Cognitive Neuropsychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology

This book gives equal weight to the psychological and neurological approaches to the study of cognitive deficits in patients with brain lesions.

Author: Rosaleen A. McCarthy

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0124818463

Category: Psychology

Page: 428

View: 333

This book gives equal weight to the psychological and neurological approaches to the study of cognitive deficits in patients with brain lesions. The result is an analysis of cognitive skills and abilities that departs from the more usual syndrome approach.
Categories: Psychology

Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology

Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology

Thus, the traditional deficit measurement approach of clinical neuropsychology
was supplemented by a new, cognitive approach. The tradition of clinical
neuropsychology originating with Halstead and Reitan had started out as a
method for ...

Author: Brenda Rapp

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317710233

Category: Psychology

Page: 652

View: 733

This volume reviews the full range of cognitive domains that have benefited from the study of deficits. Chapters covered include language, memory, object recognition, action, attention, consciousness and temporal cognition.
Categories: Psychology

Human Cognitive Neuropsychology Classic Edition

Human Cognitive Neuropsychology  Classic Edition

The Augmented Edition of Human Cognitive Neuropsychology published in 1997 is also still available. This classic edition will be important reading for students of cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology.

Author: Andrew W. Ellis

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135078478

Category: Psychology

Page: 322

View: 344

Cognitive neuropsychology seeks to understand impairments of specific cognitive functions in relation to a model of normal cognitive processing. The conclusions drawn from the study of abnormal processes are in turn used in the development and testing of theories of normal cognition. First published in 1988, this seminal book represented an attempt to synthesize and systematize progress in the study of cognitive neuropsychology and therefore provides an important snapshot of the field at the time. In addition to reviewing different forms of impairment and discussing their implications for theories of normal function, this book also examines the empirical and theoretical foundations of the subject including the use of single-case studies and the assumptions that must be made about the mind and brain. This classic edition marks 25 years in print, and includes a brand new introduction written by the authors, Ellis and Young. The Augmented Edition of Human Cognitive Neuropsychology published in 1997 is also still available. This classic edition will be important reading for students of cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology.
Categories: Psychology

Human Cognitive Neuropsychology

Human Cognitive Neuropsychology

This textbook augments the first edition through the inclusion of a set of reseach and review papers selected by the authors to supplement the contents of each chapter by providing a discussion of research issues and detailed investigation ...

Author: Andrew W. Ellis

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863777155

Category: Psychology

Page: 695

View: 501

This textbook augments the first edition through the inclusion of a set of reseach and review papers selected by the authors to supplement the contents of each chapter by providing a discussion of research issues and detailed investigation of individual cases. One or two papers supplement each chapter. A short introduction to each set makes clear the nature of their contribution and how they relate to each chapter's contents. Some of the papers are short reviews of theoretical contributions; others are case studies in the tradition of cognitive neuropsychology. At least three of the main trends discernible in cognitive neuropsychology in the 1990s are represented in the chosen papers. The first is the use of connectionist models to simulate patterns of impairment in brain-injured patients. The second is the growing convergence between cognitive neuropsychology and neuroscience: cognitive neuropsychologists are becoming increasingly interested in the brain processes that underlie the preserved and damaged psychological processes they study. The third trend is the involvement of cognitive neuropsychologists in work on therapy and rehabilitation.
Categories: Psychology

Developmental Cognitive Neuropsychology

Developmental Cognitive Neuropsychology

EXECUTIVE SKILLS AND THE FRONTAL LOBES In adults, the frontal lobes are
believed to subserve specific types of cognitive behaviour. These generally relate
to higher order control processes and have been termed executive functions ...

Author: Christine Temple

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317716068

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 449

How independent are different cognitive skills during development? Is the modularity seen in the studies of adult neuropsychology disorders mirrored by modularity in development? Are developmental neuropsychological disorders explicable against cognitive models? What restrictions are there to developmental plasticity? How many routes are there to competence? Is there a single developmental pathway? What do disorders of cognitive development tell us about normal developmental processes? These are some of the questions addressed by this text. In certain cognitive domains, such as the analysis of reading and spelling disorders, the field is well developed, with extensive studies of the development of dyslexias and dysgraphias. In other areas, such as the analysis of perceptual spatial disorders, pertinant studies are beginning, as in the analysis of developmental face recognition disorders, and the exploration of spatial disorders of Williams' syndrome. In these areas, interesting routes for future inquiry are also evident. The text of this book is organized around seven key cognitive areas, within which the developmental disorders are addressed in turn: language, memory, perception, reading, spelling, arithmetic and executive skills. The first three of this list may be considered the core areas of cognition; the second three involve specific cultural transmission in their acquisition; and the third, concerns higher order processes. The major emphasis of the text is upon developmental rather than acquired disorders. Throughout, case studies are used to convey an impression of the cases themselves, and to illustrate how dissociations in performance are displayed.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia Classic Edition

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia  Classic Edition

This is a classic edition of Christopher Frith’s award winning book on cognitive neuropsychology and schizophrenia, which now includes a new introduction from the author.

Author: Christopher Donald Frith

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317608301

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 863

This is a classic edition of Christopher Frith’s award winning book on cognitive neuropsychology and schizophrenia, which now includes a new introduction from the author. The book explores the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia using the framework of cognitive neuropsychology, looking specifically at the cognitive abnormalities that underlie these symptoms. The book won the British Psychological Society book award in 1996, and is now widely seen as a classic in the field of brain disorders. The new introduction sees the author reflect on the influence of his research and the subsequent developments in the field, more than 20 years since the book was first published.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Language Psychology Revivals

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Language  Psychology Revivals

Originally published in 1987, this book describes the application of such models of normal language processing to the interpretation of a wide variety of linguistic disorders.

Author: Max Coltheart

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317859963

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 665

Damage to the brain can impair language in many different ways, severely harming some linguistic functions whilst sparing others. To achieve some understanding of the apparently bewildering diversity of language disorders, it is necessary to interpret impaired linguistic performance by relating it to a model of normal linguistic performance. Originally published in 1987, this book describes the application of such models of normal language processing to the interpretation of a wide variety of linguistic disorders. It deals with both the production and the comprehension of language, with language at both the sentence and the single-word level, with written as well as with spoken language and with acquired as well as with developmental disorders.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Attention

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Attention

Correspondingly the volume discusses attention in the parietal, temporal and frontal lobes of the human and macaque brain, investigated by clinical, electrophysiological and behavioural methods.

Author: Shane O'Mara

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863779174

Category: Psychology

Page: 167

View: 790

The theme of this Special Issue is one that is ill-served by the existing neuropsychological literature. A publication that collates reviews of the developmental, physiological, clinical and cognitive aspects of this topic is therefore timely and would prove valuable to clinicians, researchers and students alike. The underlying problem addressed by the invited contributors is how attention is manifest in the intact brain, and how disorders of attention present themselves in the damaged brain. The topics to be covered will range from the physiology of attention (as revealed by single unit recording studies of extra-striate cortex of monkeys and PET scans in humans and low frequency EEG recordings) to disorders of attention after brain damage (e.g. stroke) and chronic pathological disorders of the brain (e.g. dyslexia and mental retardation). The range of contributions to the Special Issue demonstrates that the kinds of attentional processing required are determined by the task in hand. Correspondingly the volume discusses attention in the parietal, temporal and frontal lobes of the human and macaque brain, investigated by clinical, electrophysiological and behavioural methods. Attentional processes are also shown to be distributed in the brain and the effects of diminished attentional capacities which do not result from focal brain lesions are discussed in the context of mental retardation and dyslexia.
Categories: Psychology

Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology

Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology

Various aspects of memory impairments are then discussed and the book ends with a consideration of frontal lobe functions. At various points the book also covers the contribution of connectionist modelling to cognitive neuropsychology.

Author: Alan Parkin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317715788

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 414

Cognitive neuropsychology has now established a major place in the teaching of undergraduate psychology degrees and is an important topic of postgraduate research. The subject is also of increasing interest to clinicians because of its links with devising remediation procedures for people with brain injury. Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology is the first major text to appear on this topic since the late 1980s and thus introduces the reader to a vast amount of research previously unavailable in textbook format. The book is written in a lively and engaging style which nonetheless enables the reader to get a scholarly, in-depth overview of this important field. The coverage of topics is very broad-ranging. It begins with an overview of the subject including issues such as research strategy and advances in neuroimaging. Following this are chapters on blindsight, agnosia, facial processing impairments, and the rapidly growing area of neglect. The next chapter is devoted to studies of the split brain. Two chapters then cover the enormous developments in devising functional architectures of the language system from the observation of discrete language impairments. Various aspects of memory impairments are then discussed and the book ends with a consideration of frontal lobe functions. At various points the book also covers the contribution of connectionist modelling to cognitive neuropsychology.
Categories: Psychology

Metacognition and Cognitive Neuropsychology

Metacognition and Cognitive Neuropsychology

This book represents the first attempt to synthesize cognitive and neuropsychological perspectives on control processes. It contains state-of-the-art reports on various aspects of control processes by experts from both disciplines.

Author: Giuliana Mazzoni

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317778431

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 743

Control processes are those mental functions that allow us to initiate, monitor, and prioritize mental activities. They are crucial to normal mental functioning. A better understanding of the nature of control processes and their deficits is important for clinical work and for an adequate theory of consciousness. Previously, control processes have been examined within the frameworks of two parallel but independent paradigms: those of cognitive psychology and of neuropsychology. Cognitive psychologists have stressed the theoretical and empirical nature of normal unimpaired control processes; neuropsychologists have focused on the relationships between damage to specific functional areas of the brain and deficits in specific control processes. Both have contributed extensively to our understanding of control processes. However, they have tended to operate independently, with little if any cross-talk between disciplines, despite the potential benefits such dialogue is likely to generate. This book represents the first attempt to synthesize cognitive and neuropsychological perspectives on control processes. It contains state-of-the-art reports on various aspects of control processes by experts from both disciplines.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of False Memories

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of False Memories

In recognition of this emerging domain of interest, this special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychologyis devoted to the cognitive neuropsychology of false memories.

Author: Daniel L. Schacter

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863776930

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 954

People sometimes remember events that never happened. These illusory or false memories have important practical implications in various aspects of everyday life, and also have significant theoretical implications for cognitive and neuropsychological models of memory. Cognitive psychologists and neuropsychologists have long been aware of false recognition, confabulation, and related kinds of memory distortions, but during the past several years research on these topics has increased rapidly. In recognition of this emerging domain of interest, this special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychologyis devoted to the cognitive neuropsychology of false memories. Edited by Daniel L. Schacter, the special issue features experimental and theoretical contributions from leading cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists, and neurologists that explore such issues as false recognition after frontal lobe damage, the nature of confabulation, amnesia and false memories, physiological correlates of memory illusions, memory distortions in normal and abnormal aging, and computational models of true and false memories. gical correlates of memory illusions, memory distortions in normal and abnormal aging, and computational models of true and false memories.
Categories: Psychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology promotes the study of cognitive processes from a neuropsychological perspective.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006106108

Category: Cognition

Page:

View: 650

Cognitive Neuropsychology promotes the study of cognitive processes from a neuropsychological perspective. It publishes full-length and short empirical reports as well as theoretical articles and occasional reviews that advance our understanding of human cognition and its neural substrates. Research on cognitive disorders (including developmental disorders and disorders associated with aging), computational neuropsychology, and functional neuroimaging that illuminate theories of normal functioning is appropriate for the journal; so too are studies of rehabilitation based upon a cognitive-neuropsychological framework.
Categories: Cognition

Perception and Action

Perception and Action

Presents original contributions from cognitive neuroscientists and cognitive neuropsychologists who address this area from different complementary perspectives.

Author: Jean Decety

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863776000

Category: Psychology

Page: 335

View: 752

Perception and Action have long been considered as two separate information processes and have accordingly been investigated in relative isolation from one another. However, it is now acknowledged that perception and action are functionally related. This special issue presents original contributions from cognitive neuroscientists and cognitive neuropsychologists who address this area from different complementary perspectives. Functional imaging investigations have recently extended to the study of several cognitive processes involved in the recognition of actions or body parts. Two papers report on brain-activation experiments in healthy human subjects during the recognition of hand positions and during the perception of human actions. The visual mechanisms underlying the perception of biological movements are investigated in normal subjects, with the use of the apparent motion paradigm. Several papers deal with neuropsychological cases, with apraxic patients, with Parkinson patients, and with an agnosic patient. The study of perception and action is relevant to psychopathology, as attested to by the work on autistic patients. A review paper on willed action and its physiological basis is also presented.
Categories: Psychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology and Language Rehabilitation

Cognitive Neuropsychology and Language Rehabilitation

The main scope of this volume, which is mainly based upon contributions presented at a workshop on the relationships between cognitive neuropsychology and aphasia rehabilitation, is to give a moderately optimistic view on the significance ...

Author: Anna Basso

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 184169939X

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 392

The main scope of this volume, which is mainly based upon contributions presented at a workshop on the relationships between cognitive neuropsychology and aphasia rehabilitation, is to give a moderately optimistic view on the significance of neuropsychology on aphasia rehabilitation.
Categories: Psychology

Cognitive Neuropsychology of Alzheimer s Disease

Cognitive Neuropsychology of Alzheimer s Disease

Previous ed. published as: Cognitive neuropsychology of Alzheimer-type dementia. 1996.

Author: Robin G. Morris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198508301

Category: Medical

Page: 421

View: 413

Previous ed. published as: Cognitive neuropsychology of Alzheimer-type dementia. 1996.
Categories: Medical

Cognitive Neuropsychology in Clinical Practice

Cognitive Neuropsychology in Clinical Practice

1 Clinical Cognitive Neuropsychology: An Emerging Speciality DAVID IRA
MARGOLIN The field of cognitive science encompasses all of the different
approaches to studying intelligent systems (Simon & Kaplan, 1989). Gardner (
1985) and ...

Author: David Ira Margolin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195362446

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 870

The goal of this book is to introduce cognitive neuropsychology to a broad audience of clinicians and researchers. To orient readers who are interested in disorders of higher cortical function, but have little background in psychology, sufficient introductory material is provided, and yet each topic is explored in enough depth to serve as a reference for cognitive psychologists and cognitive neuropsychologists. The editor, David Margolin, M.D., Ph.D., has assembled a prominent group of researchers and clinicians, and each describes how the vocabulary, theoretical framework, and information-processing models of cognitive psychology are applied to various disorders of higher cortical function. Each chapter provides an overview of the disorder being discussed, develops a rationale for selecting the stimulus materials, and demonstrates how a given patient's deficits can be understood in terms of a breakdown in one or more cognitive domains. The contributors gear the chapters toward the practicing clinicians and use a step-by-step description of how one goes about determining the locus of the deficit in a patient. This cognitive neuropsychological approach is applied to disorders of attention, memory, language, vision, calculation, and motor control. A final chapter introduces the important role of neuroimaging techniques in diagnosis, which will continue to aid our understanding of brain-behavior relationships. Professionals in the fields of neuropsychology, neurology, clinical psychology, psychiatry, as well as practicing speech therapists and pathologists, will find this volume a comprehensive introduction to this increasingly important discipline.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia

This is a classic edition of Christopher Frith's award winning book on cognitive neuropsychology and schizophrenia, which now includes a new introduction from the author.

Author: Christopher Donald Frith

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1138811610

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 543

This is a classic edition of Christopher Frith's award winning book on cognitive neuropsychology and schizophrenia, which now includes a new introduction from the author. The book explores the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia using the framework of cognitive neuropsychology, looking specifically at the cognitive abnormalities that underlie these symptoms. The book won the British Psychological Society book award in 1996, and is now widely seen as a classic in the field of brain disorders. The new introduction sees the author reflect on the influence of his research and the subsequent developments in the field, more than 20 years since the book was first published.
Categories: Psychology

Connectionist Modelling in Cognitive Neuropsychology

Connectionist Modelling in Cognitive Neuropsychology

The field of cognitive neuropsychology studies the patterns of impaired and
preserved abilities of brain - injured patients , and attempts to relate them to
models of normal cognitive functioning . The aim is both to explain the behaviour
of the ...

Author: David C. Plaut

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863773362

Category: Psychology

Page: 162

View: 304

This title presents the most comprehensive existing "case study" of how the effects of damage in connectionist models can replicate the patterns of cognitive impairments that can arise in humans as a result of brain damage.
Categories: Psychology

A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia

A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia

This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia.

Author: Anne Whitworth

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317918714

Category: Psychology

Page: 392

View: 261

This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia. It provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approaches for speech-language pathologists and therapists working with people with aphasia. Having evolved from the activity of a group of clinicians working with aphasia, it interprets the theoretical literature as it relates to aphasia, identifying available assessments and published intervention studies, and draws together a complex literature for the practicing clinician. The opening section of the book outlines the cognitive neuropsychological approach, and explains how it can be applied to assessment and interpretation of language processing impairments. Part 2 describes the deficits which can arise from impairments at different stages of language processing, and also provides an accessible guide to the use of assessment tools in identifying underlying impairments. The final part of the book provides systematic summaries of therapies reported in the literature, followed by a comprehensive synopsis of the current themes and issues confronting clinicians when drawing on cognitive neuropsychological theory in planning and evaluating intervention. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include the assessment and treatment of verbs as well as nouns, presenting recently published assessments and intervention studies. It also includes a principled discussion on how to conduct robust evaluations of intervention within the clinical and research settings. The book has been written by clinicians with hands-on experience. Like its predecessor, it will remain an invaluable resource for clinicians and students of speech-language pathology and related disciplines, in working with people with aphasia.
Categories: Psychology