The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis.
Author: Audrey Bennett
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
In an age of globalization and connectivity, the idea of "mainstream culture" has become quaint. Websites, magazines, books, and television have all honed in on ever-diversifying subcultures, hoping to carve out niche audiences that grow savvier and more narrowly sliced by the day. Consequently,the discipline of graphic design has undergone a sea change. Where visual communication was once informed by a designer's creative intuition, the proliferation of specialized audiences now calls for more research-based design processes. Designers who ignore research run the risk of becoming mere tools for communication rather than bold voices. Design Studies, a collection of 27 essays from an international cast of top design researchers, sets out to mend this schism between research and practice. The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis. Each author outlines methods in which research has aided their designwhether by investigating how senior citizensreact to design aesthetics, how hip hop culture can inﬂuence design, or how design for Third World nations is affected by cultural differences. Contributors also outline inspired ways in which design educators can teach research methods to their students. Finally, Design Studies is rounded out by ﬁve annotated bibliographies to further aid designers in their research. This comprehensive reader is the deﬁnitive reference for this new direction in graphic design, and an essential resource for both students and practitioners.
Reflecting the diverse range of perspectives on design, this book brings together over seventy key texts.
Author: Hazel Clark
Publisher: Berg Publishers
Reflecting the diverse range of perspectives on design, this book brings together over seventy key texts. It includes sections covering history, methods, theory, visuality, identity, consumption, labor, industrialization, new technology, sustainability, and globalization.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2002-10-27
Briefing package presented at EDS Design Package Review Meeting, Houston,
Tex., August 9-10. Eco Logic. 2001e. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Final
Study Plan, March 30. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The U.S. Army is in the process of destroying the nation's stockpile of aging chemical weapons stored at eight locations in the continental United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. Originally, incineration was chosen for the destruction of these stores, but this method has met with public opposition, and Congress directed the Army to develop alternative technologies for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. To assist the Army in this process, the NRC was asked to evaluate the engineering design study of the three Blue Grass candidates. This book presents an analysis of various issues pertaining to the proposed engineering design package for the Blue Grass facility.
Preface. All my earlier books (Dynamic Analysis and Feedback Control ;
Measurement Systems, five editions [1966–2004]; System Dynamics ;
System Modeling and Response ; Control System Principles and Design [
Author: Ernest Doebelin
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB and SIMULINK for dynamic system simulation, Minitab for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations.
O INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY 1.1 Introduction This is a report of an
evaluation of four Design Studies of a 1000 MWe Fast Breeder Reactor. These Design Studies were prepared as a result of study contracts awarded to A11 is ...
1 A METHOD FOR ANALYZING EFFECTS OF DAM FAILURES IN DESIGN STUDIES DIES ( 1 ) ( 2 ) by William A. Thomas ABSTRACT In the planning and
design of dams and embankments for large multiple - purpose projects , it is
Author: William A. Thomas
Category: Dam failures
In the planning and design of dams and embankments for large multiple-purpose projects, it is usually necessary to evaluate the effect of potentially disastrous extreme events to insure that the proposed developments do not produce an unnecessary increase in the disaster potential. One such case which is being encountered more frequently now involves the design of dams and embankments for projects located downstream from an existing dam. If the existing structure is relatively old or if there is reason to believe that the probability of failure is relatively great, it may be desirable to consider the effect of a potential failure during the design of the downstream structure.
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Design and performance data on
the gravity-gradient stabilized lenticular satellite can be obtained for use in
system studies from the parametric data and analyses presented herein.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2001-09-27
The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (
PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National
Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs)
developed by ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by Parsons/Honeywell and General Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to completely dispose of the assembled chemical weapons at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. To accomplish the task, the NRC formed the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II (ACW II Committee). This report presents the results of the committee's scientific and technical assessment, which will assist the Office of the Secretary of Defense in selecting the technology package for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo. The committee evaluated the engineering design packages proposed by the technology providers and the associated experimental studies that were performed to validate unproven unit operations. A significant part of the testing program involved expanding the technology base for the hydrolysis of energetic materials associated with assembled weapons. This process was a concern expressed by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (ACW I Committee) in its original report in 1999 (NRC, 1999). The present study took place as the experimental studies were in progress. In some cases, tests for some of the supporting unit operations were not completed in time for the committee to incorporate results into its evaluation. In those cases, the committee identified and discussed potential problem areas in these operations. Based on its expertise and its aggressive data-gathering activities, the committee was able to conduct a comprehensive review of the test data that had been completed for the overall system design. This report summarizes the study.
Design. of. magnetron. injection. electron. guns. and. the. magnetic. system. The
gyrotron's electron gun forms the ... In addition, parameter studies are performed
to examine the parameters' influence on several specific characteristics of the ...
The essays discuss such topics as the relation of aesthetics to technology, the place of design in social action, the role of the consumer in design decisions, and the need for ethical practice in contemporary design.
Author: Richard Buchanan
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Discovering Design reflects the growing recognition that the design of the everyday world deserves attention not only as a professional practice but as a subject of social, cultural, and philosophic investigation. Victor Margolin, cofounder and an editor of the journal Design Issues, and Richard Buchanan, also an editor of the journal, bring together eleven essays by scholars in fields ranging from psychology, sociology, and political theory to technology studies, rhetoric, and philosophy. The essayists share the editors' concern, first made clear in Margolin's Design Discourse: History, Theory, Criticism, with the the development of design studies as a field of interdisciplinary research. The contributors (Gianfranco Zaccai, Albert Borgmann, Richard Buchanan, Augusto Morello, Tufan Orel, Nigel Cross, Victor Margolin, Langdon Winner, Carl Mitcham, Tony Fry, and Ezio Manzini) focus on three broad themes that form a sequence of fundamental issues: how to shape design as a subject matter, how to distinguish the activity of designing in the complex world of action, and how to address the basic questions of value and responsibility that persistently arise in the discussion and practice of design. The editors' introduction provides a useful overview of these questions and offers a multidisciplinary framework for design studies. The essays discuss such topics as the relation of aesthetics to technology, the place of design in social action, the role of the consumer in design decisions, and the need for ethical practice in contemporary design. Manzini's concluding essay shows how the issue of ethics should connect responsible behavior to decisions made every day in the manufacture of objects.
®aDoingdesigning«: Onthe practicalanalysis of design in practice ̄, Design Studies, 33, 521¥ 529. Manolescu, D., Voelter, M.and Nobl, J. (eds) (2006)
Pattern Languages of Program Design 5,Boston: Addison-Wesley. Manzini, E. (
Author: Paul Rodgers
The Routledge Companion to Design Research offers a comprehensive examination of design research, celebrating the plurality of design research and the wide range of conceptual, methodological, technological and theoretical approaches evident in contemporary design research. This volume comprises 39 original and high quality design research chapters from contributors around the world, with offerings from the vast array of disciplines in and around modern design praxis, including areas such as industrial and product design, visual communication, interaction design, fashion design, service design, engineering and architecture. The Companion is divided into five distinct sections with chapters that examine the nature and process of design research, the purpose of design research, and how one might embark on design research. They also explore how leading design researchers conduct their design research through formulating and asking questions in novel ways, and the creative methods and tools they use to collect and analyse data. The Companion also includes a number of case studies that illustrate how one might best communicate and disseminate design research through contributions that offer techniques for writing and publicising research. The Routledge Companion to Design Research will have wide appeal to researchers and educators in design and design-related disciplines such as engineering, business, marketing, computing, and will make an invaluable contribution to state-of-the-art design research at postgraduate, doctoral, and post-doctoral levels and teaching across a wide range of different disciplines.
23 For a brief discussion of the pluralism of methods in design studies, see
Richard Buchanan, "A Response to Klaus Krippendorff," Design Issues 2 (Fall 1
985), 72-74. For a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of pluralism in the
Author: Victor Margolin
Publisher: MIT Press
An anthology of essays addressing the nature and practice of contemporary product and graphic design, selected from volumes four through nine of the international journal Design Issues. Themes include reflection on the nature of design, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. Includes b & w photos and illustrations. c. Book News Inc.
Thus this design can overestimate benefit and underestimate toxicity . Another
drawback is that both ... If withdrawal studies are conducted , the same standards
used with other designs should be followed . Randomization , blinding where ...
Author: Lawrence M. Friedman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This classic reference, now updated with the newest applications and results, addresses the fundamentals of such trials based on sound scientific methodology, statistical principles, and years of accumulated experience by the three authors.
design. and. tests. Introduction. The relative merits of between-subjects design
and within-subjects design studies have been discussed in Chapters 6 and 7. It is
fair to say that, where experimental manipulation of an IV is concerned, the ...
Author: Colin R Martin
This invaluable text on the design and analysis of clinical research studies explains the basis of experimental design and statistics in a way that is sensitive to the clinical context in which nurses work. It uses data from actual studies to illustrate how to: *design the study *use and select data *present research findings *use a computer for statistical analysis. The scope of the study designs and associated statistical techniques covered in the book allow both the beginning nurse researcher and the more seasoned professional nurse investigator to approach a research study with confidence and optimism. The authors show how qualitative data can be approached quantitatively, what the advantages of this are from the nursing viewpoint, and how quantitative methodology can help nurses to develop a common research language with other disciplines involved in patient care.