Earthquake Hazard Impact and Urban Planning

Earthquake Hazard Impact and Urban Planning

Today interventions are needed on a city, rather than a building, scale. This work deals with the impact of earthquakes, including also a broader view on multihazards in urban areas.

Author: Maria Bostenaru Dan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400779815

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 743

​The classical field dealing with earthquakes is called “earthquake engineering” and considered to be a branch of structural engineering. In projects dealing with strategies for earthquake risk mitigation, urban planning approaches are often neglected. Today interventions are needed on a city, rather than a building, scale. This work deals with the impact of earthquakes, including also a broader view on multihazards in urban areas. Uniquely among other works in the field, particular importance is given to urban planning issues, in conservation of heritage and emergency management. Multicriteria decision making and broad participation of those affected by disasters are included.
Categories: Nature

Issues in Urban Earthquake Risk

Issues in Urban Earthquake Risk

A seismic scenario provides technicians and public authorities with actual,
detailed information about the effect of the ... urban planning, including
investigation into seismic microzonation to provide consistent earthquake risk
management and ...

Author: B.E. Tucker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401583381

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 768

Urban seismic risk is growing worldwide and is, increasingly, a problem of developing countries. In 1950, one in four of the people living in the world's fifty largest cities was earthquake-threatened, while in the year 2000, about one in two will be. Further, ofthose people living in earthquake-threatened cities in 1950, about two in three were located in developing countries, while in the year 2000, about nine in ten will be. Unless urban seismic safety is improved, particularly in developing countries, future earthquakes will have ever more disastrous social and economic consequences. In July 1992, an international meeting was organized with the purpose of examining one means ofimproving worldwide urban safety. Entitled "Uses ofEarthquake Damage Scenarios for Cities of the 21st Century," this meeting was held in conjunction with the Tenth World Conference ofEarthquake Engineering, in Madrid, Spain. An earthquake damage scenario (EDS) is adescription of the consequences to an urban area of a large, but expectable earthquake on the critical facilities of that area. In Californian and Japanese cities, EDSes have been used for several decades, mainly for the needs of emergency response officials. The Madrid meeting examined uses of this technique for other purposes and in other, less developed countries. As a result of this meeting, it appeared that EDSes bad significant potential to improve urban seismic safety worldwide.
Categories: Science

Planning and Urban Design Standards

Planning and Urban Design Standards

Earthquakes RISK ASSESSMENT Avoid Building at Toes or Downslope of Active
Landslides Building Ground Failure ... sand and silt saturated by water, which
become viscous fluids under the impact of ground vibrations from shear waves.

Author: American Planning Association

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471475811

Category: Architecture

Page: 752

View: 781

From the publishers of Architectural Graphic Standards, this book, created under the auspices of The American Planning Association, is the most comprehensive reference book on urban planning, design, and development available today. Contributions from more than two hundred renowned professionals provide rules of thumb and best practices for mitigating such environmental impacts as noise, traffic, aesthetics, preservation of green space and wildlife, water quality, and more. You get in-depth information on the tools and techniques used to achieve planning and design outcomes, including economic analysis, mapping, visualization, legal foundations, and real estate developments. Thousands of illustrations, examples of custom work by today?s leading planners, and insider information make this work the new standard in the field. Order your copy today.
Categories: Architecture

Urban Risk Assessments

Urban Risk Assessments

"The report was prepared by a Bank team comprised of Eric Dickson ... [et al.]."

Author: Eric Dickson

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821389621

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 945

"The report was prepared by a Bank team comprised of Eric Dickson ... [et al.]."
Categories: Business & Economics

Department of Housing and Urban Development and Certain Independent Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1982

Department of Housing and Urban Development  and Certain Independent Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1982

NSF's reSponsibilities were summarized in the Implementation Plan of the
Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act (PL ... and planning influences on
earthquake risk Seismic effects on coastal and inland waterways Seismic effects
on lifeline ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on HUD-Independent Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4681526

Category: United States

Page: 2314

View: 344

Categories: United States

Earthquake Hazards and Mitigation

Earthquake Hazards and Mitigation

SEISMIC HAZARD ESTIMATION AT BED ROCK AND GROUND SURFACE
LEVELS FOR CHENNAI CITY Boominathan A1 ... revised and the Chennai city
has been upgraded from Zone II to Zone III which leads to substantial increase of
the design ground motion parameters. ... equivalent linear method using
SHAKE91 program to estimate the ground motion parameters considering the
local site effects.

Author: R. Ayothiraman

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9788189866778

Category: Earthquake engineering

Page: 564

View: 382

discusses the new developments in the field of earthquake engineering and allied areas, * gives information about present state-of-the-art and current practices adopted globally in prediction and mitigation of earthquake hazards, * explores novel and innovative methods for prediction and mitigation of hazards considering the future earthquakes for building sustainable/ safe infrastructures and ensuring safety of community.
Categories: Earthquake engineering

National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program

National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program

Prepare national seismic risk maps ; • Evaluate and delineate earthquake
hazards on a regional basis ; and Earthquake ... urban planning , and societal
response to obtain needed information on the nature and effects of destructive
ground ...

Author: Mary L. Schnell

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015048830833

Category: Buildings

Page: 65

View: 493

Categories: Buildings

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

This book brings together a collection of innovative papers on strategies for analyzing the spatial and economic impacts of disasters.

Author: Yasuhide Okuyama

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540214496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 230

This book brings together a collection of innovative papers on strategies for analyzing the spatial and economic impacts of disasters. Natural and human-induced disasters pose several challenges for conventional modeling. For example, disasters entail complex linkages between the natural, built, and socio-economic environments. They often create chaos and economic disequilibrium, and can also cause unexpected long-term, structural changes. Dynamic interactions among agents and behavioral adjustments in a disaster become complicated. The papers in this volume make notable progress in tackling these challenges through refinements of conventional methods, as well as new modeling frameworks and multidisciplinary, integrative strategies. The papers also provide case study applications that afford new insights on disaster processes and loss reduction strategies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Achieving Environmental Security

Achieving Environmental Security

However, more than 200 damaging earthquakes, associated with
industrialization and urbanization, were documented since the 20th century. This
type of geohazard has impacts on human security on a regional and national
level.

Author: P. H. Liotta

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607505785

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 287

Categories: Science

Cities at Risk

Cities at Risk

When a natural hazard strikes such a city many people are vulnerable to loss of life and property. This book explores what these people think and feel about the threats that they face.

Author: Helene Joffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400761841

Category: Nature

Page: 186

View: 704

With the major growth of the world’s population over the past century, as well as rapid urbanisation, people increasingly live in crowded cities. This trend is often accompanied by proliferation of poorly built housing, uncontrolled use of land, occupation of unsafe environments and overstretched services. When a natural hazard strikes such a city many people are vulnerable to loss of life and property. This book explores what these people think and feel about the threats that they face. How do they live with perils ranging from earthquakes to monsoons, from floods to hurricanes, in the 21st century? The authors are drawn from a large range of disciplines: Psychology, Engineering, Geography, Anthropology and Urban Planning. They also reflect on how perils are represented in multiple cultures: the United States, Japan, Turkey, Bangladesh, the United Kingdom and New Zealand. The book therefore not only brings to light the ways that different cultures represent natural hazards but also the different ways in which various disciplines write about living with perils in the 21st century. The book is addressed both to researchers and to organizations involved with risk management and risk mitigation.
Categories: Nature

Seismic Safety and Land use Planning selected Examples from California

Seismic Safety and Land use Planning  selected Examples from California

The FDAA (Federal Disaster Assistance Administration), in the Department of
Housing and Urban Development, ... Federal agencies prepare environmental
impact statements and require that environmental factors, such as seismic
hazards, ...

Author: M. L. Blair

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105013194464

Category: Land use

Page: 82

View: 656

Categories: Land use

Proceedings

Proceedings

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105030616820

Category: Earthquakes

Page: 278

View: 590

Categories: Earthquakes

Assessment of Regional Earthquake Hazards and Risk Along the Wasatch Front Utah

Assessment of Regional Earthquake Hazards and Risk Along the Wasatch Front  Utah

Scientists, engineers, architects, urban planners, and emergency managers are
not waiting for a major earthquake disaster to learn that measures must be
implemented to mitigate an earthquake's effects. They are taking actions now to ...

Author: Paula Gori

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293017412804

Category: Earthquake hazard analysis

Page:

View: 748

Categories: Earthquake hazard analysis

California Earthquakes

California Earthquakes

Science, Risk, and the Politics of Hazard Mitigation Carl-Henry Geschwind ...
miles, and its effects reached as far as Oregon and northern California, where a
quakegenerated tsunami killed 16 people. ... Several engineerswhohadbeen
smug abouttheir abilityto designagainst earthquakes changedtheirthinking after
visiting Alaska. George Housner later recalled that Anchorage's devastation had “
opened [his] eyestothe possibledisaster thata greatearthquake couldinflict on
alarge city.

Author: Carl-Henry Geschwind

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801873607

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 596

Tracing the history of seismology and the rise of the regulatory state and of environmental awareness, California Earthquakes tells how earthquake-hazard management came about, why some groups assisted and others fought it, and how scientists and engineers helped shape it.
Categories: Science

A Selected Partially Annotated Bibliography of Recent Natural Hazards Publications

A Selected  Partially Annotated Bibliography of Recent     Natural Hazards Publications

Volume 3 assesses the disaster's impact and recovery at the household level;
investigates ethnic differences and their ... Urban scale vulnerability -
proceedings of the U.S.-Italy colloquium on urban design and earthquake hazard
mitigation, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858001206014

Category: Hazardous geographic environments

Page:

View: 281

Categories: Hazardous geographic environments

Proceedings of the National Conference on Advances in Civil Engineering Perspectives of Developing Countries ACEDEC 2003 Structures engineering and geotechnical infrastructure development

Proceedings of the National Conference on Advances in Civil Engineering  Perspectives of Developing Countries  ACEDEC 2003   Structures engineering and geotechnical infrastructure development

REDUCING SEISMIC DISASTER IN URBAN PLANNER'S WAY Ajay Kumar
Sinha and Alpana Varma ' Faculty of Civil ... The instantaneous and the
widespread damage due to an earthquake have a unique psychological impact
on civilization ...

Author:

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 8177644181

Category: Civil engineering

Page: 742

View: 989

Categories: Civil engineering

Symposium on Seismology Earthquake Hazard Assessment and Risk Management

Symposium on Seismology  Earthquake Hazard Assessment  and Risk Management

These areas are subjected not only to earthquake events , but also due to
secondary hazards such as urban fire ... FOR EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RISK
MANAGEMENT GOALS IN THE FUTURE The recipe for mitigation of the impact
of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:092335297

Category: Earthquake hazard analysis

Page:

View: 384

Papers presented at the symposium with special reference to Asia.
Categories: Earthquake hazard analysis

The Effects of Disasters on Modern Societies

The Effects of Disasters on Modern Societies

World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, Technical Committee, Session
C. Monte Smith. The management of natural disasters and the physical
environment for long - term sound and safe urban planning Sustainable ... The
natural hazards taken into account are : earthquakes , storms , cyclones , floods ,
mudflows ...

Author: Monte Smith

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788124250

Category:

Page: 168

View: 372

Covers natural disaster risk in modern societies and policies for natural disaster reduction in modern societies. Topics include: disaster management in metropolitan areas, urban environmental degradation and vulnerability to disasters, use of mobile satellite communications in disaster management mitigation, application of satellite remote sensing for natural disaster reduction in developing countries, role of non-life insurance in disaster management systems, and much more. Photos, charts and tables.
Categories:

The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake Revisited

The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake  Revisited

Audience This work is of interest to experts in seismology, earthquake engineering, civil protection, urban planning and it is a reference book for doctoral students.

Author: Luiz Mendes-Victor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402086090

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 619

The 1755 earthquake and tsunami were influential not only in Portugal but in all European and North African countries where the devastating effects were felt. The entire world was deeply impressed and the discussion of its causes generated a large amount of scientific and metaphysical speculation. It inspired philosophers, poets and writers. The socio-economic consequences of the event were great and affected the future organization and development of Portugal. The possibility of a similar occurence urges society and the scientific community to reflect on its lessons. Audience This work is of interest to experts in seismology, earthquake engineering, civil protection, urban planning and it is a reference book for doctoral students.
Categories: Science