The New Social Studies in perspective: The Carnegie-Mellon SlowLearner
Project. Social Studies, 86, 155–161. Prawat, R. S., & Floden, R. E. (1994).
Philosophical perspectives on constructivist views of learning. Educational
Author: Geoffrey Scheurman
The New Social Studies refers to a flurry of academic and commercial activity during the 1960s and 1970s that resulted in the mass development and dissemination of revolutionary classroom materials and teacher resources. In science as well as social studies, a spirit of “inquiry-based teaching” filled the air during this time, resulting in the development of curricula that were both pedagogically innovative and intellectually rigorous. “Constructivism and the New Social Studies” contains a collection of classic lessons from some of the most successful projects of the era, providing a resource of exceptional ideas and materials that have stood the test of time. These revealing artifacts are presented with commentaries from some of the original directors of major projects, including Edwin Fenton, Barry Beyer, and Suzanne Helburn. In addition to American and World History, groundbreaking lessons are represented in Economics, Government, Sociology, and Geography, including the Public Issues Series (Fred Newann), The Amherst History Project (Richard Brown and Geoffrey Scheurman) and Teaching American History: The Quest for Relevancy (Allan Kownslar, Gerald Ponder, and Geneva Gay), and Man: A Course of Study (Peter Dow). With a Foreword by Jerome Bruner, the volume not only provides a resource of exceptional curriculum ideas and actual materials, it also builds a lucid bridge between the theoretical ideas of constructivism and the pedagogical principles of inquiry learning. With over 50 years of expertise from curriculum history and social studies pedagogy, the editors make the case that “guided inquiry” as presented in these projects was constructivist by design, offering a range of instructional methods that begin with questions rather than answers and considers progress in terms of the development of analytical skills and experimental habits of mind rather than the mere acquisition of knowledge. Projects developed during the New Social Studies serve as both an interesting historical archive of powerful curricular innovations as well as a treasure trove of actual lessons and materials still useful in social studies classrooms striving to become more constructivist. The lessons and other materials we chose should be relevant if you are an historian, researcher, theorist, or teacher of any subject, but it will be especially significant if you are interested in the nature of social, civic, or historical literacy in America, including how to teach for authentic achievement in those areas.
In this new text for the Education market, Susan Gibson uses a constructivist framework to guide teacher candidates learning how to teach Social Studies at the elementary level.
Author: Susan Elaine Gibson
Category: Constructivism (Education)
In this new text for the Education market, Susan Gibson uses a constructivist framework to guide teacher candidates learning how to teach Social Studies at the elementary level. The basis premise of constructivism is students learn by fitting new information together with what they already know, and students active engagement. Constructivism is the opposite of a didactic approach to teaching, wherein teachers lecture and students receive information sitting passively at their desks. Our author believes that teachers? beliefs about how students learn and the role the teacher plays in that learning affects their decision making across all aspects of planning, instruction, resource selection and reflective exercises.
Author: Catherine Twomey FosnotPublish On: 2013-09-18
Praise for the First Edition! “Provides the reader with many ways of connecting to the central ideas of constructivism . . . highly readable.” —Gifted Child Quarterly “Shows how constructivist theory can inform classroom practices, ...
Author: Catherine Twomey Fosnot
Publisher: Teachers College Press
This enduring bestseller remains the most comprehensive examination of constructivism and its relationship to teaching and learning. Closing the gap between theory and practice, well-known scholars make constructivism accessible by showing its application in everyday classrooms. Building on the success of the first edition, the authors have completely updated this popular text and expanded its scope to include examples of constructivist teaching across all grade levels and disciplines. An ambitious revision of a now classic text, Constructivism: Theory, Perspectives, and Practice, Second Edition is an invaluable resource for practicing teachers, teacher educators, and curriculum specialists in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. New for the Second Edition! An updated theory section that adds further contemporary biological evidence to go beyond the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky—offering a more contemporary framework for a psychological theory of learning.New chapters reflecting the school-based reforms that have been initiated since the writing of the first edition—specifically addressing the changes in mathematics, social studies, and teacher education.A new chapter on the emerging field of disability studies—including a critique that unmasks current practices and assumptions that better serve schools rather than students and their families. Contributors: Paul Cobb • Susan Cowey • Rheta DeVries • Eleanor Duckworth • Dewey I. Dykstra, Jr. • George Forman • Catherine Twomey Fosnot • Catherine A. Franklin • June S. Gould • Maxine Greene • Candace Julyan • Randall Stewart Perry • D. Kim Reid • Deborah Schifter • Jan Weatherly Valle • Ernst von Glasersfeld • Betty Zan. Praise for the First Edition! “Provides the reader with many ways of connecting to the central ideas of constructivism . . . highly readable.” —Gifted Child Quarterly “Shows how constructivist theory can inform classroom practices, and . . . provides teachers with a deeper understanding that gives substance to the rhetoric of school reform.” —Journal of Curriculum Studies
CONSTRUCTIVISM AND SOCIAL STUDIES INSTRUCTION One of the most
exciting developments in elementary education is a shift away ... Constructivism
is not new—its theo- retical underpinnings have been around for more than 70
Author: Anthony D. Fredericks
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
These dynamic literature-based activities will help you energize the entire social studies curriculum and implement national (and state) standards.
This makes the constructivist alternative to authoritarian- and discipline-based
learning quite attractive in so far as the ... Social Studies/Social Science in the
Twenty-First Century (New York: Peter Lang; 1989); Critical Constructivism
Author: Dora Kostakopoulou
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book proposes a new institutional constructivist model, for social scientific and legal enquiries, based on the interrelations within the social and political world and the application of change in EU laws and politics. Much of the research conducted in social sciences and law examines the diverse activities of individuals and collectivities and the role of institutions in the social and political world. Although there exist many vantage points from which one can gain entry into understanding how agents in the world act, interact, shape and bear the world, socio-legal scientific epistemology has found monism and dualism to be convincing models. This book argues that current models do not capture the complexity of our micro-worlds, macro-worlds and meso-worlds. Nor can they account for the forms and patterns of socio-legal change. Mind, time and change are brought together in an attempt to contribute to socio-legal epistemology and to enhance its toolkit.
Author: Barbara Slater SternPublish On: 2009-11-01
If we are unable to reform the way we teach history, we may ultimately lose
ground in the other social studies. Practitioners of every generation must proceed
with a solid grounding in their discipline and a firm understanding of constructivism.
Author: Barbara Slater Stern
Category: Social Science
This volume, The New Social Studies: People, Projects and Perspectives is not an attempt to be the comprehensive book on the era. Given the sheer number of projects that task would be impossible. However, the current lack of knowledge about the politics, people and projects of the NSS is unfortunate as it often appears that new scholars are reinventing the wheel due to their lack of knowledge about the history of the social studies field. The goal of this book then, is to sample the projects and individuals involved with the New Social Studies (NSS) in an attempt to provide an understanding of what came before and to suggest guidance to those concerned with social studies reform in the future—especially in light of the standardization of curriculum and assessment currently underway in many states. The authors who contributed to this project were recruited with several goals in mind including a broad range of ages, interests and experiences with the NSS from participants during the NSS era through new, young scholars who had never heard much about the NSS. As many of the authors remind us in their chapters, much has been written, of the failure of the NSS. However, in every chapter of this book, the authors also point out the remnants of the projects that remain.
Situated within a social constructivist framework, we draw on examples from our
own, national and international research ... we aim to highlight areas of
convergence between social constructivism and the new social studies of
childhood, also ...
Author: Deborah Harcourt
What ethical dilemmas face researchers who work with young children? Researching Young Children’s Perspectives critically examines the challenges and complexities of rights based, participatory research with children. Rather than approaching these dilemmas as problematic issues, this book positions them as important topics for discussion and reflection. Drawing from their own rich experiences as research collaborators with young children in internationally diverse settings, the authors consider the ethical, methodological and theoretical frameworks that guide best-practice in research with young children. Each chapter poses points for consideration that will inform and challenge both the novice and experienced researcher, such as: How ‘participatory’ can research be with infants under eighteen months? When should listening through observation stand alone? What is the distinction between methodologies and methods? How can all young children be assured of a voice in research? The authors also present seven separate case studies which demonstrate exemplary research with young children. Each study is accompanied by insightful commentary from the authors, who highlight the issues or difficulties faced and propose potential solutions. If you are a student at undergraduate level and above, this book will give you all the confidence you need to conduct your own high quality research with children.
Bloor, D.: 1983, Wittgenstein: A Social Theory of Knowledge, Columbia University
Press, New York. Bloor, D.: 1991a, 'Ordinary Human Inference as Material for the
Sociology of Knowledge', Social Studies of Science 21, 129-39. Bloor, D.: ...
Author: Michael R. Matthews
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Constructivism is one of the most influential theories in contemporary education and learning theory. It has had great influence in science education. The papers in this collection represent, arguably, the most sustained examination of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of constructivism yet published. Topics covered include: orthodox epistemology and the philosophical traditions of constructivism; the relationship of epistemology to learning theory; the connection between philosophy and pedagogy in constructivist practice; the difference between radical and social constructivism, and an appraisal of their epistemology; the strengths and weaknesses of the Strong Programme in the sociology of science and implications for science education. The book contains an extensive bibliography. Contributors include philosophers of science, philosophers of education, science educators, and cognitive scientists. The book is noteworthy for bringing this diverse range of disciplines together in the examination of a central educational topic.
This is a book about the teaching and particularly the acquisition of translation-related skills and knowledge.
Author: Donald Kiraly
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This is a book about the teaching and particularly the acquisition of translation-related skills and knowledge. Well grounded in theory, the book also provides numerous examples drawn from the author's extensive classroom experience in translator education and foreign language teaching. Kiraly uses a number of classroom case studies to illustrate his method, including: introductory courses in translation studies, project-based translation practice courses, translation studies seminars, as well as naturalistic foreign language learning classes for student translators. The book is primarily geared toward translator educators and programme administrators, as well as students of translation, and will also be of interest to foreign language teachers who incorporate translation into their teaching, to translation scholars, and to others involved in the world of translation.
Educational technologies, specifically computer and the Internet technologies, have apparently become powerful tools in the classroom as they change the way we teach and learn today.
Author: Cemalettin Ayas
Educational technologies, specifically computer and the Internet technologies, have apparently become powerful tools in the classroom as they change the way we teach and learn today. That is why pedagogies of school reform are now highly influenced by and built around the "constructivist" theories of learning, assuming the use of technology in education for active and meaningful knowledge construction. Due to these trends it appears inevitable that social studies educators do need to know how to use technology effectively in their educational settings. Therefore, after a brief look at the concepts of technology and educational technology including a rationale for the use of technology in education, the current literature specifically on the integration of technology in the social studies with a reference to constructivism is examined. As a result, based on this study it seems that the infusion of technology into educational environments, specifically in the social studies, aligned with constructivist pedagogy bears the potential to inspire new ways of teaching and learning.
In the real world we are primarily judged on whether we can accomplish the
assigned task, not so much on which method or vehicle we choose for
accomplishing it. A criticism of standardized math, social studies, and science
tests in New York ...
Author: Pat Flynn
This book provides teachers with practical ways of constructing lessons that will engage students and help them develop personal responsibility for their own learning. State learning standards and related core curricula require students to demonstrate what they know and understand. Students cannot learn to demonstrate their understanding if they sit passively. The authors call for constructivist practices which recognize the important role played by standards and student accountability, and which also acknowledge the practical need for lecture in an appropriate context. This book also shows the links between constructivism and differentiated instruction and other approaches to teaching and learning.
Taking the possibility of change in ethnic identity into account, this book shows and dismantles the theoretical logics linking ethnic diversity to negative outcomes and processes such as democratic destabilisation, clientelism, riots and ...
Author: Kanchan Chandra
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Taking the possibility of change in ethnic identity into account, this book shows and dismantles the theoretical logics linking ethnic diversity to negative outcomes and processes such as democratic destabilisation, clientelism, riots and state collapse. Even more importantly, it changes the questions we can ask about the relationship between ethnicity, politics and economics.
A more detailed distinction between constructionism and constructivism as
theoretical frameworks for research is made later in this chapter . NEW SOCIAL STUDIES OF CHILDHOOD The advancement of a constructionist view on
childhood is ...
Author: Melissa Freeman
Publisher: Guilford Press
This accessible book presents approaches to planning, carrying out, and analyzing research projects with children and youth from a social constructivist perspective. Rich, contextualized examples illustrate how to elicit and understand the lived experiences of diverse young people. Data-collection methods discussed in depth include drawing, photography, the Internet, games, interviewing, focus groups, journaling, and observation. Also covered are strategies for fostering the active contributions of children in the research process; navigating consent and ethical issues; enlisting the support of parents, school personnel, and other gatekeepers; and interpreting data. Throughout, the authors emphasize the need to attend to the social setting in which research with children is done. End-of-chapter questions and exercises encourage readers to reflect on taken-for-granted conceptions of children and childhood and to try out the book’s ideas in their own research projects.
The social construction of reality. New York: Anchor. Burr, V. (1995). An
introduction to social constructionism. New York: Routledge. Dean, R. G. (1993a). Constructivism: An approach to clinical practice. Smith College Studies in Social
Author: Stanley L. Witkin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
Social construction addresses the cultural factors and social dynamics that give rise to and maintain values and beliefs. Drawing on postmodern philosophies and critical, social, and literary theories, social construction has become an important and influential framework for practice and research within social work and related fields. Embracing inclusivity and multiplicity, social construction provides a framework for knowledge and practice that is particularly congruent with social work values and aims. In this accessible collection, Stanley L Witkin showcases the innovative ways in which social construction may be understood and expressed in practice. He calls on experienced practitioner-scholars to share their personal accounts of interpreting and applying social constructionist ideas in different settings (such as child welfare agencies, schools, and the courts) and with diverse clientele (such as "resistant" adolescents, disadvantaged families, indigenous populations, teachers, children in protective custody, refugee youth, and adult perpetrators of sexual crimes against children). Eschewing the prescriptive stance of most theoretical frameworks, social construction can seem challenging for students and practitioners. This book responds with rich, illustrative descriptions of how social constructionist thinking has inspired practice approaches, illuminating the diversity and creative potential of practices that draw on social constructionist ideas. Writing in a direct, accessible style, contributors translate complex concepts into the language of daily encounter and care, and through a committed transnational focus they demonstrate the global reach and utility of their work. Chapters are provocative and thoughtful, reveal great suffering and courage, share inspiring stories of strength and renewal, and acknowledge the challenges of an approach that complicates evidence-based evaluations and requirements.
Donna M. Mertens An old Italian proverb reads, “What's old is new, what's new is
old” (Melfi, 2011). ... Even the pioneer constructivists, Lincoln and Guba (1985)
did not exclude the use of quantitative data in qualitative research designs, with ...
A Comparative Case Study Within Social Class Context Scott W. DeWitt ... New
York : Teachers College Press . ... Appearance sometimes belies substance : A
warning to today ' s constructivists from the New Social Studies movement .