This work deals with aspects of Zoroastrianism in Iran during the Sasanian period, including the important distinction made between notions of menog and getig, or the spiritual and material modes of existence, and the idea that Ahreman, the ...
Author: Shaul Shaked
This work deals with aspects of Zoroastrianism in Iran during the Sasanian period, including the important distinction made between notions of menog and getig, or the spiritual and material modes of existence, and the idea that Ahreman, the Evil Spirit, does not belong in the material world.
Zoroastrianism is of enormous importance in the history of religions. It became the state religion of the three great Iranian empires and influenced other world faiths: northern Buddhism and Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Author: Mary Boyce
Publisher: Psychology Press
"This book, now re-issued with a new introduction by Mary Boyce, is the first attempt to trace the continuous history of the faith from the time it was preached by Zoroaster down to the present day - a span of about 3,500 years. First taught on the Inner Asian steppes, Zoroastrianism became the state religion of the three great Iranian empires and, as such, had a remarkable influence on other world faiths: to the east on northern Buddhism; to the west on Judaism, Christianity and Islam. With the conquest of Iran by the Muslim Arabs, Zoroastrianism lost its secular power, but survives as a minority faith, and one of the oldest living religions."--BOOK JACKET.
Zoroastrianism, the smallest of the worlds great religions, is also one of the oldest.
Author: Paula Hartz
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Zoroastrianism, the smallest of the worlds great religions, is also one of the oldest. Founded more than 3,000 years ago by the prophet Zarathustra, it flourished in ancient Persia during the time of the Persian Empire. Scholars have long acknowledged the contributions of Zoroastrianism to other faiths, including Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. Concepts such as the notion of one God, heaven and hell, the dualism of good and evil, a savior to come, and everlasting life can trace their roots to the religion of Zarathustra. "Zoroastrianism, Third Edition" traces the history and beliefs of Zoroastrianism and its followers determination through centuries of persecution and hardship into the present day. The Iranian and Indian Zoroastrian communities in which the religion has thrived without missionary efforts or vast numbers of believers is also explored.
By the end of the tenth century , a few Manichaean outposts remained in the far
east of Iran , but in Baghdad itself their numbers had dwindled to fewer than five .
22 In the long run , Zoroastrianism suffered far more from the Arab conquests ...
Author: Richard G. HovannisianPublish On: 1998-11-19
128 reverse process of the effect of Islam on Zoroastrian ninth - tenthcentury
books , which are our chief source for ... 127 The first serious attempt to address
the question of Iranian influence on Islam was by the noted French orientalist
Author: Richard G. Hovannisian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The thirteenth volume based on the Giorgio Levi Della Vida conference reassesses the role of the Iranian peoples in the development and consolidation of Islamic civilization. In his key essay, Ehsan Yarshater casts fresh light on that role challenging the view that, after reaching a climax in Baghdad in the ninth century, Islamic culture entered a period of decline. In fact, he maintains, a new and remarkably creative phase began in Khurasan and Transoxania, symbolized by the adoption of Persian as a medium of literary expression. By the mid-sixteenth century, Persian literary and intellectual paradigms had spread from Anatolia to India, encompassing the greater part of the Islamic world. Yarshater also challenges traditional assumptions about the 'Islamization of Persia'. In the essays which follow, six distinguished scholars consider the historical, cultural, and religious aspects of the Persian presence in the Islamic world.
This is the first ever comprehensive English-language survey of Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest living religions Evenly divided into five thematic sections beginning with an introduction to Zoroaster/Zarathustra and concluding with the ...
Author: Michael Stausberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This is the first ever comprehensive English-language survey of Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest living religions Evenly divided into five thematic sections beginning with an introduction to Zoroaster/Zarathustra and concluding with the intersections of Zoroastrianism and other religions Reflects the global nature of Zoroastrian studies with contributions from 34 international authorities from 10 countries Presents Zoroastrianism as a cluster of dynamic historical and contextualized phenomena, reflecting the current trend to move away from textual essentialism in the study of religion
This book examines patterns of communal behavior during the seventh to thirteenth centuries A.D. and suggests how both groups were radically transformed, ultimately reshaping Iranian society.
Author: Jamsheed Kairshasp Choksy
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Conflict and Cooperation explores the consequences of the meeting of two important religious communities - Zoroastrians and Muslims. This book examines patterns of communal behavior during the seventh to thirteenth centuries A.D. and suggests how both groups were radically transformed, ultimately reshaping Iranian society. The spread of Islam, the success of Muslim institutions, and the gradual decline of Zoroastrianism are viewed in the light of politics, literature, religion, and socioeconomics. Although Zoroastrians and Muslims lived within a shared region and jointly contributed significantly to Iranian culture, they have been studied together only marginally in the past. This absorbing, informative book offers powerful new insights into the tensions and transitions of a medieval society and has important implications for current societies facing conflicts of religion and ethnicity.
The book also describes a complex of religious ideas that, however varied in space and unstable over time, has demonstrated a remarkable persistence in Iran across a period of two millennia.
Author: Patricia Crone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Patricia Crone's latest book is about the Iranian response to the Muslim penetration of the Iranian countryside, the revolts subsequently triggered there, and the religious communities that these revolts revealed. The book also describes a complex of religious ideas that, however varied in space and unstable over time, has demonstrated a remarkable persistence in Iran across a period of two millennia. The central thesis is that this complex of ideas has been endemic to the mountain population of Iran and occasionally become epidemic with major consequences for the country, most strikingly in the revolts examined here, and in the rise of the Safavids who imposed Shi'ism on Iran. This learned and engaging book by one of the most influential scholars of early Islamic history casts entirely new light on the nature of religion in pre-Islamic Iran, and on the persistence of Iranian religious beliefs both outside and inside Islam after the Arab conquest.
The contributors challenge common assumptions about women in Iran and Islam. Sweeping away modern myths, these essays show that women have had significant influence in almost every area of Iranian life.
Author: Guity Nashat
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Combining scholarship from a range of disciplines, this collection of essays is a comprehensive examination of the role of women in Iranian society and culture, from pre-Islamic times to 1800. The contributors challenge common assumptions about women in Iran and Islam. Sweeping away modern myths, these essays show that women have had significant influence in almost every area of Iranian life. Focusing on a region wider than today's nation-state of Iran, this book explores developments in the spheres that most affect women: gender constructs, family structure, community roles, education, economic participation, Islamic practices and institutions, politics, and artistic representations. The contributors to this volume are prominent international scholars working in this field, and each draws on decades of research to address the history of Iranian women within the context of his or her area of expertise. This broad framework allows for a thorough and nuanced examination of the history of a complex society.
This text describes the realities of modern Parsi religion through 30 interviews in which urban Parsis belonging to different social milieus and religious schools of thought discuss various aspects of their religious lives.
Author: Philip G. Kreyenbroek
Publisher: Psychology Press
This text describes the realities of modern Parsi religion through 30 interviews in which urban Parsis belonging to different social milieus and religious schools of thought discuss various aspects of their religious lives. Zoroastrianism, the faith founded by the Iranian prophet Zarathustra, originated around 1000BCE and is widely regarded as the world's first revealed religion. Although the number of its followers declined dramatically in the centuries after the 7th century Islamic conquest of Iran, Zoroastrians survive in Iran to the present day. The other major Zoroastrian community are the Parsis of India, descendants of Zoroastrians who fled Muslim dominion.
The volume contains forty-one papers dedicated to the distinguished Iranianist by colleagues, friends and former students, and a complete bibliography of the dedicatee.
Author: Gherardo Gnoli
Publisher: Reichert Verlag
The volume contains forty-one papers dedicated to the distinguished Iranianist by colleagues, friends and former students, and a complete bibliography of the dedicatee. The papers deal with a variety of themes relating to Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, Christianity, Buddhism and the multifarious religious history of pre-Islamic Iran approached mainly, but not exclusively, from a historical and philological point of view. The volume also contains a number of previously unpublished or untranslated religious texts as well as re-editions and new translations. The papers cover all Old and Middle Iranian languages, New Persian and other New Iranian languages.
This book presents a translation of Bertold Spuler’s groundbreaking work on the transformation of Iran from a Persian Zoroastrian Empire to a province of the Arab Muslim Empire to a land divided by a number of Persian and Turkish kingdoms ...
Author: Bertold Spuler
This book presents a translation of Bertold Spuler’s groundbreaking work on the transformation of Iran from a Persian Zoroastrian Empire to a province of the Arab Muslim Empire to a land divided by a number of Persian and Turkish kingdoms.
Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh
University Press, 1971), pp. ... reprinted in From Zoroastrian Iran to Islam: Studies
in Religious History and Intercultural Contacts (Aldershot: Variorum, 1995), ...
Author: Louise Marlow
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Mirrors for princes form a substantial and important genre in many pre-modern literatures. Their ostensible purpose is to advise the king; at the same time they assert that the king, if he is truly virtuous, will appreciate being reminded of the contingency of his power. The unknown author of the Counsel for Kings studied in this book wrote in a distinctive early tenth-century Iranian environment. He deploys an abundant set of cultural materials representing 'perennial wisdom' of mixed provenances, which he reinvigorates by applying them to the circumstances of his own time and place.AGBPThe first volume situates Counsel for Kings in its historical context. The second volume gives direct access to a substantial portion of the text through translation and commentary.
he rise and fall of bourgeois Iranian society does not feature in anyone's narrative
of world history. The closest approximation is ... Only in books by Muslims or also
in the writings of Zoroastrians, Christians, and Jews? The practice of historians ...
Author: Richard W. Bulliet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
A boom in the production and export of cotton turned Iran into the richest region of the Islamic caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries. Yet in the eleventh century, Iran's primacy ended as its agricultural economy entered a steep decline. Richard W. Bulliet advances several provocative explanations, for example that the boom in cotton production paralleled the spread of Islam and that Iran's agricultural decline stemmed from a significant cooling of the climate that lasted more than a century. Substantiating his argument with innovative quantitative research and scientific discoveries, Bulliet first establishes the relationship between Iran's cotton industry and Islam and then outlines the evidence for what he terms the "Big Chill." He then focuses on a lucrative but temperature-sensitive industry of cross-breeding one-humped and two-humped camels, concluding with an unusual concatenation of events that had a profound and long-lasting impact not just on the history of Iran but on the development of the world.
With the Sasanian dynasty gone, these Muslim traditionists became the most
important custodians of its historical and ... G. K. Nariman (Bombay: D. B.
Taraporevala Sons, 1918); Sh. Shaked, From Zoroastrian Iran to Islam: Studies in
Author: Sarah Bowen Savant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book focuses on the role of memory and its revision and erasure in the ninth to eleventh centuries.
A scholarly and authoritative history of the emergence and growth of Islam in Iran during the early and later medieval periods. This book, by I. P. Petrushevsky, the foremost Soviet Iranologist, was originally published in Russia in 1966.
Author: I. P. Petrushevsky
Publisher: SUNY Press
A scholarly and authoritative history of the emergence and growth of Islam in Iran during the early and later medieval periods. This book, by I. P. Petrushevsky, the foremost Soviet Iranologist, was originally published in Russia in 1966. After discussing the Arabian environment in which the faith of Islam arose, and the characterlegal, social and doctrinalof the new message, the author moves on to trace the peculiarly Iranian development of Islamic beliefs, the schisms which arose in its early history, and the eventual creation of a Sunni orthodoxy. Written from the Russian perspective, with Russias long contact with Iranian and Turkish Muslim neighbors, it provides a stimulating and salutary balance to the study of the Islamic world.