Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services.

Author: Oliver Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315471518

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 350

There is growing acceptance that the progress delivered under the Millennium Development Goal target for drinking water and sanitation has been inequitable. As a result, the progressive reduction of inequalities is now an explicit focus of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, adopted in 2015, for universal access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This shift in focus has implications for the way in which the next generation of WASH policies and programmes will be conceived, designed, financed and monitored. This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services. Four key areas are addressed: background to the human right to water and development goals; dimensions of inequality; case studies in delivering water and sanitation equitably; and monitoring progress in reducing inequality.
Categories: Business & Economics

Gender Equality Results Case Study

Gender Equality Results Case Study

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9789292549749

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 115

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India. Over 5.6 million people benefited from improved water supply, while half a million people benefited from an improved wastewater management system and 4.7 million people benefited from an improved solid waste management system. These changes positively impacted the lives of the local community, in particular women and girls, who are primarily responsible for water management.
Categories: Social Science

SDG6 Clean Water and Sanitation

SDG6   Clean Water and Sanitation

SDG Links to Water and Sanitation Ways SDG6 likely to affect the success of
other SDGs Ways other SDGs will affect ... and sanitation use (management of
females services) 5 Gender Equality Water and sanitation are highly gendered
issues; ...

Author: Eva Kremere

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781789731033

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 829

Bridging academic discussion and real-world case studies, this book considers the challenge, posed by SDG6, of balancing the provision of the basic human right of access to water whilst not eroding our capacity to live sustainably in a rapidly changing world.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water 2015 Update and MDG Assessment

Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water   2015 Update and MDG Assessment

Despite significant progress in water and sanitation much still remains to be done. This report shows how the world has changed since 1990.

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241509145

Category: Medical

Page: 80

View: 948

Despite significant progress in water and sanitation much still remains to be done. This report shows how the world has changed since 1990. It provides an assessment of progress towards the MDG target and insight into the remaining challenges. Section A provides an overview of progress against the parameters specified in the MDG target for water and sanitation in both urban and rural areas. It presents data for the world as a whole and compares progress across regions. The report goes on to examine trends over the MDG period by region and by level of service. It pays particular attention to the numbers of people who have gained the highest level of service in drinking water supply - piped water on premises - and those with no service at all who use surface water for drinking and practice open defecation. In order to understand the nature of progress it is important to look carefully at the way improvements in water and sanitation have benefited different socioeconomic groups. This report sheds light on equality gaps between urban and rural dwellers and between the richest and poorest segments of the population. It presents several new ways to visualize progress on extending service to the poor designed to reveal the nature of inequalities and give the reader insight into the great challenge that still exists in ensuring that progress reaches everyone. The JMP was established in 1990 and is celebrating its Jubilee Year in 2015. Section B provides a retrospective analysis of the evolution of water sanitation and hygiene monitoring over the past 25 years.
Categories: Medical

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Water. Supply. and. Sanitation. A. Country. and. Sector. Level. Outcome. and.
Indicators50. Gender Equality Outcome: ... for women and girls in community
facilities and schools – Community-based and household water and sanitation
services ...

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9789292543051

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 719

The Japan Fund for Public Policy Training was established in March 2004 as a trust fund to enhance developing member countries' capacity building for public policy management, focusing on regional economies in transition. Since its inception, the Government of Japan has contributed more than $22 million. The country director of the Asian Development Bank's Viet Nam Resident Mission acts as the program manager of the fund. The Public Policy Training Program's training facility in Ha Noi continues to operate efficiently with the establishment of strict administrative procedures and systems for the effective implementation of the technical assistance program.
Categories: Business & Economics

Water Sanitation and Hygiene Standards for Schools in Low cost Settings

Water  Sanitation and Hygiene Standards for Schools in Low cost Settings

Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common.

Author: John Adams

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241547796

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 55

View: 714

"Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common. Schools, particularly those in rural areas, often completely lack drinking-water and sanitation and handwashing facilities; alternatively, where such facilities do exist they are often inadequate in both quality and quantity. Schools with poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and intense levels of person-to-person contact, are high-risk environments for children and staff, and exacerbate children's particular susceptibility to environmental health hazards. Children's ability to learn may be affected by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in several ways. These include helminth infections (which affect hundreds of millions of school-age children), long-term exposure to chemical contaminants in water (e.g. lead and arsenic), diarrhoeal diseases and malaria infections, all of which force many schoolchildren to be absent from school. Poor environmental conditions in the classroom can also make both teaching and learning very difficult. Girls and boys are likely to be affected in different ways by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in schools, and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities. Sometimes, girls and female teachers are more affected than boys because the lack of sanitary facilities means that they cannot attend school during menstruation. The international policy environment increasingly reflects these issues. Providing adequate levels of water supply, sanitation and hygiene in schools is of direct relevance to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals of achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and reducing child mortality. It is also supportive of other goals, especially those on major diseases and infant mortality." - p. iii
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Water and Sanitation Services

Water and Sanitation Services

these services in the context of the Brazilian tradition embodied in the concept of
basic sanitation, especially in relation to the ... I examine the challenges facing
the pursuit of equality and universalization of services, focusing on how systemic
 ...

Author: Jose Esteban Castro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136548819

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 132

Substantially reducing the number of human beings who lack access to clean water and safe sanitation is one of the key Millennium Development Goals. This book argues and demonstrates that this can only be achieved by a better integration of the technical and social science approaches in the search for improved organization and delivery of these essential services. It presents a historical analysis of the development of water and sanitation services in both developed and developing countries, which provides valuable lessons for overcoming the obstacles facing the universalization of these services. Among the key lessons emerging from the historical analysis are the organizational and institutional diversity characterizing the development of water and sanitation internationally, and the central role played by the public sector, particularly local authorities, in such development. It also explores the historical role played by cooperatives and other non-profit institutions in reaching rural and peri-urban areas, as well as the emergence of new forms of organization and provision, particularly in poor countries, where aid and development agencies have been promoting the self-organization of water systems by local communities. The book provides a critical exploration of these different institutional options, including the interaction between the public and private sectors, and the irreplaceable role of public funding as a condition for success. The book is divided into two parts: the first reviews theoretical and conceptual issues such as the political economy of water services, financing, the interfaces between water and sanitation services and public health, and the systemic conditions that influence the provision of these services, including the diversity of organizational and institutional options characterizing the governance and management of water and sanitation services. The second section presents a number of country or regional case studies, each one chosen to highlight a particular problem, approach or strategy. These case studies are drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, covering a wide range of socio-economic and political contexts. The book will be of great interest to advanced students, researchers, professionals and NGOs in many disciplines, including public policy and planning, environmental sciences, environmental sociology, history of technology, civil and environmental engineering, public health and development studies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Water Science Policy and Management

Water Science  Policy and Management

The SDGs cover social and economic development issues including poverty,
hunger, health, education, global warming, gender equality, water, sanitation,
energy, urbanization, environment and social justice. The Sustainable
Development ...

Author: Simon James Dadson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119520603

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 540

Provides an in-depth look at science, policy and management in the water sector across the globe Sustainable water management is an increasingly complex challenge and policy priority facing global society. This book examines how governments, municipalities, corporations, and individuals find sustainable water management pathways across competing priorities of water for ecosystems, food, energy, economic growth and human consumption. It looks at the current politics and economics behind the management of our freshwater ecosystems and infrastructure and offers insightful essays that help stimulate more intense and informed debate about the subject and its need for local and international cooperation. This book celebrates the 15-year anniversary of Oxford University’s MSc course in Water Science, Policy and Management. Edited and written by some of the leading minds in the field, writing alongside alumni from the course, Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge offers in-depth chapters in three parts: Science; Policy; and Management. Topics cover: hydroclimatic extremes and climate change; the past, present, and future of groundwater resources; water quality modelling, monitoring, and management; and challenges for freshwater ecosystems. The book presents critical views on the monitoring and modelling of hydrological processes; the rural water policy in Africa and Asia; the political economy of wastewater in Europe; drought policy management and water allocation. It also examines the financing of water infrastructure; the value of wastewater; water resource planning; sustainable urban water supply and the human right to water. Features perspectives from some of the world’s leading experts on water policy and management Identifies and addresses current and future water sector challenges Charts water policy trends across a rapidly evolving set of challenges in a variety of global areas Covers the reallocation of water; policy process of risk management; the future of the world’s water under global environmental change; and more Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge is an essential book for policy makers and government agencies involved in water management, and for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying water science, governance, and policy.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Challenges and Prospects of Potable Water Mangement at Edja Woreda Ethiopia

The Challenges and Prospects of Potable Water Mangement at Edja Woreda  Ethiopia

Pure water and sanitation services results in different water related diseases
which increase children absenteeism from school. 3 Promote gender equality
and empow- er women Potable water access helps empower women directly and
 ...

Author: Israel Yigezu

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 9783954891108

Category: Political Science

Page: 80

View: 288

Ethiopia has the lowest access to potable water supply in Africa despite its abundant water resource. In the Edja Woreda of Guraghe Zone, the average distance travelled to collect water is 46 minutes. The financial sustainability of the drinking water sector in the Woreda remains an issue for all stakeholders: the providers, the users, government agencies and donors. There is no clear guidance for water activities at Woreda level. Thus, there are no clearly specified roles and responsibilities. Therefore, the general objective of the study is to identify the challenges and prospects of potable water management in the Edja Woreda.
Categories: Political Science

OECD Studies on Water Private Sector Participation in Water Infrastructure OECD Checklist for Public Action

OECD Studies on Water Private Sector Participation in Water Infrastructure OECD Checklist for Public Action

An evolving environment Water and sanitation is a key sector where much effort
is needed: with over a billion people without access to drinking ... to increase
spending on water by 20% and Japan and Korea by over 40% to 2030 to
maintain current services.2 To meet these tremendous needs ... Water quality
and access have important externalities affecting health, gender equality and the
environment.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264059221

Category:

Page: 132

View: 340

Provides a coherent catalogue of policy directions, including appropriate allocation of roles, risks and responsibilities, framework conditions and contractual arrangements necessary to make the best of private sector participation in water infrastructure.
Categories:

Regulating Water and Sanitation for the Poor

Regulating Water and Sanitation for the Poor

Water. and. Sanitation. for. the. Urban. Poor. Richard. Franceys. Regulation is
how the incentive to ensure service ... Water supply and sanitation also implicitly
contribute to Goals 1 (eradicating extreme poverty), 3 (promoting gender equality
), ...

Author: Richard Franceys

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849772310

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 386

First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Business & Economics

Republic of Mozambique Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Republic of Mozambique  Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Water and Sanitation 354. Access to potable water and suitable sanitary services
are pre-requisites for an increase in people's productivity and an improvement in
their ... Water is vital to the achievement of the other millennium development
objectives, such as poverty reduction, education, health, and gender equality.

Author:

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Finance, Public

Page: 190

View: 532

Categories: Finance, Public

Principles for Mainstreaming Gender Equality in the South African Rural Water Services Sector

Principles for Mainstreaming Gender Equality in the South African Rural Water Services Sector

As mentioned above , in the area of sanitation , there is an unquestionable
intersection between women's empowerment and the water services .
Inadequate access to basic sanitation facilities , in concert with poor hygiene
practices ...

Author: Ursula Rust

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114465268

Category: Water-supply, Rural

Page: 113

View: 676

Categories: Water-supply, Rural

Achieving Gender Equality Women s Empowerment and Strengthening Development Cooperation

Achieving Gender Equality  Women s Empowerment and Strengthening Development Cooperation

The evidence Access to basic services such as education , health , water and
sanitation Access to basic services , such as education , health , water , sanitation
and a range of livelihood support services are essential for the achievement of
the ...

Author: United Nations

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: MINN:31951D034044766

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 530

This publication presents the key debates that took place during the 2010 High-level Segment of the Economic and Social Council, at which ECOSOC organized its second biennial Development Cooperation Forum. The discussions also focused on the theme of the 2010 Annual Ministerial Review, "Implementing the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to gender equality and the empowerment of women"--Publisher's description.
Categories: Political Science

Wagadu Volume 3

Wagadu Volume 3

The importance of involving both women and men in the management of water
and sanitation has been recognized at the ... para 25(a), governments agreed to:
“ . . . support capacity-building for water and sanitation infrastructure and services
... the same timeframe as the Water for Life Decade, include 2015 targets on
gender equality and empowerment of women, as well as on safe water and
sanitation.

Author: Wagadu

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781465331373

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 720

The United Nations has proclaimed the 21st century to be the century of water. In this volume, Water and Women in Past, Present and Future, scholars analyze the gendered political economy of water resource allocations and importantly, offer recommendations for viable, women-friendly solutions to address scarcity and distribution, among other issues. Contributors also explore feminist analyses of the aesthetic dimension of water and the feminine, since water is often associated with women, shown in cross-cultural examples of mythology, symbols and legends. Intersecting the fields of hydro-politics and aesthetics, this book should be of interest to policy analysts, activists, and academics.
Categories: Social Science

Least Developed Countries Fund

Least Developed Countries Fund

Country Background and Vulnerabilities The report: Solomon Islands Water,
Sanitation, and Climate Outlook describes ... sanitation than any other variable,
including health, education, gender equality, and access to modern energy
services.

Author: Global Environment Facility

Publisher: Global Environment Facility

ISBN: 9781939339553

Category: Nature

Page: 88

View: 460

Categories: Nature

Commonwealth Education Partnerships 2007

Commonwealth Education Partnerships  2007

Multi sectoral collaboration in education has never been more important than
now when education systems are confronted by the ... gender sensitive , effective
and efficient and provide school - based health and nutrition services , safe water
and sanitation ; an ethos that fosters equality , respect for human rights and the
participation of all children ; instructional programmes that promote relevant life
skills ...

Author: Commonwealth Secretariat

Publisher: Nexus Strategic Partnerships Ltd.

ISBN: 0954962915

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 510

Commonwealth Education Partnership 2007 is an essential overview of the development of education systems in the Commonwealth, focusing on international collaborations and on the partnerships in member countries between government, NGOs and the private sector in education. Focuses in this edition: increasing access and the right to quality education; supporting teachers for quality education; resourcing; and education for the good of all. Published for the Commonwealth Secretariat by Nexus Partnerships.
Categories: Social Science

National Strategy for Equality and the Eradication of Poverty

National Strategy for Equality and the Eradication of Poverty

3 To generate within the territories , systems for collecting basic information
regarding hydrographic basins - particularly ... 6 To guarantee the provision of
services , drinking water and sanitation in particular , to the neediest communities
and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0109136671

Category: Ecuador

Page: 65

View: 823

Categories: Ecuador

The World s Water 2004 2005

The World s Water 2004 2005

Water: Crucial. Objectives,. Inadequate. Commitments. Peter H. Gleick We
recognize that, in addition to our separate responsibilities to our individual
societies, we have a collective responsibility to uphold the principles of human
dignity, equality, and equity at the global level. ... in earlier volumes of The
World's Water, the failure to provide safe drinking water and adequate sanitation
services to all people ...

Author: Peter H. Gleick

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597262569

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 857

The quality and availability of fresh water are of critical importance to human and ecosystem health. Given its central role in the functioning of all living systems, water is arguably the most important of all natural resources. Produced biennially, The World's Water provides a timely examination of the key issues surrounding freshwater resources and their use. Each new volume identifies and explains the most significant current trends worldwide, and offers the best data available on a variety of water-related topics. This 2004-2005 edition of The World's Water features overview chapters on: conservation and efficiency as key tools for meeting freshwater needs; bottled water quality, costs, and trends; United Nations millennium development goals; groundwater issues; case studies of water privatization; the economic value of water; California water policy and climate change. The World's Water is the most comprehensive and up-to-date source of information and analysis on freshwater resources and the political, economic, scientific, and technological issues associated with them. It is an essential reference for water resource professionals in government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, researchers, students, and anyone concerned with water and its use.
Categories: Science

Strategy and Action Plan

Strategy and Action Plan

Mainstreaming Gender : Water and Sanitation ... of 9th May 2003, (ii) GC 20/5 on
access to basic services for all within the context of sustainable human
settlements, and (iii) GC 20/7 on gender equality in human settlements
development.

Author:

Publisher: UN-HABITAT

ISBN: 9789211318401

Category: Municipal water-supply

Page: 66

View: 652

Categories: Municipal water-supply