the broad subject of gas turbines.

Author: Meherwan P. Boyce

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0884157326

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 799

View: 319

The gas turbine is a power plant that produces a great amount of energy for its size and weight and thus has found increasing service in the past 20 years in the petrochemical industry and utilities throughout the world. The gas turbine's compactness, weight, and multiple fuel applications make it a natural power plant for offshore platforms.This second edition is not only an updating of technology, which has seen a great leap forward in the 1990s, but also a rewriting of various sections to better answer concerns about emissions, efficiency, mechanical standards and codes, and new materials and coatings. At a time when energy costs are high, this important handbook expertly guides those seeking optimum use of each unit of energy supplied to a gas turbine.In this book, the author has assimilated the subject matter (including diverse views) into a comprehensive, unified treatment of gas turbines. The author discusses the design, fabrication, installation, operation, and maintenance of gas turbines. The intent of this book is to serve as a reference text after it has accomplished its primary objective of introducing the reader to the broad subject of gas turbines. Thus it is of use to both students of the subject and similarly to professionals as a desk reference in their daily lives.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbine Performance

Gas Turbine Performance

This book provides a practical guide to the fundamentals of performance, including the requirements of all major applications: power generation, mechanical drive, automotive, marine and aircraft installations.

Author: Philip P. Walsh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 063206434X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 664

View: 936

A significant addition to the literature on gas turbine technology, the second edition of Gas Turbine Performance is a lengthy text covering product advances and technological developments. Including extensive figures, charts, tables and formulae, this book will interest everyone concerned with gas turbine technology, whether they are designers, marketing staff or users.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Manuals Combined ARMY AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Manuals Combined  ARMY AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINES

CHAPTER 7 describes the T63 series turboshaft engine, which is manufactured by the Allison Division of General Motors Corporation. The T63-A-5A is used to power the OH-6A, and the T63-A-700 is in the OH-58A light observation helicopter.

Author:

Publisher: Jeffrey Frank Jones

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 372

View: 739

COURSE OVERVIEW: Fulfilling the Army's need for engines of simple design that are easy to operate and maintain, the gas turbine engine is used in all helicopters of Active Army and Reserve Components, and most of the fixed-wing aircraft to include the Light Air Cushioned Vehicle (LACV). We designed this subcourse to teach you theory and principles of the gas turbine engine and some of the basic army aircraft gas turbine engines used in our aircraft today. CHAPTERS OVERVIEW Gas turbine engines can be classified according to the type of compressor used, the path the air takes through the engine, and how the power produced is extracted or used. The chapter is limited to the fundamental concepts of the three major classes of turbine engines, each having the same principles of operation. Chapter 1 is divided into three sections; the first discusses the theory of turbine engines. The second section deals with principles of operation, and section III covers the major engine sections and their description. CHAPTER 2 introduces the fundamental systems and accessories of the gas turbine engine. Each one of these systems must be present to have an operating turbine engine. Section I describes the fuel system and related components that are necessary for proper fuel metering to the engine. The information in CHAPTER 3 is important to you because of its general applicability to gas turbine engines. The information covers the procedures used in testing, inspecting, maintaining, and storing gas turbine engines. Specific procedures used for a particular engine must be those given in the technical manual (TM) covering that engine The two sections of CHAPTER 4 discuss, in detail, the Lycoming T53 series gas turbine engine used in Army aircraft. Section I gives a general description of the T53, describes the engine's five sections, explains engine operation, compares models and specifications, and describes the engine's airflow path. The second section covers major engine assemblies and systems. CHAPTER 5 covers the Lycoming T55 gas turbine engine. Section I gives an operational description of the T55, covering the engine's five sections. Section II covers in detail each of the engine's sections and major systems. The SOLAR T62 auxiliary power unit (APU) is used in place of ground support equipment to start some helicopter engines. It is also used to operate the helicopter hydraulic and electrical systems when this aircraft is on the ground, to check their performance. The T62 is a component of both the CH- 47 and CH-54 helicopters -- part of them, not separate like the ground-support-equipment APU's. On the CH-54, the component is called the auxiliary powerplant rather than the auxiliary power unit, as it is on the CH-47. The two T62's differ slightly. CHAPTER 6 describes the T62 APU; explains its operation; discusses the reduction drive, accessory drive, combustion, and turbine assemblies; and describes the fuel, lubrication, and electrical systems. CHAPTER 7 describes the T63 series turboshaft engine, which is manufactured by the Allison Division of General Motors Corporation. The T63-A-5A is used to power the OH-6A, and the T63-A-700 is in the OH-58A light observation helicopter. Although the engine dash numbers are not the same for each of these, the engines are basically the same. As shown in figure 7.1, the engine consists of four major components: the compressor, accessory gearbox, combustor, and turbine sections. This chapter explains the major sections and related systems. The Pratt and Whitney T73-P-1 and T73-P-700 are the most powerful engines used in Army aircraft. Two of these engines are used to power the CH-54 flying crane helicopter. The T73 design differs in two ways from any of the engines covered previously. The airflow is axial through the engine; it does not make any reversing turns as the airflow of the previous engines did, and the power output shaft extends from the exhaust end. CHAPTER 8 describes and discusses the engine sections and systems. Constant reference to the illustrations in this chapter will help you understand the discussion. TABLE OF CONTENTS: 1 Theory and Principles of Gas Turbine Engines - 2 Major Engine Sections - 3 Systems and Accessories - 4 Testing, Inspection, Maintenance, and Storage Procedures - 5 Lycoming T53 - 6 Lycoming T55 - 7 Solar T62 Auxiliary Power Unit - 8 Allison T62, Pratt & Whitney T73 and T74, and the General Electric T700 - Examination. I
Categories:

Dynamic Modelling of Gas Turbines

Dynamic Modelling of Gas Turbines

Whereas other books in this area stick to the theory, this book shows the reader how to apply the theory to real engines.

Author: Gennady G. Kulikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1852337842

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 370

Whereas other books in this area stick to the theory, this book shows the reader how to apply the theory to real engines. It provides access to up-to-date perspectives in the use of a variety of modern advanced control techniques to gas turbine technology.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbines 3E

Gas Turbines 3E

This hallmark text on Gas Turbines covers all aspects of the subject.

Author: V. Ganesan

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0070681929

Category: Gas-turbines

Page: 660

View: 125

This hallmark text on Gas Turbines covers all aspects of the subject. The topics have been explained right from the fundamentals so that even a beginner can comprehend the exposition. Various chapters such as Inlets and Nozzles, Blades, Environmental Considerations and Applications and Rocket Propulsion make the book complete. Theoretical descriptions of the topics is crisp and well organized without the presence of any superfluous content which is supported really well with the help of pedagogical features. This edition is a thoroughly revised and updated one. All in all a must read for the readers of Gas Turbines.
Categories: Gas-turbines

Naval Engineering

Naval Engineering

This book will enable the reader to increase professional knowledge through the understanding of navy engineering principles and theory of gas turbine engines.

Author: Dennis L. Richardson

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781524648565

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 841

Naval Engineering: Principles and Theory of Gas Turbine Engines is a technical publication for professional engineers to assist in understanding the history and development of gas turbine engines including the thermodynamic processes known as the Brayton cycle. Common principles of various gas turbine nomenclatures, technical designs, applications, and performance conditions that affect the capabilities and limitations of marine operations are provided. It enables the ability to describe the principal components of gas turbines and their construction. This book will enable the reader to increase professional knowledge through the understanding of navy engineering principles and theory of gas turbine engines. The reader will learn the operation and maintenance of the gas turbine modules (GTMs), gas turbine generators (GTGs), reduction gears, and associated equipment such as pumps, valves, oil purifiers, heat exchangers, shafts, and shaft bearings. Inside this book, you will find technical information such as electronic control circuitry, interfaces such as signal conditioners, control consoles, and designated electrical equipment associated with shipboard propulsion and electrical powergenerating plants. When every detail of engineering work is performed with integrity and reliability, technical leadership know-how will improve.
Categories: Education

Gas Turbines Jet Propulsion

Gas Turbines   Jet Propulsion

Fundamentals of gas Dynamics.

Author: M.J. Sable M.S. Ramgir

Publisher: Technical Publications

ISBN: 8184310625

Category:

Page: 523

View: 493

Fundamentals of gas Dynamics. Conservation of mass, Momentum and energy equations for one dimensional steady state compressible fluid flow. Sonic velocity, Mach number, Mach cone, Mach angle. Stagnation temperature, pressure and enthalpy. Isentropic flow through a passage of varying cross section. Choking in isentropic flow. Operations of nozzles under varying pressure ratios - Converging nozzles - Converging - Diverging nozzles. Adiabatic flow with frictions in constant area ducts. Fanno lines, Fanno relations for perfect gases. Concept of Rayleigh lines. Normal shock. Strength of shock wave and shocks in converging diverging nozzles.Centrifugal and axial flow compressors - Centrifugal compressor construction, flow process on T-S diagram, velocity diagram and Euler s work. Slip factor and its effect on work input. Actual work input, Dimensionless parameters of centrifugal compressors pre-whirl losses in centrifugal compressor, surging. Axial flow compressor - constructional details, velocity triangles and work done. Pressure rise and aerodynamic force in flow with the without friction. Cascade efficiency, Dimensionless parameters, losses in axial compressor stage choking flow. Stalling characteristics of centrifugal and axial flow compressor. Comparison between centrifugal and axial flow compressors. Compressor materials.Gas turbine cycles, Simple open cycle Brayton cycle Gas turbine - Thermal efficiency. Actual Brayton cycle - its thermal efficiency. Cycle air rate, work ratio optimum pressure ratio. Means of improving the efficiency and specific output. Gas turbine with reheat, inter-cooling. Regeneration. Effect of these on efficiency effect of operating variables on thermal efficiency, air rate and work ratio, water injection. Closed cycle gas turbines semi-cooling cycle gas turbine. Advantages and disadvantages of gas turbine over steam turbine and petrol and diesel engines.Impulse and reaction turbines - Introduction, A single impulse and reaction stage, Multistage machines, Velocity triangles. Work output, Blade loading and flow coefficients, Blade and stage efficiencies. Maximum utilization factor, velocity, pressure compounding reaction turbines, Blade to gas speed ratio losses and efficiencies performance graphs.Combustion systems - Introduction, combustion theory, factors affecting combustion chamber design and performance form of combustion systems. Requirement of combustion chamber process of combustion. Combustion chamber geometry mixing and dilution. Combustion chamber arrangements, Fuels for gas turbines, Flame tube cooling, Fuel injection and ignition. Fuel for gas turbine and pollution problems. Materials for gas turbines factors influencing selection of materials. Requirements for high temperature materials - Some typical materials. Blade cooling - Recent developments and typical applications.Jet propulsion cycles - Introduction, Ramjet, Pulse jet, Turbo prop - Turbojet, Turbofan engines, Scramjet. Thrust equations, specific thrusts, Thrust augmentation, Efficiencies, Parameters affecting performance ; thrust augmentation fuels for jet engines. Rocket propulsion - Introduction, classification. Chemical Rockets liquid propellants. Solid propellant, Nuclear rocket engines. Ion rocket, magneto plasma rocket engines, Solar rocket engines, staging of rockets, applications of rockets.
Categories:

Gas Turbine Regenerators

Gas Turbine Regenerators

Now this book gives com prehensive regenerator information. With this book, the designer can design regenerators that will yield gas turbines with maximum thermal efficiencies.

Author: Douglas Beck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461312093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 250

View: 190

Regenerative gas turbines are attractive alternatives to diesel engines and spark ignition engines for automobiles and to diesel engines and combined-cycle en gines for power generation. Theory indicates regenerative gas turbines should achieve higher thermal efficiencies than those of diesel engines and combined cycle engines. Further, regenerative gas turbines are potentially lower in cost, require less maintenance, require less space, and pollute less than competitive systems. Regenerators can be used for exhaust-gas heat exchange or for intercooling in gas-turbine systems. As an exhaust-gas heat exchanger, a regenerator recovers heat from the exhaust and uses it to preheat the compressed air before the compressed air enters the combustor. Preheating of the compressed air permits a small heat input to the combustor for a given power output of the engine. As an intercooler, a regenerator cools the gas between compressor stages. Less work is required to compress cool gas than is required to compress warm gas. Therefore, a regenerator intercooler can reduce the required work input to the compressor. Thus, regenerators can be used to increase the thermal efficiencies and power outputs of gas turbines. the backbones of high-performance re High-performance regenerators are generative gas turbines. In the past, lack of understanding of regenerator per formance has led to sub-optimal engine designs. Now this book gives com prehensive regenerator information. With this book, the designer can design regenerators that will yield gas turbines with maximum thermal efficiencies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Gas Turbine Handbook

The Gas Turbine Handbook

The second edition adds a new chapter on gas turbine noise control, as well as an expanded section on use of inlet cooling for power augmentation and NOx control.

Author: Tony Giampaolo

Publisher: The Fairmont Press, Inc.

ISBN: 9780881734133

Category: Gas-turbines

Page: 405

View: 465

This comprehensive, best-selling reference provides the fundamental information you'll need to understand both the operation and proper application of all types of gas turbines. The full spectrum of hardware, as well as typical application scenarios are fully explored, along with operating parameters, controls, inlet treatments, inspection, troubleshooting, and more. The second edition adds a new chapter on gas turbine noise control, as well as an expanded section on use of inlet cooling for power augmentation and NOx control. The author has provided many helpful tips that will enable diagnosis of problems in their early stages and analysis of failures to prevent their recurrence. Also treated are the effects of the external environment on gas turbine operation and life, as well as the impact of the gas turbine on its surrounding environment.
Categories: Gas-turbines

Gas Turbines

Gas Turbines

ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. 131(3): 031202.1–031202.9. Bathie, W. W.
1996. Fundamentals of Gas Turbines Theory, 2nd edn. New York: John Wiley &
Sons, Inc. Bergman, B., J. deMare, S. Loren, and T. Svensson (eds.). 2009.
Robust ...

Author: Bijay Sultanian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316761946

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 971

This long-awaited, physics-first and design-oriented text describes and explains the underlying flow and heat transfer theory of secondary air systems. An applications-oriented focus throughout the book provides the reader with robust solution techniques, state-of-the-art three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodologies, and examples of compressible flow network modeling. It clearly explains elusive concepts of windage, non-isentropic generalized vortex, Ekman boundary layer, rotor disk pumping, and centrifugally-driven buoyant convection associated with gas turbine secondary flow systems featuring rotation. The book employs physics-based, design-oriented methodology to compute windage and swirl distributions in a complex rotor cavity formed by surfaces with arbitrary rotation, counter-rotation, and no rotation. This text will be a valuable tool for aircraft engine and industrial gas turbine design engineers as well as graduate students enrolled in advanced special topics courses.
Categories: Technology & Engineering