Four Views on Free Will

Four Views on Free Will

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moral responsibility, and determinism, this text represents the most up-to-date account of the four major positions in the free will debate.

Author: John Martin Fischer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405182041

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 764

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moralresponsibility, and determinism, this text represents the mostup-to-date account of the four major positions in the free willdebate. Four serious and well-known philosophers explore the opposingviewpoints of libertarianism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism,and revisionism The first half of the book contains each philosopher’sexplanation of his particular view; the second half allows them todirectly respond to each other’s arguments, in a lively andengaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophyseries
Categories: Philosophy

Four Views on Free Will

Four Views on Free Will

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moral responsibility, and determinism, this text represents the most up-to-date account of the four major positions in the free will debate.

Author: John Martin Fischer

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405134859

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 834

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moral responsibility, and determinism, this text represents the most up-to-date account of the four major positions in the free will debate. Four serious and well-known philosophers explore the opposing viewpoints of libertarianism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism, and revisionism The first half of the book contains each philosopher’s explanation of his particular view; the second half allows them to directly respond to each other’s arguments, in a lively and engaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophy series
Categories: Philosophy

Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

This text examines free will in the context of determinism on the one hand, and the notion that this choice may in fact be random and arbitrary on the other.

Author: Randolph K. Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195306422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 334

This text examines free will in the context of determinism on the one hand, and the notion that this choice may in fact be random and arbitrary on the other.
Categories: Philosophy

Predestination Free Will

Predestination   Free Will

If God is in control, are people really free? This question has bothered Christians for centuries. And answers have covered a wide spectrum. Today Christians still disagree.

Author: David Basinger

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830876596

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 123

If God is in control, are people really free? This question has bothered Christians for centuries. And answers have covered a wide spectrum. Today Christians still disagree. Those who emphasize human freedom view it as a reflection of God's self-limited power. Others look at human freedom in the order of God's overall control. David and Randall Basinger have put this age-old question to four scholars trained in theology and philosophy. John Feinberg of Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and Norman Geisler of Dallas Theological Seminary focus on God's specific sovereignty. Bruce Reichenbach of Augsburg College and Clark Pinnock of McMaster Divinity College insist that God must limit his control to ensure our freedom. Each writer argues for his perspective and applies his theory to two practical case studies. Then the other writers respond to each of the major essays, exposing what they see as fallacies and hidden assumptions. A lively and provocative volume.
Categories: Religion

Free Will

Free Will

Free Will brings together the essential readings on the debate of free will and determinism. Written by top scholars in the field, the essays represent some of the clearest and most accessible thinking on this subject.

Author: Robert Kane

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631221026

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 438

Free Will brings together the essential readings on the debate of free will and determinism. Written by top scholars in the field, the essays represent some of the clearest and most accessible thinking on this subject. The introduction offers a concise yet thorough mapping of this age-old debate as well as a helpful overview of the selections.
Categories: Philosophy

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility

13 See my “Alternative Possibilities and Causal Histories,” Philosophical
Perspectives 14 (2000): 119-37; Living Without Free Will, pp.18-19; and “Source
Incompatibilism and Alternative Possibilities,” in Michael McKenna and David
Widerker ...

Author: Nick Trakakis

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443810760

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 896

The problem of free will has fascinated philosophers since ancient times: Do we have free will, or at least the kind of free will that seems necessary for moral responsibility? Does determinism – the idea that everything that happens is necessitated to happen, given the past and the laws of nature – threaten the commonly held assumption that we are indeed free and morally responsible? Although these questions have been widely discussed in the past, the present volume offers a variety of new perspectives from philosophers who have made significant contributions to this debate over recent years, including Derk Pereboom, Robert Kane, Ishtiyaque Haji, Michael McKenna, John Martin Fischer, David Widerker and Saul Smilansky. The emphasis in these essays is not merely on free will, but on allied notions such as moral responsibility, moral obligation, fairness and meaningfulness, and on whether any room can be made for these notions in a deterministic or an indeterministic universe.
Categories: Philosophy

Buddhist Perspectives on Free Will

Buddhist Perspectives on Free Will

Parfit, D., 1987. Reasons and persons. New York: Oxford University Press.
Pereboom, D., 2007. Hard incompatibilism. In: J.M. Fischer, R. Kane, D.
Pereboom, and M. Vargas, eds. Four views on free will. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Ross, L., 1977.

Author: Rick Repetti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317362098

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 943

Throughout the history of Buddhism, little has been said prior to the Twentieth Century that explicitly raises the question whether we have free will, though the Buddha rejected fatalism and some Buddhists have addressed whether karma is fatalistic. Recently, however, Buddhist and Western philosophers have begun to explicitly discuss Buddhism and free will. This book incorporates Buddhist philosophy more explicitly into the Western analytic philosophical discussion of free will, both in order to render more perspicuous Buddhist ideas that might shed light on the Western philosophical debate, and in order to render more perspicuous the many possible positions on the free will debate that are available to Buddhist philosophy. The book covers: Buddhist and Western perspectives on the problem of free will The puzzle of whether free will is possible if, as Buddhists believe, there is no agent/self Theravāda views Mahāyāna views Evidential considerations from science, meditation, and skepticism The first book to bring together classical and contemporary perspectives on free will in Buddhist thought, it is of interest to academics working on Buddhist and Western ethics, comparative philosophy, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of action, agency, and personal identity.
Categories: Philosophy

Free Will and Classical Theism

Free Will and Classical Theism

(I will also mention that I recently taught—jointly with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong—a
graduate seminar on free will and neurobiology at Duke University. One of the
texts in that course was a book called Four Views on Free Will,14 in which Robert
 ...

Author: Hugh J. McCann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190611200

Category:

Page: 224

View: 825

The articles in the present collection deal with the religious dimension of the problem of free will. All of the papers also have implications for broader philosophical and theological issues, and will thus be of interest to a wide variety of scholars, both religious and secular. Together they provide a historical and contemporary overview of problems in the theology of freedom, together with recent work by some important philosophers in the field aimed at resolving those problems. The chapters are divided into four sections. The first addresses central issues about the nature of free will and how free will relates to theological topics such as theological fatalism and the problem of evil. The second section focuses on historical debates about free will and theism, but with an eye toward how those historical discussions can be brought into discussion with contemporary debates. The third section aims to address and understand divine freedom, while the final section explores implications of the doctrine of divine omnicausality.
Categories:

Building Better Beings

Building Better Beings

Manuel Vargas presents a compelling and state-of-the-art defense of moral responsibility in the face of growing philosophical and scientific skepticism about free will and accountability.

Author: Manuel Vargas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199697540

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 940

Manuel Vargas presents a compelling and state-of-the-art defense of moral responsibility in the face of growing philosophical and scientific skepticism about free will and accountability. He shows how we can justify our responsibility practices, and provides a normatively and naturalistically adequate account of agency, blame, and desert.
Categories: Law

Free Will Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Free Will  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Four Views on Free Will. Great Debates in Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell,
2007. A debate between a compatibilist, an even-causal libertarian, a hard
incompatibilist, and a revisionist; covers the major arguments for and against
these ...

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199808813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 20

View: 892

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
Categories: Philosophy

How Free Will Works

How Free Will Works

Four Views on Free Will. oxford: Blackwell, 2007. Flew, Antony, and Godfrey
Vesey. Agency and Necessity. oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987. Flint, Thomas.
Divine Providence: The Molinist Account. ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press,
1998.

Author: Steven M. Duncan

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630875473

Category: Religion

Page: 148

View: 155

In How Free Will Works, Steven M. Duncan provides not merely discussions of, but potential answers to two of the most vexed questions discussed by philosophers concerning free choice. First, supposing that the mind and the body are separate substances of opposed natures, how is it possible for them to interact such that an entirely non-physical immanent mental act can give rise to changes in the external world? Second, supposing that there is free will, how is it possible for our acts of volition/free choice to be neither causally determined nor merely chance/random events? This book spells out a new way of envisaging the mind/body relation and the nature of mind/body causal interaction that avoids the traditional interaction problem. It also explains how it is possible for free choice neither to require an efficient cause nor to act as an efficient cause while nevertheless affecting the processes in the physical world through which intentional action is realized in human behavior. In the second half of the book, the theory developed in the first part of the book is applied to the difficult issues arising from the Christian doctrine of salvation: sin, grace, and redemption.
Categories: Religion

Four Views on Divine Providence

Four Views on Divine Providence

For reasons we will explore later, however, Craig is unlikely to find this criticism
troubling. The fissures between the four thinkers' understandings of the relation
between divine action and the actions of free creatures, then, are severe.

Author: William Lane Craig

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310547952

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 551

Questions about divine providence have preoccupied Christians for generations: Are people elected to salvation? For whom did Jesus die? This book introduces readers to four prevailing views on divine providence, with particular attention to the question of who Jesus died to save (the extent of the atonement) and if or how God determines who will be saved (predestination).But this book does not merely answer readers’ questions. Four Views on Divine Providence helps readers think theologically about all the issues involved in exploring this doctrine. The point-counterpoint format reveals the assumptions and considerations that drive equally learned and sincere theologians to sharp disagreement. It unearths the genuinely decisive issues beneath an often superficial debate. Volume contributors are Paul Helseth (God causes every creaturely event that occurs); William Lane Craig (through his “middle knowledge,” God controls the course of worldly affairs without predetermining any creatures’ free decisions); Ron Highfield (God controls creatures by liberating their decision-making); and Gregory Boyd (human decisions can be free only if God neither determines nor knows what they will be). Introductory and closing essays by Dennis Jowers give relevant background and guide readers toward their own informed beliefs about divine providence.
Categories: Religion

Free Will

Free Will

With Frankfurt he rejects the claim that free will requires the ability to do otherwise
, and he contends that instead it ... This is an abridged version, with revisions, of a
longer essay that appeared in Manuel Vargas, ed., Four Views on Free Will: A ...

Author: Derk Pereboom

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603848862

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 165

A unique anthology featuring contributions to the dispute over free will from Aristotle to the twenty-first century, Derk Pereboom's volume presents the most thoughtful positions taken in this crucial debate and discusses their consequences for free will's traditional corollary, moral responsibility. The Second Edition retains the organizational structure that made its predecessor the leading anthology of its kind, while adding major new selections by such philosophers as Spinoza, Reid, John Martin Fischer, Robert Kane, Galen Strawson, and Timothy O'Connor. Hackett Readings in Philosophy is a versatile series of compact anthologies, each devoted to a topic of traditional interest. Selections include classical, modern, and contemporary writings chosen for their elegance of exposition and success at stimulating thought and discussion.
Categories: Philosophy

Coffeehouse Compatibilism

Coffeehouse Compatibilism

In the dialogue that follows, B.F. will be representing Determinism, Wesley will
stand for the Libertarian viewpoint, and Calvin ... Robert Kane, John Martin
Fischer, Derk Pereboom, Manuel Vargas, Four Views on Free Will, (Blackwell,
2007), 1.

Author: David S. Lahm

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781620325759

Category: Religion

Page: 102

View: 254

For centuries, Christians have pondered the following questions: ¥ Are we free? ¥ What is freedom? ¥ What impact would it have if we weren't free? ¥ Is it possible that we are determined, and yet free in a sense too? ¥ Is there any way we can know which is correct? ¥ How does all this fit in to our Christian faith? ¥ What's the basic philosophical difference between Arminianism and Calvinism? Coffeehouse Compatibilism is a fictional philosophical dialogue between three academics and a student on the issue of free will. The three academics: Calvin, Wesley, and B. F., represent the three schools of thought on the free will issue. Calvin, who characterizes John Calvin, speaks for Compatibilism. Wesley, who characterizes John Wesley, speaks for Libertarianism. And B. F., who characterizes B. F. Skinner, speaks for Determinism. The first three chapters of the book contain the arguments and rebuttals for Determinism, Compatibilism, and Libertarianism, respectively. The final chapter integrates Christian theology and the Scriptures into the conversation, ending with a stunning change of opinion for one of the characters. The book is a fantastic introduction to the free will problem for novices and offers a uniquely Christian understanding of this free will issue.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

Four Views on Free Will (Malden, MA: Blackwell). Hall, A. R. 1983. The
Revolution in Science, 1500–1750 (London: Longman). Heidegger, M. 1959. An
Introduction to Metaphysics, trans. R. Manheim (New Haven, CT: Yale University
Press).

Author: Stephen Bullivant

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191667404

Category: Religion

Page: 784

View: 815

Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.
Categories: Religion

Four Views on Eternal Security

Four Views on Eternal Security

doctrine of total depravity in more categorical terms: In this state [man's fallen
condition], the Free Will of man toward the True Good is not only wounded,
maimed, infirm, bent, and weakened; but it is also imprisoned, destroyed, and lost
: And its ...

Author:

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310872368

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 534

Does the Bible support the concept of "once saved, always saved," or can a person lose his or her salvation? How do the Scriptures portray the complex interplay between grace and free will? These and related questions are explored from different angles in this thought-provoking Counterpoints volume. The contributors each state their case for one of four prominent views on eternal security: classical Calvinist, moderate Calvinist, reformed Arminian, and Wesleyan Arminian. In keeping with the forum approach of the Counterpoints series, each view is first presented by its proponent, then critiqued and defended. This fair and respectful approach allows you to weigh for yourself the strengths and weaknesses of the different doctrinal stances. By furnishing you with scholarly and thoughtful perspectives on the topic of eternal security, this book helps you sift through opposing views to arrive at your own informed conclusions. The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views on issues important to Christians. Counterpoints books address two categories: Church Life and Bible and Theology. Complete your library with other books in the Counterpoints series.
Categories: Religion

Free Will

Free Will

Moral responsibility and determinism : the cognitive science of folk intuitions . ”
Nous , 41 , 663 ... Hard incompatibilism , ” in John Martin Fischer , Robert Kane ,
Derk Pereboom , and Manuel Vargas , Four Views on Free Will . Malden , MA ...

Author: Kevin Timpe

Publisher: Continuum

ISBN: UOM:39015082680706

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 747

An important and engaging book on a key argument in contemporary debates about free will and moral responsibility.
Categories: Philosophy

Four Views on Moving beyond the Bible to Theology

Four Views on Moving beyond the Bible to Theology

3 There is no such thing as propositions free from cultural bias or worldview.
Moreover, an interpreter's perspective will inevitably influence which principle is
drawn from a particular passage. Paul's command for women to cover their
heads in ...

Author:

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310302490

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 116

The Bible has long served as the standard for Christian practice, yet believers still disagree on how biblical passages should be interpreted and applied. Only when readers fully understand the constructs that inform their process of moving from Scripture to theology—and those of others—can Christians fully evaluate teachings that claim to be “biblical.” Here, scholars who affirm an inspired Bible, relevant and authoritative for every era, present models they consider most faithful to Scripture: - Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.: A Principlizing Model - Daniel M. Doriani: A Redemptive-Historical Model - Kevin J. Vanhoozer: A Drama-of-Redemption Model - William J. Webb: A Redemptive-Movement Model Each position also receives critiques from the proponents of the other views. Moreover, due to the far-reaching implications this topic holds for biblical studies, theology, and church teaching, this book includes three additional reflections by Christopher J. H. Wright, Mark L. Strauss, and Al Wolters on the theological and practical interpretation of biblical texts. Four Views on Moving beyond the Bible to Theology empowers readers to identify, evaluate, and refine their own approach to moving from the Bible to theology.
Categories: Religion

Four Views on Hell

Four Views on Hell

Followers of Augustine make excellent universalists, once they accept John 3:16
and 1 Timothy 2:4. 13 Lying behind the logic, Berkhof mentions something more
personal: “For God's sake we hope hell will be a form of purification.”14 There is
a slight ... make a lot of sense. How can God predestine the free response of love
 ...

Author: John F. Walvoord

Publisher: Zondervan Academic

ISBN: 9780310872375

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 780

Most contemporary Christians acknowledge the doctrine of hell, but they’d rather not think about how God punishes the wicked. The authors of Four Views on Hell meet this subject head-on with different views on what the Scriptures say. Is hell to be understood literally as a place of eternal smoke and flames? Or are such images simply metaphors for a real but different form of punishment? Is there such a thing as “conditional immortality,” in which God annihilates the souls of the wicked rather than punishing them endlessly? Is there a Purgatory, and if so, how does it fit into the picture? The interactive Counterpoints forum allows the reader to see the four views on hell—literal, metaphorical, conditional, and purgatorial—in interaction with each other. Each view in turn is presented, critiqued, and defended. This evenhanded approach is ideal for comparing and contrasting views in order to form a personal conclusion about one of Christianity’s key doctrines. The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views on issues important to Christians. Counterpoints books address two categories: Church Life and Bible and Theology. Complete your library with other books in the Counterpoints series.
Categories: Religion

Social Theory and Practice

Social Theory and Practice

Here Vargas thinks that a compatibilist account will be able to undergird a
responsibility system even if it departs from our commonsense incompatibilist
intuitions . Four Views on Free Will serves as an excellent introduction to many of
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556039243175

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 821

Categories: Electronic journals